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Evaluation Of AFL Central Australia Living With Alcohol

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Presentation on theme: "Evaluation Of AFL Central Australia Living With Alcohol"— Presentation transcript:

1 Evaluation Of AFL Central Australia Living With Alcohol
2005 – 2007 Presented by Ricky Mentha

2 Evaluation Stakeholders Collaborators
Alcohol Education Rehabilitation Foundation (AERF) Australian Football League Central Australia (AFLCA) Centre for Remote Health, a joint centre of Flinders University and Charles Darwin University National Drug and Alcohol Research Institute. Curtin University Tangentyere Council

3 Background The evaluation documents the impact of the AFLCA living with alcohol program on anti-social behavior at AFLCA football games: Alcohol strategy Transport strategy Healthy lifestyles strategy

4 AFLCA Alcohol Reduction Strategy Perceived Outcomes
Increase crowd numbers & canteen sales Eliminate antisocial behavior at matches Eliminate binge drinking at matches Promote the living with alcohol message Show AFLCA as proactive & responsible

5 Transport Strategy Perceived Outcomes
Decrease number of people staying in town following major events Provide remote communities a subsidized transport strategy

6 Healthy Lifestyle Strategy Perceived Outcomes
Aus-kick and Kick-start programs in remote Indigenous communities and major Towns Increased participation in sport Football Camps for remote children to develop skills and encourage a healthy lifestyle

7 Evaluation Methodology
Mixed methods Approach! Utilizing Multiple data sources and triangulation Data sources: AFL Central Australian routine data Police custody & general disturbance data Alice Springs Hospital injury data Key informant interviews Security data Direct unobtrusive observations

8 Results

9 Assault* Other incidents** Arrests Totals PROMIS items 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Footy season 6 5 1 3 2 Not footy season 26 19 36 10 4 23 11 15 35 39 38 16 7 29 22 12 * Assaults include aggravated assault **This category comprises: general disturbances, drunkenness, and vehicles interfered with..

10 Police Data Shows a Decrease in Incidents and Arrests Since the Implementation

11 Alice Springs Hospital Injury Admission Data
Alice Springs Hospital data included selected ICD10 injury codes relevant to this evaluation. Each episode related to the admission of one patient. Injuries sustained during the in-season (April-September) and off-season (October-March) was stratified by Indigenous and non-Indigenous status for the period We selected data for weekends, which consisted of Friday-Monday inclusive.

12 Alice Springs Hospital Injury Admissions 2002-2006 by Football Season & Indigenous Status
Total In Season Off season Indigenous Year Pre Intervention 2002 366 436 802 2003 723 822 1545 2004 833 1060 1893 Post Intervention 2005 1079 1151 2230 2006 1109 1341 2450 4110 4810 8920 Not Indigenous 535 443 978 1036 868 1904 1041 959 2000 1037 1061 2098 1082 1100 2182 4731 4431 9162

13 Injury Admissions to Alice Springs Hospital, by Indigenous Status and Football Season Football Season For the non-Indigenous data there was a significant positive year effect, there is an increasing trend in the number of hospitalisations. However the season effect is non-significant, there is no strong evidence that the number of hospitalisations differs between in and off seasons. It was very similar for the Indigenous data: a significant year effect showing an increasing trend over time. However not enough evidence to show a difference between seasons. The season effect was closer to being significant in this data though, with p=0.06.

14 AFLCA Alcohol Sales Alcohol sales decreased 91% in the number of units of alcohol sold for full strength beer between the 2003 and 2004 AFLCA seasons. The number of units of alcohol for mid-strength beer has increased over the time period shown. Sales of light strength beer have remained fairly stable at a relatively low level.

15 AFLCA Alcohol Sales 2003-2006 Individual Containers
30,000 25,000 Full strength 20,000 Standard Drink Units 15,000 10,000 5,000 - 2003 2004 2005 Year Units of alcohol sold at AFLCA events by type of beer; 2003, 2004,2005 & 2006 AFCLA seasons

16 AFLCA Spectator Attendances
Decreasing spectator attendances 2005 $165,827 2006 $121,064 Increased gate entry fee $5.00 to $7.00 plus $5.00 vehicle fee

17 2005-2006 AFLCA Retail Sales Canteen revenue 2005 $192,412
Alcohol sales inclusive in these figures

18 2005-2006 AFLCA Sponsorship Total sponsorship 2005 $196,729
$86,168 awards & advertisements from local business $110,561 grants & sponsorship from AERF & AFLNT Total sponsorship 2006 $109,690 $49,865 awards & sponsorship from local business and advertisements $59,834 grants & Sponsorship from AERF & AFLNT

19 AFLCA Alcohol Evaluation Key Informant Surveys
We conducted 44 key informant interviews in the off-season (September-April 2006 & 2007). The surveys generated both qualitative and quantitative data that reflected on the previous seasons. Key informants included: AFLCA administration/officials. Umpires. Security employees. Five town-based club representatives. Six remote community-based club representatives.

20 Survey Results 95.5% (n =42) of the respondents were were aware that alcohol restrictions existed. 54.5% (n=24) of the respondents described all of the alcohol restrictions. 86.4% (n=38) of the respondents stated they felt extremely safe at all AFLCA events, 9.1% (n=4) stated they felt reasonably safe and only 4.5% (n=2) of respondents felt unsafe while attending AFLCA events and fixtures.

21 Survey Results 84.1% (n=37) of the respondents believed there has been an attendance shift. Most 72.7% (n=32) answered that there were less people attending when asked to estimate numbers attending. 61.4% (n=27) thought that on a weekly basis between less spectators were attending AFLCA events and fixtures since the implementation of the alcohol reduction strategy.

