Presentation on theme: "Wake Turbulence Intended Learning Objective"— Presentation transcript:
1Wake Turbulence Intended Learning Objective The student will be able to explain to the instructor the effects that wake turbulence can have on an aircraft as well as the way in which it is formed and how to avoid a potential accident.Jon Zaffer12/9/2009
2Pre Test What type of aircraft produce wake turbulence? a. Propeller aircraftb. Jet aircraftc. Only large jetsd. All aircraft
3Pre TestAn aircraft produces the most wake turbulence when it is______.a. Moving fastb. In a clean configurationc. In a dirty configurationd. In a clean and slow configuration
4Pre Test Wake turbulence travels in what direction with no wind? a. Up and inb. Down and outc. Counter Clockwised. Clockwise
5Why Learn About Wake Turbulence Many fatal accidents attributed to Wake TurbulencePilot’s responsibility to avoid an incidentOne of ATC’s main functions is to separate aircraft due to Wake TurbulenceTop Gun flat spin sequence
6What is Wake Turbulence? Counter Rotating vortices behind the wing tipsThe pressure differential triggers the roll up of the airflow causing the swirlVortex strength is determined by the weight speed and shape of the aircraftAll aircraft produce wake turbulence, which consists of wake vortices formed any time an aerofoil is producing lift
7Don’t Believe Wake Turbulence Exists? Watch This!
8When Should a Pilot be Looking Out for Wake Turbulence? Most wake turbulence encounters will occur in or around an airport environment, most likely on final approachRemember- Wake turbulence is the strongest when aircraft are HEAVY, CLEAN, and SLOW!Some Tips For Final Approach:*Do not get too close to the lead aircraft. *Do not get below the lead aircraft's flight path. *Be particularly wary when light wind conditions exist
9How to Avoid Wake Turbulence After takeoff, avoid headings which cross below and behind the path of larger aircraft.Stay at or above the larger aircraft's final approach flight path. Note its touchdown point and land beyond it.Note wind for possible vortex drift on to the landing vector. Stay at or above the larger aircraft's final approach flight path. Note its touchdown point and land beyond a point abeam it.
10In ConclusionPilots need to understand the importance of Wake TurbulenceCan contribute to flight delays due to ATC required separationJust because you have not yet encountered Wake Turbulence does not mean it wont happen to you!