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Non-Latin Script References in Name Authority Records

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Presentation on theme: "Non-Latin Script References in Name Authority Records"— Presentation transcript:

1 Non-Latin Script References in Name Authority Records
University of Washington Libraries Adam Schiff, Principal Cataloger June 1, 2009

2 Overview Non-Latin script data may now be entered in NACO records
Scripts are currently limited to: Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean Non-Latin script data are currently limited to the 4XX “see from tracing” fields and 667, 670, 675 note fields Pre-population of data by OCLC began on July 13, 2008 and ended in late 2008 Addition of non-Latin data is optional

3 Pre-population OCLC pre-populated name authority records with non-Latin script references based on non-Latin headings found in bibliographic records Made use of data-mining techniques used for the WorldCat Identities project Only for personal names and corporate bodies tagged 110 The references added reflect a variety of (inconsistent) practices in formulating non-Latin name headings Easier to remove incorrectly formulated references later on once LC/PCC policies on how they should be formulated are developed


5 Multiple Arabic and Hebrew forms pulled from headings in bibliographic records in OCLC

6 Chiang, Kai-shek, Same characters, one in direct order with dates added, one in inverted form, and one in direct order without dates The same characters, one in direct order with dates added, one with inverted form of name, and one in direct order without dates.

7 Pre-population process
400 and 410 references were added to NARs by an automated process 670s were not added Reference evaluation code (008/29) in fixed field (Ref status in OCLC) was changed to “b”, meaning the references are not all evaluated

8 Pre-population process
Two 667 fields were added: Machine-derived non-Latin script reference project. Non-Latin script reference not evaluated. or Non-Latin script references not evaluated.

9 NAR after pre-population

10 NAR after pre-population

11 Some non-Latin references have dates added and some do not, reflecting various practices in formulating headings

12 Add Non-Latin Script References
You may add non-Latin script references to any name authority record: NARs tagged 100, 110, 111, 130, 151 Other modifications to existing NARs may continue to be done at any time (such as adding Latin-script references and notes).

13 Including Non-Latin Data in NARs
Change the Ref status value from “a” to “b” Add 667 “Non-Latin script reference not evaluated” or “Non-Latin script references not evaluated” Justify any non-Latin references you add with 670s Follow LC guidelines on formulating 670 citations Only romanized forms of names in non-Latin scripts are required in NARs; addition of the non-Latin script form is optional

14 DCM Z1 670 “Data must be given in romanized form. Normally it is understood that the cataloger has provided the romanization; therefore, when transcribing romanization found in the source, add after it the bracketed phrase [in rom.]. If a cataloger chooses to provide nonroman script references, the 670 $b should contain both the nonroman script transcription(s) found in the source, and the systematically romanized form(s).”

15 670 Guidelines Found on PSD’s Non-Latin Script Data web page
1. Romanize the title citation in 670 $a. 2. In 670 $b, use the equals sign to equate the found non-Latin script form found on the item to the systematically romanized form (or to another supplied non-Latin form, e.g., Hangul characters supplied for a Korean entity represented only by Chinese characters in the source). 3. Romanized forms found on an item should be recorded as found on the source, followed by an indication that this was a found romanization (e.g., add "[in rom.]" after the found romanization).

16 670 Guidelines - Examples 670 $a Xin Gui xi ji shi. Xu bian, : $b t.p. (中国人民政治协商会议广西壮族自治区委员会文史和学习委员会 = Zhongguo ren min zheng zhi xie shang hui yi Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu wei yuan hui wen shi he xue xi wei yuan hui) $a Nirdaf, c2007: $b t.p. (רוני דונביץ' = Roni Dunevits') t.p. verso (Roni Dunevich [in rom.]) 670 $a Hangukhwa non, 1989: $b t.p. (金 鍾太 = 김 종태 = Kim Chong-t’ae) Second example illustrates Hebrew script name, systematically romanized form, and found romanization. Third example illustrates Korean entity that appears only in Chinese characters; additional Hangul reading and systematically romanized forms supplied following equals signs.

17 Formulating Non-Latin References
Formulate non-Latin references in the same way you do when including them as parallel headings in bibliographic records (e.g., if you add dates to the non-Latin heading in a bib record, include them in the non-Latin reference in the authority record) No attempt will be made at this time to identify any given non-Latin reference as an authorized form for a particular language and script; there can be multiple references in the same script

18 Formulating Non-Latin References LCRI 26.1 General Rule
“In general, construct a reference in the same form in which it would be constructed if chosen as the heading. Exception: Until practices related to the form and style of nonroman script references have been established, it is not necessary to construct nonroman references in the same form as the heading. ...”

19 LCRI 26.2 Names of Persons Referring from Variant Forms
“Generally, make only one reference from each variant in each script, normally constructing it in the form in which it would be constructed if chosen as the heading (cf. specific instructions in LCRI 26.1, including the exception for nonroman script references). In addition, if applicable, make one reference under each surname element, other than particles and prefixes, not already referred from. Normally, do not otherwise make references that are ‘variants of the variant.’”

20 Editing Non-Latin References
Until guidelines are developed for formulating non-Latin references, there is no “right” or “wrong” form for them Obvious errors (e.g., typos) may be corrected and references that have clearly been added to the wrong authority record can be deleted Don’t change an existing reference to make it match the form preferred here; instead add an additional reference in that form Non-Latin references in name authorities will reflect a variety of practices for formulating non-Latin headings. Practices even in the same library (and within the Library of Congress sometimes even within the same team) have differed depending on the language and script.

21 Editing Non-Latin References
Until reference evaluation guidelines are published (perhaps later in 2009), all authority records with non-Latin references should have Ref status value of “b”

22 Documentation PSD website “Non-Latin Script Data in Name Authority Records”: Includes: FAQ Revisions to LCRIs, DCM Z1 670 (“yellow pages”), and LC Guidelines Supplement to MARC 21 Authority Format 008/29 (“blue pages”) LC guidelines on formulating 670 citations Please read all of the documentation found on the CPSO website “Non-Latin Script Data in Name Authority Records.”

23 The Near Future Catalogers will see a variety of practices that have been used to formulate non-Latin headings Right now we are in an interim period to gain experience working with non-Latin references and to make recommendations on best practices In 2009, LC and the PCC will develop guidelines on formulating and evaluating non-Latin references After those guidelines are issued, catalogers will be able to modify or delete non-Latin references to make them conform to the guidelines Later in the year we will probably meet again to discuss what feedback we want to send to CPSO.

24 The Long Term Future Additional fields besides 4XX, 667, 670, 675 may be used in the future based on user feedback; however, 1XX and 5XX must always be in romanized form Additional scripts will be added In a later phase it may be possible to designate a preferred non-Latin form for a given language and script; this would probably be done using the 7XX linking fields rather than the 4XX reference fields

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