Presentation on theme: "Understanding Yourself And Others In The Workplace"— Presentation transcript:
1Understanding Yourself And Others In The Workplace A Seminar provided byREACHEmployee Assistance ProgramExplain to the group that in order to effectively work in teams, we need to understand ourselves and others.This workshop will include didactic presentations of the different personality preferences will all ascribe to and will include team building exercises so you all can experience how to use individual differences to work for the team instead of against it.
2How The Myers-Briggs Came To Be MBTI began with studies of Carl Jung on the different ways that human beings perceive reality and make judgments and decisions.As a result of his studies, Jung developed the theory of temperaments. He identified four different psychological functions by which we perceive and judge reality: sensing and intuition as a perceiving function and thinking and feeling as a judging function. He believed that with everyone, one of each of these pairs of functions is dominant and the other is auxiliary. The dominant functions become second nature/habitual ways of acting.Carl Jung also coined the terms introvert and extrovert to explain our dominant orientation to the world of internal and external influences. Whereas the introvert looks more toward the inner world of ideas and concepts, the extrovert is more influenced by the outer world of people and things.
3How The Myers-Briggs Came To Be Jung was influenced by the Chinese theory of opposites--the yin and the yang. He believed that there are opposing forces in our personality. In this, we need to have some sense of balance between these opposing forces in order to attain maturity and wholeness. He believed that developing our non-dominant personality characteristics is akin to learning to use our non-dominant hand--it takes strenuous effort, self-discipline, suffering and practice. Jung wrote a book entitled psychological types which explained his theory.Katherine Briggs and her daughter Isabel Myers took the eight different personality characteristics identified by Jung and developed 16 different personality variations and an instrument for identifying these. They called this instrument the Myers-Briggs type indicator (MBTI).
4Purpose Know more about your own personalities Know more about the personalities of others who are significant in your lifeLearn how to be more effective in interpersonal relationshipsLearn how to maximize the effectiveness of teams by understanding the personality types of yourself and othersAt this point, hand out the MBPI and have the group fill it out.Give them about 10 to 15 minutes to complete and score.Before explaining the indexes, use the handwriting exercise.Then go on to explain the 8 preferences.
5Comparing Extroverts And Introverts Extroverts IntrovertsEnergydirected outward toward people, directed inward towardthings and ideas concepts and ideasFocuswants to change the world wants to understand the worldAttituderelaxed and confident, accessible reserved and questioning,and understandable subtle and impenetrableWork environmentvaried and action-oriented, prefers quiet and concentrated,to be around others prefers to be alone
6Comparing Sensing And Intuition Sensing IntuitionMode of perceptionfive senses (experience) “sixth sense” (possibilities)Focusdetails, practicality, reality, patterns, innovation, expectation,present enjoyment and future achievementOrientationlive life as it is change, rearrange lifeWork environmentprefers using learned skills, prefers adding new skills, looks atpays attention to details, and the “big picture”, and is patientmakes few factual errors with complexity
7Comparing Thinkers And Feelers Thinking FeelingFocuslogic of a situation, things, human values and needs, people,truth and principles tact and harmonyWork environmentbrief and business-like, naturally friendly, personal,impersonal and treats others treats others as they needfairly to be treatedContribution to societyintellectual, critical of loyal, supportive, shows careexposure of wrongs and and concern for others,solutions to problems enthusiastic
8Comparing Judging And Perception Judgment perceptionAttitudedecisive, playful, likes to curious, spontaneous,be right, self-regimented misses nothing, flexible,and purposeful adaptable and tolerantWork environmentfocus on completing tasks, focus on starting a task,making decisions quickly, postpones decisions,and wants only the essentials and wants to find out allof the job about the job
9“The Staff Vacation” Determine: 1.What you are going to do 2. Where you are going to go3. Who’s in charge of what4. When you are going and howFacilitator: Participants are divided into group A(P’s) and group B(J’s). Process the exercise in terms of how structured and timely each group is in completing the exercise. Give the groups a set amount of time to complete the exercise.
