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Formative Assessments for 21 st Century Skills Nancy White, 21 st Century Learning & Innovation Specialist Academy School District 20 Academy School District.

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Presentation on theme: "Formative Assessments for 21 st Century Skills Nancy White, 21 st Century Learning & Innovation Specialist Academy School District 20 Academy School District."— Presentation transcript:

1 Formative Assessments for 21 st Century Skills Nancy White, 21 st Century Learning & Innovation Specialist Academy School District 20 Academy School District 20

2 Objectives Qualities of effective assessment What are 21 st Century Skills? Why & what do we assess? 21 st Century Assessment Strategies Assessment Tools – Free & Online Workshop Time: Build Your Own Assessment Plan and Tools

3 What are the qualities of effective “assessment”? LINO-IT

4 Characteristics of Good Assessment The content of the tests (the knowledge and skills assessed) should match the teacher's educational objectives and instructional emphases. The test items should represent the full range of knowledge and skills that are the primary targets of instruction. Expectations for student performance should be clear. NCREL: rel.org/sdrs/areas/stw_esys/4assess.htm rel.org/sdrs/areas/stw_esys/4assess.htm

5 What is 21 st Century Learning? Question Formulation Technique Question Formulation Technique

6 Colorado's description of 21st century skills is a synthesis of the essential abilities students must apply in our fast changing world. These essentials skills are: Critical thinking and reasoning (for example, but not limited to: problem solving, analysis, logic, cause/effect) Information literacy (for example, but not limited to: knowledge acquisition, source discernment, systems management) Collaboration (for example, but not limited to: synergy, team resourcing, social skills, leadership) Self-direction (for example, but not limited to: adaptability, initiative, personal responsibility, work ethics, self-advocacy) Invention (for example, but not limited to: creativity, innovation, integration of ideas)

7 CDE 21 st Century Skills Wordle

8 What Students Need to Know Circa 2007

9 21 st Century Skills in Academy District 20

10 Assessments – Why? Inform the teacher: –How students performed – to assign a grade –What needs re-teaching

11 Assessments…Also Provide students with information about their performance that can promote their learning Motivate students to study or apply themselves because they know they are to be evaluated. Provide teachers with data to evaluate the effectiveness of their instruction

12 Assess What? -Product Traditional Assessments: –Content Knowledge –Organization –Presentation Summarizes what has been learned.

13 What about the Process? Research process –Information Literacy Skills –Use of Tools “The Three C’s” of 21 st Century Learning –Collaboration –Communication –Creative Problem Solving

14 21 st Century Skills Invention Technology Literacy Collaboration Information Literacy Self Direction Critical Thinking & Reasoning

15 Inquiry Elements Explore Question Investigate Explain Connect Communicate Evaluate

16 Inquiry & 21 st Century Skills Explore Question Investigate Explain Connect Communicate Evaluate Information Literacy Technology Literacy Critical Thinking & Reasoning Collaboration Self Direction

17 ISTE NETS Creativity & Innovation Communication & Collaboration Research & Information Fluency Critical Thinking, Problem Solving & Decision Making Digital Citizenship Technology Operations & Concepts

18 How can we assess the skills?

19 Formative Assessment Good assessment starts with a clear purpose inFORMS instruction (teacher) inFORMS students – what they know and don’t know or how to do

20 Components of Formative Assessment Chappuis, Jan. (2005, Nov.) Helping Students Understand Assessment. Educational Leadership.

21 Students have clear picture of learning targetslearning targets Photo by Michael Surran, / /

22 Students received feedback Photo by Wonderlane:

23 Students Engaged in Self-Assessment Bias, Gene. ocps010.jpg.. Pics4Learning. 14 Jan 2008

24 Provide understanding of specific steps students can take to improve Bias, Gene. comp008.jpg.. Pics4Learning. 14 Jan 2008

25 Strategies to Involve Students in Formative Assessment Provide a clear and understandable vision of target Use examples of strong & weak work Offer regular descriptive feedback Teach students to self-assess and set goals Design lessons to focus on one aspect of quality at a time Teach students focused revision Engage students in self-reflection Chappuis, Jan. (2005, Nov.) Helping Students Understand Assessment. Educational Leadership.

