Presentation on theme: "How to get your paper published A Nature Publishing Group perspective"— Presentation transcript:
1 How to get your paper published A Nature Publishing Group perspective Cell Death & DiseaseCell Death & DifferentiationNature CommunicationsShanghaiMay 2013
2 Pooja AggarwalBA in Economics and Politics from SOAS and a MPhil in Development Studies from University of CambridgeJoined Macmillan in 1999Publisher at Nature Publishing Group since Oct 2005Run a team of 7 staff currentlyQuality not quantityWorked on CDD for 8 years now and helped launch CDDis in 2010Responsible for 23 Academic Journals– Financial return / business model / strategy / development
3 Ed Gerstner / 印格致 PhD at the University of Sydney 5 years postdoctoral experience at the Universities of Cambridge, Sydney and Surrey, and at Philips Research Labs, RedhillStarted at Nature in 2002 as the editor and chief writer of the Nature Physics Portal, and NPG Materials UpdateAssociate editor at Nature and Nature MaterialsHelped launch Nature Physics as Senior EditorNow Executive Editor, China, Nature Communications
4 What makes a Nature journal? Highly selective, high impactFull-time professional editorial staffEditorially independentEach journal is independent from each other journal — rejection from one doesn’t prejudice consideration by another
5 The world’s leading, global, scientific journal Founded in 1869The world’s leading, global, scientific journalAcross the full range of scientific disciplinesNature’s mission:To communicate the world’s best and most important science to scientists across the world and to the wider community interested in scienceLaunch Issue1869
6 Nature's hits… ... and misses! Discovery of the neutron (Chadwick, 1932)Structure of DNA (Watson and Crick, 1953)Demonstration of the laser (Maiman, 1960)Magnetic resonance imaging (Lauterbur, 1973)Polymer LEDs (Burroughes et al. 1990)... and misses!Krebs cycle – rejected without reviewBeta decay – rejected without reviewPavlov's obituary – published while he was still aliveMemory of waterSchön... and surely many more
7 Nature life science journals 19831992199419951998199920002004
9 Nature Communications Editorial criteria: Publishes significant advances that have potential to influence thinking in a fieldRun by a team of independent, full-time, professional editorsOnline-only means we can publish every paper that meets our editorial criteriaRapid publicationOpen access optionsLaunched in 2010Impact Factor:
10 Nature Communications celebrates its 3rd birthday! First paper published on 12th April 2010In March 2013 the journal published 96 research papersThe equivalent output of 8 Nature research journalsIn 2013 we expect Nature Communications to publish ~1,500 articlesCompared to 2,200 papers published in total by ALL Nature research journals combined in 2012Around 14% of submissions are from corresponding authors based in ChinaAround 11% of published papers have at least one China- based author
11 Getting published in a Nature journal Publishing starts with new experimental or theoretical results that significantly advances our understanding or technological capability.What are we looking for?Our goal is that every paper should ideally have potential to provoke our readers to think:“WOW! I didn't expect THAT!”“WOW! That's clever (and useful!)”Rule of thumb: if significance can be summarized uniquely in just two sentences, it might be for us!
12 Writing the paper Explain, don't hype. Show, don’t tell. The results should speak for themselvesCONTEXT — Not every reader will understand the details but every reader should appreciate your work’s significanceDescriptive not superlative'femtosecond spectroscopy' not 'ultrafast-spectroscopy'Format isn't critical. RevTeX is fine.Titles in references are helpful
13 Submission processWe strongly prefer full submissions to pre-submission enquiriesCover letters useful but not mandatory. Be concise!Referee suggestionsCan be helpfulPlease don't suggest former supervisor, former students, friends, parentsWe try to honour referee exclusion requests, as long as they are reasonable (3-4 individuals MAX)Identify all related papers submitted elsewhere
14 Editorial policiesWe don’t mind conference presentations or preprint servers — uploading your paper to arXiv is fine!We do mind publication of peer-reviewed conference proceedings in journalsYou may not talk to the media about your work until it is publishedYou may upload the final refereed version of your manuscript to your website, arXiv, PubMed Central, or any other repository 6 months after publicationYou may not upload the published version that we produce at any time, unless it is Open Access
15 Editorial processInitial assessment within a week (as far as possible)We look for impact not Impact FactorsAt least one editor will read the paper thoroughly, and often several editorsMOST papers are declined without reviewThe decision on whether a paper deserves to be published in the journal in is the editors’ alone2-4 referees per paper and aim for total turnover time of 4-6 weeks for a first decision after review
16 How our decisions are made Editors make decision based on the substance of our referees' commentsADVICE not VOTESMost papers require two rounds of review before publicationIn my 11 years as an editor, I accepted the first draft of a paper without revision only THREE timesAlmost good enough isn't good enoughRevisions must make substantial progress towards justifying publication
17 Decision letters and what they mean Accept in Principle: Minor revisionsPending + Questions:No decision until reviewers concerns are addressedEncouraging but no commitment, yetWill probably go back to reviewersOpen Door:Major revisions neededNot clear whether paper meets our editorial criteriaClosed door:Rejection — the paper is not for us
18 Responding to referees (P+Q/ OD) If invited to resubmit, only do so after you have comprehensively addressed all commentsIf further experiments are requested, revisions to text alone are not enoughStay professional — our referees are experts, and they are your peers and colleaguesIf an expert in the field has failed to appreciate the significance of your work that may not be their fault, but yoursDiplomacy and persuasion are key… backed by hard data
19 Appeals Paper is seen again by handling editor and Managing Editor We take appeals seriously but original submissions take priorityOnly a minority of appeals are successfulWhat does not help?“Referees don’t like my work, therefore they are biased!”“I know who the referee is. He’s a moron!”“Do you know who I AM!?!”Celebrity endorsementsCosmetic revisionsWhat helps?New data that addresses the major criticismsReferee (or editor) made factual errors.
