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A look at our nearest neighbor in Space!

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Presentation on theme: "A look at our nearest neighbor in Space!"— Presentation transcript:

1 A look at our nearest neighbor in Space!
The Moon A look at our nearest neighbor in Space! Free powerpoints at

2 What is the Moon? A natural satellite
One of more than 96 moons in our Solar System The only moon of the planet Earth

3 Location, location, location!
About 384,000 km (240,000 miles) from Earth 3,468 km (2,155 miles) in diameter (about ¼ the size of Earth)

4 Birth of the Moon “Born” 4-5 billion years ago
Formed from impact of Mars-sized “planetesimal” on Earth Debris from both objects melted together to form the Moon

5 Cut to the Core 3 major divisions of the Lunar interior
Crust - average thickness of about 70 kilometers Mantle Core - radius is between 300 and 425 kilometers

6 The Moon’s Surface No atmosphere No liquid water Extreme temperatures
Daytime = 130C (265°F) Nighttime = -190C (-310 F) 1/6 Earth’s gravity

7 Lunar Features - Highlands
Mountains up to 7500 m (25,000 ft) tall Rilles (trenchlike valleys)

8 Lunar Features - Craters
Up to 2500 km (1,553 miles) across Most formed by meteorite impact on the Moon Some formed by volcanic action inside the Moon

9 Lunar Features - Maria Originally thought to be “seas” by early astronomers Darkest parts of lunar landscape Filled by lava after crash of huge meteorites on lunar surface 3-4 billion years ago Mostly basalt rock

10 Craters Can you see the rays? Maria Does this photo show us a limb or terminator line?

11 Movements of the Moon Revolution – Moon orbits the Earth every 271/3 days The moon rises in the east and sets in the west The moon rises and sets 50 minutes later each day Rotation – Moon turns on its axis every 27 days Same side of Moon always faces Earth

12 Far Side of the Moon First seen by Luna 3 Russian space probe in 1959
Surface features different from near side More craters Very few maria Thicker crust

13 It’s Just a Phase Moonlight is reflected sunlight
Half the moon’s surface is always reflecting light From Earth we see different amounts of the Moon’s lit surface The amount seen is called a “phase”

14 Waxing and Waning New moon Waxing Crescent moon First Quarter moon
Waxing Gibbous moon Full moon Waning Gibbous moon Third Quarter moon Waning Crescent moon



17 Earth Plane of earth’s orbit Moon Plane of lunar orbit Moon

18 Lunar Eclipses Moon moves into Earth’s shadow – this shadow darkens the Moon Umbra Penumbra About 2-3 per year Last up to 4 hours

19 Solar Eclipses Moon moves between Earth and Sun
Moon casts a shadow on part of the Earth Total eclipses rare – only once every 360 years from one location!

20 The Tides Tides caused by pull of Moon’s gravity on Earth High tide –
Side facing Moon and side away from Moon Every 12 hours, 25 ½ minutes Low tide – On sides of Earth

21 Exploring the Moon 1950s to 1960s - probes
Neil Armstrong First man on the Moon – July 20, 1969 Six Apollo missions ( ) 382 kg (842 lbs) rocks 12 Americans have walked on the moon



24 When will we return?

25 Ice on the Moon? 1994 – Clementine probe 1998 – Lunar Prospector

26 Moon base of the future? What would you need to live there?



29 The Lunar Challenge!

30 Name this phase! Full Moon What time does this phase rise and set?

31 Name these features. Craters Maria Name these features.

32 Does this image show us the near side or far side of the moon?
How can you tell?

33 Is this line the limb or terminator?

34 Name this phase! First Quarter

35 Name this phase! Waxing Crescent

36 Does this image show the near side or the far side of the moon?

37 Name this phase! Waning Gibbous

38 Name this phase! Third Quarter

39 From what direction does the moon rise?
The East

40 Name this phase! Waxing Gibbous

41 Name this phase! Waning Crescent

42 What might be happening in this image?
Lunar Eclipse

43 Is this line the limb or the terminator?

44 Name this phase! Look closely! Waxing Gibbous

45 The Far Side and the Dark Side of the moon are the same thing.
True or False: The Far Side and the Dark Side of the moon are the same thing. False!

46 Name this phase! Full Moon

47 Name this phase! New Moon

48 Does the moon rise or set in the west?
It sets in the west.

49 Name this phase! Waning Gibbous

50 Name this phase! Waning Crescent

51 Name this phase! Waning Gibbous

52 The Mythical Moon










62 The Lunatic: Leesa Hubbard

63 Photo resources

64 More photo resources

65 This powerpoint was kindly donated to
is home to over a thousand powerpoints submitted by teachers. This is a completely free site and requires no registration. Please visit and I hope it will help in your teaching.

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