Presentation on theme: "Centre for Remote Health A joint centre of Flinders University and Charles Darwin University Evaluation Of AFL Central Australia Living With Alcohol 2005."— Presentation transcript:
Centre for Remote Health A joint centre of Flinders University and Charles Darwin University Evaluation Of AFL Central Australia Living With Alcohol 2005 – 2007 Presented by Ricky Mentha
Evaluation Stakeholders Collaborators Alcohol Education Rehabilitation Foundation (AERF)Alcohol Education Rehabilitation Foundation (AERF) Australian Football League Central Australia (AFLCA)Australian Football League Central Australia (AFLCA) Centre for Remote Health, a joint centre of Flinders University and Charles Darwin UniversityCentre for Remote Health, a joint centre of Flinders University and Charles Darwin University National Drug and Alcohol Research Institute. Curtin UniversityNational Drug and Alcohol Research Institute. Curtin University Tangentyere CouncilTangentyere Council
Background The evaluation documents the impact of the AFLCA living with alcohol program on anti-social behavior at AFLCA football games:The evaluation documents the impact of the AFLCA living with alcohol program on anti-social behavior at AFLCA football games: Alcohol strategyAlcohol strategy Transport strategyTransport strategy Healthy lifestyles strategyHealthy lifestyles strategy
AFLCA Alcohol Reduction Strategy Perceived Outcomes Increase crowd numbers & canteen salesIncrease crowd numbers & canteen sales Eliminate antisocial behavior at matchesEliminate antisocial behavior at matches Eliminate binge drinking at matchesEliminate binge drinking at matches Promote the living with alcohol messagePromote the living with alcohol message Show AFLCA as proactive & responsibleShow AFLCA as proactive & responsible
Transport Strategy Perceived Outcomes Decrease number of people staying in town following major events Decrease number of people staying in town following major events Provide remote communities a subsidized transport strategy Provide remote communities a subsidized transport strategy
Healthy Lifestyle Strategy Perceived Outcomes Aus-kick and Kick-start programs in remote Indigenous communities and major TownsAus-kick and Kick-start programs in remote Indigenous communities and major Towns Increased participation in sportIncreased participation in sport Football Camps for remote children to develop skills and encourage a healthy lifestyleFootball Camps for remote children to develop skills and encourage a healthy lifestyle
Evaluation Methodology Mixed methods Approach! Utilizing Multiple data sources and triangulation Data sources: AFL Central Australian routine dataAFL Central Australian routine data Police custody & general disturbance dataPolice custody & general disturbance data Alice Springs Hospital injury dataAlice Springs Hospital injury data Key informant interviewsKey informant interviews Security dataSecurity data Direct unobtrusive observationsDirect unobtrusive observations
Assault* Other incidents** Arrests Totals PROMIS items Footy season65132 Not footy season21132 Footy season Not footy season Footy season Not footy season12220 Footy season Not footy season * Assaults include aggravated assault **This category comprises: general disturbances, drunkenness, and vehicles interfered with..
Police Data Shows a Decrease in Incidents and Arrests Since the Implementation
Alice Springs Hospital Injury Admission Data Alice Springs Hospital data included selected ICD10 injury codes relevant to this evaluation. Each episode related to the admission of one patient. Injuries sustained during the in-season (April-September) and off- season (October-March) was stratified by Indigenous and non- Indigenous status for the period We selected data for weekends, which consisted of Friday- Monday inclusive.
Alice Springs Hospital Injury Admissions by Football Season & Indigenous Status Indigenous Status SeasonTotal In Sea son Off seas on IndigenousYear Pre Intervention Post Interventio n Total Not IndigenousYear Pre Intervention Post Interventio n Total
Injury Admissions to Alice Springs Hospital, by Indigenous Status and Football Season Injury Admissions to Alice Springs Hospital, by Indigenous Status and Football Season Football Season For the non-Indigenous data there was a significant positive year effect, there is an increasing trend in the number of hospitalisations. However the season effect is non-significant, there is no strong evidence that the number of hospitalisations differs between in and off seasons. It was very similar for the Indigenous data: a significant year effect showing an increasing trend over time. However not enough evidence to show a difference between seasons. The season effect was closer to being significant in this data though, with p=0.06.
