Presentation on theme: "Multiple Sclerosis By Rachel Utnage and Anne Creech 1 st Period-Anatomy and Physiology (Honors) April 30 th, 2013."— Presentation transcript:
Multiple Sclerosis By Rachel Utnage and Anne Creech 1 st Period-Anatomy and Physiology (Honors) April 30 th, 2013
What is Multiple Sclerosis???????? A nervous system disease that affects your brain and spinal cord!!!!! It damages the myelin sheath This damage slows down or blocks messages between your brain and your body.
What ways is MS autoimmune???? The immune system attacks the central nervous system including myelin sheath that surrounds and protects nerve fibers. Many leading MS experts cannot classify MS as an autoimmune disorder at this time because there is no specific antigen (they stimulate the immune system) that has been identified in multiple sclerosis.
What are the symptoms of MS??? Cerebrum: Balance Problems, Speech Problems, Coordination, Tremors Motor Nerve Tract: Muscle Weakness, Spasticity Paralysis, Vision Problems, Bladder and Bowel Problems Sensory Nerve Tract: Altered Sensation, Numbness, Prickling, Burning Sensation
What are the treatments?????? There is no cure for MS. Medications: Corticosteroids (reduce inflammation), Zanaflex and Baclofen (Muscle Relaxants), Symmetrel and Provigil (Reduce Fatigue) Plasma Exchange: Your blood is removed and your blood cells are separated from your blood fluid (plasma) Physical and Occupational Therapy Experimental Therapies
INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT MS!! More than 400K people have MS in the US. 2.5 Million people have MS around the world. About 45% of people with MS aren’t severely affected by the disease. MS affects more women than men, 2:1 Ratio MS is not contagious MS does not affect the life span of an individual. Sclerosis is a Greek word meaning hardening of tissue or scars.
Work Cited Page Brainfacts.org Mayoclinic.org Msfocus.org www.nlm.nih.gov www.nationalmssociety.org