Presentation on theme: "World War I. WARM-UP Update your Table of Contents Write homework – leave it to be stamped Get your “Immigrate Through Ellis Island” homework out to be."— Presentation transcript:
World War I
WARM-UP Update your Table of Contents Write homework – leave it to be stamped Get your “Immigrate Through Ellis Island” homework out to be checked Read “The Road to World War I” and begin to fill in your note guide 2 DateSession # ActivityPage # 2/11 3 World War I Note Guide 4 Propaganda Stations 5
3 World War I: “The Great War” War involving nearly all the nations of the world 1914-1918 What? When? Where? Europe
4 World War I Why? Long Term Causes M – Militarism – building up strong military & stockpiling weapons to be prepared for war A - Alliance System – agreements between nations to aid and protect each other I - Imperialism – competition to take over other nations either economically or politically N – Nationalism – extreme pride for one’s nation
5 World War I: “The Spark” Why? Serbian Nationalist Gavrilo Princip assassinates Archduke Franz Ferdinand of the Austro-Hungarian Empire Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his Wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg one hour before their deaths, June 28, 1914
6 World War I: “The Domino Effect” How? 1.Archduke Franz Ferdinand was shot by Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip 2.Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia 3.Russia helps Serbia by sending troops 4.Germany gets angry and declares war on Russia 5.France joins Russia because they have an alliance
7 World War I: “The Domino Effect” How? 6.Germany is upset and invades Belgium to get to France 7.The United Kingdom joins to protect Belgium and together they declare war on Germany 8.The Russians drop out because of the Russian Revolution 9.The U.S. joins because Germany sinks 4 of their ships
8 World War I: “Good Guys vs. Bad Guys” Who? Germany Austria-Hungary Turkey Bulgaria Serbia Russia (leaves in 1917) France Great Britain Belgium Italy (joined 1915) United States (1917) Central Powers: Allies:
9 Why did it take so long for America to get involved in the war? America was an isolationist - “Why should I get involved in someone else’s problems?” Is isolationism really an option for a country as powerful as the United States?
10 Which side should the US pick? Immigrants from all over Europe were now in America-divided feelings 11 million German- Americans Irish-Americans hated Great Britain Close cultural ties Shared transatlantic cables Big business loaned $ to allies Central Powers: Allies: US Exports & Trades with both sides:
11 What did it take to FINALLY get the US involved? 1. Blockades Britain blockaded (stopped) all German ships going to America Germany in turn told Americans to stay off of British ships or they would sink them Lusitania torpedoed - 1 st of 4 American ships to be sunk Was eventually found to be carrying 4200 cases of ammunition…hmmmm
12 What did it take to get the US involved? 2. Unlimited Submarine Warfare 1917 Germany announced “unlimited submarine warfare” in the war zone Why? Otherwise their blockade would not be successful
13 What did it take to get the US involved? 3. Zimmerman Telegram US intercepted a telegram from Germany to Mexico that promised Texas, New Mexico and Arizona back in return for an alliance If Germany had succeeded in allying with Mexico, what would have happened?
14 The war was not looking good for the Allies, so what did the US do to help? US provided the food, money, and fresh troops needed to win the war U.S. Joins the Allies – now an easy decision
15 America Declares War…We Just Have to Convince the People it is the Right Decision Idealism President Wilson’s Plan to convince America: War to end all wars Must fight to make the world safe for Democracy “The Fourteen Points” – 14 promises to work on after the war including freedom of the seas and setting up a League of Nations to work on keeping peace rather than making secret alliances
16 America Declares War…We Just Have to Convince the People it is the Right Decision Propaganda
17 The Other Side Used Propaganda Too… Propaganda Create a propaganda poster from one of the central powers…what would it look like, what would their central themes be? Start in class…finish for homework!
WARM-UP Update your Table of Contents Write homework – leave it to be stamped Make sure your propaganda poster is in the basket Get your folder – we need to file some things! 18 DateSession # ActivityPage # 2/13 4 World War I Discovery Stations (turn them in for a grade, and then paste in when returned) 6
Station 1 – Audio Visual Video Montage - World War One Firsts http://www.history.com/topics/world-war- i/videos#wwi-firsts 19
Station 1 – Audio Visual World War I Song – “I’m Gonna Pin My Medal on the Girl I Left Behind” http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/imgonn apinmymedal.htm 20
Station 1 – Audio Visual Clip from Flyboys http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xnpft4jLvp I DON’T FORGET TO TURN YOUR STATION SHEET IN FOR A GRADE BEFORE YOU LEAVE!!! 21