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MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONE Kelly Kalvelage Amanda Homan Rebekka Brown.

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Presentation on theme: "MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONE Kelly Kalvelage Amanda Homan Rebekka Brown."— Presentation transcript:

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2 MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONE Kelly Kalvelage Amanda Homan Rebekka Brown

3 8.5 MILLION LIMA, PERU COMAS DISTRICT IN LIMA, PERU. PERSONAL PHOTOGRAPHY BY AUTHOR. MARCH MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

4 INFORMAL COMMUNITIES 4.25 MILLION LIMA, PERU. PERSONAL PHOTOGRAPHY BY AUTHOR. MARCH MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

5 IMPOVERISHED CONDITIONS PUEBLOS JÓVENES MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN LIMA, PERU. PERSONAL PHOTOGRAPHY BY AUTHOR. MARCH 2012.

6 LACK ACCESS TO SAFE WATER 1.1 MILLION MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN LIMA, PERU. PERSONAL PHOTOGRAPHY BY AUTHOR. MARCH 2012.

7 LACK ACCESS TO BASIC SANITATION 1.3 MILLION MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN LIMA, PERU. PERSONAL PHOTOGRAPHY BY AUTHOR. MARCH 2012.

8 UNATTAINABLE GOAL MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN LIMA, PERU. PERSONAL PHOTOGRAPHY BY AUTHOR. MARCH 2012.

9 SOLUTIONS MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONE K. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

10 CHANGES MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

11 SOLUTIONS MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

12 LAND TENURE MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

13 SELF-HELP MODEL MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

14 COST IS GREATEST BARRIER MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

15 WATER SUPPLY MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

16 MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN WATER CONSUMPTION

17 WHAT IF THERE WAS A SUFFICIENT WATER SUPPLY? MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

18 AVAILABILITY AND QUALITY OF WATER RESOURCES MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONE K. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

19 FOG CATCHERS MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN HALL, N. PHOTOGRAPHS OF FOG-COLLECTING IN CHILE

20 DESICCANT SYSTEMS MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN Ji, Wang, and Li (2007) Gad, Hamed, and El-Sharkawy (2001) Hamad, Ayman, and Zeidan (2011) Kabeel (2007) LIMA, PERU. PERSONAL PHOTOGRAPHY BY AUTHOR. MARCH 2012.

21 WASTEWATER MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN Yu, Yaoqiu, Ningsheng, Zhifeng, and Lianzhong (2008) Garfi, Ferrer-Marti, Velo, and Ferrer (2012) Ferrer et al. (2011) LIMA, PERU. PERSONAL PHOTOGRAPHY BY AUTHOR. MARCH 2012.

22 SOLUTIONS MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

23 MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONE K. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

24 COMPONENTS MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONE K. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

25 MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONE K. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

26 TOILET AND SHOWER UNIT MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONE K. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

27 TOILET AND SHOWER UNIT MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN WATER TANK SHOWER SPIGOT TOILET SEAT LIQUID CATCH SOLID CATCH DECORATIVE PANEL BATHROOM BASE DRAIN GRAY WATER STORAGE PIPE

28 DECORATIVE PANELS MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN PANEL PANEL INSERT SQUARE DIAMOND CROSSSQUAREPLAIN

29 ANAEROBIC BIOGAS DIGESTER MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONE K. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

30 ANAEROBIC BIOGAS DIGESTER MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN CONNECTOR TUBE MEMBRANE DOME DIGESTER TANK GAS STORAGE TANK FUNNEL/INLET CAP INLET VALVE OUTLET VALVE

31 AEROBIC COMPOST UNIT MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONE K. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

32 AEROBIC COMPOSTING UNIT MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN COMPOST BIN SURROUND

33 DESICCANT HUMIDITY EXTRACTOR MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONE K. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

34 DESICCANT HUMIDITY EXTRACTOR MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

35 SYSTEM MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONE K. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

36 OVERVIEW OF SYSTEM METHANE TREATED WASTE COMPOSTING UNIT COOKING LIQUID WASTE DRINKING POTABLE WATER SOLID WASTE DESICCANT HUMIDITY EXTRACTOR GRAY WATER SHOWER TOILET GARDEN BIOGAS DIGESTER KITCHEN SCRAPS MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

