Presentation on theme: "WARM UP- HAPPY TUESDAY! 1.What is the purpose of yellow journalism? 2.What does it mean for a country to become a protectorate?"— Presentation transcript:
WARM UP- HAPPY TUESDAY! 1.What is the purpose of yellow journalism? 2.What does it mean for a country to become a protectorate?
First pair to answer the question gets candy What foreign influence did the United States have in China? (use your textbook to find the answer- NOT BYOT!)
WORLD WAR I 1914-1918 FOCUS QUESTION: WHAT CAUSED WORLD WAR I, AND WHY DID THE UNITED STATES ENTER THE WAR?
CAUSES OF THE WAR M- Militarism (Race to build bigger and better armies & navies)
CAUSES OF THE WAR A- Alliance System Secret treaties between countries
CAUSES OF THE WAR N- Nationalism (Extreme Patriotism, Idea one ethnic group is better than the rest!)
I-Imperialism Economic competition, race for colonies
**THE SPARK** A- Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Heir to the Austro-Hungarian Throne killed in Serbia
BEGINNING OF THE WAR https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=njINCi9iIrA
WWI ALLIANCES Allied Powers England France Russia (leaves 1917) U.S.A. (enters 1917) Central Powers Germany Austria-Hungary Ottoman Empire (Turkey, Syria, Iraq)
THE DOMINO EFFECT June 14: Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinatedArchduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated July 28: A-H declares war on Serbia July 31: Russia sends troops to aid Serbia Aug 1: Germany declares war on Russia Aug 3: Germany declares war on France & invades neutral Belgium. Aug 4: Great Britain declares war on Germany
THE SCHLIEFFEN PLANTHE SCHLIEFFEN PLAN: AVOID FIGHTING A WAR WITH RUSSIA AND FRANCE AT THE SAME TIME. PLAN FAILS WHEN FRANCE DOES NOT FALL QUICKLY
THE GREAT WAR BEGINS Trench Warfare Armies fight using system of ditches No Man’s Land Area between trenches where soldiers were killed Won very little land https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oeJkps OqQgc
TRENCH WARFARE “Whilst asleep during the night, we were frequently awakened by rats running over us. When this happened too often for my liking, I would lie on my back and wait for a rat to linger on my legs; then violently heave my legs upwards, throwing the rat into the air. Occasionally, I would hear a grunt when the rat landed on a fellow victim.” (R L Venables)
WILSON DECLARES AMERICAN NEUTRALITY Why did the US Refuse to get involved in the beginning? Territory not directly affected U.S. had cultural and economic ties with both sides divided loyalties Pacifists: against all war Wilson wins re-election in 1916 with slogan “He kept us out of War!”
The effect of the war upon the United States will depend upon what American citizens say and do. Every man who really loves America will act and speak in the true spirit of neutrality, which is the spirit of impartiality and fairness and friendliness... The people of the United States are drawn from many nations, and chiefly from the nations now at war. It is natural and inevitable that there should be the utmost variety of sympathy and desire among them with regard to the issues and circumstances of the conflict. Some will wish one nation, others another, to succeed in the momentous struggle. Such divisions amongst us would be fatal to our peace of mind and might seriously stand in the way of the proper performance of our duty as the one great nation at peace...
REASONS THE US ENTERS THE WAR 1. Zimmerman Note (Telegram) Germany sends a telegram to Mexico proposing an alliance Would help Mexico gain back lost territory in Texas, NM, Arizona
REASONS THE U.S. ENTERS 2. Russia: Bolshevik Revolution Russia becomes Communist! When Russia leaves the War, America is more likely to enter
REASONS THE US ENTERS THE WAR 3. Unrestricted Submarine Warfare German war-time policy of using U-boats to sink any ship in Allied territory without warning May 1915: British passenger ship, Lusitania, is sunk, 128 Americans killed “There is such a think as a nation being so right that it does not need to convince others by force that it is right” – Wilson in reaction to Lusitania
APRIL 6, 1917: US DECLARES WAR “The world must be made safe for democracy. Its peace must be planted upon the tested foundations of political liberty... We are but one of the champions of the rights of mankind. We shall be satisfied when those rights have been made as secure as the faith and the freedom of nations can make them.” -Woodrow Wilson
MOBILIZING May 1917: Selective Service Act All men to register to be randomly selected to serve in the military 24 million registered
1917 – SELECTIVE SERVICE ACT 24,000,000 men registered for the draft by the end of 1918. 4,800,000 men served in WW1 (2,000,000 saw active combat). 400,000 African-America were put in segregated units. Most were put in non-combat duties. 15,000 Native-Americans served as scouts, messengers, and snipers in non-segregated units.
HERE COME THE YANKS The United Stated adopted the Convoy System This put battleships at the front to guard merchant ships Shipping losses were cut in half US troops brought numbers and enthusiasm Convoy System
THE YANKS The American Expeditionary Force was led by General John Pershing U.S. troops nicknamed doughboys
A NEW KIND OF WAR FROM MY WEBSITE… Access the WWI “Webquest” Work through with your partner!
WITH YOUR PARTNER.. PLEASE CREATE EITHER: A short poem or song about WWI beginning and US Entry Or Design a CD cover with at least 10 “tracks” about the beginning of WWI and US Entry With either assignment, you must include America’s policy at the start of WWI and the three reasons America enters World War I
TICKET OUT Why was the US unable to maintain a policy of neutrality during WWI? What factors combined to draw the world and ultimately the US into the war- What were the causes? Do you think the US was right to enter WWI? Why or why not?