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The Message to John Para. 20. Based on the information found in Luke 3:1-2 the date is AD 26 Luke 3:2 – “word” = two different Greek words 1. “rehma”

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Presentation on theme: "The Message to John Para. 20. Based on the information found in Luke 3:1-2 the date is AD 26 Luke 3:2 – “word” = two different Greek words 1. “rehma”"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Message to John Para. 20

2 Based on the information found in Luke 3:1-2 the date is AD 26 Luke 3:2 – “word” = two different Greek words 1. “rehma” = spoken word (“begin the mission”) 2. “logos” = written, spoken, and incarnate word

3 The Message by John Para. 21

4 With para. 21 we have three columns Mark: Servant of the Lord – quotes Mal. 3:1 to indicate this is Israel centered Matt. – John’s Message: 1. Repent – back to God movement 2. Kingdom…- kingdom centered 3. Be immersed – an immersion of repentance

5 Luke – Human centered (“repentance unto remission of sins” and “all flesh…”) vs.3,6 John’s dress is like Elijah Earlier we were told John would come in the “spirit and power of Elijah” here we are told he dresses like Elijah He gets a lot of attention: Mark vs. 5; Matt. vs. 5

6 The Explanation by John Para. 22

7 Two Stages of Inquiry by Sanhedrin 1. Observation – Sanhedrin will send out observers to see if there is reason for concern 2. Investigation – Sanhedrin will send out a party to investigate Matt. vs. 7 – observing party is sent out Jewish leaders come not to be baptized but to observe

8 Luke vs. 7- John first is talking to the multitude When he sees the Pharisees and Sadducees he then speaks to them Common Jewish thought – all Jews would enter the messianic kingdom John tells the people not to believe this teaching

9 Note: John’s play on words in Hebrew: “stones” – אבנים “children” – בנים The Sanhedrin’s observing party note that John is instructing the Jewish people what is contrary to their teachings Luke vs. 11- to the multitudes he teaches them to keep only what is essential to meet your needs

10 Luke vs. 13 – to the tax collectors he tells them to not take from the people more than what is supposed to be taken Luke vs. 14 – to the soldiers (part of the occupation army) he tells them: 1. Do not be violent 2. Do not forcibly take from others 3. Be content with your wages

11 John is addressing the issue of excessiveness He was telling the people to do things contrary to their nature and office The observers will report that John’s ministry is significant Remember the theme: What happens to the herald happens to the king

12 The Promise by John Para. 23

13 Matt. vs. 11 – The one coming after John will perform two different kinds of baptism: 1. Those who believe will be baptized by the Spirit 2. Those who do not believe will be baptized by the fire of judgment

14 Baptism (Immersion) Repent & Accept Reject & do not Messiah Accept Messiah Wheat (believers) Chaff (unbelievers) Barn (kingdom) Burned Up (judgment) Luke vs. 18 – Many other things he exhorted

15 At His Baptism Para. 24

16 The baptism of Yeshua marks the last act of his private life and first act of his public life Baptism Among the Jewish People Baptism is a “key word” Hebrew Terms “Mikvah” ( מקוה ) = place of immersion “Tvilah” ( טב ' לה ) = immersion (not sprinkling; not pouring)

17 Greek Terms “Bapto” = to dip or dye “Baptizo” = to immerse (equivalent to “tvilah”) Meaning of the word in both Hebrew and Greek is “to immerse” Meaning of the act or ritual = “identification” To identify with a message, person, or group To break from a former way of life

18 Being baptized by John meant one identified with John’s message and group of followers Whoever John points out is the Messiah upon him they would believe Believer’s Baptism – one identifies with the work of Messiah who provides salvation. Identifying oneself with the death, burial, and resurrection of Messiah

19 All baptisms in the NT are immersions of believers Matt. vs. 14-15 – 6 Reasons for baptism of Yeshua 1. To identify with righteousness; to fulfill the demands of the Mosaic Law (vs.15) 2. To identify with John’s message; the kingdom is here 3. To identify himself with believing remnant being prepared by John

20 4. To be publically made known to Israel 5. II Cor. 5:21 – To be identified with sinners 6. Acts 10:38 – To receive his anointing by the Holy Spirit The entire Tri-Unity appears: 1. The Father’s voice is heard: “This is my beloved Son in whom I am well pleased” 2. The Son is being immersed 3. The Holy Spirit comes in the form of a dove

21 Why does the Holy Spirit appear as a dove? Genesis 1:2 – First mention of the Holy Spirit מרחפת = used of a mother bird hovering over her eggs just before they hatch Gen. 1:2 – Spirit of God hovering over the waters just before land appears Midrashim – rabbis specify that it was a dove Matt. 3:17 – the Spirit of God hovers over Messiah just before he begins his public ministry

22 God the Father identifies himself with the Messianic Son of Psalm 2 “Bat Kol” ( בת קול ) = “daughter of a voice” This became a technical term by the rabbis for God’s voice from heaven Rabbinic Thought – God’s voice ceased with Malachi; the next prophet to arise on the scene would be Elijah who would tell the Jewish people of the coming Messiah

23 This did not mean God would be silent: In rabbinic thought periodically God would speak out of heaven but not give a long discourse What he would say would be one or two sentences but no more This fits well with the immersion of Yeshua in Jewish thought

24 Two things occur with the immersion of Yeshua: 1. He is identified with God the Father to be the Messianic Son (Psalm 2) 2. He is anointed by the Holy Spirit for service Luke vs. 23 – Yeshua begins his ministry at about 30 years of age (not exactly 30)

