Presentation on theme: "MODULE HANDBOOK UPDATES"— Presentation transcript:
1MODULE HANDBOOK UPDATES Schedule wk 11 (Thu 26 April)11am-12.30pm Guest speaker (Roland Moore)pm Module evaluationSeminar assessment- 25% Class presentation- Any active contribution to class discussion will be considered when assessing general learning outcomes
3COMPLEX NARRATIVES Case studies: Pulp Fiction Memento Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind- Mulholland Drive
4MULHOLLAND DRIVE ? Blonde Girl’s dream – Who is she? No exposition until late into third sectionProtagonist introduced 17’ into the filmAsleep(dream)Awake(reality)?12 (1h53’)3 (25’)(2’30’)4
5MULHOLLAND DRIVE Jitterbug dance - Solid color blue screen, no wall, no floorSuperimposed images of dancersFurther superimposed images (Blonde Girl and parents?)- Overexposed, out of focus, jitterySTYLISED, UNREALISTIC NARRATION...POV shot, s’one heading towards bedHandheld, moving cameraO.S. breathing soundSelective focus on red sheets and pillowSuperimposed images (glimpse): link to Blonde Girl and parentsClosing in on pillow, fade to black: character’s loss of consciousness (falls asleep)SEQUENCE MOTIVATED BY CHARACTER’S PSYCHOLOGYAre these dreams, fantasies, memories ????5
6MULHOLLAND DRIVE CREDIT SEQUENCE Closing in on pillow, fade to black: character’s loss of consciousness (falls asleep) DREAM STARTSRoad sign shimmering (effect motivated by cause: i.e. Cadillac headlamps flashing on and off in next shot)ROAD SIGN = FILM TITLE (Credit sequence started) Film ‘born from’ blackness (dream state)Dream length = 1h53’Section 2 as a focused chain of events when does the dream stop?Lynch is equating the film to the dream state of a character (still unknown) in the film.But because6
7MULHOLLAND DRIVE DREAM, SECTION 1 (DARK-HAIRED WOMAN) Cadillac, Dark Woman threatened, car crashNarrative disequilibrium (disturbance)- Who is this woman?- Why is she being threatened?- How has the crash affected her? (amnesia)Stumbles into apartment (whose?)Falls asleep (dream within dream – Winkie’s)7
8MULHOLLAND DRIVE First meeting two protagonists (turning point) Betty: blonde, smiling, positiveRita: dark-haired, mysterious, passive- Naked, injured, amnesiac vulnerable- Identity made-up- Often falls asleep (whose dreams?)8
10MULHOLLAND DRIVE Cadillac on Mullholland Dr. scenes ? Asleep (dream) Awake(reality)?No Acts. No traditional model.Complex but THERE IS a pattern: 3 parts, relations between large-scale portions?And there are turning points! LET’s start from these12 (1h53’)3 (25’)(2’30’)10
11MULHOLLAND DRIVE PATTERN REPETITIONS W/DIFFERENCES Important events in Section 2 are repeated in Section 3Different characters (played by same actors) repeat same actions/event/piece of dialogue in different context- Significant and mysterious in Section 2- Mundane and ordinary in Section 3Car crash; Winkie’s; Coco (landlady, Adam’s mother); mysterious cowboy; Diane’s rundown apartment; lovemaking; Silencio Club; blue key; etc.MEANING (through spectator’s mental activity)Priming in Sections 1 and 2Link up repetitions and compare differences (Section 3)11
12MULHOLLAND DRIVE DREAM REALITY Naomi Watts Betty (+) Diane Selwin (--) Laura Herring Rita (-) Camilla Rhodes (+)Diane’s dream idealized image of her lover (Camilla) and of herself, with reversed power dynamicsSection 3 exposition: jitterbug contest, inheritance, audition, Camilla, lovers and paranoiaDream and repetition pattern to tell story of thwarted dream12
14SHORT FORMAT - STRUCTURE TV FORMATS (series)Long = 1-hour slot, 42 minutes ca. (4-5 acts, up to 7)Short = ½-hour slot, 22 minutes ca. (2 acts)+ teasers and epilogue/codaTV terminology Act
1522-minutes format, Sit-com FRIENDSSet charactersChandler, Joey, Ross, Rachel, Monica and PhoebeRecurring minor characters: the Gellers, Gunther, Janice, Carol and Susan, Ben, EstelleOther characters: boyfriends and girlfriends, other friends and relatives (the Bings, the Tribbianis), employers, etc.Set locationsMonica and Rachel’s apartmentJoey and Chandler’s apartmentCentral PerkRoss’s and Phoebe’s apartments (less frequent)Workplaces (may change over time)Others15
