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Impact of An Open Spectrum Onno W. Purbo An Ordinary Indonesian.

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Presentation on theme: "Impact of An Open Spectrum Onno W. Purbo An Ordinary Indonesian."— Presentation transcript:

1 Impact of An Open Spectrum Onno W. Purbo An Ordinary Indonesian

2 Acknowledgement Wizard of Os International Development Research Center (IDRC) Canada Indonesian Comrads

3 Outline Approach of the Ordinary Impact Accessment Improved Creativity

4 Indonesia 1993 Internet UsersFew CybercafeNone Schools on InternetNone ICT booksFew ICT MagazineFew

5 12+ Years Later, Today Million Indonesian Internet Users WiFi outdoor installations CyberCafes schools on the Internet Community Radio 20+ ICT Magazines Hundreds ICT Books Title Hundreds Local ICT Authors

6 Why Opening A Spectrum?

7 Unlicensing WiFi Band.. 2 million5000PC units US$69.6 mllionUS$ 2 millionInvest Tax WiFi equipts US$14.8 mllionUS$ VAT Tax/yr US$2.4 millionUS$ ISP Tax/yr 17.8 million1 millionUsers Next 5 YearsToday

8 Unlicensing WiFi Band.. 2 million5000PC units US$69.6 mllionUS$ 2 millionInvest Tax WiFi equipts US$14.8 mllionUS$ VAT Tax/yr US$2.4 millionUS$ ISP Tax/yr 17.8 million1 millionUsers Next 5 YearsToday Large Market! US$35/unit production cost  US$4.5 million industrial value!

9 Low Level Arguments 24 Hours 64Kbps Internet Access is US$ / month The most logical way to reduce the cost is to share it with others > Neighborhood Network ---> US$15-20 / month / house. The most convenient way to share it --- use WiFi for outdoor.

10 Paths in Opening Spectrum Top Down Supply Side Project Based Subsidy Bottom Up Demand Side Movement Self-finance To Win The War, You’ll Need Either Huge Power / Authority Lots of Money Large Mass

11 Strategy to Influence the Policy

12 In The Past Common ParliamentGovernment Operator

13 In The Past Common ParliamentGovernment Operator Input

14 In The Past Common ParliamentGovernment Operator Input Guidance

15 In The Past Common ParliamentGovernment Operator Input License Guidance

16 In The Past Common ParliamentGovernment Operator Input License Service Guidance

17 Poor’s People Approach

18 The Key.. It is a long 12+ years education process of the Indonesian people..

19 Community Movement Government Community

20 Community Movement Government Community Education / Knowledge

21 Community Community Movement Government

22 Community Community Movement Government ICT

23 Community Community Movement Government ICT

24 Community Community Movement Government ICT

25 Community Community Movement Government ICT

26 Community Community Movement Government ICT

27 2Q 2006 Approx Outdoor WiFi nodes Installation Rate ~2000 new nodes / month

28 Community Movement Government Community ICT Pressure

29 International Acknowledgement Government Community International Communities Acknow ledgement

30 International Media Press & Journalist..

31 International Acknowledgement Government Community International Communities Pressure

32 Pro Community Policy Government Community ICT

33 Pro Community Policy Government Community ICT Pro-Community Pro-People Pro-Poor Policy

34 5 January GHz Liberated

35 Human Factor All activities highly depend on the human & community behind it

36 The Community: In More Detail As of August 2006

37 Human Resource August 2006 Hacker35371 System Administrator28836 Programmer26153 Students

38 Hacker Community – Aug 2006

39 Sysadmin Community Aug 2006

40 Programmer Community

41 Average monthly

42 Leaders Period: 8/2004 – 8/2006 Leaders should be an integral part of the community & active in interaction with the community. Leaders can be identified by his / her posting. Leaders is the one who knows the way, shows the way & goes the way.