22 Survey Results 63.6% (n=28) of the respondents did not witness any alcohol related anti-social incidents. 68.2% (n=30) of the respondents said that there were, on average, less than one incident at each game since 2004. 93.2% (n=41) of the respondents said fewer incidents have occurred since the alcohol reduction strategy was implemented.

23 Qualitative Survey Responses
“As we prevent intoxicated spectators from entering the ground we cop a fair bit of abuse & are threatened a lot. Intoxicated people were being abusive and fighting. There were 1-2 incidents throughout the whole season”. (Security personal 2006).

24 Qualitative Survey Responses
“In the remote community competition people won’t risk drinking & fighting because their clubs might get kicked out of the competition”. (Remote community football club representative 2006).

25 Qualitative Survey Responses
“AFLCA are giving Aboriginal communities responsibility to manage people and educate people about going to the football drunk. We are providing local knowledge with the night patrol and community police to ensure public safety”. ( Remote community football Club Representative 2007).

26 Qualitative Survey Responses
“Prior to the restrictions there were common alcohol related incidents. Those days were most uncomfortable due to the abusive language and expected violence fuelled by alcohol. Being a women, I have felt extremely safe since the alcohol restrictions”. (AFLCA administrator 2007).

27 Qualitative Survey Responses
“Spectators are more focused on the game than prior to the restrictions due to the fewer crowd disturbances and incidents due to the restricted alcohol availability”. (Town based club representative 2007).

28 Direct Observations Noted decreased crowd attendance.
RAS intervention has impacted positively on alcohol related anti-social behavior at games. AFLCA ensured the Zero tolerance policy on Anti-social behavior was enforced. Clubs were made an example of through suspension.

29 Security Data – Number of Complaints, Incidents and Ejections 2005 AFLCA Season
250 weapons seized (digging sticks, shovels, and axes) 17 females and 32 males physically escorted from the grounds 33 females and 49 males asked to leave the grounds 97 females and 165 males refused entry due to intoxication

30 Aus-kick and Kick-start Programs Promote Family and Community Activity
“It Surely Is a Pleasure to Observe”

31 Health lifestyle promotion activities by AFLNT staff or players in schools
Type Location Participants Program School Larapinta Primary 113 AFL NT School Clinic Promotion Braitling Primary 415 Gillen Primary 277 Ross Park Primary 216 OLSH - Sadadeen 143 ASHS 52 OLSH - Traeger 138 Community Sports Fest 200 AFLNT Community Supported Event Health expo 100 AFLCA Community Supported Event CAAMA & Congress Ntaria Sports Gala 150 Ti Tree Bush Sports 250 Croc Fest 221 Community & school Harts Range 27 KickStart Community Visit Docker River 40 Santa Teresa 137 Ti Tree 123 Ntaria 136 Yuendumu 96 Alcoota 20 Ali Curung 54 Total 3108

32 Healthy Lifestyles Strategy Results
Two camps were held in 2005 and 2006 2 day camp for invited children from remote communities and in town in December 2005 The children were aged years Fitness testing conducted on children to test their fitness

33 AFLCA Auskick Program Participating teams Registrations for 2005
Ross Park 87 Sadadeen 59 61 North side 63 55 Larapinta 52 65 Bradshaw 67 60 Flynn Park Tennant Creek 50 16 Yulara 38 22 Traeger Park 88 Albrecht oval 71 Total 479 438 Registrations for the Auskick Program, actual numbers for 2005, as provided in early 2006

34 Remote Community Kick-start Program
Kick-Start in Remote Communities Registrations for 2004 Registrations for 2005 Registrations for 2006 Hearts Range 24 35 Ti Tree 64 Mutitjulu* 22 Kintore* 94 Papunya 19 Yuendumu 68 16 33 Hermansburg 65 63 103 Santa Teresa 69 Docker River 31 47 Alcoota 28 Amblutawidj 15 Imanpa* 12 Fink Titjikala 36 Ali Curung* 41 99 Willowra* 21 Total 413 240 409

35 References 1. Kellhear A Unobtrusive Research in Health Social Sciences, Annual Review of Health Social Sciences 3: 2. Palmer C & Thompson K The Paradoxes of Football Spectatorship: On field and Online Expressions of Social Capital Among the "Grog Squad", Sociology of Sport Journal 24 (2): 3. Allsop S, Pascal R, Chikritzhs T. Management of Alcohol at Large-Scale Sports Fixtures and other Public Events, Perth: National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, September 2005. 4. D’Abbs P, Togni S, Dequemin A. Evaluation of Restrictions on the Sale of Alcohol from Curtin Springs Roadside Inn, Northern Territory: A Report Prepared for the Office for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health. Darwin: Menzies School of Health Research, 1998. 5. Gray D, Saggers S, Atkinson D, Sputore B, Bourbon D. 2000, Beating the grog: an evaluation of the Tennant Creek liquor licensing restrictions, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 24 (1): 6. Gray, D., Saggers, S., Atkinson, D. and Strempel, P. Substance misuse and primary health care among Indigenous Australians. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Primary Health Care Review: Consultant Report No. 7. Canberra: Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, 2004.

36 Evaluation Acknowledgements
Alcohol Education & Rehabilitation Foundation. ·     Julie D’Arx. Curtin University. ·     Professor Dennis Gray. AFLCA. ·     Brett O’Farrell, General Manager. ·     Kable Kellerway, Regional Development Manager. Talice Security. ·     Walter Turnbull, Director/Manager. NT Police. ·     Lance Goodwin, Alice Springs Superintendent. ·     Rob Burgoyne, Admin. Support Officer. ·     Lloyd Kornelson, ICT - Corporate Analysis and Reporting, Northern Territory Police, Fire and Emergency Services. Alice Springs Hospital. ·     Vicky Taylor. ·     Mick Arundell. Flinders University. Kylie Lange, for statistical support.

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