37 TOILET LIQUID WASTE SOLID WASTE WASTE ENTERS AND SEPARATED INTO SOLID AND LIQUID MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

38 TOILET LIQUID WASTE SOLID WASTE TOILET DISASSEMBLED TO REMOVE FROM HOME MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

39 BIOGAS DIGESTER TREATED WASTE SOLID WASTE METHANE BACTERIA PROCESSES WASTE METHANE STORED METHANE USED MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN SOLID WASTE DUMPED INTO DIGESTER

40 BIOGAS DIGESTER MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN BACTERIA PROCESSES WASTE AND METHANE GAS IS CREATED/RELEASED BIOGAS DIGESTER TREATED WASTE SOLID WASTE METHANE BACTERIA PROCESSES WASTE METHANE STORED METHANE USED

41 BIOGAS DIGESTER MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN GAS FUNNELED AT TOP OF DIGESTER AND TRAVELS TO STORAGE TANK BIOGAS DIGESTER TREATED WASTE SOLID WASTE METHANE BACTERIA PROCESSES WASTE METHANE STORED METHANE USED

42 BIOGAS DIGESTER MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN GAS STORED UNTIL NEEDED FOR COOKING BIOGAS DIGESTER TREATED WASTE SOLID WASTE METHANE BACTERIA PROCESSES WASTE METHANE STORED METHANE USED

43 BIOGAS DIGESTER PROCESSED WASTE REMOVED MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN BIOGAS DIGESTER TREATED WASTE SOLID WASTE METHANE BACTERIA PROCESSES WASTE METHANE STORED METHANE USED

44 COMPOSTING UNIT PROCESSED WASTE + LIQUID WASTE + KITCHEN SCRAPS COMBINED AND ADDED TO WEEKLY BIN COMPOST TREATED WASTE LIQUID WASTE FERTILIZER TURNED GARDENSELL KITCHEN SCRAPS MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

45 COMPOSTING UNIT TURNED DAILY TO ALLOW OXYGEN TO REACH ALL PARTS TO ALLOW BACTERIA TO PROCESS AND REDUCE SMELL MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN COMPOST TREATED WASTE LIQUID WASTE FERTILIZER TURNED GARDENSELL KITCHEN SCRAPS

46 COMPOSTING UNIT AFTER A MONTH, FERTILIZER IS REMOVED MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN COMPOST TREATED WASTE LIQUID WASTE FERTILIZER TURNED GARDENSELL KITCHEN SCRAPS

47 COMPOSTING UNIT FERTILIZER USED IN GARDEN OR SOLD MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN COMPOST TREATED WASTE LIQUID WASTE FERTILIZER TURNED GARDENSELL KITCHEN SCRAPS

48 DESICCANT HUMIDITY EXTRACTOR COVER OPENED AT NIGHT WATER ADSORBED OPEN COVER WATER RELEASED COVER CLOSED WATER COLLECTED WATER STORED MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

49 DESICCANT HUMIDITY EXTRACTOR WATER ADSORBS TO DESICCANT MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN WATER ADSORBED OPEN COVER WATER RELEASED COVER CLOSED WATER COLLECTED WATER STORED

50 DESICCANT HUMIDITY EXTRACTOR COVER CLOSED DURING DAY MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN WATER ADSORBED OPEN COVER WATER RELEASED COVER CLOSED WATER COLLECTED WATER STORED

51 DESICCANT HUMIDITY EXTRACTOR UNIT HEATS UP MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN WATER ADSORBED OPEN COVER WATER RELEASED COVER CLOSED WATER COLLECTED WATER STORED

52 DESICCANT HUMIDITY EXTRACTOR DESICCANT RELEASES WATER MOLECULES MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN WATER ADSORBED OPEN COVER WATER RELEASED COVER CLOSED WATER COLLECTED WATER STORED

53 DESICCANT HUMIDITY EXTRACTOR WATER MOLECULES CONDENSE ON COVER MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN WATER ADSORBED OPEN COVER WATER RELEASED COVER CLOSED WATER COLLECTED WATER STORED

54 DESICCANT HUMIDITY EXTRACTOR WATER DRAINS MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN WATER ADSORBED OPEN COVER WATER RELEASED COVER CLOSED WATER COLLECTED WATER STORED

