Presentation on theme: "Evaluation Of AFL Central Australia Living With Alcohol"— Presentation transcript:
1Evaluation Of AFL Central Australia Living With Alcohol 2005 – 2007Presented by Ricky Mentha
2Evaluation Stakeholders Collaborators Alcohol Education Rehabilitation Foundation (AERF)Australian Football League Central Australia (AFLCA)Centre for Remote Health, a joint centre of Flinders University and Charles Darwin UniversityNational Drug and Alcohol Research Institute. Curtin UniversityTangentyere Council
3BackgroundThe evaluation documents the impact of the AFLCA living with alcohol program on anti-social behavior at AFLCA football games:Alcohol strategyTransport strategyHealthy lifestyles strategy
4AFLCA Alcohol Reduction Strategy Perceived Outcomes Increase crowd numbers & canteen salesEliminate antisocial behavior at matchesEliminate binge drinking at matchesPromote the living with alcohol messageShow AFLCA as proactive & responsible
5Transport Strategy Perceived Outcomes Decrease number of people staying in town following major eventsProvide remote communities a subsidized transport strategy
6Healthy Lifestyle Strategy Perceived Outcomes Aus-kick and Kick-start programs in remote Indigenous communities and major TownsIncreased participation in sportFootball Camps for remote children to develop skills and encourage a healthy lifestyle
7Evaluation Methodology Mixed methods Approach!Utilizing Multiple data sources and triangulationData sources:AFL Central Australian routine dataPolice custody & general disturbance dataAlice Springs Hospital injury dataKey informant interviewsSecurity dataDirect unobtrusive observations
9Assault*Other incidents**ArrestsTotalsPROMIS items20022003200420052006Footy season65132Not footy season261936104231115353938167292212* Assaults include aggravated assault**This category comprises: general disturbances, drunkenness, and vehicles interfered with..
10Police Data Shows a Decrease in Incidents and Arrests Since the Implementation
11Alice Springs Hospital Injury Admission Data Alice Springs Hospital data included selected ICD10 injury codes relevant to this evaluation.Each episode related to the admission of one patient. Injuries sustained during the in-season (April-September) and off-season (October-March) was stratified by Indigenous and non-Indigenous status for the periodWe selected data for weekends, which consisted of Friday-Monday inclusive.
12Alice Springs Hospital Injury Admissions 2002-2006 by Football Season & Indigenous Status TotalIn SeasonOff seasonIndigenousYearPre Intervention200236643680220037238221545200483310601893Post Intervention20051079115122302006110913412450411048108920Not Indigenous5354439781036868190410419592000103710612098108211002182473144319162
13Injury Admissions to Alice Springs Hospital, by Indigenous Status and Football Season Football SeasonFor the non-Indigenous data there was a significant positive year effect, there is an increasing trend in the number of hospitalisations.However the season effect is non-significant, there is no strong evidence that the number of hospitalisations differs between in and off seasons.It was very similar for the Indigenous data: a significant year effect showing an increasing trend over time.However not enough evidence to show a difference between seasons. The season effect was closer to being significant in this data though, with p=0.06.
14AFLCA Alcohol SalesAlcohol sales decreased 91% in the number of units of alcohol sold for full strength beer between the 2003 and 2004 AFLCA seasons.The number of units of alcohol for mid-strength beer has increased over the time period shown.Sales of light strength beer have remained fairly stable at a relatively low level.
15AFLCA Alcohol Sales 2003-2006 Individual Containers 30,00025,000Full strength20,000Standard Drink Units15,00010,0005,000-200320042005YearUnits of alcohol sold at AFLCA events by type of beer; 2003, 2004,2005 & 2006 AFCLA seasons
16AFLCA Spectator Attendances Decreasing spectator attendances2005 $165,8272006 $121,064Increased gate entry fee $5.00 to $7.00 plus $5.00 vehicle fee
172005-2006 AFLCA Retail Sales Canteen revenue 2005 $192,412 Alcohol sales inclusive in these figures
182005-2006 AFLCA Sponsorship Total sponsorship 2005 $196,729 $86,168 awards & advertisements from local business$110,561 grants & sponsorship from AERF & AFLNTTotal sponsorship 2006 $109,690$49,865 awards & sponsorship from local business and advertisements$59,834 grants & Sponsorship from AERF & AFLNT
19AFLCA Alcohol Evaluation Key Informant Surveys We conducted 44 key informant interviews in the off-season (September-April 2006 & 2007). The surveys generated both qualitative and quantitative data that reflected on the previous seasons. Key informants included:AFLCA administration/officials.Umpires.Security employees.Five town-based club representatives.Six remote community-based club representatives.
20Survey Results95.5% (n =42) of the respondents were were aware that alcohol restrictions existed.54.5% (n=24) of the respondents described all of the alcohol restrictions.86.4% (n=38) of the respondents stated they felt extremely safe at all AFLCA events, 9.1% (n=4) stated they felt reasonably safe and only 4.5% (n=2) of respondents felt unsafe while attending AFLCA events and fixtures.
21Survey Results84.1% (n=37) of the respondents believed there has been an attendance shift.Most 72.7% (n=32) answered that there were less people attending when asked to estimate numbers attending.61.4% (n=27) thought that on a weekly basis between less spectators were attending AFLCA events and fixtures since the implementation of the alcohol reduction strategy.
