Presentation on theme: "OCR Statutes Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964"— Presentation transcript:
1 OCR Statutes Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990The Age Discrimination Act of 1975
2 The Institutions We Cover State Education AgenciesElementary and Secondary School SystemsColleges and UniversitiesAdult Education and GED ProgramsVocational and Proprietary schoolsState Vocational Rehabilitation AgenciesLibraries
3 OCR’s Approach to Civil Rights Enforcement Technical AssistancePresentationsPartnership ActivitiesResponse to InquiriesComplaint ProcessingResolution Between the PartiesAgreement to ResolveLetter of FindingAdministrative/Judicial proceedings
4 Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities by recipients of federal financial assistance (Includes virtually all public and private colleges and universities, all public schools)Regulations are generally more specific than Title II, and include requirements specific to colleges and universities – 34 CFR Part 104
5 Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 Prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities by public entities.Definitions same as 504 but contains some definitions not found in Section 504, such as “communication.”Requirements similar to Section 504.
6 Basic civil rights objectives of Section 504 and the ADA End isolation of persons with disabilitiesSecure equal opportunityNot necessarily identical treatmentEquivalent treatment (comparative)Remove unnecessary barriers through academic adjustments and auxiliary aidsFoster independencePrevent a hostile environmentADA: 42 USC 12201(a)(8). The Congress finds that … the Nations proper goals regarding individuals with disabilities are to assure equality ofopportunity, full participation, independent living, and economic self-sufficiency for such individuals
7 Some Technology-Based Programs and Activities Web sitesDistance learningComputer labs & class workstationssystemsOnline services e.g., course registrationLibrary services e.g., catalog systems“Business services” e.g., ticketing
8 Summary of PrinciplesStudents must be provided equally effective access to the programEvery “program” and “activity” is coveredOn-site programsOff-site programsPrograms receiving “significant assistance”Non-academic programs
9 504, Title II & 508 all require access to information technology 504 and Title II prohibit covered entities from discriminating against any person because of disability, whereas …508 contains specific standards for providing accessible technology – 36 CFR Part The standards are useful guidelines to consider for entities generally.
10 Summary of Principles (cont’d) Goal is “equally effective … communication”— a comparative standard for access to informationLaw contemplates increased independence for people with disabilities through accessible technologyThe preferences of consumers with disabilities need to be seriously consideredFailure to plan for technology access and ad hoc approach may result in access denial
11 Summary of Principles (cont’d) Institutions’ responsibilities aren’t without limitsModifications and auxiliary aids and services not required if they would fundamentally alter the program or conflict with essential program requirements
12 OCR Contact InformationOCR Web site:Phone: (800)Tim Spofford(206)
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