Presentation on theme: "GHS: I T ’ S W HAT ’ S F OR L UNCH !! Local Emergency Planning Committee."— Presentation transcript:
GHS: I T ’ S W HAT ’ S F OR L UNCH !! Local Emergency Planning Committee
Q UICK C OUNT M ANUFACTURERS USING GHS A LREADY ? R ESPONDERS ? M ANUFACTURERS NOT YET U SING GHS? O THER U SERS OF C HEMICALS ? 2
M ICHELLE K AREIS D ESIGNATED H UMAN S ACRIFICE V ERTELLUS P ERFORMANCE M ATERIALS MKAREIS @ VERTELLUS. COM 336-834-4903 MKAREIS @ VERTELLUS. COM
DISCLAIMER!!! T HIS PRESENTATION IS AN INTRODUCTION ONLY!!! I T IS INTENDED TO GIVE YOU JUST ENOUGH INFORMATION TO MAKE YOU WANT TO CRAWL INTO A CLOSET OR RETIRE …. WHICHEVER COMES FIRST. B Y J UNE 15, 2015, WE ’ LL ALL BE EXPERTS ….. O R WE ’ LL BE W AL M ART G REETERS ! (PLEASE FEEL FREE TO EAT WHILE I BABBLE !)
A GENDA Intro: What is GHS What’s Changing (and what’s not!) Pictograms, Hazard Categories, and the dirty details Safety Data Sheets Labels HMIS/NFPA vs GHS Recap Questions Contact Information
GHS: W HAT IT I S … International Effort (through UN) to standardize hazard communication information across the world. US Goal is to integrate components of the UN Global Harmonization Standard (GHS) into HazCom (29 CFR 1910.1200 OSHA final rule to revise 29 CFR 1910.1200: Details released 3/20/12, final rule to appear in 3/26/12 Fed. Reg. MSDS LABELING CLASSIFICATIONSRETRAINING C HANGES MSDS REQUIREMENTS, LABELING, CLASSIFICATIONS, AND REQUIRES RETRAINING OF ALL EMPLOYEES. 6
O VERVIEW Hazard classification: Specific criteria for classification of health hazards (10), physical hazards (16) and environmental hazards; as well as classification of mixtures. (Identified ranges instead of educated guessing). Safety Data Sheets: Specific 16-section format. Labels: Labels provided by chemical manufacturers and importers must be in color and contain 6 specific elements. Information and training: The Final HCS will require that workers are trained within two years of the publication of the final rule to facilitate recognition and understanding of the new labels and safety data sheets.
New HCS Effective Dates 9 Effective Completion Date Requirement(s)Who 1-Dec-13Train employees on the new label elements and safety data sheet (SDS) format. Employers June 1, 2015* December 1, 2015 Compliance with all modified provisions of this final rule, except: The Distributor shall not ship containers labeled by the chemical manufacturer or importer unless it is a GHS label Chemical manufacturers, importers, distributors and employers 1-Jun-16Update alternative workplace labeling and hazard communication program as necessary, and provide additional employee training for newly identified physical or health hazards. Employers Transition Period to the effective completion dates noted above May comply with either 29 CFR 1910.1200 (the final standard), or the current standard, or both Chemical manufacturers, importers, distributors, and employers
W HAT ’ S C HANGING …. AND W HAT ’ S NOT! What’s Changing: “MSDS” becomes “SDS” Labels – 6 Specific Elements – Pictograms – Signal Words – Hazard Categories (1 – 5) Specific definitions of some MSDS/Label terms (i.e., “Corrosive”) What’s NOT Changing: DOT/UN Placards NFPA and HMIS Codes (0 – 4) Products with EPA- specific Labels (yet) 10 M ANY US C OMPANIES A RE A LREADY U SING T HIS !!!
11 P ICTOGRAMS CorrosionEnvironmentGas CylinderExclamation Mark PhysicalEnvironmentalPhysicalHealth Exploding BombFlameFlame over circleHealth Hazard Physical Health Skull and Crossbones Health GHS uses 9 pictograms that have been assigned for each hazard class.
P ICTOGRAM S HAPE AND C OLOR For transport, pictograms will have the background and symbol colors currently used. For other sectors, pictograms will have a black symbol on a white background with a red diamond frame. A black frame may be used for shipments within one country. Where a transport pictogram appears, the GHS pictogram for the same hazard should not appear.
