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WORLD WAR II “Germany must either be a world power or there will be no Germany” Adolph Hitler 'Mein Kampf'

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Presentation on theme: "WORLD WAR II “Germany must either be a world power or there will be no Germany” Adolph Hitler 'Mein Kampf'"— Presentation transcript:

1 WORLD WAR II “Germany must either be a world power or there will be no Germany” Adolph Hitler 'Mein Kampf'

2 World War II: Causes

3 World War II: Causes The Treaty of Versailles:
Never fully enforced by countries that signed the treaty. Weak peace in Europe.

4 World War II: Causes The Treaty of Versailles: The League of Nations:
Never fully enforced by countries that signed the treaty. Weak peace in Europe. The League of Nations: U.S. didn’t join

5 World War II: Causes The Treaty of Versailles: The League of Nations:
Never fully enforced by countries that signed the treaty. Weak peace in Europe. The League of Nations: U.S. didn’t join Economic Depression in Europe: People lost their jobs and stores had very little to sell. People very scared about their future.

6 Germany’s role:

7 Germany’s role: The Nazi Party promised jobs,
increased services, and military might.

8 Germany’s role: The Nazi Party promised jobs,
increased services, and military might. January 30, 1933: Adolf Hitler appointed chancellor of Germany

9 Germany’s role: The Nazi Party promised jobs,
increased services, and military might. January 30, 1933: Adolf Hitler appointed chancellor of Germany 3/23/33: Enabling Act is passed: gives Hitler absolute power for 4 years. Blames Jews and Gypsies for all of Germany’s problems. Germany needed “Lebensraum” (living space)

10 Germany’s role: 1934

11 Germany’s role: 1934 6/30/34: Night of the Long Knives: Hitler’s personal guard, the SS, kills about 1,000 people who have “plotted against Hitler”.

12 Germany’s role: 1934 6/30/34: Night of the Long Knives: Hitler’s personal guard, the SS, kills about 1,000 people who have “plotted against Hitler”. Creates the Gestapo: Secret police.

13 Germany’s role: 1934 6/30/34: Night of the Long Knives: Hitler’s personal guard, the SS, kills about 1,000 people who have “plotted against Hitler”. Creates the Gestapo: Secret police. Permanent labor camps are built.

14 Germany’s role: 1935

15 Germany’s role: 1935 January 1935: Saar plebiscite: Saar valley “vote” on whether to be French or German ….. Germany wins the election.

16 Germany’s role: 1935 January 1935: Saar plebiscite: Saar valley “vote” on whether to be French or German ….. Germany wins the election. Treaty of Versailles said this should happen!!

17 Germany’s role: 1936

18 Germany’s role: 1936 3/7/36: Hitler sends troops into the Rhineland.

19 Germany’s role: 1936 3/7/36: Hitler sends troops into the Rhineland.
Goes against the Treaty of Versailles!

20 Germany’s role: 1938

21 Germany’s role: 1938 3/11/38: Hitler threatens the Austrian government

22 Germany’s role: 1938 3/11/38: Hitler threatens the Austrian government
3/13/38: The Anschluss: Hitler annexes Austria

23 Germany’s role: 1938 3/11/38: Hitler threatens the Austrian government
3/13/38: The Anschluss: Hitler annexes Austria Goes against the Treaty of Versailles.

24 Germany’s role: 1938 3/11/38: Hitler threatens the Austrian government
3/13/38: The Anschluss: Hitler annexes Austria Goes against the Treaty of Versailles. 9/29/38: Munich conference (Germany, Italy, Great Britain, and France) allows Germany to occupy the Sudetenland (was Czechoslovakia) Policy of appeasement:

25 Germany’s role: 1939

26 Germany’s role: 1939 March 1939: All of Czechoslovakia is occupied by German forces.

27 Germany’s role: 1939 March 1939: All of Czechoslovakia is occupied by German forces. 3/31/39: France and Great Britain guarantee to support Poland.

28 Germany’s role: 1939 3/39: All of Czechoslovakia is occupied by German forces. 3/31/39: France and Great Britain guarantee to support Poland. 4/7/39: Italy invades and annexes Albania. 8/23/39: Molotov – von Ribbentrop Pact is signed (Soviet Union and Germany non- aggression pact)

29 World War II: 1939 9/1/39: Germany invades Poland.

30 World War II: 1939 9/1/39: Germany invades Poland.
9/3/39: Great Britain and France declare war on Germany.

31 World War II: 1939 9/1/39: Germany invades Poland.
9/3/39: Great Britain and France declare war on Germany. 9/17/39: Soviet Union sends troops to Poland.