10Extroverts need introverts to know: AppreciationExtroverts need introverts to know:I feel more comfortable talking than listening, so when I am listening, appreciate itI have a wide variety of interests which I enjoy pursing actively, sitting is not one of themTo me, talking is sharing-I'm giving of myself when I talkI draft ideas, process, and think out loudBecause I think out loud, what I say could change quickly once I have heard what I thinkI do my decision making verballyI get energized by peopleI love distractions and interruptions
11Introverts need extroverts to know: AppreciationIntroverts need extroverts to know:I need you to give me space and time to respondDon’t ask me if I am okayDon’t arrange to spend time alone with me and then show up with three friendsQuiet is okay, constant conversation distracts me and is drainingIf you want to talk about something serious to me, I need to cut down on the distractions (i.e.--T.V.)Don’t tell me I need more stuff on my wallsDon’t assume I want to be introduced to someoneAsk me before you come into my space or change things that belong to meI want to go deeper in conversations, I get bored with shallow subjects
12Intuitives need sensors to know: AppreciationIntuitives need sensors to know:I don’t like doing routine tasks over and overI would like praise from you when I do the hard work of paying attention to detailsWhen you give me all the instructions for doing something it makes me think you think I am stupidProvide me with only the minimum conclusions I need to reach a conclusionPlease don’t bore me with detailsWe “N's” often have a hard time understanding each other too
13Sensors need intuitives to know: AppreciationSensors need intuitives to know:We need facts, give us detailsIf you don’t give me the facts that fit into the leaps in your thoughts, I will probably make up some of my own explanationsYour leaps lose me, please slow down if you want me to stay with you and what you are telling meI need a step by step processI need directions, models, and examplesI can become very uncomfortable around you because your leaps feel threatening, risky, and lacking in logic
14Feelers need thinkers to know: AppreciationFeelers need thinkers to know:I would like more sensitivity from you -- I sometimes feel blasted or criticized by youDon’t give me praise just because you think I want itI easily get shut down by “T” remarksI take in all that comes at me, when it’s all negative it has a negative effectDealing with a “T” can be more of an emotional hassle than it’s worth“T’s” make me angry, but I appreciate the balance that you offerI need to know from “T's” that I am valued as a personGenuine praise does not feel phony to me
15Thinkers need feelers to know: AppreciationThinkers need feelers to know:I wish you would be objective, not subjectiveYou don’t hear from me when things are going well because I assume that’s how it should beI have a hard time taking positive feedback -- it feels best when I get positive feedback on my competence from someone I consider competentI tend to not give positive feedbackI do have strong emotions and feelingsIf you want to know whether I value something, watch what I do with it (i.e.-Use a gift)I need recognition for giving positive personal feedback
16Judgers need perceivers to know: AppreciationJudgers need perceivers to know:We would prefer that you not interrupt us, if you must, tell us by when you will need us to respondWe need your possibilities, but please give them to us at the beginning of a project and don’t overload usWe need to know what is expected ahead of timeYou need to make it clear that you are considering something versus having already decided it -- your musing sometimes sound like decisionsOur sense of time is very strong and very concreteWe need closure and will work very hard for itWe desire control over jobs and organizationsOur work ethic is very strong -- we will get the job doneWe structure our fun -- we have to earn it
17Perceivers need judgers to know: AppreciationPerceivers need judgers to know:We need you to put order into our livesMy decision making process includes giving time a chanceTo some of us making schedules is noxious -- it violates the creative processI get the feeling you are not very open mindedI am not good with listsThe fact that things are in chaos around me does not mean that I am disorganizedWe are the maybe people, snap decisions are very difficult and frustrating to usWe enjoy being flexibleMy need for more information is not procrastinationI admit to sometimes making decisions by default
18SP = 38% of populationSPs must be free, not tied or bound or confined or obligated. Strongest sense of realism. Today must be enjoyed. Impulsive, restless. Achieve fewer goals & goals are more tentatively held. Hunger for action without constraint. Tools are SP’s master- must fly the plane, wield the scalpel—they almost becomes an extension of the self. SPs are some of the worlds best performing artists and endurance athletes. Not saddled with rules; everything is negotiable. Good in a crisis.
19Appreciating the SPSPs appreciate recognition of the clever, facile ways they work. Commendation for the grace and flair of their actions is more important than note of how much work was done. If the work entails risks and taking chances, this should be noticed. Boldness, bravery, endurance, cleverness, adaptation and timing are what SPs pride themselves on.
20SJ = 38% of populationSJs exist to be useful to their “social units.” Must belong, and belonging must be earned. Often caretakers, givers, almost parental. Compelled to be bound & obligated. Belief in hierachy, rules and that status must be earned. To an SP, each member is equal within a social unit. Sps show pessimism, and preparedness. Stabilizers of social & economic worlds Activity oriented. Must keep busy.
21Appreciating the SJCaution, carefulness, thoroughness and accuracy of work are valued by the SJ, who is product oriented. Appreciates being recognized as a responsible, loyal and industrious person. Need an abundance of appreciation, though have difficulty showing pleasure when recognized.
22NT = 12% of populationNTs are often scientists. Human power over nature fascinates, and NTs strive to be able to understand, control, predict, & explain realities. They come across as almost addicted to acquiring intelligence. Self critical-- must be competent, with a compulsion to improve. Badger themselves about errors; ruthlessly monitor progress. Keep a list of “should know’s.” Perfectionists. Individualist & sometimes arrogant.
23Appreciating the NTWant to be appreciated for their ideas. Want an intelligent listener who will take the trouble to follow the complexities of the NT’s ideas. Do not want recognition for routine tasks well done-this makes them suspicious.
24NF = 12% of populationNFs are difficult for the other types to understand. For them, the purpose of life is to have a purpose in life. Hunger for uniqueness. NFs are often writers, teachers & novelists; they choose careers where they might influence the world. Extraordinary capability to appear to his beholder to be whatever the beholder wants to see (very adaptable). Difficulty placing limits on amount of time & energy devoted to work. Need to feel their work has significance as well as provides a service.
25Appreciating the NFNFs want to be recognized as unique persons making unique contributions. They have more difficulty accepting negative criticism than others, can easily become immobilized and discouraged. NFs want constant feedback that their ideas and feelings are understood.
26Conclusion These are just preferences Not good or bad We can all work on balanceWith stress we get entrenched in our ways and may not see how we may irritate othersInfo taken from Please Understand Me by David Keirsey & Marilyn Bates; Introduction to Type, by Isabel Briggs Myers; MBTI Teambuilding Program leader’s Resource Guide by Sandra Krebs Hirsh