26 Assessment For Learning Assessment For Learning Assessment For Learning Assessment For Learning

27 Recap: Assessment for Learning Student friendly targets Models of strong & weak work Continuous descriptive feedback Teach self- assessment & goal setting Teach one facet at a time Teach focused revision Teach self reflection to track growth

28 Formative Assessment: Examples Think-Pair-Share Activity Student Summarizes Information Interview students/conferencing Research journal Observation checklist Student checklist Rubrics

29 21 st Century Assessments Supports a balance of assessments Emphasizes useful feedback on student performance Requires a balance of formative and summative assessments that measure student mastery of 21st century skills Partnership for 21 st Century Skills

30 Black & Wiliam, 1998 Research Findings Comments have a strong impact on learning, stronger than comments & grades or only grades Quality of feedback is crucial to learning Setting process goals is more effective than setting product goals “Assessment Conversations” are effective Formative feedback is associated with more positive attitudes towards learning

31 Rubrics: What Should Be Assessed? Standards & Benchmarks –What do you want students to know and be able to do? –What will you be teaching specifically? –Ask yourself: “How will I know that they know?” …What does success look like?

32 Example: Information Literacy Skill Researches and Evaluates Information –Uses a variety of appropriate tools to record notes and store information

33 Information Literacy Skill Researches and Evaluates Information –Middle School: Uses a variety of appropriate tools to record notes and store information

34 Skill to Rubric What criteria will you highlight? What should I look for? –The descriptors of degrees of quality in meeting the criteria Answer this: What does success look like? Quantitative? Or Qualitative?

35 Information Literacy Skill Researches and Evaluates Information –Middle School: Uses a variety of appropriate tools to record notes and store information Qualitative Quantitative

36 Information Literacy Skill Researches and Evaluates Information –Middle School: Uses a variety of appropriate tools to record notes and store information Qualitative Quantitative

37 Information Literacy Skill Skill/ Criteria In Progress ProficientAdvanced Uses tools What makes the tool appropriate? What are the variety of tools they might choose from? Does quality or quantity equal success? Records Notes Quality: What do quality notes look like? Quantity: Is quantity more important than quality? Stores Information What were students taught? Is this an either they did it or they didn’t do it thing? How can you best measure success?

38 Creating a Rubric In Progress Partially Proficient ProficientAdvanced Little or no evidence student meets the benchmark Partially meets the standard/ benchmark Meets the standard/ benchmark Exceeds the standard/ benchmark

39 Exercise Work in pairs Each group will work on developing 2 criteria/developing a rubric for a different 21 st century skill Post to your wiki page

40 LunchLunch!

41 Examples of Formative Assessments Academy D20 Wiki for 21 st Century Skills Assessment ToolsAcademy D20 Wiki for 21 st Century Skills Assessment Tools PBL Checklists Rubistar

42 Types of Process Assessment Portfolios help students to : determine meaningful work. reflect on their strengths and needs. set learning goals. see their own progress over time. think about ideas presented in their work. see the effort they put forth. feel ownership and pride in their work. realize their work has personal relevance. portfolio_based_assess.html

43 Digital Portfolios: Examples General Layout using a Wiki A Middle School Student-Led Conference with Portfolio EvidenceA Middle School Student-Led Conference with Portfolio Evidence 21 st Century Skills21 st Century Skills Google Sites Template

44 Intel’s Assessment Site Intel’s Assessment Site Intel’s Assessment Site Intel’s Assessment Site Tour Tour Set up Account Set up Account Build assessment plans Build assessment plans

45 Designing Assessment Plan & Tools When will you assess? Backwards Design: 1.What do you want students to know and be able to do (Standards) –Knowledge/Skills - Objectives 2.How will you know they know it/can do it? 3.Learning Activities 4.Big idea/essential question

46 Work Time Backwards Design Exercise Build your assessment tool Explore Intel Database and other assessment tools

47 Take-aways Design learning so students can practice 21 st century skills authentically Giving students feedback on the skills is essential for growth Assess what matters: not just what students need to know – but also what they need to be able to do

48 TechLearning:

49

50 Questions?Questions? Nancy White


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