55 DESICCANT HUMIDITY EXTRACTOR WATER STORED UNTIL NEEDED FOR COOKING OR BATHING MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN WATER ADSORBED OPEN COVER WATER RELEASED COVER CLOSED WATER COLLECTED WATER STORED

56 SHOWER WATER ADDED TO TANK SHOWER, BATHE, LAUNDRY WATER TANK FILLED WATER STORED WATER DRAINED MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

57 SHOWER SHOWER, BATH, LAUNDRY MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN SHOWER, BATHE, LAUNDRY WATER TANK FILLED WATER STORED WATER DRAINED

58 SHOWER WATER DRAINED MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN SHOWER, BATHE, LAUNDRY WATER TANK FILLED WATER STORED WATER DRAINED

59 MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN SHOWER WATER STORED UNTIL NEEDED FOR GARDEN SHOWER, BATHE, LAUNDRY WATER TANK FILLED WATER STORED WATER DRAINED

60 OVERVIEW OF SYSTEM METHANE TREATED WASTE COMPOSTING UNIT COOKING LIQUID WASTE DRINKING POTABLE WATER SOLID WASTE DESICCANT HUMIDITY EXTRACTOR GRAY WATER SHOWER TOILET GARDEN BIOGAS DIGESTER KITCHEN SCRAPS MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

61 IMPLEMENTATION MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONE K. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

62 MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

63 SOCIAL BENEFITS MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

64 ECONOMIC BENEFITS MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN

65 ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN $$$

66 MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN LIMA, PERU. PERSONAL PHOTOGRAPHY BY AUTHOR. MARCH 2012.

67 REFERENCES MORE THAN WATER FOR EVERYONEK. KALVELAGE, A. HOMAN, R. BROWN World Bank. (2003). Peru - Supplementary Project to the Lima Water Rehabilitation and Management Project. Washington, DC: World Bank. Fernandes-Maldonado, A. (2010). Recent housing policies in Lima and their effects on sustainability. 46st ISoCaRP Congress. Bebbington, A., Williams, M. (2008). Water and Mining Conflicts in Peru. Mountain Research and Development. 28(3/4), Castro, C., Merzthal, G., van Veenhuizen, R. (2010). Integrated urban water management in Lima, Peru: Building capacity for treatment and reuse of wastewater for green spaces and urban agriculture - A review of the SWITCH Lima project. [Online]. Available at Williams, S. (2000). Young Town Growing Up. Thesis Mar, J. (1968). Urbanización y barriadas en América del Sur (recopilación de estudios realizados entre 1956 y 1966). Lime: Instituto de Estudios Peruanos. Ji, J., Wang, R., Li, L. (2007). New composite adsorbent for solar-driven fresh water production from the atmosphere. Desalination. 212, Gad, H.E., Hamed, A.M., El-Sharkawy, I.I. (2001). Application of a solar desiccant/collector system for water recovery from atmospheric air. Renewable Energy. 22, Hamed, A., Ayman, A., Zeidan, E.B. (2011). Application of Solar Energy for Recovery of Water from Atmospheric Air in Climatic zones of Saudia Arabia. Natural Resources. 2, Kabeel, A.E. (2007). Water production from air using multi-shelves solar glass pyramid system. Renewable Energy. 32, Ferrer, I., Garfi, M., Uggetti, E., Ferrer-Marti, L., Calderon, A., Velo, E. (2011). Biogas production in low-cost household digesters at the Peruvian Andes. Biomass and Bioenergy. 35, Garfi, M., Ferrer-Marti, L., Velo, E., Ferrer, I. (2012). Evaluating benefits of low-cost household digesters for rural Andean communities. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 16, Yu, L., Yaoqiu, K., Ningsheng, H., Zhifeng, W., Lianzhong, X. (2008). Popularizing household-scale biogas digesters for rural sustainable energy development and greenhouse gas mitigation. Renewable Energy. 33, Calizaya Luna, J.C., CENCA (2005). Ecodess: an alternative sanitation in Peru. International Conference on Ecological Sanitation. Durban, South Africa, May Graham, Carol. (1991). The APRA Government and the Urban Poor: the PAIT Programme in Lima’s Pueblos Jóvenes. 23(1), [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12[ [13] [14] [15] LIMA, PERU. PERSONAL PHOTOGRAPHY BY AUTHOR. MARCH 2012.


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