8 3. Modern English (1500-present day) Who wrote during this time period?Shakespeare
9 Hamlet's famous "To be, or not to be" lines, written in Early Modern English by Shakespeare.
10 The change between the different periods took hundreds of years and spelling and pronunciation were the primary changes between the way that English was spoken and written.
11 Now, listen to the Lord’s Prayer and see if you can understand it. Old English VersionMiddle English Version
12 “The Lord’s Prayer”Our Father, who art in Heaven, hollowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come, thy will be done on earth as it is in Heaven. Give us this day our daily bread and forgive us our debts as we forgive our debtors. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.
13 This is how it remains today. When the Romans left England, their alphabet had only 26 sounds. When the Anglo-Saxons took over, their combined languages had 66 sounds, for the 26 letters of the Latin alphabet.This is how it remains today.
14 Now—there are many sounds for one letter Now—there are many sounds for one letter. For example, there are 7 sounds for the letter “O”.PotHoarseTookNoiseBootToe
15 English was once considered slang. Although, many people spoke English at home, Latin was used in school and French was used in Parliament.
16 In fact, although most of English is influence by German, we can see the influence of outside language on Modern English today.Examples of French words that we use today:Genre, Prince, GovernmentExamples of Latin words that we use today:Bishop, Mass, AngelExamples of Norse words that we use today:Cake, Sister
17 BEFORE written English, very few people spoke it. It originate from small Anglo-Norse tribes.TODAY—How many people do you think speak English worldwide?
19 LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT THE TIME A Brief Chronology of the English LanguageYEAREVENTWHY IT’S IMPORTANTLANGUAGE SPOKEN AT THE TIME43 ADRomans invade Britain, beginning of Roman ruleInfluence of outside languageCelticRomans leave Britain, German invaders settleEarliest known Old English inscriptionsFirst record of spoken language in written formOld English
20 LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT THE TIME YEAREVENTWHY IT’S IMPORTANTLANGUAGE SPOKEN AT THE TIME1000 AD“Beowulf”, the oldest manuscript in the English language, was writtenStory showed written grammatical rules of the spoken languageOld English1150Earliest surviving manuscripts in Middle EnglishRecords of spoken language in written form, we are able to see how language was changingMiddle English1348English replaces Latin in most schoolsEnglish was becoming more popular
21 LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT THE TIME YEAREVENTWHY IT’S IMPORTANTLANGUAGE SPOKEN AT THE TIME1604Table Alphabeticall, the first English dictionary, is publishedSet standards for written EnglishModern English1828Webster publishes his American English dictionary