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Learning Objective CALIFORNIA STANDARD: 6.AF 1.1 Write and Solve One-Step Linear Equations in One Variable. We will solve one-step equations using the properties of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Activate Prior Knowledge Inverse operations are operations that undo each other. Think about PEMDAS. What are the operations ? Which operations are grouped together? What are we going to learn? What does solve mean? Solve means __________. CFU What operation would undo the change in value? 1. 6 + 2 = 8 2. = 7 = 6 - = 10 + Inverse Operations + and – and 3. 4. 4 3 = 12 15 5 = 3 = 4 = 15 Students, you already know how to use inverse operations to undo a change in value. Now, we will solve one-step equations using inverse operations. Make Connection

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Concept Development Inverse Operations + and – and division x 4 = 1 x + 2 = 3 addition A one-step equation contains2 one operation. A one-step equation requires3 one inverse operation to solve for the variable. • To keep an equation balanced, inverse operations must be done on both sides of the equation. The solution is the value of the variable that makes the equation true. Flashcards Inverse Operations Solving One-Step Equations Which inverse operation would be used to solve the one-step equation x - 4 = 6? How do you know? A Addition B Subtraction What is the difference between the solution (x = 1) and the non-solution (x = 4)? CFU 1 x + 2 = 3 x 4 = 1 Inverse Operation Balance Inverse Operation Balance x + 0 = 1 x + 2 = 3 Solution (1) + 2 = 3 ? True 3 = 3 x = 1 Solution = 1 x 4 x = 4 Which inverse operation would be used to solve the one-step equation 4x = 8? How do you know? A Multiplication B Division CFU 2 = 1 (4) 4 ? x + 2 = 3 (4) + 2 = 3 ? False 6 = 3 x = 4 NOT a Solution 1 = 1 True 2 has within it 3 needs (synonym) Vocabulary Go to Skill Dev 2 Go to Skill Dev 1

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**WE WANT TO ISOLATE THE VARIABLE TERM (X) .**

Concept Development (Clarification and CFU) Inverse Operations + and – and A one-step equation requires one inverse operation to solve for the variable. • To keep an equation balanced, inverse operations must be done on both sides of the equation. The solution is the value of the variable that makes the equation true. x + 2 = 5 - 2 - 2 x = 3 3 + 2 = 5 x x x x Why is 2 subtracted on both sides of the equation? Why is 1 the solution to the equation x + 2 = 3? CFU WE WANT TO ISOLATE THE VARIABLE TERM (X) .

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**+ and – m + 7 = 10 c + 3 = 8 m + 5 = 8 m + 4 = 11 Inverse Operations**

Skill Development/Guided Practice I Inverse Operations + and – and A one-step equation requires one inverse operation to solve for the variable. • To keep an equation balanced, inverse operations must be done on both sides of the equation. The solution is the value of the variable that makes the equation true. Read the problem and connect it to the equation. Solve for the variable. Hint: Use the inverse operation. Check and interpret4 the solution. Hint: Answer the question. Solve one-step equations. 1 2 3 Back to Concept Dev 1. Isabella is baking muffins. The recipe calls for 8 cups of sugar. Isabella has already added 3 cups of sugar. How many more cups of sugar does she need to add? 2. Yesterday, Samuel had $7. He was given more money today and now has $10. How much money was Samuel given today? 3. Shannon had some money in her pocket. She received $4 for school supplies. She now has $11. How much money did she start with? 4. Jessie had a few marbles. He earned 5 of them during a game and now has 8. How many marbles did Jessie start with? m + 7 = 10 m + 7 = 10 c + 3 = 8 c + 3 = 8 3 + 7 = 10 - 3 - 3 5 + 3 = 8 - 7 - 7 10 = 10 How did I/you connect the problem to the equation? How did I/you solve for the variable? How did I/you interpret the solution? CFU 1 2 3 8 = 8 c = 5 m = 3 Isabella needs to add __________________. 5 cups of sugar Samuel was given ________________ today. $3 m + 4 = 11 m + 4 = 11 m + 5 = 8 m + 5 = 8 7 + 4 = 11 3 + 5 = 8 - 4 - 4 - 5 - 5 11 = 11 8= 8 m = 7 m = 3 Shannon started with __________________. $7 Jessie started with _____________________. 3 marbles 4 explain (synonym) Vocabulary