32 World War II: 1939 9/1/39: Germany invades Poland.
9/3/39: Great Britain and France declare war on Germany. 9/17/39: Soviet Union sends troops to Poland. 9/28/39: Poland surrenders to Germany.

33 World War II: 1939 9/1/39: Germany invades Poland.
9/3/39: Great Britain and France declare war on Germany. 9/17/39: Soviet Union sends troops to Poland. 9/28/39: Poland surrenders to Germany. 11/30/39 Soviet Union invades Finland.

34 World War II: 1940

35 World War II: 1940 4/9/40: Germany invades Denmark and Norway.
Denmark surrenders on 4/9 and Norway on 6/9.

36 World War II: 1940 4/9/40: Germany invades Denmark and Norway.
Denmark surrenders on 4/9 and Norway on 6/9. 5/10/40: Germany attacks France, The Netherlands, Luxembourg, and Belgium. Luxembourg surrenders on 5/10, The Netherlands on 5/14, and Belgium 5/28.

37 World War II: 1940 4/9/40: Germany invades Denmark and Norway.
Denmark surrenders on 4/9 and Norway on 6/9. 5/10/40: Germany attacks France, The Netherlands, Luxembourg, and Belgium. Luxembourg surrenders on 5/10, The Netherlands on 5/14, and Belgium 5/28. 6/10/40: Italy invades Southern France.

38 World War II: 1940 6/22/40: France surrenders.
Same railroad car is used that was used to have Germany sign their surrender ending WWI.

39 World War II: 1940 6/22/40: France surrenders.
Same railroad car is used that was used to have Germany sign their surrender ending WWI.

40 World War II: 1940 6/22/40: France surrenders.
Same railroad car is used that was used to have Germany sign their surrender ending WWI. 7/10 to 10/31: Battle of Britain: Ends in German “defeat”.

41 World War II: 1940 6/22/40: France surrenders.
Same railroad car is used that was used to have Germany sign their surrender ending WWI. 7/10 to 10/31: Battle of Britain: Ends in German “defeat”. 9/13/40: Italy invades Egypt.

42 World War II: 1940 6/22/40: France surrenders.
Same railroad car is used that was used to have Germany sign their surrender ending WWI. 7/10 to 10/31: Battle of Britain: Ends in German “defeat”. 9/13/40: Italy invades Egypt. 9/27/40: Germany, Italy, and Japan sign the Tripartite Pact.

43 World War II: 1940 6/22/40: France surrenders.
Same railroad car is used that was used to have Germany sign their surrender ending WWI. 7/10 to 10/31: Battle of Britain: Ends in German “defeat”. 9/13/40: Italy invades Egypt. 9/27/40: Germany, Italy, and Japan sign the Tripartite Pact. 10/28/40: Italy invades Greece.

44 World War II: 1940 6/22/40: France surrenders.
Same railroad car is used that was used to have Germany sign their surrender ending WWI. 7/10 to 10/31: Battle of Britain: Ends in German “defeat”. 9/13/40: Italy invades Egypt. 9/27/40: Germany, Italy, and Japan sign the Tripartite Pact. 10/28/40: Italy invades Greece. 11/40: Slovakia, Hungary, and Romania join the Axis.

45 World War II: 1941

46 World War II: 1941 3/1/41: Bulgaria joins the Axis.

47 World War II: 1941 3/1/41: Bulgaria joins the Axis.
4/6/41: Germany, Hungary, and Italy invade Yugoslavia and Greece.

48 World War II: 1941 6/22/41: Operation Barbarosa begins at 3:30 A.M.

49 World War II: 1941 6/22/41: Operation Barbarosa begins at 3:30 A.M.
Germany invades the Soviet Union with 3 million troops 3,500 tanks More than 7,000 artillery More than 2,000 aircraft

50 World War II: 1941 6/22/41: Operation Barbarosa begins at 3:30 A.M.
Germany invades the Soviet Union with 3 million troops 3,500 tanks More than 7,000 artillery More than 2,000 aircraft Goal is Lebensraum (living space) Agricultural areas Mineral resources Established industry

51 World War II: 1941 6/22/41: Operation Barbarosa begins at 3:30 A.M.
Day 1: 1,600 Soviet planes destroyed. Panzer units (tanks) move 50 miles per day.

52 World War II: 1941 6/22/41: Operation Barbarosa begins at 3:30 A.M.
Day 1: 1,600 Soviet planes destroyed. Panzer units (tanks) move 50 miles per day. By early December: German loses = 740,000 Soviet loses = 3,000,000 and 3,500,000 captured.

