Presentation on theme: "Becoming a Police Officer"— Presentation transcript:
1Becoming a Police Officer Administration of JusticeChapter 4Don Hall
2Becoming a police officer is very different from obtaining most other jobs in the United States.
3Today’s officer is better educated, better trained, and more representative of the entire community than ever before. Educational levels have risen; training programs have improved; and department personnel are more diverse.
4STANDARDS IN POLICE SELECTION Each police department sets standards, or necessary qualifications, that it requires in selecting its prospective police officers.
5Physical Requirements Over the years, we have come to realize that brains are more important than brawn in police work.
6HEIGHT AND WEIGHT REQUIREMENTS Height and weight requirements for police department applicants have changed dramatically in recent years. Only a few decades ago, most departments required officers to be 5’8”
7SmokingIn an effort to respond to rising medical costs and to keep officers healthy and productive for a longer time, many departments have implemented no-smoking policies.
8Age RequirementsThe percentage of departments with maximum age limits has dropped significantly in recent years, largely due to age discrimination issues.
9Education Requirements 200015% some type of college requirement1% required a 4 year degree200317% some type of college requirementThe percentage of officers employed by a department with some type of college requirement was 32 percent in 2000, which was three times as many as in 1990.
10Criminal Record Restrictions The lack of a significant criminal record is a requirement to become a police officer. However, many police departments recognize that people may make mistakes, especially when young, that might result in an arrest.
11FIELD TRAINING Field Training Training is provided by specially selected officersLength of time can varyThe average number of hours is 326
12The police selection process is lengthy, difficult, and competitive. The Selection ProcessThe police selection process is lengthy, difficult, and competitive.
13According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, municipal police agencies utilized the following screening procedures:
15Written Entrance Examination With large numbers of individuals needing to be screened at this first step of the selection process, written test are generally used to minimize the time and cost to the agency.
16Physical Agility TestPolice departments are interested in police candidates who are physically fit.1.5 mile run300 meter runBench pressPush-upsSit-upsVertical jumpAgility Run
17Polygraph Examination The polygraph, often called the lie detector, is a mechanical device designed to ascertain whether a person is telling the truth. Some departments have switched to the voice stress analyzer, as they find it to be easier to administer and less intrusive to the candidate.
18Oral InterviewOral boards can be used to examine a candidate’s characteristics that might be otherwise difficult to assess, including poise, presence, and communication skills.
19Background Investigation In an effective background investigation, a candidate’s past life, past employment, school records, medical records, relationships with neighbors and others, and military record are placed under a microscope.
20Psychological Appraisal The psychological appraisal can assist in identifying individuals who may not adjust well to the law enforcement profession.
21Medical ExaminationPolice departments generally want candidates who are in excellent health, without medical problems that could affect their ability to perform the police job.Short-range reasons?Long-range reasons?