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**+ and – 2b = 12 6b = 24 m = 6 m = 7 4 3 Inverse Operations and **

Skill Development/Guided Practice 2 Inverse Operations + and – and A one-step equation requires one inverse operation to solve for the variable. • To keep an equation balanced, inverse operations must be done on both sides of the equation. The solution is the value of the variable that makes the equation true. Read the problem and connect it to the equation. Solve for the variable. Hint: Use the inverse operation. Check and interpret the solution. Hint: Answer the question. Solve one-step equations. 1 2 3 1. Binders cost $2 each. If Miguel has $12, how many binders can he buy? 2. A box of pencils has 6 pencils inside. If Rosalina has 24 pencils, how many boxes does she have? 3. Isabella gave out muffins to her 6 friends. If each friend was given 4 muffins, how many muffins did Isabella give out? 4. Ricky and his two friends earned money doing chores for his neighbor. After splitting the money, they each got $7. How much money did they earn together? 2b = 12 2b = 12 6b = 24 6b = 24 2(6) = 12 6(4) = 24 12 = 12 b = 6 24 = 24 How did I/you connect the problem to the equation? How did I/you solve for the variable? How did I/you interpret the solution? CFU 1 2 3 b = 4 Miguel can buy ______________________. 6 binders She has ______________________. 4 boxes of pencils m 4 = 6 4 ● ● 4 m 3 = 7 3 ● ● 3 m = 24 m = 21 6 = 6 7 = 7 Isabella gave out ______________________. 24 muffins Ricky and his friends earned _____________. $21

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Relevance A one-step equation requires one inverse operation to solve for the variable. • To keep an equation balanced, inverse operations must be done on both sides of the equation. The solution is the value of the variable that makes the equation true. 1 Solving one-step equations will help you solve more complex equations. 5x – 6 = 4 5x = 10 x = 2 2 Solving one-step equations will help you do well on tests. Sample Test Question: 37. What value of k makes the following equation true? k 3 = 36 A 108 B 98 C 39 D 12 Does anyone else have another reason why it is relevant to solve one-step equations? (Pair-Share) Why is it relevant to solve one-step equations? You may give one of my reasons or one of your own. Which reason is more relevant to you? Why? CFU

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**+ and – 3c = 18 m + 9 = 20 equation one-step balanced inverse**

Inverse Operations + and – and A one-step equation requires one inverse operation to solve for the variable. • To keep an equation balanced, inverse operations must be done on both sides of the equation. The solution is the value of the variable that makes the equation true. Skill Closure Read the problem and connect it to the equation. Solve for the variable. Hint: Use the inverse operation. Check and interpret the solution. Hint: Answer the question. Solve one-step equations. 1 2 3 1. Angelina needs to save $20. She has already saved $9. How much more money does Angelina need to save? 2. A can of tennis balls has 3 tennis balls inside. If Frank has 18 tennis balls, how many cans of tennis balls does he have? 3c = 18 m + 9 = 20 3c = 18 m + 9 = 20 3(6) = 18 - 9 - 9 = 20 18 = 18 b = 6 m = 11 20 = 20 Angelina needs to save ______________________. $11 Frank has ______________________. 6 cans of tennis balls Access Common Core Word Bank equation one-step balanced inverse operation Sam is trying to solve the equation on the left. After applying one inverse operation, his solution was m = 8. Explain why his solution is incorrect and what possible error he may have made. Sam’s solution 8 Summary Closure What did you learn today about solving one-step equations? (Pair-Share) Use words from the word bank.

