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Place as a management tool Spatially enabled government and iLand Place as a management tool Spatially enabled government and iLand A collaborative exercise.

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Presentation on theme: "Place as a management tool Spatially enabled government and iLand Place as a management tool Spatially enabled government and iLand A collaborative exercise."— Presentation transcript:

1 Place as a management tool Spatially enabled government and iLand Place as a management tool Spatially enabled government and iLand A collaborative exercise of the Centre for SDI and LA Jude Wallace and Rohan Bennett

2 1.The current challenges for land administration systems 2.The possibilities of spatial technologies and other ICT 3.Putting it all together - iLand 1.The current challenges for land administration systems 2.The possibilities of spatial technologies and other ICT 3.Putting it all together - iLand Today..Today..

3 The current challenges for land administration What issues are the driving changes to our existing systems

4 Challenge: Administering complex land markets Land markets are layered: simple markets are accompanied by.Land markets are layered: simple markets are accompanied by complex commodity markets. Two features of complex commodity markets:Two features of complex commodity markets: Sophisticated products: carbon credits, vertical villages, property trusts, secondary mortgage markets, water rights, biotaSophisticated products: carbon credits, vertical villages, property trusts, secondary mortgage markets, water rights, biota These commodities “unbundle land” interests and each relies on a unique system.These commodities “unbundle land” interests and each relies on a unique system. Land Administration systems must accommodate these markets and “rebundle” land managementLand Administration systems must accommodate these markets and “rebundle” land management Land markets are layered: simple markets are accompanied by.Land markets are layered: simple markets are accompanied by complex commodity markets. Two features of complex commodity markets:Two features of complex commodity markets: Sophisticated products: carbon credits, vertical villages, property trusts, secondary mortgage markets, water rights, biotaSophisticated products: carbon credits, vertical villages, property trusts, secondary mortgage markets, water rights, biota These commodities “unbundle land” interests and each relies on a unique system.These commodities “unbundle land” interests and each relies on a unique system. Land Administration systems must accommodate these markets and “rebundle” land managementLand Administration systems must accommodate these markets and “rebundle” land management

5 Integrating land management processes for sustainable developmentIntegrating land management processes for sustainable development Challenge: Achieving the land management paradigm Enemark, 2006

6 Governments have massively increased land use monitoring and restriction since World War IIGovernments have massively increased land use monitoring and restriction since World War II LAS are designed to manage rights and need to be reconstructed to manage restrictions and compliance regimesLAS are designed to manage rights and need to be reconstructed to manage restrictions and compliance regimes Governments have massively increased land use monitoring and restriction since World War IIGovernments have massively increased land use monitoring and restriction since World War II LAS are designed to manage rights and need to be reconstructed to manage restrictions and compliance regimesLAS are designed to manage rights and need to be reconstructed to manage restrictions and compliance regimes Challenge: Managing new regulatory systems ParcelParcel Planning Zone Heritage Protection Area Noise Restriction Mining Lease

7 WWII Phase 1 Building Instrumentalities Phase 2 Building markets Phase 3 Supporting Development Land registration and survey Private rights focus Valuation Planning Cadastre focus Sharing capacity Computerisation Land titling adaptation Sustainability Poverty reduction Multi-discipline SDIs Broad land policies Interoperability Regulation Access equity Complex commodities Land management tools Restrictions and responsibilities Phase 4 Contingency planning with spatial integration Economic Paradigm Social JusticeGovernance & Information Society EnvironmentThemes Challenge: Developing Land Administration

8 Computers and their possibilities…. Applying new ICT and spatial technologies to land administration

9 Technology and land administration… so far

10 The new technologies Computers can: Recognise the place where things happen – the magic of geocoding and location-aware computing Relate the computer place with actual “on the ground” – surveying and mapping Add information or attributes to the place Share information Computers can: Recognise the place where things happen – the magic of geocoding and location-aware computing Relate the computer place with actual “on the ground” – surveying and mapping Add information or attributes to the place Share information

11 Just some of the tools… Web systems (eLand, eConveyancing)Web systems (eLand, eConveyancing) GISGIS SDISDI Systems architectureSystems architecture Object modellingObject modelling LandXML…LandXML… Google Earth, Microsoft WorldGoogle Earth, Microsoft World ImagingImaging Geo-codingGeo-coding And many more…And many more… Web systems (eLand, eConveyancing)Web systems (eLand, eConveyancing) GISGIS SDISDI Systems architectureSystems architecture Object modellingObject modelling LandXML…LandXML… Google Earth, Microsoft WorldGoogle Earth, Microsoft World ImagingImaging Geo-codingGeo-coding And many more…And many more…

12 Another: Web mapping services Creating and share information about placesCreating and share information about places ASIBA, spatial interoperability demonstration project: Figure 6, page 17