53 World War II: 1941 12/7/41: Japan attacks the U.S. at Pearl Harbor Hawaii.

54 World War II: 1941 12/7/41: Japan attacks the U.S. at Pearl Harbor Hawaii. 12/8/41: U.S. declares war on Japan

55 World War II: 1941 12/7/41: Japan attacks the U.S. at Pearl Harbor Hawaii. 12/8/41: U.S. declares war on Japan 12/11/41: All axis powers declare war on U.S.

56 World War II: 1942

57 World War II: 1942 8/19/42 to 1/31/43: Siege of Stalingrad:

58 World War II: 1942 8/19/42 to 1/31/43: Siege of Stalingrad:
Stalin refuses to allow retreat (draws a line in the sand) City doesn’t fall.

59 World War II: 1942 8/19/42 to 1/31/43: Siege of Stalingrad:
Stalin refuses to allow retreat (draws a line in the sand) City doesn’t fall. 11/23/42: Soviet troops encircle the German Sixth Army.

60 World War II: 1942 8/19/42 to 1/31/43: Siege of Stalingrad:
Stalin refuses to allow retreat (draws a line in the sand) City doesn’t fall. 11/23/42: Soviet troops encircle the German Sixth Army. 11/25/42: German general (Von Paulus) pleads with Hitler to allow negotiations with Stalin.

61 World War II: 1942 8/19/42 to 1/31/43: Siege of Stalingrad:
Stalin refuses to allow retreat (draws a line in the sand) City doesn’t fall. 11/23/42: Soviet troops encircle the German Sixth Army. 11/25/42: German general (Von Paulus) pleads with Hitler to allow negotiations with Stalin. 1/30/43: Hitler promotes General von Paulus.

62 World War II: 1942 8/19/42 to 1/31/43: Siege of Stalingrad:
Stalin refuses to allow retreat (draws a line in the sand) City doesn’t fall. 11/23/42: Soviet troops encircle the German Sixth Army. 11/25/42: German general (Von Paulus) pleads with Hitler to allow negotiations with Stalin. 1/30/43: Hitler promotes General von Paulus. 1/31/43: von Paulus surrenders himself, 22 other generals, and 91,000 troops (5,000 live to go home)

63 World War II: 1942 8/19/42 to 1/31/43: Siege of Stalingrad:
Stalin refuses to allow retreat (draws a line in the sand) City doesn’t fall. 11/23/42: Soviet troops encircle the German Sixth Army. 11/25/42: German general (Von Paulus) pleads with Hitler to allow negotiations with Stalin. 1/30/43: Hitler promotes General von Paulus. 1/31/43: von Paulus surrenders himself, 22 other generals, and 91,000 troops (5,000 live to go home) 1,700,000 to 2,000,000 dead on both sides.

64 World War II: 1943

65 World War II: 1943 5/13/43: Axis forces in Tunisia surrender (ends war in Africa).

66 World War II: 1943 5/13/43: Axis forces in Tunisia surrender (ends war in Africa). 7/5/43: Massive German offensive in Kursk, Soviet Union. 7/12/43: Largest tank battle ever.

67 World War II: 1943 5/13/43: Axis forces in Tunisia surrender (ends war in Africa). 7/5/43: Massive German offensive in Kursk, Soviet Union. 7/12/43: Largest tank battle ever. Fall of 1943 Germany is in full retreat on the Eastern front.

68 World War II: 1943 5/13/43: Axis forces in Tunisia surrender (ends war in Africa). 7/5/43: Massive German offensive in Kursk, Soviet Union. 7/12/43: Largest tank battle ever. Fall of 1943 Germany is in full retreat on the Eastern front. 7/25/43: Italian dictator Mussolini overthrown.

69 World War II: 1943 5/13/43: Axis forces in Tunisia surrender (ends war in Africa). 7/5/43: Massive German offensive in Kursk, Soviet Union. 7/12/43: Largest tank battle ever. Fall of 1943 Germany is in full retreat on the Eastern front. 7/25/43: Italian dictator Mussolini overthrown. 9/8/43: Italy surrenders to the Allies. Germany immediately sends in troops, frees Mussolini, and puts him back in charge

70 World War II: 1943 5/13/43: Axis forces in Tunisia surrender (ends war in Africa). 7/5/43: Massive German offensive in Kursk, Soviet Union. 7/12/43: Largest tank battle ever. Fall of 1943 Germany is in full retreat on the Eastern front. 7/25/43: Italian dictator Mussolini overthrown. 9/8/43: Italy surrenders to the Allies. Germany immediately sends in troops, frees Mussolini, and puts him back in charge 9/9/43: U.S. troops land in Salerno, Italy (near Naples).