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**+ and – c + 2 = 6 n + 8 = 14 5b = 35 m = 9 5 Inverse Operations**

Independent Practice Inverse Operations + and – and A one-step equation requires one inverse operation to solve for the variable. • To keep an equation balanced, inverse operations must be done on both sides of the equation. The solution is the value of the variable that makes the equation true. Read the problem and connect it to the equation. Solve for the variable. Hint: Use the inverse operation. Check and interpret the solution. Hint: Answer the question. Solve one-step equations. 1 2 3 1. Gabriel is baking cookies. The recipe calls for 6 cups of flour. If Gabriel has already added 2 cups of flour, how much more flour does he need to add? 2. Louisa had a handful of nickels. She found 8 more and now has 14 nickels. How many nickels did Louisa start with? 3. Books cost $5 each. If Mathew has $35, how many books can he buy? 4. Jenny and her 4 friends earned money selling sugar-free lemonade. After splitting the money, they each got $9. How much money did they earn together? n + 8 = 14 c + 2 = 6 n + 8 = 14 c + 2 = 6 = 14 - 8 - 8 - 2 - 2 4 + 2 = 6 14 = 14 n = 6 c = 4 6 = 6 Gabriel needs to add ______________________. 4 cups of flour Louisa started with ______________________. 6 nickels 5b = 35 5b = 35 m 5 = 9 5(7) = 35 5 ● ● 5 35 = 35 b = 7 m = 45 9 = 9 Mathew can buy ______________________. 7 books Jenny and her friends earned ___________________. $45

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**5 cups of flour 38 pieces 8 meatballs 56 crackers in the box**

Periodic Review 1 1. Carmella is baking biscuits. The recipe calls for 11 cups of flour. She has already added 6 cups. How much does she still have to add? 2. Fernando is building a bookshelf. He has used 26 pieces. He has 12 of the pieces left. How many pieces does the bookshelf have? 3. Claire made 6 batches of meatballs. She made a total of 48 meatballs. How many meatballs does each batch make? 4. Tyrone and his three friends are going to split a box of crackers. They each get 14 crackers. How many crackers were in the box? n – 26 = 12 c + 6 = 11 = 12 - 6 - 6 + 26 + 26 5 + 6 = 11 12 = 12 n = 38 c = 5 11 = 11 Carmella needs to add ______________________. 5 cups of flour The bookshelf has ______________________. 38 pieces 6m = 48 6(8) = 48 4 ● ● 4 48 = 48 b = 8 m = 56 14 = 14 Claire made ______________________. 8 meatballs There were ______________________. 56 crackers in the box

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Access Common Core 1. Geoffrey earns $7 for mowing lawns. Last month, he earned $42. How many lawns did he mow? Which of the following statements is true? How do you know? a. The inverse operation used to solve this problem is division (÷). b. The meaning of the solution to this problem is the amount of money earned. c. The meaning of the solution to this problem is the number of lawns mowed. d. The first step in isolating the variable is to divide both sides of the equation by m. 7m = 42 Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No 2. A set of colored pencils had 29 pencils added to it. There are currently 45 pencils altogether. How many pencils were there to start with? Which of the following statements is true? How do you know? a. The inverse operation used to solve this problem is subtraction (-). b. The meaning of the solution to this problem is the original number of pencils. c. The meaning of the solution to this problem is the number of pencils left. d. The first step in isolating the variable is to add 29 to each side of the equation. p + 29 = 45 Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No

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**$11 74 pencils in the set 6 lawns 78 cookies**

Periodic Review 2 1. Larissa has 17 dollars. She gets her allowance. Now she has 28 dollars. How much was her allowance? 2. A set of colored pencils has 45 pencils taken out. There are currently 29 pencils left. How many pencils were there originally? 3. Geoffrey earns $7 for mowing lawns. Last month, he earned $42. How many lawns did he mow? 4. Thomas and his 5 friends made cookies. They shared them equally and each got 13. How many cookies did they make altogether? p - 45 = 29 17 + a = 28 = 29 + 45 + 45 - 17 - 17 = 28 29 = 29 n = 74 a = 11 28 = 28 Larissa’s allowance is ______________________. $11 There were __________________ originally. 74 pencils in the set 7m = 42 7(6) = 42 6 ● ● 6 42 = 42 b = 6 c = 78 13 = 13 Geoffrey mowed ______________________. 6 lawns Thomas and his friends made __________________. 78 cookies

