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Promoting Academic Integrity in the Online Classroom Connecticut Distance Learning Consortium Diane Goldsmith, Executive Director

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Presentation on theme: "Promoting Academic Integrity in the Online Classroom Connecticut Distance Learning Consortium Diane Goldsmith, Executive Director"— Presentation transcript:

1 Promoting Academic Integrity in the Online Classroom Connecticut Distance Learning Consortium Diane Goldsmith, Executive Director (860)

2 Connecticut Distance Learning Consortium Public Agency Created in 1998

3 Thanks Lori McNabb from the University of Texas Telecampus. Study Group on Academic Integrity and Student Verification in Online Learning

4 Distrust Distrust of the Online Environment Saturday Night LiveSaturday Night LiveSaturday Night LiveSaturday Night Live Academic Research:Academic Research: Online Learning as a Strategic Asset Volume II: The Paradox of Faculty Voices Babson Survey Research Group August 2009

5 Distrust P. 29

6 Faculty Beliefs How frequently do you believe students in the UT System engage in academic dishonesty? McNabb & Olmstead, 2009

7 Faculty Beliefs Opportunities Students Have to Engage in Academic Dishonesty in Online and On- Campus Courses? McNabb & Olmstead, 2009

8 Faculty Beliefs Likelihood Students will Engage in Academic Dishonesty in Online and On-Campus Courses McNabb & Olmstead, 2009

9 Authentication An institution that offers distance education…is required to have processes through which the institution establishes that the student who registers in a distance education…course or program is the same student who participates in and completes the program and receives the academic credit. Higher Education Opportunity ActHigher Education Opportunity Act

10 Authentication Is She? Or Isn’t She?

11 Authentication Is She? Or Isn’t She?

12 Authentication Is She? Or Isn’t She?

13 HEOA Secure logins and pass codesSecure logins and pass codes - or - Proctored testingProctored testing - or - Authentication technologiesAuthentication technologies -– - and – Protects PrivacyProtects Privacy Applies: online/correspondence courses

14 Secure Logins & Pass codes Smart passwordsSmart passwords Policies for campus staffPolicies for campus staff Annual remindersAnnual reminders https login to CMS/LMShttps login to CMS/LMS

15 Proctored Testing Notify students of expense

16 Authentication Technologies

17 Software Secure Securexam Remote Proctor

18 Kryterion Webassessor

19 Acxiom Identify-X Verify Authenticate correct name

20 Bio-Sig ID

21 Authentication Technologies IssuesIssues –Student privacy –Impact on types of assessments –Data management and security –Implementation for just online –Expense

22 Academic Dishonesty CheatingCheating PlagiarismPlagiarism Self-plagiarismSelf-plagiarism Unpermitted collaborationUnpermitted collaboration Inappropriate helpInappropriate help MisrepresentationMisrepresentation

23 Community of Integrity HonestyHonesty TrustTrust FairnessFairness RespectRespect ResponsibilityResponsibility Center for Academic Integrity, 1999

24 Creating a Community of Integrity Virtue (promotion) approachVirtue (promotion) approach Prevention approachPrevention approach –Pedagogy –Training and Materials Policing approachPolicing approach Hinman, 2002; Olt 2002

25 Virtue Approach

26 UT Permian Basin

27

28 Dalhousie University

29 University of Central Florida

30 Ryerson University

31 Utah Valley University

32 Virtue Approach Institution WideInstitution Wide Part of Student Orientations and First Year SeminarsPart of Student Orientations and First Year Seminars Reflected by faculty, library, IT staff, student support staff.Reflected by faculty, library, IT staff, student support staff. Part of the academic and student culturePart of the academic and student culture

33 Prevention Approach Pedagogical Approaches

34 Pedagogical Approaches Syllabus: Sets Tone for the ClassSyllabus: Sets Tone for the Class –Aligned with Campus Policies –Explains the Academic Culture of your discipline –Puts cheating/plagiarism in context of that Culture –Reinforces password/security policies –States clear penalties for cheating/plagiarism

35 Pedagogical Approaches Syllabus: Sets Tone for the ClassSyllabus: Sets Tone for the Class –Sets an example: models good scholarshipmodels good scholarship uses appropriate citationsuses appropriate citations –Makes Course Objectives Clear –Explains Assessments and Alignment with Objectives –Quiz students on your syllabus

