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Using SI Units
Measurement Standard An exact quantity that people agree to use for comparison. * helps you get the same answer as other people
What was used as the earliest measurement standards? Body Parts * The question then, is WHO’S body parts? The KING’S or QUEEN’S
Is your hand or a body part a good standard of measurement? * no * people’s hands are not the same size * get different answers
In order for any measurement to MAKE SENSE; two things must be included. 1.) a number 2.) a unit
Every type of measurement has a base or central unit. * meter (distance or length) * liter (volume) * gram (mass) * second (time)
Adding a prefix to a base (central) unit, you can create a whole new unit to measure any object.
Prefixes Used When Measuring: Large Objects kilo = 10 3 hecto = 10 2 deka = 10 1 Small Objects deci = 10 -1 centi = 10 -2 milli = 10 -3
Measurements that can be made Length Mass Temperature Time Area Volume Density Weight
Length The distance between two points. Base (central) units of length * (US) FOOT [ft] * (SI) METER [m]
Length Length of an object or the distance between two points is measured using a METERSTICK.
Mass “A body of coherent matter.” * a collection of stuff joined to form an object Base (central) units of mass * (US) SLUG [slug] * (SI) KILOGRAM [kg] sometimes gram [g]
Mass is measured using a BALANCE.
Temperature Measurement of how hot or cold something is.
Temperature Base (central) units of temperature * (US) FAHRENHEIT [ o F] * (SI) CELCIUS [ o C] > (SI) KELVIN [K] * this is an absolute scale
Temperature Temperature is measured using a THERMOMETER.
Absolute Zero The coldest possible temperature. * temperature where ALL motion stops * 0 Kelvin * found by the formula: K = o C + 273.16
Time Interval between two events. Base (central) units of time * (US) SECOND [s] * (SI) SECOND [s]
Time can be measured using a CLOCK or a CALENDAR.
Derived Units Obtained by combining multiple units of measurement.
Area The amount of surface included in a set of boundaries. Found by the formula: * Area = length x width
What is the difference between length and width? DIRECTION
Base units of area * (US) FEET SQUARED [ft 2 ] * (SI) METERS SQUARED[m 2 ]
Volume The amount of space an object occupies. Easy with liquids & gases, harder with solids * for a solid you may need the formula: volume = l x w x h
Volume For a liquid or a gas all you need is a devise that is designed to measure volume. * a beaker, a flask or a graduated cylinder
Volume Base (central) units of volume * (US) GALLON [gal] * (SI) LITER [L] sometimes centimeters cubed [cm 3 ]
1 milliliter equals 1 centimeter cubed. * 1 mL = 1 cm 3
Density The measurement of how thick, compact and solid an object is. Relationship between the mass & volume of an object
Density Found by the formula: * Density = mass ÷ volume Expressed in g/L or g/cm 3 * a mass unit / a volume unit
Weight Measurement of the force of gravity pulling on the mass of an object. Changes as gravity changes. Base units of weight * (US) POUND [lb] * (SI) NEWTON [N]
Weight is measured using a SPRING SCALE.
MASS and WEIGHT are NOT the same thing!
Physical Properties Characteristics of a substance that can be used to identify it. Color Shape Texture State of matter Size All measurements (changing a physical property does NOT change the substance)
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