Presentation on theme: "Mr. Mizell THE NEGATIVES OF INDUSTRIALIZATION. EQ: What were the negative effects of the Industrial Revolution on individuals and society?"— Presentation transcript:
Mr. Mizell THE NEGATIVES OF INDUSTRIALIZATION
EQ: What were the negative effects of the Industrial Revolution on individuals and society?
Living Conditions Most factory workers lived in tenements Cheap, multifamily housing (8 or more to a room) Cities did not plan for growth of population Lack housing, no drains on streets No sanitary codes (people were throwing garbage and waste on the street or in rivers) Disease and sickness is widespread Cholera
How the Other Half Lives Jacob Riis – journalist who exposed the slums and poverty of the cities Considered a “muckraker”
Company Towns Some workers lived in company towns Located near factories. They were setup by the factory owner Cheap housing and a company store Workers would work all day make a little money and spend it at the company store [money goes back to the business/owner] Workers are taken advantage of
Working Conditions Dangerous and unsanitary Why? Owners do not want to spend money making factory safe and clean All about profit; no government involvement (laissez-faire/capitalism) British study found that those working in factories lived 20 years less than those in the countryside
In NYC, fire at Triangle Shirtwaist Factory (1911) 146 workers were killed, most were women Doors were kept locked to keep people in/out
Meat Packing Industry Upton Sinclair Muckraker who investigated the meat packing industry in Chicago Wrote The Jungle
Answer in your notes 1. What was most surprising to you? 2. What do you think was Upton Sinclair’s motive for writing The Jungle 3. How do you think the public responded?
Child Labor Children from 5 – 14 worked 25% - 30% of children in industrial countries worked Why? Help the family (money) Better than being on the streets School is optional
What about today?
Around 250 million Child Laborers in the world (2011)
Short-Response (8 or more sentences) Was the Industrial Revolution good, bad, or both for society? Explain Who benefited? Explain Was it fair? Explain How would things be different today had the Industrial Revolution not occurred?
Strike To refuse to work in order to force an employer to meet certain demands
Tenement Overcrowded, run-down, and low cost housing in cities
Capitalism Economic system based on the private ownership of businesses to make a profit
Textile Any cloth or fabric produced by weaving/knitting
Monopoly When one company has total control of a product/service
Realism Showing life how it is
Proletariat Those who do manual labor and work for wages; working class
Urbanization Growth of cities and migration of people into them
Entrepreneur A person who manages and takes on the risks of a business
Socialism Economic system where the factors of production are owned and controlled by the state or public
Muckraker Those who seek to expose corruption and social injustice
Plutocracy Wealthy have power and rule society
Industrialization The development of industries for the machine production of goods
Nativism Belief that native born people are superior to immigrants
Labor Union Group of workers that try to improve working conditions/wages
Mr. Mizell SOCIETY’S REACTION
EQ: How did societies react to the problems of the Industrial Revolution?