22Survey Results63.6% (n=28) of the respondents did not witness any alcohol related anti-social incidents.68.2% (n=30) of the respondents said that there were, on average, less than one incident at each game since 2004.93.2% (n=41) of the respondents said fewer incidents have occurred since the alcohol reduction strategy was implemented.
23Qualitative Survey Responses “As we prevent intoxicated spectators from entering the ground we cop a fair bit of abuse & are threatened a lot. Intoxicated people were being abusive and fighting. There were 1-2 incidents throughout the whole season”.(Security personal 2006).
24Qualitative Survey Responses “In the remote community competition people won’t risk drinking & fighting because their clubs might get kicked out of the competition”.(Remote community football club representative 2006).
25Qualitative Survey Responses “AFLCA are giving Aboriginal communities responsibility to manage people and educate people about going to the football drunk. We are providing local knowledge with the night patrol and community police to ensure public safety”.( Remote community football Club Representative 2007).
26Qualitative Survey Responses “Prior to the restrictions there were common alcohol related incidents. Those days were most uncomfortable due to the abusive language and expected violence fuelled by alcohol. Being a women, I have felt extremely safe since the alcohol restrictions”.(AFLCA administrator 2007).
27Qualitative Survey Responses “Spectators are more focused on the game than prior to the restrictions due to the fewer crowd disturbances and incidents due to the restricted alcohol availability”.(Town based club representative 2007).
28Direct Observations Noted decreased crowd attendance. RAS intervention has impacted positively on alcohol related anti-social behavior at games.AFLCA ensured the Zero tolerance policy on Anti-social behavior was enforced. Clubs were made an example of through suspension.
29Security Data – Number of Complaints, Incidents and Ejections 2005 AFLCA Season 250 weapons seized (digging sticks, shovels, and axes)17 females and 32 males physically escorted from the grounds33 females and 49 males asked to leave the grounds97 females and 165 males refused entry due to intoxication
30Aus-kick and Kick-start Programs Promote Family and Community Activity “It Surely Is a Pleasure to Observe”
31Health lifestyle promotion activities by AFLNT staff or players in schools TypeLocationParticipantsProgramSchoolLarapinta Primary113AFL NT School Clinic PromotionBraitling Primary415Gillen Primary277Ross Park Primary216OLSH - Sadadeen143ASHS52OLSH - Traeger138CommunitySports Fest200AFLNT Community Supported EventHealth expo100AFLCA Community Supported EventCAAMA & CongressNtaria Sports Gala150Ti Tree Bush Sports250Croc Fest221Community & schoolHarts Range27KickStart Community VisitDocker River40Santa Teresa137Ti Tree123Ntaria136Yuendumu96Alcoota20Ali Curung54Total3108
32Healthy Lifestyles Strategy Results Two camps were held in 2005 and 20062 day camp for invited children from remote communities and in town in December 2005The children were aged yearsFitness testing conducted on children to test their fitness
33AFLCA Auskick Program Participating teams Registrations for 2005 Ross Park87Sadadeen5961North side6355Larapinta5265Bradshaw6760Flynn ParkTennant Creek5016Yulara3822Traeger Park88Albrecht oval71Total479438Registrations for the Auskick Program, actual numbers for 2005, as provided in early 2006
34Remote Community Kick-start Program Kick-Start in Remote CommunitiesRegistrations for 2004Registrations for 2005Registrations for 2006Hearts Range2435Ti Tree64Mutitjulu*22Kintore*94Papunya19Yuendumu681633Hermansburg6563103Santa Teresa69Docker River3147Alcoota28Amblutawidj15Imanpa*12FinkTitjikala36Ali Curung*4199Willowra*21Total413240409
35References1. Kellhear A Unobtrusive Research in Health Social Sciences, Annual Review of Health Social Sciences 3:2. Palmer C & Thompson K The Paradoxes of Football Spectatorship: On field and Online Expressions of Social Capital Among the "Grog Squad", Sociology of Sport Journal 24 (2):3. Allsop S, Pascal R, Chikritzhs T. Management of Alcohol at Large-Scale Sports Fixtures and other Public Events, Perth: National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, September 2005.4. D’Abbs P, Togni S, Dequemin A. Evaluation of Restrictions on the Sale of Alcohol from Curtin Springs Roadside Inn, Northern Territory: A Report Prepared for the Office for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health. Darwin: Menzies School of Health Research, 1998.5. Gray D, Saggers S, Atkinson D, Sputore B, Bourbon D. 2000, Beating the grog: an evaluation of the Tennant Creek liquor licensing restrictions, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 24 (1):6. Gray, D., Saggers, S., Atkinson, D. and Strempel, P. Substance misuse and primary health care among Indigenous Australians. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Primary Health Care Review: Consultant Report No. 7. Canberra: Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, 2004.
36Evaluation Acknowledgements Alcohol Education & Rehabilitation Foundation.· Julie D’Arx.Curtin University.· Professor Dennis Gray.AFLCA.· Brett O’Farrell, General Manager.· Kable Kellerway, Regional Development Manager.Talice Security.· Walter Turnbull, Director/Manager.NT Police.· Lance Goodwin, Alice Springs Superintendent.· Rob Burgoyne, Admin. Support Officer.· Lloyd Kornelson, ICT - Corporate Analysis and Reporting, Northern Territory Police, Fire and Emergency Services.Alice Springs Hospital.· Vicky Taylor.· Mick Arundell.Flinders University.Kylie Lange, for statistical support.