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Nationalism, Sectionalism, Expansion, Age of Jackson, Reform Movements.

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Presentation on theme: "Nationalism, Sectionalism, Expansion, Age of Jackson, Reform Movements."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nationalism, Sectionalism, Expansion, Age of Jackson, Reform Movements

2 Sectionalism A. ________________ Differences 1. _________________ Economy a. __________________ i. beginning of manufacturing ii. textile mills b. ________________ – Second BUS i. need capital to start new business ii. favored the North; loaned money more to northern businessmen c. __________________ – farming d. ___________________ - factories e. Tariff of 1816 – tax on _______________ to help businesses in US compete

3 Sectionalism 2. ___________ – Agriculture a. _____________________ – Eli Whitney (1793) i. demand for _____________ ii. demand for cotton in Britain b. __________ made manufactured goods more ____________ for southern businessmen/plantation owners c. slave revolts – ________________ (1831)

4 Sectionalism 3. _______ – New Frontier a. ___________________ (1803) – extended boundary to Rocky Mts. b. BUS seen to favor _______________ businessmen over western ___________

5 Sectionalism 4.Slavery a. __________________ (1820) i. Missouri – ______ state; ii. Maine – ________ state iii. territory north of line – ________; south of line – __________ iii. only delayed the crisis

6 Nationalism A. A Stronger _____________ Gov’t 1. The _________________ System (1815) – Henry Clay a.plan to unite the country __________________ i. ___________ – make goods to sell in South and West ii. ______________ – produce food, cotton for the North b. _____________ to protect American goods c. new _______________________ d. Improvements in ___________________ – build roads, canals, rr’sw/ $ collected from tariffs to link country

7 Nationalism 2.Supreme Court Cases a. _________________________ i. Maryland tried to tax branch of the ______________________ ii. SC said that was ______________________; supremacy of the national gov’t over state gov’t (“the power to tax is the power to destroy”) b. _________________________ i._________________ gov’t can regulate/control _________________ commerce

8 Nationalism 3.Foreign Policy a. ___________________ i. Pres. Monroe warned ____________ countries to stay out of the _____________________; no new colonies

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10 Westward Expansion _____________________ belief that the US was supposed to extend from __________________ Ocean First used in a newspaper article in the 1840’s

11 Westward Migration A.The Frontier 1. West – north of Ohio R Daniel Boone hired to cut new road to west – ____________________ a. rules for establishing new __________ in territories b. no ______________ in Northwest Territory

12 Westward Expansion A. Reasons for Migration West 1. ______________ Factors a. _________________ b. religious persecution 2. ______________ Factors a. cheap _______________ b. adventure B. Trails West 1. Santa Fe Trail 2. _________________ Trail 3. _________________ Trail

13 Westward Expansion C.Movement West 1. _______________(1803) 2. _______________ Treaty a. ___________ - from Spain (1819) 3. Oregon Territory a. “_____________________ _____________________” i. slogan of supporters to annex whole territory ii. treaty signed w/_________ for Oregon

14 Westward Expansion 2. Annexation of _____________ a. 1830’s – more Americans than Mexicans in Texas b – Texas Revolution i. led by ___________________ ii – “______________________” - Jim Bowie, Davie Crockett - fort defended by Texans; taken by Mexican Army c – Texas wins ______________________ i. Republic of Texas led by ______________________

15 Westward Expansion d – Texas ________________ by US i. South saw chance to expand ____________ ii. dispute w/Mexico over ______________

16 Westward Expansion e. _____________________War ( ) i. Pres. Polk wanted New Mexico, California territories (_____________________) ii. Treaty of Guadalupe Hildago (1848) - Mexico ____________ Texas to US - border set at _______________ -__________________________ _: US paid for New Mexico, Cal. Territories iii. California Gold Rush (1849) f.Gadsden Purchase (1853) i. ___________________completed

17 New Technology A. Industrial Revolution (1789) 1. ______________________ a – spinning machine (____________________) i. first _________________(RI) b – _______________________, cotton gin (Whitney) c – factory system (Francis Lowell) i. built factory town (MA) d. mechanical reaper (Cyrus McCormick) e. _______________(John Deere)