1622-minutes format, Sit-com FRIENDSStoriesOngoing major narrative threads (Rachel and Ross, Ross’s ex wives, Monica and Chandler, Chandler and Janice, Chandler and Joey, Rachel and Monica, Joey and Rachel, Rachel’s pregnancy and daughter, Phoebe’s brother’s children, Phoebe and David/Mike)One-off stories (episodes)
17FRIENDS – EPISODE STRUCTURE #PLOT A (Chandler & Joey)Plot B (Monica)Plot C (Rachel & Ross)LocationTransitions1J pays back C and gives him a “best buds” bracelet - 1’40”Boys apartmentCREDITS - 0’50”2M’s job interview – 1’10”Kitchen3M, Ross & P see C’s bracelet and make funM took a shower. Ross suggests borrowing money from parentsRoss takes a phone call for Rachel and worries - 2’25”Girls apartmentNY street4The Gellers bring boxes(*). Rachel arrives too – 1’05”5C’s bracelet the women-repeller. J gets upset – 1’30”Central PerkNY Skyline6Ross “saves” Rachel from a guy. They argue over the lobsters thing: “no us” – 2’40”FADE OUT11’20”7J and C argue. C has lost the bracelet – 1’20”8Ross helps M to ask money to the Gellers – 1’20”9C bought a new bracelet. Now they have two: best buds again – 1’15”10Ross lends money to MRachel arrives: cold w/Ross.* The prom video in the boxes: Ross does not want to watch it, Ross in love w/Rachel, Rachel realizes that, they kiss – 5’55”+ Gellers’ house21’10”11Epilogue – M watches the tape, the Gellers in bed – 0’30”END CREDITS – 0’10”
18FRIENDS – EPISODE STRUCTURE Total duration 21’50”2 credit sequences: 1’ in totalActual story duration: 20’50” in total11 scenes(ie. 10 scenes incl. teaser + tag) (but scenes 3 and 10 include multiple narrative threads each)3 narrative threads (plots A, B and C)14 narrative units6 main characters + Gellers + Guy at cafè + Hot girl + Chip&Roy3 usual locations (INT.): girls’ apartment, boys’ apartment, Central Perk2 other locations (INT.): kitchen, Gellers’ house
19FRIENDS – EPISODE STRUCTURE Avg duration per scene: 2’ ca.PLOT A 5 narr. units: 6’45”(Chandler + Joey) + Phoebefriendship + incomprehension = gags (funny)PLOT B 5 narr. units: 4’35”(Monica + Gellers) + RossWork/money + family = everyday life (serious)PLOT C 3 narr. units: 9’40”(Ross + Rach) + PhoebeLove anticlimax / expectations (emotions)
20SIT-COM - DIALOGUE Fixed structure Set characters Set locations Where is creativity? DIALOGUEHow many lines per episode?How many lines per character?How many laughters?How many ooohs?
21SIT-COM - DIALOGUE Fixed structure Set characters Set locations Where is creativity? DIALOGUEHow many lines per episode?How many lines per character?How many laughters? per episodeHow many ooohs?
22SIT-COM - DIALOGUE Fixed structure Set characters Set locations Where is creativity? DIALOGUEHow many lines per episode?How many lines per character?How many laughters? per seasonHow many ooohs?
23SIT-COM - DIALOGUE Fixed structure Set characters Set locations Where is creativity? DIALOGUEHow many lines per episode?How many lines per character?How many laughters? total (over 10 yrs)How many ooohs?
24SCRIPT FORMATS Samples Feature films TV series - US sit-com (30-min slot)- UK 1-hour slot
26SCREENPLAY FORMAT – SCRIPT ELEMENTS SCENE HEADING / SLUG LINE (all caps)Scene intro (location) EXT./INT.Description (location)DAY/NIGHT (DAWN/SUNSETInfo for production managerProduction planProduction design (sets)PhotographyACTION / BUSINESSDescription of action, people, placesSingle-spacedMargin-to-margin (not justified)Sound effects capitalized
27SCREENPLAY FORMAT – SCRIPT ELEMENTS DIALOGUECharacter’s name (capitalized)Character’s extension (O.S. or V.O.)Parentheticals (stage direction; keep to a minimum, only if essential, e.g. reactions)Dialogue lines: single-spacedTABS (from left margin)Action / Business = 0Dialogue = 2Parentheticals = 3Character’s name (before dialogue) = 4TRANSITIONSOnly if/when necessary...