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APPROACHES TO T&L Language. AURAL/ORAL SKILLS Repetition Listening for gist Listening for detailed info (+ info gap) Role plays (& task-based activities.

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Presentation on theme: "APPROACHES TO T&L Language. AURAL/ORAL SKILLS Repetition Listening for gist Listening for detailed info (+ info gap) Role plays (& task-based activities."— Presentation transcript:

1 APPROACHES TO T&L Language

2 AURAL/ORAL SKILLS Repetition Listening for gist Listening for detailed info (+ info gap) Role plays (& task-based activities Dialogues (& pair work) Structured dialogues and discussions Tape recorders and videos Drills Chaining Positive feedback

3 READING AND WRITING SKILLS Genre analysis Model texts Writing frames and modelling Proofreading and peer editing Note-taking Matching exercises (& clause structures) Sequencing Cloze exercises

4 Reading & writing skills (ctd.) Process writing DARTS and independent reading Planning and structuring Positive feedback (Other tools/processes: ICT, journals/diaries, writing messages, co-operative writing, shared reading, project work etc..)

5 English Language Use (Speaking and Listening) Listen critically and sensitively and respond appropriately: Recognising speakers intention (info gap) Aware of interlocutors reactions & adjusting speech accordingly Recognising other peoples feelings & opinions & responding sensitively Appropriate questioning techniques and responses

6 In conversation, contribute own points & enable others to contribute Using linguistic and paralinguistic cues to signal ends of utterances Recognising such cues from others Allowing and encouraging others to take turns and make contributions i.e., Facilitate conversation to ensure effective participation of those involved

7 Speak clearly & articulately Adjusting volume, speed and pitch of voice to the setting, role and number of listeners Projecting voice without strain Using stress and intonation to indicate main points

8 Convey complex information & arguments effectively Organise ideas logically and link them coherently following English academic conventions: Using grammatical and phonological features to mark significant points Structuring utterances and/or a presentation with appropriate discourse markers

9 Non-verbal communication To enhance effectiveness of oral communication exchanges and respond to its use by others via: Eye contact Turn-taking Facial expression Gestures Posture

10 Practice: Controversial topic?


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