18 New Technology B.Transportation – steamboat (Robert Fulton) National Road (toll road to west) – Erie Canal a.link Atlantic w/Great Lakes (Ohio River Valley) b. use Miss. River to get west – Baltimore/Ohio RR

19 Age of Jackson A.Election of JQ Adams v. Jackson a. no majority in electoral votes – election goes to ____ b. Clay supported JQ Adams c. JQ Adams named Clay at Sec. of State =>Corrupt Bargain

20 Age of Jackson B.Election of before 1828, who could vote? 2.what changed? 3.Jackson won a.spoils system i. Jackson rewarded supporters w/gov’t jobs (Democrats)

21 Age of Jackson C. __________________ Policy 1. ______________________Act (1830) a. tribes forced further west to make room for more _______________ b. ___________________(1832) i. Cherokee Nation sued to keep land ii. ___________________ – ruled in favor of Cherokee iii. _____________ ignored ruling c. ____________________(1838) i. forced march west

22 Age of Jackson D.States Rights 1.Tariff of 1828 (“________________________”) a. high tariff favored ________ b. upset the ___________ c. VP __________________ hated the tariff i. argued states had right to __________ act of Congress (law) that they believed was _______________________ =>______________________ theory d. South Carolina talked about __________________; tariff reduced => ___________________________

23 Age of Jackson 2. ________________(Second BUS) a. Jackson thought BUS favored _______________businessmen over ____________ farmers (giving loans) b. he ___________ bill to renew the BUS i. said money should be put in state banks in states loyal to Democratic Party (“pet banks”)

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25 Age of Jackson E.Consequences of Jackson’s policies 1. Was he a _______________or a ________________? 1.new political party formed – __________________

26 Reform Movements A. ______________ of Reform Movement 1. ______________ a. Second Great Awakening (1800’s) i. anyone can gain _______________(democratic) ii. people can improve ___________ b. New Denominations i. new Protestant churches - Baptists, Methodists ii. ____________________ - Joseph Smith, Brigham Young (Utah) c. AME Churches

27 Reform Movements 2. ____________________ a. taught that a person can solve problems/find truth through _______________________ b. rejected _____________ religion c.supported ___________ movement d. people naturally good; dignity of every person

28 Reform Movements e.led by ___________________________ (writer) i. pushed for a new “__________ culture” => _________________ f. _________________________ i. Walden - experiment in simple living ii. __________________________ – ____________________ protest of unjust laws iii. less gov’t better (like which early president? ___________________ - “The government is best which governs _________________.”

29 Reform Movements g. ____________________________ i. period in art, literature w/emphasis on emotion, nature ii. ____________________________ - _____________________, natural beauty of US iii. first “American” writers using __________________ themes - Washington Irving (The Legend of Sleepy Hollow) - James Fennimore Cooper (The Last of the Mohicans) - Walt Whitman, _______________

30 Reform Movements B. _________________ of Reform 1. _____________________Movement a. abstinence from _________________ b. Women’s Christen Temperance Union (1870’s) 2. _____________________ a. push for free public schools b. _____________________ 3. _____________________________ a. improve conditions/treatment b. _____________________ 4. ___________________ Communities a. “perfect” societies b. _____________________ c. New Harmony, IN d. Shaker communities

31 Reform Movements 5. ________________________ a. __________________ movement b – all _____________ states __________________ slavery c – US slave trade stopped d – _____________________ movement; US colony started for ex-slaves – ______________ e. American Anti-Slavery Society i. ____________________________ ii. _________________________– abolitionist newspaper iii. end slavery ___________ iv. ________________________

32 Reform Movements f. other _______________________ i. Sarah/Angelina Grimke ii. Sojourner Truth g. ____________________________ i. ____________________________ h. Reaction to Abolition i. increased ________________ b/t _________________________ - slave rebellions - anti-slavery writings banned ii. _______________– most though abolition too _________________ - freed slaves would take ____________________from white men iii. _______________– abolition a threat to ________________________

33 Reform Movements i. ___________________ - __________________ (1852) -opened eyes in ____________ to evils of ______________ -taken as a ____________________in the South

34 Reform Movements 6. _____________ Movement a. before reform – cult of domesticity i. women in charge of ________________________ b. _____________________ (1848) i. meeting to discuss ______________________ ii. Declaration of Sentiments iii. Lucretia Mott, ________________________


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