Presentation on theme: "Please find your name and have a seat. 1- Nikolas13- Abbey 25- Jose 2- Amirah14- Daniel26- Taylor 3- Sydney15- Keyauna27- Abigail 4- Glenn16- Kyle28- Kealie."— Presentation transcript:
Please find your name and have a seat. 1- Nikolas13- Abbey 25- Jose 2- Amirah14- Daniel26- Taylor 3- Sydney15- Keyauna27- Abigail 4- Glenn16- Kyle28- Kealie 5- Mason17- Matthew29- Naiyachanok 6- Avery18- Kristen30- 7- 19- Taylor31- 8- 20- Shaiina32- 9- Collin21- Natalie 10- Meagan22- Brandon 11- Addison23- Alanna 12- Andreas24- Ashley
Warm up Please turn in your “all about you!” sheet if you did not yesterday PREDICT: Today we will be looking at various approaches to psychology. What do you think this means?
Syllabus Quiz- Complete sentences. 1. True or False- If the bell rings and you are standing in the hallway right next to the door, Ms. Pierrot will let you in the room. 2. What does Ms.Pierrot mean by “be respectful at all times”? 3. True or False- You can use your cell phone in Ms.Pierrot’s class whenever you feel like it. 4. What is the policy on make-up work? What about late work? 5. What types of assignments will you have in this course? 6. How does Ms. Pierrot feel about students talking over herself or others? 7. What materials are required for the course?
Your notebook 1- Course Syllabus Label your dividers according to the units we will cover. The information we will be covering the next week is Unit 1: Fields of Psychology and Approaches
Quote of the week! "An optimist may see a light where there is none, but why must the pessimist always run to blow it out?“ -RENE DESCARTES Feel free to send me quotes to use!
So what is psychology? Scientific study of mental processes and behavior. How people think, act, feel. Tested through scientific research
History of psychology - Early as 5 th and 6 th century B.C. the Greeks started studying behavior and observing interactions - Copernicus and Galileo were part of the Renaissance which expanded on these observation techniques **Can anyone tell me what important discovery Copernicus and Galileo are responsible for?
DUALISM Idea that the mind and body are separate and distinct Rene Descartes argued this idea, stating there was a link between them Mind--- Controlled-- Body (Movements, Perception, Sensations) THINK, PAIR, SHARE Do you agree with Dualism or Descartes?
Please Turn to page 15 in your textbook Read to yourself the closing paragraph of “The Origins of Psychology” Pull out 3 change of thought which took place during nineteenth century, then reflect on the question: How do you think these changes helped accelerate the field of psychology? 1 2 3 4
APPROACHES Many different approaches to studying behavior began to form For example- what was to be studied, what was to have an influence on behavior/thought process
Using your book, try to come up with a brief description of each of the following approaches. Look for key words/ideas. Take 15 minutes, then we will share out our findings! Let’s do the first one together… Historical ApproachesPresent Day Approaches Structuralism Functionalism Gestalt Psychoanalytic Behavioral Humanistic Cognitive Biological Sociocultural
Historical approaches Structuralism- William Wundt, study of basic elements in human thought process. Focuses on basic structure and involved introspection (self observation) Functionalism- William James, Focuses on how animals and humans adapt to their environments, major functions of the mind are focused on survival Gestalt- “whole pattern”, human eye sees objects in their entirety before recognizing their individual parts …….What do you see when you look at this?
PSYCHOANALYTIC Sigmund Freud “Our conscious experiences are only the tip of the iceberg, that beneath the surface are primitive biological urges that are in conflict with the requirements of society and morality.” Let’s think.. How would this create conflict? Psychoanalyst: studies unconscious motives/conflicts that determine how individuals think, act, and feel. Methods- Free association, Dream analysis, Case study
BEHAVIORAL Ivan Pavlov, John Watson, B.F. Skinner Study of observable behavior, and responses to events in individuals environment Focus on conditioning, stimulus, reinforcement
HUMANISTIC Response to behavioral psychology Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers Human nature is evolving and self-directed Humans are NOT controlled by their environments/events Believe each individual has potential to develop fully (personal growth) SELF-ACTUALIZATION
COGNITIVE Jean Piaget, Noam Chomsky Study how we process, store, retrieve, and use information Also how this information influences our thinking/language/problem solving Focus on perceptions, memories, expectations
BIOLOGICAL Focuses on the impact of biology on behavior Psychobiologists: study how brain, nervous system, hormones, and genetics influence our behavior “Behavior is the result of our physiological makeup” NATURE VS. NURTURE- NATURE!!!!!!
SOCIOCULTURAL Our knowledge and ways of thinking/feeling/behaving depend on the culture you are a member of Cultural Perspectives plays a huge role! Gender, socioeconomic status may also play a role in how you think/feel/behave
QUICK RUN THROUGH... AGAIN! http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/what- is-psychology.html#lesson
Let’s see… Consider the following scenarios: SCENARIO 1: You are attempting to figure out a way to teach your dog, Muffin, how to turn off the lights. Each time Muffin turns off the lights, you give her a treat. -What type of approach would this be using? SCENARIO 2: You are studying the genetics of your family to figure out what makes your mom and sister react the way they do to certain situations. -What type of approach would this be using? SCENARIO 3: You are examining different culture values and beliefs to discover what makes French citizens behave differently than American citizens. -What type of approach would this be using?
Exit Ticket In one paragraph, compare/contrast the various approaches to psychology.