16 P HYSICAL H AZARDS Explosives Flammable Gases Flammable Aerosols Oxidizing Gases Gases Under Pressure Flammable Liquids Flammable Solids Self-Reactive Substances Pyrophoric Liquids Pyrophoric Solids Self-Heating Substances Substances Which in Contact with Water Emit Flammable Gases Oxidizing Liquids Oxidizing Solids Organic Peroxides Substances Corrosive to Metal 14
10 H EALTH H AZARDS Skin Corrosion Skin Irritation Eye Effects Sensitization Germ Cell Mutagenicity Carcinogenicity Reproductive Toxicity Target Organ Systemic Toxicity: Single Exposure & Repeated Exposure Aspiration Toxicity 15
E NVIRONMENTAL H AZARDS (O PTIONAL ) Hazardous to the Aquatic Environment – Acute Aquatic Toxicity – Chronic Aquatic Toxicity 16
Safety Data Sheets As of June 1, 2015, the HCS will require new SDSs to be in a uniform format, and include the section numbers, the headings, and associated information under the headings below: Section 1, Identification includes product identifier; manufacturer or distributor name, address, phone number; emergency phone number; recommended use; restrictions on use. Section 2, Hazard(s) identification includes all hazards regarding the chemical; required label elements. Section 3, Composition/information on ingredients includes information on chemical ingredients; trade secret claims. Section 4, First-aid measures includes important symptoms/ effects, acute, delayed; required treatment. Section 5, Fire-fighting measures lists suitable extinguishing techniques, equipment; chemical hazards from fire. Section 6, Accidental release measures lists emergency procedures; protective equipment; proper methods of containment and cleanup. 17
Section 7, Handling and storage lists precautions for safe handling and storage, including incompatibilities. Section 8, Exposure controls/personal protection lists OSHA's Permissible Exposure Limits (PELs); Threshold Limit Values (TLVs); appropriate engineering controls; personal protective equipment (PPE). Section 9, Physical and chemical properties lists the chemical's characteristics. Section 10, Stability and reactivity lists chemical stability and possibility of hazardous reactions. Section 11, Toxicological information includes routes of exposure; related symptoms, acute and chronic effects; numerical measures of toxicity. Section 12, Ecological information* Section 13, Disposal considerations* Section 14, Transport information* Section 15, Regulatory information* Section 16, Other information, includes the date of preparation or last revision. *Note: Since other Agencies regulate this information, OSHA will not be enforcing Sections 12 through 15(29 CFR 1910.1200(g)(2)). 18 Safety Data Sheets, Cont.
S IGNAL W ORDS “Danger” or “Warning” Used to emphasize hazard and discriminate between levels of hazard. “Danger” is higher hazard than “Warning” Some hazard categories will not use either.
H AZARD S TATEMENTS A single harmonized hazard statement for each level of hazard within each hazard class Example: Flammable liquids Category 1: Extremely flammable liquid and vapour Category 2: Highly flammable liquid and vapour Category 3: Flammable liquid and vapour Category 4: Combustible liquid
Example: Current vs. GHS “Corrosive” "Corrosive:" A chemical that causes visible destruction of, or irreversible alterations in, living tissue by chemical action at the site of contact. For example, a chemical is considered to be corrosive if, when tested on the intact skin of albino rabbits by the method described by the U.S. Department of Transportation in appendix A to 49 CFR part 173, it destroys or changes irreversibly the structure of the tissue at the site of contact following an exposure period of four hours. This term shall not refer to action on inanimate surfaces. C URRENT GHS: “S KIN C ORROSIVE ”
New Labels 22 As of June 1, 2015, all labels will be required to have : Product identifier Product identifier Pictograms Pictograms Signal word Signal word Hazard statements Hazard statements Precautionary statements Precautionary statements Supplier identification Supplier identification.
23 GHS Category VS HMIS/NFPA HMIS system: 1 is LEAST severe – 4 is MOST Severe. NFPA system: 1 is LEAST severe - 4 is MOST severe. The opposite is true under GHS. 1 IS MOST SEVERE. 5 is LEAST.
ACUTE ORAL TOXICITY - Annex 1 Category 1Category 2Category 3Category 4Category 5 LD 50 £ 5 mg/kg> 5 < 50 mg/kg ³ 50 < 300 mg/kg ³ 300 < 2000 mg/kg ³ 2000 < 5000 mg/kg PictogramNo symbol Signal word Danger Warning Hazard statement Fatal if swallowed Toxic if swallowed Harmful if swallowed May be harmful if swallowed Figure 4.11
T O R EVIEW …. GHS is the new Hazcom June 15, 2015…… MSDS is out…SDS is in Pictograms are your friend! DOT/UN Placards Remain the same 6 Required Label elements: Product Identifier, Pictogram, Signal Word, Hazard Statement, Precautionary Statement, Supplier Identification GHS Category 1 – 5 is OPPOSITE HMIS/NFPA 0 – 4. GHS Category 1 – 5 is OPPOSITE HMIS/NFPA 0 – 4.
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