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Access Common Core 1. Estevan worked on his English homework for 25 minutes. He finished all his homework in 57 minutes. He worked out how long it took him to finish the rest of his homework below, but his older sister told him his answer was incorrect. Where did Estevan make a mistake? How can he fix it? 25 + h = 57 + 25 + 25 h = 82 2. Javier can make 7 paper airplanes each hour. He made 28 airplanes and has calculated how long he spent making them. Explain how he can check that his answer is correct. Is his answer correct? 7a = 28 a = 4

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**4 hours making airplanes**

Periodic Review 3 1. Estevan worked on his English homework for 25 minutes. He finished all his homework in 57 minutes. How long did it take him to finish the rest of his homework? 2. Elizabeth had several colored pencils. She gave out 14 of them to her friends and how has 13. How many pencils did she start with? 3. Javier can make 7 paper airplanes each hour. If he made 28 airplanes, how long did he spend making them? 4. Adolfo and his six friends earn money doing yard work. After splitting up the money, they each got 15 dollars. How much money did they earn together? c - 14 = 13 25 + h = 57 = 13 + 14 + 14 - 25 - 25 = 57 13 = 13 c = 27 h = 32 57 = 57 It took Estevan ______________________. 32 minutes Elizabeth had ______________________. 27 pencils 7a = 28 7(4) = 28 7 ● ● 7 a = 4 28 = 28 y = 105 15 = 15 Javier spent ______________________. 4 hours making airplanes Adolfo and his friends earned ___________________. $105

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Access Common Core 1. Thomas and his 5 friends made cookies. They shared them equally and each got 13. How many cookies did they make? Which of the following statements is true? How do you know? c ÷ 13 = 6. a. The inverse operation used to solve this problem is multiplication (). b. The meaning of the solution to this problem is the amount of cookies made. c. The meaning of the solution to this problem is the number of cookies shared equally. d. The first step in isolating the variable is to multiply each side of the equation by c. Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No 2. Claire made 6 batches of meatballs. She made a total of 48 meatballs. How many meatballs does each batch make? Which of the following statements is true? How do you know? m 6 = 48. a. The inverse operation used to solve this problem is multiplication (). b. The meaning of the solution to this problem is the number of meatballs made in each batch. c. The meaning of the solution to this problem is the number of meatballs made in total. d. The first step in isolating the variable is to divide both sides of the equation by m. Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No

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**x + 4 = 7 What is the operation of the equation?**

Flash Cards (Inverse Operations) A one-step equation requires one inverse operation to solve for the variable. x + 4 = 7 What is the operation of the equation? What inverse operation would be used to solve the equation? How do you know? Addition Subtraction

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**x + 6 = 13 What is the operation of the equation?**

Flash Cards (Inverse Operations) A one-step equation requires one inverse operation to solve for the variable. x + 6 = 13 What is the operation of the equation? What inverse operation would be used to solve the equation? How do you know? Addition Subtraction

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**5x = 25 What is the operation of the equation?**

Flash Cards (Inverse Operations) A one-step equation requires one inverse operation to solve for the variable. 5x = 25 What is the operation of the equation? What inverse operation would be used to solve the equation? How do you know? Multiplication Division

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**What is the operation of the equation?**

Flash Cards (Inverse Operations) A one-step equation requires one inverse operation to solve for the variable. What is the operation of the equation? What inverse operation would be used to solve the equation? How do you know? Division Multiplication

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**x + 7 = 8 What is the operation of the equation?**

Flash Cards (Inverse Operations) A one-step equation requires one inverse operation to solve for the variable. x + 7 = 8 What is the operation of the equation? What inverse operation would be used to solve the equation? How do you know? Addition Subtraction

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**7x = 49 What is the operation of the equation?**

Flash Cards (Inverse Operations) A one-step equation requires one inverse operation to solve for the variable. Back to Concept Dev 7x = 49 What is the operation of the equation? What inverse operation would be used to solve the equation? How do you know? Multiplication Division

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