43 The Leaders Based on the number of postings during 8/2004 – 8/2006.

44 Leaders in Cybercafe Community Taufiq A. Rachman Onno W. Purbo Ihsan Irwin Day Adi Nugroho Leonardi Budiharto Noesapati wadi wijaya Sinbad

45 Leaders Ilmukomputer-networking Inggo Laredabona Aun Abdul Bambang Sun effendie Mardi Sihaloho Bimos Yudhi K Syafrullah Amri Harmi Prasetyo bangpei oke Onno W. Purbo

46 Leaders - delphindo Jaimy Azle Ferry Setiawan Mpu Gondrong Dwi Kristianto johan max Budiman Angir Zamrony P Juhara Andi Wangsadijaya Kusnassriyanto S Bahri Delphi Padawan

47 Leaders - jug-indonesia Frans Thamura Joshua Jackson Samuel Franklyn Frans Meruvian Rudi Har uud ashr Achmad Arif Rachim Endy Muhardin Adhari C Mahendra Ilhamsyah Edwar

48 Leaders - INDOWLI Onno W. Purbo bino_oetomo Sinbad Pataka ID Arnold Ph. Djiwatampu Adi Nugroho Michael S. Sunggiardi Rio Martin Nero Sumargono e-goen

49 Leaders - Jasakom-perjuangan PALUARED Onno W. Purbo xtrainet info Nyoman Diartha Sto Zamri Abu Bakar Mr. T. Anom Doni Wahyudi universe

50 Leaders - majalahneotek Albert Siagian imcw LaVecchiaSignora PALUARED Ropian Edy FL. Pradana EDUARD Harnanto SpongeBob Onno W. Purbo Wiempy Anom

51 Leaders - yogyafree family_server2 hartono orgil baek Jetto Van Java NUROHMAN DI BANDUNG I?C nebula ajegille IT hartono_id80 wolf ok

52 More Detailed on Wireless Internet Community's Behaviour

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55 2005, Police Raid to Cybercafe 2.4GHz Liberated! Sweeping 2.4GHz RT/RW-net, WISP, Wajanbolic!

56 Translated Top 10 Subject

57 Top 10 Subject 2001

58 Top 10 Subject 2002

59 Top 10 Subject 2003

60 Top 10 Subject 2004

61 Top 10 Subject 2005

62 Top 10 Subject 2006

63 Top 10 Subject Shift BusinessTechSelfGovPolicy

64 Leaders 2001

65 Leaders 2002

66 Leaders 2003

67 Leaders 2004

68 Leaders 2005

69 Leaders 2006

70 5 All Time Leaders

71 Leaders Profile Onno W. Purbo, was a lecturer at Institute of Technology in Bandung (ITB) & now spent most of his time writing books and educate the IT communities in Indonesia. PatakaID, a.k.a Didin, is very much activist of the grassroot IT and now serving as one of the leader at AirPutih group to help Aceh and other area in disaster to recover through IT.

72 Leaders Profile Bino Oetomo, was the technician of Malang’s first ISP as part of ITB network. He is now one of leading wireless consultant in Jogjakarta area. Michael S. Sunggiardi, is the owner of BoNet, an Indonet Subnet in Bogor, and very active in organizing workshop, demo and roadshows for the IT community in Indonesia.

73 Leaders Profile Arnold Ph. Djiwatampu, used to be one of the director within DG Postel & has been serving at ITU in Geneva. He is now serving in many consultative works as well as consulting the DGPostel. He is fairly government voice in the INDOWLI community.

74 Ingredient in the Environment Strong Underground & Community Leadership Strong Underground movement Interaction between underground & government

75 Some Interesting Approaches After the Indepedence US$35 2.4GHz Wokbolic CPE :)..  made by e-goen & friends in Indonesia. Neighbourhood Network Booming

76 Fact in Indonesia  64Kbps unlimited US$ / month!!  People can only afford US$20-30 / month. Internet Sharing  Share 64Kbps unlimited with houses  US$20-30 / house / month  Many uses WiFi 2.4GHz Affordable

77 E-goen's US$35 Wokbolic 2.4GHz CPE :)... Created by E-goen

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79 E-goen's Wokbolic & Other Homebrew In Action

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85 Upcoming Challenges.. Legalized Neighborhood Community Networks 2.4GHz Power Amplifier is cheap! US$ – creates lots of interferences Unlicensing 5.8GHz band (for backbone) Allocation of E.164 Number for Community Networks.


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