71 World War II: 1944

72 World War II: 1944 1/22/44: U.S. troops land at Anzio, Italy (Rome)

73 World War II: 1944 1/22/44: U.S. troops land at Anzio, Italy (Rome)
6/6/44: D-Day – British and U.S. troops land at Normandy, France with 5,000 ships, 11,ooo aircraft, and 2,000,000 troops.

74 World War II: 1944 1/22/44: U.S. troops land at Anzio, Italy (Rome)
6/6/44: D-Day – British and U.S. troops land at Normandy, France with 5,000 ships, 11,ooo aircraft, and 2,000,000 troops. 7/25/44: Normandy is under allies control. Starts the race to Paris.

75 World War II: 1944 1/22/44: U.S. troops land at Anzio, Italy (Rome)
6/6/44: D-Day – British and U.S. troops land at Normandy, France with 5,000 ships, 11,ooo aircraft, and 2,000,000 troops. 7/25/44: Normandy is under allies control. Starts the race to Paris. 8/25/44: Paris is liberated.

76 World War II: 1944 1/22/44: U.S. troops land at Anzio, Italy (Rome)
6/6/44: D-Day – British and U.S. troops land at Normandy, France with 5,000 ships, 11,ooo aircraft, and 2,000,000 troops. 7/25/44: Normandy is under allies control. Starts the race to Paris. 8/25/44: Paris is liberated. 12/16/44: Germans launch their final offensive in the West.

77 World War II: 1944 1/22/44: U.S. troops land at Anzio, Italy (Rome)
6/6/44: D-Day – British and U.S. troops land at Normandy, France with 5,000 ships, 11,ooo aircraft, and 2,000,000 troops. 7/25/44: Normandy is under allies control. Starts the race to Paris. 8/25/44: Paris is liberated. 12/16/44: Germans launch their final offensive in the West. Battle of the Bulge. Germany loses and retreats again.

78 World War II: 1945

79 World War II: 1945 4/16/45: Soviet troops encircle Berlin.

80 World War II: 1945 4/16/45: Soviet troops encircle Berlin.
4/30/45: Hitler commits suicide.

81 World War II: 1945 4/16/45: Soviet troops encircle Berlin.
4/30/45: Hitler commits suicide. 5/7/45: Germany surrenders to the Western Allies.

82 World War II: 1945 4/16/45: Soviet troops encircle Berlin.
4/30/45: Hitler commits suicide. 5/7/45: Germany surrenders to the Western Allies. 5/9/45: Germany surrenders to the Soviets.

83 World War II: 1945 4/16/45: Soviet troops encircle Berlin.
4/30/45: Hitler commits suicide. 5/7/45: Germany surrenders to the Western Allies. 5/9/45: Germany surrenders to the Soviets. 8/6/45: U.S. drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan (population 255,000). 75,000 people dead that day. 75,000 more dead within 4 months. 8/9/45: U.S. drops atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan (population 240,000). 35,000 people dead that day 35,000 more dead within 4 months. 8/14/45: Japan surrenders ending WWII.

84

85

86 Counting our losses: Allies Mobilized Military Dead Civilian Dead
Total 1940 Population USSR 20,000,000 8,700,000 16,900,000 190,000,000 U.S.A. 16,400,000 292,000 132,000,000 France 5,000,000 250,000 170,000 39,000,000 Great Britain 4,700,000 240,000 65,000 48,000,000 Axis: Germany 10,800,000 3,250,000 2,000,000 70,700,000 Totals: Allies: 14,170,000 35,597,000 5,680,000 3,757,000

87 The Holocaust

88 The “End” of the Jewish religion:
4/1/33: Boycott on Jewish run businesses. 9/15/35: Nuremberg laws: Begins to exclude Jews from public life. 11/9&10/38: Night of the Broken Glass. Ghettos: All Jews were forced to live in certain areas of cities. Warsaw ghetto = 445,000 Jews in 1941.

89 The “End” of the Jewish religion:
Concentration Camps: Medical experiments on prisoners Babies taken from their mother to see how long they would survive without milk. Dachau: opened 3/20/33 Over 1,000 were constructed. Treblinka: over 870,000 dead, 100 known survivors, 150 German staff

90 The “End” of the Jewish religion:
Death Camps: Chelmno Belzec Sobibor Treblinka Auschwitz: over 1,250,000 prisoners killed Soviet troops found 15,400 pounds of human hair. Majdanek


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