20 NPG also publishes Academic Journals Over 50 in total nowOver half are published on behalf of learned societies and partnersSpecialised niche subject areas with Impact Factors ranging from 2-14All offer open access optionExternal editorial offices and editorsRelationship with society partner
23 Key Facts Official journal of ADMC 12 issues per year Open access option560 published papers in206 papers published in 2012Impact Factor = 8.849(Ranked in ISI: 22/180 in Cell Biology, 23/289 in Biochemistry + Molecular Biology category)Papers published online within 25 days of acceptanceWell known and international Editors and Editorial BoardKey Facts
24 Aims and ScopePublishes papers within the field of cell death and differentiation, both in normal tissue regulation and diseaseTopics spanning cell biology, molecular biology and biochemistryAim of CDD and CDDis – to provide a unified forum for scientists and clinicians
25 Key Facts Sister journal to CDD Fully open access and online only Receives transfers and direct submissionsFully open access and online only439 published papers since launch in 2010198 papers published in 2012Impact Factor = 5.333(Ranked 45/180 in ISI’s Cell Biology category)Papers published online within 25 days of acceptanceWell known and international Editors and Editorial BoardKey Facts
26 Aims and ScopeAims to publish novel observations in the biology of cell death, and translational implications in the pathogenesis of human diseases or relevant animal modelsCovers clinical, translational and applied research within the following topic areas:Experimental Medicine / Internal MedicineCancer / Cancer MetabolismImmunityNeuroscience
27 To which journal should you send your manuscript? Questions to askIs your paper within the scope of the journal?Does the journal reach an appropriate audience?What is the quality of other papers published?How easy is electronic submission?How quickly will you receive a decision?How quickly will your paper be published?
28 How much should you worry about journal Impact Factors? IFs are important and currently is the only way to rank journals in terms of quality that is accepted by all(CDDis 2011 = / CDD 2011 = 8.849)Obviously there are journals with higher IF than CDD and CDDis – e.g. Journal of Cell Biology (10.264), Molecular Cell (14.178) or Nature Cell Biology (19.488)Butwell as impact, it is equally important to think about the reach, promotion and service delivered to you as an author by the Publisher
29 Journal scope and content Both CDDis and CDD publish the following article types:Original ArticleReviewCorrespondenceNews + CommentaryMini Review (CDD only)Plus commissioned Meeting Reports, Book Reviews and Editorials
30 Commissioned Editorials and Reviews Reviews are commissioned by the Editor and Senior Editors but can be submitted by authors directly tooThey provide scope for expression of personal views and are a good way to address sometimes controversial studies and ideasShould serve as an authoritative reference and thus should cover all recent advancesReferences should be complete and include all important papers in the areaSubmitted reviews are still peer-reviewedReviews tend to be more highly cited
31 What are the Editors looking for? Novel or original findingsCredibilityClarity of data and conclusionsInteresting to the international communityBrevityGood standard of English (seek help if necessary)Compliance with ethical standards and approval by Institutional Review Board if appropriateDisclosure of possible conflicts of interests by all authorsReferences complete and up-to-date
32 When you submit you should… Read the Instructions to AuthorsCheck that you have included all persons who expect to be co-authors in the ‘correct’ sequence. You must also ensure at this stage that all authors agree to the submission and have declared any conflicts of interestConfirm that your paper is not under consideration by another journalDraw the Editor’s attention to the existence of any similar version of the data that might be in press or already published which should not come as a surpriseThe Editor will probably agree to consider for publication papers containing data that have already appeared in an unreviewed format, e.g. meeting abstracts
33 How to Prepare & Submit your Paper Regular manuscripts submitted to the journal usually follow astandard format, summarised as follows:Cover letter including a COI statementTitle page followed by keywordsAbstractIntroductionMaterials and MethodsResultsDiscussionAcknowledgementsReferences (Vancouver format)TablesFigures
34 How to Prepare & Submit your Paper As you prepare to up-load your paper to the CDD and / or CDDisonline submission system at ensure that you haveavailable:All authors’ names, postal and addressesThe complete manuscript with all Images, Tables and Figures in appropriate format and resolutionA cover letter mentioning any additional information that may be helpful for the EditorName of corresponding author with full address, address and telephone numberAt this point you can also opt-in to request NPG to deposit theauthors accepted version into PMC on behalf of all authors uponpublication.
