#6 Identify the literary device being used: Walt Whitman’s poem “O Captain, My Captain” was written upon the death of Abraham Lincoln
Answer #6 Apostrophe A direct address to an absent or dead person, or to an object, quality, or idea
#7 Identify the literary device being used: In “Ode to Melancholy,” John Keats describes a “weeping cloud.”
Answer #7 Personification pathetic fallacy The attribution of human feeling or motivation to a nonhuman object, especially an object found in nature
#8 The following are examples James Boswell’s Life of Samuel Johnson Plato’s The Death of Socrates George Kent’s A Life of Gwendolyn Brooks
Answer #8 Biography The nonfictional story of an individual’s life written by someone else
#9 Identify the literary device being used: Chicken is supposed to be healthy. This sandwich contains chicken. So, it is probably healthy.
Answer #9 Deductive reasoning Reasoning in which one derives a specific conclusion from something generally or universally understood to be true.
#10 Identify the literary device being used: “Life imitates art far more than art imitates life.” (Oscar Wilde, “The Decay of Lying”)
Answer #10 Chiasmus Two phrases in which the syntax is the same but placement of words is reversed. (BTW…this quote is also an example of aphorism)
#11 Identify the literary device/term: The mode of reasoning by which we determine whether something is valid or invalid, according to which any claim should (in principle) be able to be justified by reasons and evidence.
#13 Identify the literary device/term: Form of narration in which the narrator conveys a subject’s thoughts, impressions, and perceptions exactly as they occur, often in disjointed fashion and without the logic and grammar of typical speech and writing