AFLCA Alcohol Sales Alcohol sales decreased 91% in the number of units of alcohol sold for full strength beer between the 2003 and 2004 AFLCA seasons. The number of units of alcohol for mid- strength beer has increased over the time period shown. Sales of light strength beer have remained fairly stable at a relatively low level.
AFLCA Alcohol Sales Individual Containers Units of alcohol sold at AFLCA events by type of beer; 2003, 2004,2005 & 2006 AFCLA seasons - 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30, Year Standard Drink Units Full strength
AFLCA Retail Sales Canteen revenue 2005 $192,412 Canteen revenue 2006 $121,064 Alcohol sales inclusive in these figures
AFLCA Sponsorship Total sponsorship 2005 $196,729 $86,168 awards & advertisements from local business $110,561 grants & sponsorship from AERF & AFLNT Total sponsorship 2006 $109,690 $49,865 awards & sponsorship from local business and advertisements $59,834 grants & Sponsorship from AERF & AFLNT
AFLCA Alcohol Evaluation Key Informant Surveys We conducted 44 key informant interviews in the off-season (September-April 2006 & 2007). The surveys generated both qualitative and quantitative data that reflected on the previous seasons. Key informants included: AFLCA administration/officials. Umpires. Security employees. Five town-based club representatives. Six remote community-based club representatives.
Survey Results 95.5% (n =42) of the respondents were were aware that alcohol restrictions existed. 54.5% (n=24) of the respondents described all of the alcohol restrictions. 86.4% (n=38) of the respondents stated they felt extremely safe at all AFLCA events, 9.1% (n=4) stated they felt reasonably safe and only 4.5% (n=2) of respondents felt unsafe while attending AFLCA events and fixtures.
Survey Results 84.1% (n=37) of the respondents believed there has been an attendance shift. Most 72.7% (n=32) answered that there were less people attending when asked to estimate numbers attending. 61.4% (n=27) thought that on a weekly basis between less spectators were attending AFLCA events and fixtures since the implementation of the alcohol reduction strategy.
Survey Results 63.6% (n=28) of the respondents did not witness any alcohol related anti-social incidents. 68.2% (n=30) of the respondents said that there were, on average, less than one incident at each game since % (n=41) of the respondents said fewer incidents have occurred since the alcohol reduction strategy was implemented.
Qualitative Survey Responses “As we prevent intoxicated spectators from entering the ground we cop a fair bit of abuse & are threatened a lot. Intoxicated people were being abusive and fighting. There were 1-2 incidents throughout the whole season”. (Security personal 2006).
Qualitative Survey Responses “In the remote community competition people won’t risk drinking & fighting because their clubs might get kicked out of the competition”. (Remote community football club representative 2006).
Qualitative Survey Responses “AFLCA are giving Aboriginal communities responsibility to manage people and educate people about going to the football drunk. We are providing local knowledge with the night patrol and community police to ensure public safety”. ( Remote community football Club Representative 2007).
Qualitative Survey Responses “Prior to the restrictions there were common alcohol related incidents. Those days were most uncomfortable due to the abusive language and expected violence fuelled by alcohol. Being a women, I have felt extremely safe since the alcohol restrictions”. (AFLCA administrator 2007).
Qualitative Survey Responses “Spectators are more focused on the game than prior to the restrictions due to the fewer crowd disturbances and incidents due to the restricted alcohol availability”. (Town based club representative 2007).
Direct Observations Noted decreased crowd attendance. RAS intervention has impacted positively on alcohol related anti- social behavior at games. AFLCA ensured the Zero tolerance policy on Anti-social behavior was enforced. Clubs were made an example of through suspension.