35 Peer Review ProcessOn submission of your manuscript you will receive an acknowledgmentand the manuscript is then assigned to the Editor-in-chief or a Co-editorwho:Determines if the manuscript is within the scope of the JournalAssesses if the paper should be sent out for review or not, and if the answer is yes thenSelect three experts to review the manuscript for scientific quality and noveltyBased in part on the reviewers’ reports he/she makes an initial decision to accept, to reject or to ask for revision
36 Editorial response to corresponding author The initial editorial decision is sent to the corresponding author byThe letter usually says either:(a) Your paper may be acceptable if you revise it, or(b) Your paper is unacceptable as is but may be accepted if you re-submit after revision or re-submit as a Letter to the Editor(c) Your paper is not acceptable(d) Your paper does not meet the aims and scope of CDD and recommendation is made to transfer to CDDisIf asked to revise, there might be a time limit on re-submissionIf you resubmit, the paper will probably be sent for review again.You could be asked to carry out further revision
37 When You Re-SubmitYou must include a covering letter indicating how you have responded to each point raised by the editor and reviewers.The best way to do this is simply to repeat in your letter each of the reviewers’ comments in italics and follow each with your own response. Any changes you have incorporated into the revised manuscript should be highlighted by using a typeface other than blackEven if you judge the reviewer to be incompetent or not to have understood your paper, still use tactful language!Don’t hesitate to contact the editorial office if you have heard nothing after say 4 weeks
38 Editorial response to corresponding author If you resubmit, the paper will probably be sent for review again. You may be asked to carry out further revisionAcceptance!! (Not guaranteed)You could be asked for further revisionRejection is still possible at this stage
39 Open Access across NPG We have 8 fully open access Academic Journals All other academic journals offer authors the option of publishing open accessNature Communications – launched in 2010Scientific Reports – launched in 2011Open access means your paper will be freely accessible to anyone (and forever)Increases exposureIncreases impactEnsures your colleagues will see you work!
40 Open Access and CDD / CDDis CDDis is fully open access and so accepted authors agree to pay anarticle processing charge (APC) to have their final published versionavailable open accessFee is £2,000 for original research articlesAPC is dependent on article type and licence chosen[Correspondence articles are £670, CC-BY prices are £2,100/ £700]Compliant with major funding agenciesFinal version automatically deposited into PubMedCentralChoose one of three creative commons licencesCDD offers authors the option to publish open access[CDD prices are £2,500/ £670 for ND/ SA and £2,700/ £700 for CC-BY]
41 The Production Process Accepted manuscripts are passed to the production departmentA production editor will ensure paper meets the journal’s house style:Check punctuation, grammar, and consistency of terminologyCheck pharmaceutical names and abbreviationsCheck referencesFigures and tables are formatted and the manuscript is typesetReasons for delays to starting work on a paper:Artwork in wrong formatLicence To Publish form not completePage proofs are ed to the corresponding author within 8 weeks of acceptance – corrections to a pdf versionOnce paper is returned a Document Object Identifier (DOI) number is assigned and paper is ‘queued’ for on line publication
42 Online PublicationYour final published version should appear online within 25 days of acceptance.It now has a ‘Digital Object Identifier’ (DOI) number and date online and can now be cited.Your paper is recorded in PubMed as soon as it is published online, ensuring more people see your article over a longer amount of time
43 Once Published : Promotion & Visibility Selected articles are press-releasedElectronic table of contents (e-ToC alerts) with direct links to all newly published articles are sent to registered users each monthSelected articles appear on homepage and NPG’s community and subject based platforms, both of which highlight the best articles across NPGAll articles are included in key abstracting, indexing and linking services including ISI, PubMed, Medline, Embase and Crossref.We also look to cross-promote with other relevant NPG titles and acrossAdverts / flyers / reprint collections / conference promotion / online promotions / banners / campaigns / direct mail
45 Some Web StatsCDDisMore than 505,000 page ‘views’ from 206,000 visitors to the website in 2012- Average of 600 visitors each dayOver 23,400 abstract views in 2012Over 309,000 full-text article views in 2012Over 9,000 e-alert registrantsCDDMore than 2.1 million page ‘views’ from 912,000 visitors to the website in 2012- Average of 2,500 visitors each dayOver 104,000 abstract views in 2012Over 1.38 million full-text article views in 2012Over 78,000 e-alert registrantsReaders can search for CDDis and CDD articles from homepage of which has over 1.15 million users per monthWide audience is targeted and reached through a variety of marketing methods in print and online
48 Why launch an office in China? To bring the best Chinese research to the worldTo help Chinese scientists better understand what we’re looking forTo identify any hurdles that Chinese researchers may face, and to help them overcome them
49 SummaryLook carefully at the scope of your paper – does it add something new to the field?Choose a journal to submit toRead the instructions for authors carefullyGet help with your presentation or language if appropriateSubmit your paperTake all feedback positivelyNPG publishes a whole range of journals for you to choose fromOur reach is global - we will make your paper visible and publish it quicklyContact us with any questions
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