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By: Amanda White. Fires  3 things to burn  Heat  Oxygen  Fuel ExtinguisherFire TypeContents Type APaper, Wood, ClothWater Type BFlammable LiquidCarbon.

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Presentation on theme: "By: Amanda White. Fires  3 things to burn  Heat  Oxygen  Fuel ExtinguisherFire TypeContents Type APaper, Wood, ClothWater Type BFlammable LiquidCarbon."— Presentation transcript:

1 By: Amanda White

2 Fires  3 things to burn  Heat  Oxygen  Fuel ExtinguisherFire TypeContents Type APaper, Wood, ClothWater Type BFlammable LiquidCarbon Dioxide Type CElectricalDry Chemicals Type ABCEverythingGraphite Rescue patient Alarm Sound Confine Fire Extinguish Pull pin Aim at base Squeeze the handle Sweeping motion

3 Safety  Involves patient, visitors, and members of the health care team.  Precautions:  Orient pt to environment  Adequate lighting  Follow facility policies (use of side rails)  Beds in low position

4 Safety Continued  Keep cleaning supplies out of reach of children  Cover electrical appliances  Pot handles turned away from children's reach  Carefully monitor the water and don’t leave unattended  Keep side rails up to prevent falls.

5 Body Mechanics  Field of physiology that studies muscular actions and the functions of muscles in maintaining the posture of the body.  Broad base of support  Stance with feet slightly apart

6 Body Mechanics Continued  Purpose: don’t hurt yourself, the client, and it is easier.  8 Rules:  Use arms and legs  Keep neck, back, pelvis, and feet aligned. Avoid twisting  Slide pt toward yourself using pull sheet  Set abdominal and gluteal muscles in preparation for move  Position self close to pt  Flex knees  Encourage pt to assist if possible  2 workers lifting together

7 Hoyer Lift  EP2myQVns9s/transfer_a_patient_from_bed_to_wheelchair_using_a_hoyer_lift/ EP2myQVns9s/transfer_a_patient_from_bed_to_wheelchair_using_a_hoyer_lift/  A Hoyer lift is a device used to transfer pt’s more easily in and out of a bed.  You lay a pad under the pt that has places to hook the Hoyer lift to.  You then attach the lift to the pad and open the legs for support.  All you do is hit a button and make sure the bar doesn’t hurt the pt.  You then lower them into the wheel chair and unhook the Hoyer from the pad.  You then roll the pad and tuck it between the pt and the wheelchair.

8 Standard Precautions  Hand Washing  Side Rails  Call light in reach  Bed down  Mask, gown, gloves, booties (to protect the pt from you or you from the pt)

9 CPR  A=Airway  B=Breathing  C=Circulation  Shake and shout “are you ok?”  Early Access  Open Airway (head tilt/chin lift)  Establish Breathlessness (3-5 seconds)  Two Ventilations  Establish Circulation (5-10 seconds)  Chest Compressions  Defibrillation

10 CPR Continued  > 8 is considered adult  Child is 1 to puberty  Infant is <1  Check pulse at the carotid for adult and child  Check pulse at the brachial for an infant  Adult: 2 fingers below the xyphoid process use 2 hands  Child: 2 fingers below xyphoid process use 1 hand  Infant: 1 finger under the nipple line and use 2 fingers

11 CPR Continues  How many seconds between each breath should be given to:  Adult: 5  Child: 3  Infant: 3

12 CPR Continued AdultChildInfant Age>81- Puberty< 1 year PulseCarotid Brachial Position2 hands lower-half of sternum 1 hand lower-half of sternum 2 fingers- 1 finger below nipple line Depth1 ½- 2 inches1/3- ½ depth of chest Rate100 per minute At least 100 per minute Rescue1 breath every 5 seconds 1 breath every 3 seconds Cycle1 man 30:2 2 man 30:22 man 15:2

13 Terms  Pyrexia- elevated temp  Febrile- high temp  Hyperthermia- high body temp  Hypothermia- low body temp  Tachycardia- high heart rate (above 100 beats/min)  Bradycardia- slower heart beat (less then 60 beats/min)  Dysrythmia- irregular pulse  Tachypenia- rapid respirations  Bradypnea- slow reparations  Dyspnea- difficulty breathing  Rales- characterized by crackles on inspiration  Rhonchi- snoring sound. Expiration  Stertorous- heavy snoring sound on inspiration  Wheezing- whistling sound on Inspiration/Expiration

14 Terms Continued  Systolic- higher # ventricles contracting  Diastolic bottom# resting pressure  Hypertension- high BP  Hypotension- low BP  Syncope- fainting  Vertigo- dizzy  Epidemiologist- study of epidemic disease  Obstetrician- delivers babies  Orthopedic- correction of musculoskeletal deformities  Radiologist- physician who uses x-rays for diagnosis and treatment  Dermatologist- Dr that treats skin disorders  Gynecologist-physician that studies the diseases of the female reproductive organs  Oncologist- physician who specializes in cancer  Podiatrist- foot doctor

15 Terms Continued  Hemorrhage- bleeding that lasts more then a few mins  Holism-total pt care (physical, emotional, social, economic and spiritual)  Mortality- subject to death  Morbidity- being diseased  Precipitating factors- occurring suddenly  Contraindications- don’t do it  Primary illness- most serious illness  Acute illness- rapid onset, severe symptoms, and short course  Chronic illness-long duration disease showing little change  Comatose-in a coma  Hematoma- swelling comprised of a mass of blood  Lethargic- sleepiness

16 Terms Continued  Otoscope- device to examine the ear  Palpitation- feeling (like in BP palpating for the radial artery)  Advocacy- pleading for a desired goal  Autonomy- self-controlling  Congenital disorder- present at birth  Ecchymosis- bruise that bleeds under the skin  Distal- farthest from the trunk  Etiology- study of the causes of a disease  Exacerbation- increase the severity of a disease  Idiopathic illness- disease w/o recognizable cause  Occupational therapist- therapist who works with people who have a chronic disorder caused by an individuals occupation

17 Terms Continued  Orthopnea- sit up to breath  Orthostatic hypotension- dizzy when first sitting up from a lying position  Pruritus- itching

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