Presentation on theme: "What is Psychology?. Psychology defined Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental process Behavior: any action an organism does (observable)"— Presentation transcript:
What is Psychology?
Psychology defined Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental process Behavior: any action an organism does (observable) Mental process: internal, subjective experiences we infer from behavior (perceptions, thoughts, dreams, beliefs, feelings)
Psychology beginnings… Confucius: Power of ideas and educated mind Socrates (philosopher) & Plato: The mind is in control and knowledge is innate (born with us) Aristotle: Used careful observations and believed knowledge is not preexisting and instead is grows from experiences. Descartes: Through dissection of animals, discovered nerves control our reflexes (animal spirits flowed through nerves)
Francis Bacon: Founder of modern science John Locke: Mind at birth is a blank slate Empiricism: knowledge originates in experience and that science should rely on observation and experimentation.
First Psychological laboratory Wundt: “Atoms of the mind” Experiments involving reaction time
Structuralism & Functionalism Structuralism(Titchener): Using introspection (looking inward) to explore the elemental structure of the mind Functionalism(William James): How mental and behavioral process function—how we adapt, survive, and flourish Senses and feelings Wasn’t extremely successful, “Often we don’t know why we feel the way we feel.”
Women Make History Mary Calkins: First woman president for the APA (1905). She was denied her Ph. D from Harvard. Margaret Floy Washburn: First woman to officially receive a Ph. D in psychology. 2 nd female APA president (1921) The Animal Mind
Nature vs. Nurture Biology vs. experience F79LY&feature=related F79LY&feature=related