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Objectives for the Day: - Identify Thomas Nast and his contributions to society - Understand Political Machines and their influence in politics - Identify.

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Presentation on theme: "Objectives for the Day: - Identify Thomas Nast and his contributions to society - Understand Political Machines and their influence in politics - Identify."— Presentation transcript:

1 Objectives for the Day: - Identify Thomas Nast and his contributions to society - Understand Political Machines and their influence in politics - Identify characteristics of Political Machines - Compare and Contrast the positives/negatives of Political Machines

2 Political Cartoon Presentation

3 Gilded Age Quiz 1.What years did the Gilded Age take place? 2.Where does the Gilded Age get its name from? 3.What is the underlying theme of the Gilded Age? 4.Identify one person that prospered during the Gilded Age. 5.Who controlled the government during the Gilded Age?

4 Political Machines I. Political Machines A. Elements B. Process C. Layers II. News Media A. Thomas Nast B. Boss Tweed

5 What is a Political Machine? Consisted of three elements: 1.Bosses oversee the party machine and controls politicians 2.Mobilize/organize support at the neighborhood level – Grassroots Campaign 3.Party loyalists support the machine with votes and financial support A. Elements

6 Political Machines I. Political Machines A. Elements B. Process C. Layers II. News Media A. Thomas Nast B. Boss Tweed

7 How does a Political Machine work? 3-Step Process: 1. Political Machine mobilizes voters 2. Politicians have to create policies to support the goals of the machine 3. Political Machine promised jobs for supporters B. Process

8 Political Machines I. Political Machines A. Elements B. Process C. Layers II. News Media A. Thomas Nast B. Boss Tweed

9 Layers of the Political Machine Bosses dealt with government officials, businessmen, criminal elements Precinct captains mobilized voters in the area by forming relationships with families C. Layers

10 1. Help family members get jobs 2. Run a small social service organization - provide food, shelter 3. Provided cheap immigrant labor for businesses that support the Political Machine What do Precinct Captains do? C. Layers

11 Political Machines I. Political Machines A. Elements B. Process C. Layers II. News Media A. Thomas Nast B. Boss Tweed

12 II. News Media Who are the Muckrakers? People who wrote to expose the evils in society and businesses

13 Political Machines I. Political Machines A. Elements B. Process C. Layers II. News Media A. Thomas Nast B. Boss Tweed

14 A. Thomas Nast Who was Thomas Nast? Political Cartoonist Disliked Political Machines Influenced elections Created: Democratic Symbol – Donkey Republican Symbol – Elephant Modern-day Santa Claus

15 Thomas Nast Questions 1.Why would Nast choose a Donkey to represent the Democrats? 2.Why would Nast choose an Elephant to represent the Republicans? 3.How do you think Nast felt about Democrats? Explain. A. Thomas Nast

16 Political Machines I. Political Machines A. Elements B. Process C. Layers II. News Media A. Thomas Nast B. Boss Tweed

17 "Stop them damn pictures. I don't care what the papers write about me. My constituents can't read. But, damn it, they can see the pictures." B. Boss Tweed Who was Boss Tweed?

18 Political Machine Questions Step 1 1. Why do you think Political Machines were able to come to power? 2. Do you think that everyone saw the political machines as being negative? Why or why not? Step 2 Create a Venn Diagram to compare and contrast the Positive and Negative actions of the Political Machines. Step 3 Draw 4 pictures symbolizing something you learned about the Gilded Age and Political Machines. You must briefly identify each picture.


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