Presentation on theme: "SS7H3 The student will analyze continuity and change in Southern and Eastern Asia leading to the 21st century."— Presentation transcript:
1SS7H3 The student will analyze continuity and change in Southern and Eastern Asia leading to the 21st century.
2a. Describe how nationalism led to independence in India and Vietnam.
3b. Describe the impact of Mohandas Gandhi’s belief in non-violent protest.
4NationalismThe belief that people should be loyal to those with whom they share common history, customs, origins, and sometimes language and religion. These people often think of themselves as a distinct nation.
6IndiaFeelings of nationalism began to surface in India after the nation came under the direct rule of the British Empire.
7IndiaThere were two major groups that fought for independence in India: the first was the Indian National Congress (which was mostly made up of Hindus) and the Muslim League (which was made up of Indians who followed Islam).
8IndiaMohandas Gandhi, who was a believer in non-violence, began to urge Indians to refuse to cooperate with British laws they felt were unjust. His goal was to show the world the injustice of British rule in India. The plan was called civil disobedience.
9IndiaCivil disobedience was the refusal to obey unfair laws even if the result was punishment.
11IndiaExamples of civil disobedience were the boycott of British goods and the refusal to pay taxes that did not benefit the Indian people.
12IndiaGandhi’s campaign of civil disobedience gradually wore the British down, who granted the Indians their independence after World War II.
13IndiaBy 1946, disputes broke out among the Indians about how the country should be ruled. The final decision was to divide India into three countries. East and West Pakistan would be created for the Muslims. India would be a Hindu country.