EU Waste Directives Monitoring and reporting are part of the waste management (legal obligations), Only outcomes are defined (format, deadlines) not organization! Lain down in individual directives or in Directive 91/692/EEC
EU Waste Directives End-of Life Vehicles, Packaging and Packaging Waste, WEEE, Shipment of Waste, Waste Framework, HW, Landfill, Waste Oils, Sewage Sludge, Spent Batteries and Accumulators. All require specific reporting formats
Waste Monitoring and Reporting Monitoring: The act of observing something and keeping a record of that observation; or to: keep watch; keep track of; keep under surveillance; or, check usually for a special purpose. Characteristics: systematic, regular, planned, organized, standardized (methods)
Waste Monitoring and Reporting Reporting: Preparation of standardized report(s) to defined authorities, stakeholders or public either on regular basis or related to pre-defined events (transport of hazardous waste, accidental pollution release etc.). Scope and periodicity is given by sub- laws, standards, guidebooks usually along with the monitoring and/or record keeping methodology. Characteristics: systematic, regular/irregular, organized, standardized (format)
Waste Monitoring and Reporting Integration of both processes Monitoring without reporting does not usually make sense (however sometimes it happens), Reporting without monitoring is not possible.
Waste management - Monitoring Specific characteristics Large number of obliged persons (defined by laws and sub-laws), Proper waste categorization (definitions, waste catalogue, lab tests), Simple measurement of quantity (weighting preferred),
Waste management – Data Collection Periodicity and format prescribed, Detection of outliers (comparison with previous reports, benchmarking), Verification (random check at waste generators and persons collecting/disposing waste), Training, enforcement and penalization,
Reporting Directive 91/692/EEC At intervals of three years the Member States shall send information to the Commission...in the form of a sectoral report which shall also cover other pertinent Community Directives. This report shall be drawn up on the basis of a questionnaire or outline drafted by the Commission in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 6 of Directive 91/692/EEC. The questionaire or outline shall be sent to the Member States six months before the start of the period covered by the report. The report shall be sent to the Commission within nine months of the end of the three-year period covered by it.
In practice (1) Integrated with use of economic instruments, permitting, issuing of licenses etc. (market with services, role of regulator), Reports also used for compliance checks, calculation of payments, e.g. to environmental fund(s), Depends upon structure of the public administration, roles are stipulated legally, Basic framework usually lain down in waste legislation (Law, sub-laws, decrees etc.),
In practice (2) Central agency, but aggregation of data at lower (e.g. regional) levels (mainly MSW), Human resources intensive (training at several levels), Careful design at all levels (incl. QA/QC), Takes 2-3 years to reach a mature state (pilots are recommended), frequent changes should be avoided.
Waste Statistics Regulation 2150/2002/EC (WstatR) Waste Statistics Regulation (WStatR – to ensure better monitoring of effective implementation of Community policy on waste management with regular, comparable, current and representative data on the generation, recycling, re-use and disposal of waste.
Waste Statistics Regulation 2150/2002/EC (WstatR) The different categories of waste and the characteristics for which the statistics are to be compiled (quantity of waste handled, generation of waste by economic activities and households, waste management operations, etc.) are reviewed in detail in the tables (Annexes) attached to the Regulation.
Commission Regulation (EC) No 1445/2005 Member States submit also a quality report, indicating the degree of precision for the collected data, in accordance with Commission Regulation (EC) No 1445/2005 of 5 September 2005 defining the proper quality evaluation criteria and the contents of the quality reports for waste statistics.
Integrated Reporting on Waste (project) Project “Integrated reporting”, Excell application, statistical data and metadata exchange, implements international standards on data exchange, based upon extended mark-up language (XML). eDAMIS – electronic dataflow Administration and Management Information System.
Pre-accession monitoring by EC 1. Legal framework, concordance, gaps, deadlines (TOCs), 2. Institutional arrangement (authorities, focal persons, roles), 3. Concrete data (absolute quantities, number of obliged persons, number of dedicated installations, inspection statistics etc.). TOCs and IQs filled in by contracted experts (not state employees), independent verification.