17PericlesMost influential leader of Athens for many years
18Map of Ancient Greece Ionian Sea Aegean Sea Black Sea Sparta Messene ArgosOlympiaPeloponnesusCorinthMegaraAthensDelphiThebesDelosMacedoniaKnossosSardisEphesusByzantium
19Early Greece Location Government Ruler Minos Mycenaea Corinth Athens What were the gods of Greek Mythology like? Why did the Ancient Greeks create myths? Why did the Greeks create stories about heroes?
20The Classical Age Rulers Problems Solutions Draco Solon Peisistratus Cleisthenes
22Essential QuestionsWhat were the major achievements in philosophy, literature, art and architecture of the Classical Age of Ancient Greece?What were the achievements and legacy of Alexander the Great
23SocratesFirst of the Great Athenian philosophers
24PlatoStudent of SocratesLeft behind a series of writings
25Aristotle Student of the Academy Concerned with the nature of the world around him
32Alexander the Great King of Macedonia Built the largest Empire in the world up to that point
33Hellenistic Greek like civilization Spread of culture across the empire of Alexander the Great
34EuclidFormulated many of the ideas we have about Geometry today
35EratosthenesCalculated the circumference of the globe
36ArchimedesDeveloped a compound pulley system and the lever
37Quiz Choose 5 Socrates Plato Aristotle Reason/Logic Homer Herodotus ThucydidesAlexander the GreatHellenistic
38Ancient Rome Essential Questions: How did Rome grow from a small town to the center of an empire spanning the entire Mediterranean area?What led to the end of the Roman Republic and the creation of a new form of government?What social and cultural factors influenced life in Rome, and what was the cultural legacy of Rome?
39Map of Rome (Page 175) Mediterranean Sea Black Sea Atlantic Ocean SpainGaulBritainGreeceAfricaEgyptCarthageRomeRoman Republic 100BCRepublic at Caesar’s deathEmpire at Augustus DeathEmpire 117AD
40RepublicA new type of government where elected officials governed the state
41PatricianHeads of the Aristocratic families of Rome
66Civil LawForm of law based upon a formal written code of laws
67Fall of Rome/Byzantine Empire Essential Questions:What led to the weakening and eventual collapse of the Roman Empire in the west?How did the eastern half of the Roman Empire maintain its strength for centuries after the west half of the empire declined?