Presentation on theme: "What is Psychology?. Psychology defined Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental process Behavior: any action an organism does (observable)"— Presentation transcript:
Psychology defined Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental process Behavior: any action an organism does (observable) Mental process: internal, subjective experiences we infer from behavior (perceptions, thoughts, dreams, beliefs, feelings)
Psychology beginnings… Confucius: Power of ideas and educated mind Socrates (philosopher) & Plato: The mind is in control and knowledge is innate (born with us) Aristotle: Used careful observations and believed knowledge is not preexisting and instead is grows from experiences. Descartes: Through dissection of animals, discovered nerves control our reflexes (animal spirits flowed through nerves)
Francis Bacon: Founder of modern science John Locke: Mind at birth is a blank slate Empiricism: knowledge originates in experience and that science should rely on observation and experimentation.
First Psychological laboratory Wundt: “Atoms of the mind” Experiments involving reaction time http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zr7O41r8uEI
Structuralism & Functionalism Structuralism(Titchener): Using introspection (looking inward) to explore the elemental structure of the mind Functionalism(William James): How mental and behavioral process function—how we adapt, survive, and flourish Senses and feelings Wasn’t extremely successful, “Often we don’t know why we feel the way we feel.” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SW6nm69Z_IE
Women Make History Mary Calkins: First woman president for the APA (1905). She was denied her Ph. D from Harvard. Margaret Floy Washburn: First woman to officially receive a Ph. D in psychology. 2 nd female APA president (1921) The Animal Mind
Nature vs. Nurture Biology vs. experience http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lwnBj0mk7Y8 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wd5Y3- F79LY&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wd5Y3- F79LY&feature=related