Security Data – Number of Complaints, Incidents and Ejections 2005 AFLCA Season 250 weapons seized (digging sticks, shovels, and axes) 17 females and 32 males physically escorted from the grounds 33 females and 49 males asked to leave the grounds 97 females and 165 males refused entry due to intoxication
Aus-kick and Kick-start Programs Promote Family and Community Activity “It Surely Is a Pleasure to Observe”“It Surely Is a Pleasure to Observe”
Health lifestyle promotion activities by AFLNT staff or players in schools TypeLocationParticipantsProgram SchoolLarapinta Primary113AFL NT School Clinic Promotion SchoolBraitling Primary415AFL NT School Clinic Promotion SchoolGillen Primary277AFL NT School Clinic Promotion SchoolRoss Park Primary 216AFL NT School Clinic Promotion SchoolOLSH - Sadadeen 143AFL NT School Clinic Promotion SchoolASHS52AFL NT School Clinic Promotion SchoolOLSH - Traeger138AFL NT School Clinic Promotion CommunitySports Fest200AFLNT Community Supported Event CommunityHealth expo100AFLCA Community Supported Event CommunityCAAMA & Congress 200AFLNT Community Supported Event CommunityNtaria Sports Gala 150AFLNT Community Supported Event CommunityTi Tree Bush Sports 250AFLNT Community Supported Event CommunityCroc Fest221AFLNT Community Supported Event Community & school Harts Range27KickStart Community Visit Community & school Docker River40KickStart Community Visit Community & school Santa Teresa137KickStart Community Visit Community & school Ti Tree123KickStart Community Visit Community & school Ntaria136KickStart Community Visit Community & school Yuendumu96KickStart Community Visit Community & school Alcoota20KickStart Community Visit Community & school Ali Curung54KickStart Community Visit Total3108
Healthy Lifestyles Strategy Results Two camps were held in 2005 and day camp for invited children from remote communities and in town in December 2005 The children were aged years Fitness testing conducted on children to test their fitness
AFLCA Auskick Program Participating teamsRegistrations for 2005 Registrations for 2006 Ross Park 870 Sadadeen 5961 North side 6355 Larapinta 5265 Bradshaw 6760 Flynn Park 630 Tennant Creek 5016 Yulara 3822 Traeger Park 088 Albrecht oval 071 Total Registrations for the Auskick Program, actual numbers for 2005, as provided in early 2006
Kick-Start in Remote Communities Registrations for 2004 Registrations for 2005 Registrations for 2006 Hearts Range Ti Tree00 64 Mutitjulu*022 0 Kintore*940 0 Papunya190 0 Yuendumu Hermansburg Santa Teresa069 0 Docker River Alcoota Amblutawidj015 0 Imanpa*120 0 Fink330 0 Titjikala360 0 Ali Curung* Willowra*210 0 Total Remote Community Kick-start Program
References 1. Kellhear A Unobtrusive Research in Health Social Sciences, Annual Review of Health Social Sciences 3: Palmer C & Thompson K The Paradoxes of Football Spectatorship: On field and Online Expressions of Social Capital Among the "Grog Squad", Sociology of Sport Journal 24 (2): Allsop S, Pascal R, Chikritzhs T. Management of Alcohol at Large-Scale Sports Fixtures and other Public Events, Perth: National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, September D’Abbs P, Togni S, Dequemin A. Evaluation of Restrictions on the Sale of Alcohol from Curtin Springs Roadside Inn, Northern Territory: A Report Prepared for the Office for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health. Darwin: Menzies School of Health Research, Gray D, Saggers S, Atkinson D, Sputore B, Bourbon D. 2000, Beating the grog: an evaluation of the Tennant Creek liquor licensing restrictions, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 24 (1): Gray, D., Saggers, S., Atkinson, D. and Strempel, P. Substance misuse and primary health care among Indigenous Australians. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Primary Health Care Review: Consultant Report No. 7. Canberra: Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, 2004.
Evaluation Acknowledgements Alcohol Education & Rehabilitation Foundation. Julie D’Arx. Curtin University. Professor Dennis Gray. AFLCA. Brett O’Farrell, General Manager. Kable Kellerway, Regional Development Manager. Talice Security. Walter Turnbull, Director/Manager. NT Police. Lance Goodwin, Alice Springs Superintendent. Rob Burgoyne, Admin. Support Officer. Lloyd Kornelson, ICT - Corporate Analysis and Reporting, Northern Territory Police, Fire and Emergency Services. Alice Springs Hospital. Vicky Taylor. Mick Arundell. Flinders University. Kylie Lange, for statistical support.