Presentation on theme: "To Build a Fire Introducing the Short Story"— Presentation transcript:
1To Build a Fire Introducing the Short Story Short Story by Jack LondonIntroducing the Short StorywithLiterary Analysis: Setting andConflictReading Strategy: PredictVocabulary in ContextVIDEO TRAILER
2Should you trust your INSTINCTS? INTRODUCING THE SHORT STORYShould you trust your INSTINCTS?An instinct is unlearned, automatic behavior shown by all members of a species, such as birds building a nest.
3Should you trust your INSTINCTS? INTRODUCING THE SHORT STORYShould you trust your INSTINCTS?Do people, like animals, have instincts?If they do, when are they likely to use them?Are a person’s instincts as good as, say, a dog’s?
4Should you trust your INSTINCTS? INTRODUCING THE SHORT STORYShould you trust your INSTINCTS?The story “To Build a Fire” attempts to answer such questions.
5Click on the title to play the trailer. To Build a Fire
6Setting and ConflictIn some stories, the setting can create the conflict a character faces.It can even act as the antagonist, or opponent, of the main character.
7Setting and ConflictIn “To Build a Fire,” the setting is the Yukon wilderness, and the main character must battle the crippling cold to survive.The setting challenges him in other ways as well.As you read, notice details about this harsh setting and think about the choices the setting forces the character to make.
8PredictWhen you predict, you use text clues to guess what will happen next in a story.Predicting helps you become actively involved in what you are reading and gives you reasons to read on.
9PredictTo make sound predictions about what will happen in “To Build aFire,” use the following strategies:Think about the personality, actions, and thoughts of the main character when predicting how he will respond to his situation.Note passages of foreshadowing, or hints and clues about future plot events.
10PredictAs you read, jot down at least three predictions and the clues you used to make them. Use a chart like the one shown.PredictionsText CluesThe man will . . .
11apprehensionconflagrationconjecturalimperativeintangibleperemptorilyreiteratesmiteJack London uses the vocabulary words in the box on the right in his suspenseful tale. To see how many vocabulary words you know, substitute a different word or phrase for each vocabulary term. Sample answers appear in brackets.1. intangible fear5. smite in anger[cannot be defined][strike, attack]2. conjectural answer6. imperative action[involving guesswork][urgent]3. baseless apprehension7. forest conflagration[fear and worry][large, destructive fire]4. reiterate the command8. peremptorily dismiss[repeat][in a commanding way]
12apprehension n. fear and worry for the future conflagration n. a large, destructive fireconjectural adj. involving guessworkimperative adj. urgently necessaryintangible adj. unable to be perceived with the senses
13peremptorily adv. in a commanding way that does not allow for refusal or contradiction reiterate v. to repeatsmite v. to inflict a heavy blow on; past tense—smote