EQ: What were the negative effects of the Industrial Revolution on individuals and society?
Living Conditions Most factory workers lived in tenements Cheap, multifamily housing (8 or more to a room) Cities did not plan for growth of population Lack housing, no drains on streets No sanitary codes (people were throwing garbage and waste on the street or in rivers) Disease and sickness is widespread Cholera
How the Other Half Lives Jacob Riis – journalist who exposed the slums and poverty of the cities Considered a “muckraker”
Company Towns Some workers lived in company towns Located near factories. They were setup by the factory owner Cheap housing and a company store Workers would work all day make a little money and spend it at the company store [money goes back to the business/owner] Workers are taken advantage of
Working Conditions Dangerous and unsanitary Why? Owners do not want to spend money making factory safe and clean All about profit; no government involvement (laissez-faire/capitalism) British study found that those working in factories lived 20 years less than those in the countryside
In NYC, fire at Triangle Shirtwaist Factory (1911) 146 workers were killed, most were women Doors were kept locked to keep people in/out
Meat Packing Industry Upton Sinclair Muckraker who investigated the meat packing industry in Chicago Wrote The Jungle
Short-Response (8 or more sentences) Was the Industrial Revolution good, bad, or both for society? Explain Who benefited? Explain Was it fair? Explain How would things be different today had the Industrial Revolution not occurred?