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World War I (1914-1919; US in 1917-1919). World War I I. ________________ Causes A._______________ 1.extreme pride/loyalty a. ________________ competing.

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Presentation on theme: "World War I (1914-1919; US in 1917-1919). World War I I. ________________ Causes A._______________ 1.extreme pride/loyalty a. ________________ competing."— Presentation transcript:

1 World War I ( ; US in )

2 World War I I. ________________ Causes A._______________ 1.extreme pride/loyalty a. ________________ competing for lead role in Europe b. ___________ still hurting from loss of Alsace- Lorraine to __________ in Franco-Prussian War c. ethnic groups in ___________________ looking to break away

3 World War I B. ________________ 1. competition for colonies – raw materials new markets C. ________________ 1. countries increasing spending on military because of A and B 2. naval ______________ developed b/t ______________ and ______________

4 World War I D. ________________________ 1. secret treaties signed b/t countries promising support if attacked a. __________________________, Italy i. Triple Alliance  __________________ b. __________________________, Russia i. Triple Entente  __________________

5 World War I II. ________________ Cause (“the spark”) A. Assassination of Archduke ___________________(A-H) 1. Balkan Peninsula (the “__________________” of Europe) 2. killed in Sarajevo (Bosnia) by ______________ group 3. A-H blamed ___________; excuse to crush them

6 World War I B.________ System Kicks In 1. __________ backed Serbia - both Slavic people 2. __________ backed A-H 3. Germany declared war on __________________ 4. ____________ declared war on Germany, A-H  The _____________( the “war to end all wars”)

7 World War I III. Fighting Begins A. _____________ Plan 1. ___________ strategy to fight _____________ war a. attack ____________ first, fast; then turn to _________________

8 World War I B. Stalemate 1. ___________ stopped at Battle of the Marne outside ___________ 2. _________________ (1915) a. both sides dug in b. _____________ far ahead of _________________

9 World War I c. new weapons i. _________________ ii. _________________ iii. _________________ iv. _________________

10 World War I IV. US Stays ____________ A. US Response 1. some against war a. immigrants w/ties to _________________ 2. many favor Allies a.feel closer to _______________ – language, culture – Pres. __________ declared US officially _________________

11 World War I V. US in the War: ______________ A – ____________________________ 1. British blockade created shortages in Germany 2. _________________ decided to go after any ship in ______________ w/out warning a. new German weapon – ___________________ 3. ___________________ (1915) a. __________ passenger ship sunk by U-Boat – ____________ killed b. US protests-remained _________ c. propaganda pushing for war

12 World War I C. Election of Wilson won (“____________________ __________________”) 2. ________________ resumed unrestricted ____________ warfare

13 World War I D. The ______________ Note (1917) 1. sent from ______________ foreign minister to ___________ – an alliance? 2. _____________ offered to help ___________ get back territory lost to US in Mexican-American War 3. intercepted by __________ 4. too much for ___________ to ___________ neutral

14 World War I E. ___________ – Wilson asked _____________ for a declaration of ______ a. “…the ________ must be made _________for _________________” b. _______ of _________ neutrality

15 World War I VI. __________ in the War (1917) A. Getting Ready 1. ____________________ a. created ________ – men required to serve b. ___________________ – served in ____________ units c. ________ – volunteered as ___________, drivers, secretaries

16 World War I B. Getting to __________ 1. __________________ a. merchant ships ______________ by military ships in the ____________ Ocean b. 2 million US soldiers c. a “__________ to France”

17 World War I C. “Over There” – The _________________ 1. __________________ Expeditionary Force (AEF) a. led by Gen. John Pershing b. part of _________ forces c – stopped ____________ just short of Paris d – war turning in favor of ______________

18 World War I VII. War at ____________ The _____________ had control of all aspects of the war A. _________________ 1. ____________________ a. gov’t agency that decided _________ was made, how _______, etc for the war b. started ______________ programs – food, gas, etc

19 World War I B. __________________ 1. _____________________ ___________________ a. gov’t agency formed to “_________” the war b. movie stars selling __________________ c. paintings, posters, cartoons

20 World War I C. Limits on ___________________ 1. Suspicious of immigrants a. ___________________________ Acts ( ) i. fined/jailed for criticizing ______________ /war effort b. ____________________(1919) i. arrested for speaking out against _______________ ii. Supreme Court said limits on ______________ ok IF… the speech presents a “_____________________________ ___________________________”

21 World War I D. ______________ Changes 1. ______________________ a.served in war b.____________________ i. ________________ blacks moving to big ___________ cities (more jobs) 2. _________________ a. replaced __________ in _________________ b. role during war helped lead to ______Amendment

22 World War I VII. _________ of the War A. ____________ Revolution (1917) 1. ____________ helped Lenin back into Russia 2. Bolsheviks overthrew Czar Nicholas 3. signed treaty with ____________ B. __________________ (1918) 1. Kaiser ____________ (Germany) resigned a. Weimar Republic - new gov’t; signed armistice 2. __________ (US, B, F) defeated ____________________ (G, A-H)

23 World War I C. Effects 1. $350m in damages 2. ~ 8m dead in Europe a. _________ in Armenia b. world-wide ___________________

24 World War I IX. __________ Peace Plan A. _______________Points 1. most points address causes of the war and self-determination for ethnic groups 2. last point – form an ______________________ to settle disputes a. ____________________

25 World War I B. Treaty of ______________ (1919) 1. ___________ countries not included 2. dominated by __________ a.Wilson – _____________ b.Clemenseau – _________ c.Lloyd George – ________ d.Orlando – ____________ 3. __________ interested in a ___________ peace; B/F interested in ___________

26 World War I 3. Provisions of the Treaty of _________________ a.Germany: b. i. ____________________ ii. ____________________ iii. ____________________ iv. borders reduced – Alsace-Lorraine back to ______ v. new map of _____________ c. Wilson forced to give in on most of his points in order to keep the ___________________________ => “…a peace built on ________________________”

27 World War I

28 C. _______________ View of Treaty 1. Wilson needs _______________ approval of treaty 2. Opposition led by Sen. __________________________ a. Main problem was _______________________- did not want US tangled up in affairs of ______________ 3. Wilson had a stroke 4. Senate _______________ treaty a. US _______________ join L of N  Started period of US ___________________

29 World War I E. ______________ of the WWI 1. _______________ shocked by loss of war, _________ treaty a. depression, high unemployment in the 1920’s b. looking for someone to _______________ c. new leaders take advantage -> _____________________ d. scapegoats -> ___________, Weimar Republic 2. ___________ begins period of ________________


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