25 Through the Temptation Para. 25

26 The connection between Para. 25 and 24 should not be missed 1. Para. 24 – Yeshua declared to be the Son of God Para. 25 – Yeshua must prove himself to be the Son of God 2. Para. 24 – Yeshua came to “fulfill all righteousness” Para. 25 – Yeshua’s righteousness will be tested

27 The temptation of Yeshua was part of God’s divine plan: Mark vs. 12 – “the Spirit driveth him forth into the wilderness” Matt. vs. 1 – “Yeshua led up of the Spirit” Luke vs. 1 – “Yeshua full of the Holy Spirit” “Yeshua was led by the Spirit” Mark vs. 13 – He was in the wilderness for 40 days but no details are given

28 Matt. & Luke: They give us details of the temptation The order of the temptation is different Luke gives us the correct chronology Matt. focuses on the kingdom so the kingdom temptation is last

29 Purpose of the Temptation From God’s perspective – Proves the sinlessness of Yeshua From Satan’s perspective – Cause him to sin so as to disqualify him from making the atonement Two separate representative roles in Messiah’s temptation: 1. Representative role with Israel – where Israel failed, Messiah did not fail 2. Representative role with believers – Messiah shows us how we should deal with temptation

30 5 Ways Messiah Represents Israel: 1. Term “Son of God” is used: it is used of both Messiah and Israel (Ex. 4:22-23) 2. Testings of both Messiah and Israel occur in the wilderness (I Cor. 10:1-13) 3. Both are connected with the number 40 (Mark vs. 13) 4. The presence of the Holy Spirit is in both events (Isa. 63:7-14) 5. Deut. only book quoted by Yeshua Deut. Is God’s covenantal agreement with Israel Messiah as representative of Israel restates this covenantal relationship in the midst of temptation

31 Yeshua’s representative role with believers: showing us how to deal with temptation Hebrews 4:15 “For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who had been tempted in every way (“in all respects”), just as we are—yet was without sin.”

32 Heb. 4:15: “in all respects” does not mean, “with the same temptations” Yeshua was tempted to turn stones to bread; we are not tempted to do this We are tempted to waste our time with frivolous things; Yeshua was not tempted to do that

33 What is meant is that Yeshua, like us was tempted through the same areas, or “gateways” through which all temptation comes I John 2:16 “For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh and the lust of the eyes and the boastful pride of life, is not from the Father, but is from the world.”

34 I John 2:16: The Gateways of Temptation I John 2:16 Matt.4/Luke4 Genesis 3 “Lust of the “Turn the Stones “Fruit was good Flesh” to Bread” for Food” “Lust of the “See the Kingdoms “Fruit was a Eyes” of the World” delight to the eyes” “Boastful Pride “Jump from the “Desirable to Of Life” Pinnacle of the Temple” make one wise”

35 Lk. vs. 13 – “every temptation” = every area of temptation Four things we learn about spiritual warfare: 1. If we resist the Evil One he will flee from us – (“he departed”) 2. Every victory is only temporary – (“for a season” Spiritual warfare is not a one time battle, but a life long conflict

36 3. Note what Yeshua does not do: a. He does not call Satan any names b. He does not bind him c. He does not rebuke him d. He does not command him 4. Note what Yeshua does do: a. He resorts to the truth of Scripture b. He applies it to his situation

37 Two Things We Learn From Yeshua Concerning How to Wage Spiritual Warfare: 1. Study the Word of God 2. Apply it in your life Knowledge alone puffs up, thus it must be applied Knowledge of the Word + Application of its Truths = Victory Over the Evil One

38 Testimony of John Before Leaders Para. 26

39 The 2 nd stage of the investigative party – raising questions 3 Times we are informed that an official delegation from Jerusalem is present: 1. vs. 19 – “when the Jews sent…” 2. vs. 22 – “…that we may give an answer to them that sent us.” 3. vs. 25 – “And they had been sent from the Pharisees”

40 John denies three things: 1. He denies being the Messiah (vs. 21) 2. He denies being Elijah (vs. 21) a. He came in the “power and spirit” of Elijah b. He dresses like Elijah c. But he denies being Elijah 3. He denies being the prophet referred to in Deut. 18 (vs. 21)

41 Who Is John? 1. He is the one spoken of in Isaiah 40:3 2. He is the forerunner of Messiah; the Herald of the King vs. 26 – The Messiah is in our midst But John is not willing to make him public yet - John is not worthy to unlatch his sandal “What happens to the herald, happens to the King”

42 Testimony of John to Jesus Para. 27

43 Two ideas of “the Lamb” in the Jewish mind in the 1 st century: 1. Passover Lamb – Ex. 12 2. Messianic Lamb – Isaiah 53 vs. 30 – with respect to Yeshua’s humanity he was 6 months younger than John - with respect to Yeshua’s deity he precedes John

44 vs. 32-33 – John explains why he was baptizing 1. Previous revelation was given to him that he would see the Spirit of God like a dove descend on the Messiah 2. The descent of the Holy Spirit was an authenticating sign He knew who Yeshua was already, but the coming of the Spirit was the sign

45 vs. 34 – John makes the acknowledgement that he had seen the sign - He indicates who the Messiah is (vs. 29) Note: the term “witness” is one that is most closely connected with John. He is a witness to Messiah

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