36 Pedagogical Approaches Assignments/ActivitiesAssignments/Activities –Use authentic learning tasks that relate to students’ personal goals –Design assignment to learn genuine research skills in collaboration with your library –Design an assignment that focuses on the ethical dimensions of your discipline –Design collaborations that foster group cohesiveness –Discussion Forum for peer support and help

37 Pedagogical Approaches Good Pedagogy = “unintended consequencesGood Pedagogy = “unintended consequences Value of CollaborationsValue of Collaborations –Research by Phil Ice at APUS – for profit online institution with 50,000 learners –Retention study: explained 21.2% of variance –18%: “Online or web-based communication is an excellent medium for social interaction.” –2.2%: “I was able to form a close sense of some [class] participants.” Phil Ice Presentation on Retention at WCET conference 10/2009

38 Pedagogical Approaches Discussion ForumsDiscussion Forums –Guidelines and examples of work in the Forum –Establish a clear instructor presence in the Forum –Use the forum to expand assignments and assessments What did she learn?What did she learn? Most important concepts?Most important concepts? Would change if did over?Would change if did over? –How assessed? Graded?

39 Pedagogical Approaches Share Student Work

40 Pedagogical Approaches AssessmentsAssessments –Varied (Bloom’s Taxonomy) –Authentic –Disaggregated and over time Topic, Literature Search, Hypothesis, Methods,Topic, Literature Search, Hypothesis, Methods, –Show how you got to the conclusion/answer –Expand learning with Forum, Portfolios – What you did? What you learned? What next? –Scoring rubrics – clear to students

41 Pedagogical Approaches Quizzes and Tests (short,, T/F, multiple choice)Quizzes and Tests (short,, T/F, multiple choice) –Do they need to be graded? –Higher order thinking (can you Google the answer?) – (browser lock down software) –Randomize– questions/answers –Test bank, change regularly –Timed windows –Show questions 1 at a time –Proctored if high stakes (inform early, cost issues)

42 Pedagogical Approaches Assume “Open Book” Assignments:Assume “Open Book” Assignments: –Essays that require interpretation, analysis, reflection, connection. (Google the topic – what do you find?) –New types of essays or essay topics each semester –Authentic research in the field –Documentation of the “Process” not just the end project – blogs, wikis, journals

43 Pedagogical Approach Mathematics GROUP PROJECT Tackle a real life problem using the material covered in our class.Tackle a real life problem using the material covered in our class. Present the projects professionally (as if hired to do the project)Present the projects professionally (as if hired to do the project) Be creative.Be creative. Gleason, Jim (2009). Teaching Mathematics Online: A Virtual Classroom. Journal of Online Mathematics and Its Applications

44 RESULTS designed bus routes for a rural school district that reduced the travel time for all students from up to four hours per day to less than two hours per daydesigned bus routes for a rural school district that reduced the travel time for all students from up to four hours per day to less than two hours per day designed delivery routes for a rural milk company, and found the ideal location for a production plant.designed delivery routes for a rural milk company, and found the ideal location for a production plant. design for a supermarket that maximized profit by placing key items in the best locations.design for a supermarket that maximized profit by placing key items in the best locations. Gleason, Jim (2009). Teaching Mathematics Online: A Virtual Classroom. Journal of Online Mathematics and Its Applications

45 Pedagogical Approaches Get and maintain a reputation that in your courses cheating is difficult and painfulGet and maintain a reputation that in your courses cheating is difficult and painful Adopt CATs (Angelo and Cross) for onlineAdopt CATs (Angelo and Cross) for online Students respect:Students respect: –Fairness and clarity; –work that is designed to improve their learning; – challenging work; –within a reasonable course load.

46 Prevention Approach Training and Materials

47 Capella University

48 Plagiarism.org (Turnitin)

49 Assignment Calculator

50

51 UMUC

52 UMUC

53 Questionmark Secure

54 UTTC No Copy No Paste

55 Policing Approach

56 SafeAssign & TurnItIn

57 UTSWMC eTBLAST

58 Stanford MOSS

59 Check Your Class Cheatability Rubric:

60 Check Your Class

61 Promoting Academic Integrity in the Online Classroom Connecticut Distance Learning Consortium Diane Goldsmith, Executive Director (860)


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