Presentation on theme: "Creating A Nation Northwest Ordinance, Manifest Destiny, War of 1812, Monroe Doctrine, and the Industrial Revolution."— Presentation transcript:
1Creating A NationNorthwest Ordinance, Manifest Destiny, War of 1812, Monroe Doctrine, and the Industrial Revolution
2StandardsSSUSH6 The student will analyze the impact of territorial expansion and population growth and the impact of this growth in the early decades of the new nation. a. Explain the Northwest Ordinance’s importance in the westward migration of Americans, and on slavery, public education, and the addition of new states. c. Explain major reasons for the War of 1812 and the war’s significance on the development of a national identity. e. Describe the reasons for and importance of the Monroe Doctrine. SSUSH7 Students will explain the process of economic growth, its regional and national impact in the first half of the 19th century, and the different responses to it. a. Explain the impact of the Industrial Revolution as seen in Eli Whitney’s invention of the cotton gin and his development of interchangeable parts for muskets. b. Describe the westward growth of the United States; include the emerging concept of Manifest Destiny.
3Northwest OrdinanceThe Northwest Ordinance established guidelines for the government of the Northwest Territory, a large area bounded by the Great Lakes, Mississippi and Ohio Rivers, the state of Pennsylvania and Canada.It was one of the most important laws ever adopted, for it became a model for all territories that later entered the Union as states.Pioneers poured into the area, setting themselves up as territories under a governor, secretary and three judges.Ohio was the first state created in the Northwest Territory, followed by Indiana, Illinois, Michigan and Wisconsin.Basic freedoms, similar to those under our Constitution, were guaranteed the new states. There were two new provisions. One called for publicly supported education and the other prohibited slavery in the Northwest Territory.
5What are some major events leading to The War of 1812? US shipping was being harassed, and cargo was seized.Britain required licenses for ships bound for EuropeFrance confiscated cargo from licensed shipsImpressment of American sailorsMany British sailors became naturalized US citizens and deserted British vessels and joined American crews.British Navy kidnapped these sailors off American ships and had them rejoin the British Navy
6What are some major events leading to The War of 1812? Economic Diplomacy FailsEmbargo Act of 1807 halted all trade with EuropeEmbargo is a government ban on trade with other countriesEmbargo was unpopular in port cities, especially in the North
7What was Madison’s role leading up to The War of 1812? Non-Intercourse ActForbade trade with France and Britain; however President could reopen trade when either France or Britain lifted restrictionsWas this successful? Why or Why notWar HawksSouthern congressmen favored war, even though it hurt the eastWhy did the War Hawks want war?
8Declaration of WarJune of 1812 Madison asked Congress for declaration of warVote was split along regional linesWar started with Invasion of Canada
9Fire…In August 1814, British Forces Sailed into Chesapeake Bay and capture Washington D.C.They burn the White House and the CapitolMadison and Congress Barely escape
10Oh Say Can You See… Unlike D.C., Baltimore was Ready for the British The City militia inflicted heavy casualties on the BritishAfter bombarding Fort McHenry on September 13, 1814 The British abandon the attackFrancis Scott Key witnessed the bombardment and penned a poem which becomes the National Anthem.
11If The War of 1812 ended in a tie, why was it important? Gave the United States a National IdentityWe were able to hold our own against the BritishStarted us thinking about continuing westward expansionEnded bad feelings toward the BritishCreates a hero in Andrew Jackson and the Western Frontiersmen
12The Monroe DoctrineIn December 1823, in a message to Congress, Monroe set forth the following principles, which would later become known as the Monroe Doctrine:The Western Hemisphere was no longer open for colonizationThe political system of the Americas was different from EuropeThe United States would regard any interference in Western hemispheric affairs as a threat to its securityThe United States would refrain from participation in European wars and would not disturb existing colonies in the Western Hemisphere
13Impact of the Monroe Doctrine The impact of the Monroe Doctrine was mixed.The Doctrine was successful in that it kept France, Spain and other powers out of the region, but Britain would long remain the dominant trade power in Latin America.The Doctrine was a failure from the standpoint that the Latin American nations resented the Big Brother behavior of the U.S.It was not until the 1880s that the United States had the clout to enforce the Monroe Doctrine.
14Manifest Destiny:The belief that the United States would spread to the Pacific CoastCaused by:Land hungry Americans who wanted the rich, sparcely settled landsPatriots who feared that the British would get itEastern Merchants whose ships traded with Asia and needed ports on the Pacific CoastDemocratic-minded people who felt that the spread of the nation would spread freedomNationalists who sought national greatness
15Mr. Manifest Destiny James K. Polk Elected President in 1844 Added more territory to the US (by any means) than any other PresidentDied 103 days after his single term ended
16US Territorial Expansion When?A - 13 Original Colonies1776From Where?Great BritainWhy?AUS declared independence from Great Britain
17US Territorial Expansion When?B - Western Lands1783From Where?Great BritainWhy?Part of results of Treaty of Paris (ended Revolutionary War)AB
18US Territorial Expansion When?C - Louisiana Purchase1803From Where?FranceWhy?Napoleon needed $Jefferson wanted to buy New OrleansHe got all of this instead!ACB
19US Territorial Expansion When?D - Florida1819From Where?SpainWhy?Andrew Jackson invadedSpain then sold it to us for $5 millionACBD
20US Territorial Expansion When?E - Texas1845From Where?Republic of Texas (Independent Country)Why?Texas independent from Mexico in 1836Northerners feared it would become a slave stateFears finally overcome in 1844 Presidential electionACBED
21US Territorial Expansion When?F - Oregon Territory1846From Where?Great BritainWhy?Claimed by four countries (G. Britain, Russia, Spain, & US)Americans demanded “54° 40’ or fight!”Britain compromised 49° & US acceptedFACBED
22US Territorial Expansion When?G - Mexican Cession1848From Where?MexicoWhy?Polk offers to buy G from Mexico & they refuseWar!US winsIn Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, US offers $15 million for GFACBGED
23Cotton Gin· It was difficult to make a profit from cotton because cottonseeds were removed by hand.Ex.) It took one person an entire day to clean one pound of cotton.Cotton Ball, picked 1915Georgia
24Eli Whitney’s cotton gin. Therefore, Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin in 1793.Eli Whitney’s cotton gin.
25· Whitney applied for a patent on the cotton gin. · People ignored the patent and built their own.· Whitney never became wealthy from his invention.
26Plantation owners began to earn a lot of money growing cotton. This caused farmers to increase their dependency on slave labor.“The First Cotton Gin" (image from 1869)
27Native American tribes such as the Cherokees and Creeks were forced onto reservations so that farmers would have more land to grow cotton.
28Interchangeable Parts Used to build musketsEasiest and fastest way to make gunsEasier to make = more produced in shorter timePopular = low costsQuality not as good as those hand madeFactory owners chose quantity over quality