13 Applying the tools… to date Example: eGovernment in AustraliaExample: eGovernment in Australia –Web site links 700 government web sites and search functions over 5 million online resources across the Australian, and other governments. –The focus of eGovernment in Australia has been on providing information NOT services –eland administration reflects this, but is moving on…. –eConveyancing changes business operations… Example: eGovernment in AustraliaExample: eGovernment in Australia –Web site links 700 government web sites and search functions over 5 million online resources across the Australian, and other governments. –The focus of eGovernment in Australia has been on providing information NOT services –eland administration reflects this, but is moving on…. –eConveyancing changes business operations…

14 GIS data sets - Small scale data - Natural environment data - Topographic data - ImageryCadastral data sets - Large scale - Parcel and property - Point and lines -Data verified on-ground - People friendly Basic spatial tools in iLand are merging How do we achieve integration? Meanwhile there is a growing body of place information…

15 Bridging the gaps… SDI Concepts WA SLIP

16 More bridges… Bridging the gaps – integrated databases Van der Molen, Kadastre International, 2004

17 Bringing it all together… Using place and spatial tools to organize government information according to location

18 The guiding principle… Only 5% of people know how to really use and create spatial information. spatial information. Lets use the base information and infrastructures these people have built to organize the other activities of government Only 5% of people know how to really use and create spatial information. spatial information. Lets use the base information and infrastructures these people have built to organize the other activities of government

19 The iLand Vision The five components of iLand The iLand Vision The five components of iLand iLand

20 Implementing iLand On demand SI: harnessing the wealth of world spatial information SIDP, module 1 page 12,

21 Essential tools in iLand Reliable on-ground identification of place on ground (surveying, GPS)Reliable on-ground identification of place on ground (surveying, GPS) Multi user digitisation of on-ground information and systematic verification of relationship between on- ground truth and digital version – “place information”Multi user digitisation of on-ground information and systematic verification of relationship between on- ground truth and digital version – “place information” Capacity to connect “relative” information to on- ground identificationCapacity to connect “relative” information to on- ground identification Means of translating digital information into people friendly terms: cadastre – address, parcels, properties, roads..Means of translating digital information into people friendly terms: cadastre – address, parcels, properties, roads.. Cheapest path forward – create once and use many timesCheapest path forward – create once and use many times Collaborative extension of use of “place information”Collaborative extension of use of “place information” Performance frameworkPerformance framework Multi disciplined approachesMulti disciplined approaches Reliable on-ground identification of place on ground (surveying, GPS)Reliable on-ground identification of place on ground (surveying, GPS) Multi user digitisation of on-ground information and systematic verification of relationship between on- ground truth and digital version – “place information”Multi user digitisation of on-ground information and systematic verification of relationship between on- ground truth and digital version – “place information” Capacity to connect “relative” information to on- ground identificationCapacity to connect “relative” information to on- ground identification Means of translating digital information into people friendly terms: cadastre – address, parcels, properties, roads..Means of translating digital information into people friendly terms: cadastre – address, parcels, properties, roads.. Cheapest path forward – create once and use many timesCheapest path forward – create once and use many times Collaborative extension of use of “place information”Collaborative extension of use of “place information” Performance frameworkPerformance framework Multi disciplined approachesMulti disciplined approaches

22 Benefits of iLand 1. 1.Spatial information systems deliver more – searching, analyzing, decision making 2. 2.Technical information is converted to people friendly information Costs of government are reduced Effectiveness of regulation and efficacy of tax systems improve Silo’s are broken down (slowly) 1. 1.Spatial information systems deliver more – searching, analyzing, decision making 2. 2.Technical information is converted to people friendly information Costs of government are reduced Effectiveness of regulation and efficacy of tax systems improve Silo’s are broken down (slowly)

23 But how is iLand different to SDI and GIS? iLand - is a vision rather than a tool or technologyis a vision rather than a tool or technology assumes that spatial information is already availableassumes that spatial information is already available challenges major agencies of government to spatially enable their systems, not just those responsible for the cadastrechallenges major agencies of government to spatially enable their systems, not just those responsible for the cadastre iLand - is a vision rather than a tool or technologyis a vision rather than a tool or technology assumes that spatial information is already availableassumes that spatial information is already available challenges major agencies of government to spatially enable their systems, not just those responsible for the cadastrechallenges major agencies of government to spatially enable their systems, not just those responsible for the cadastre

24 SDI Governments share and use spatial informationGovernments share and use spatial information Spatial information shared by business and citizensSpatial information shared by business and citizens Presupposes capacity for data transfer via networksPresupposes capacity for data transfer via networks Allows place information to be delivered to key users: emergency management, security, land management.Allows place information to be delivered to key users: emergency management, security, land management. “Spatially enables the business of government by linking spatial identifiers to business transactions”“Spatially enables the business of government by linking spatial identifiers to business transactions” An essential component (among others) for iLandAn essential component (among others) for iLandSDI Governments share and use spatial informationGovernments share and use spatial information Spatial information shared by business and citizensSpatial information shared by business and citizens Presupposes capacity for data transfer via networksPresupposes capacity for data transfer via networks Allows place information to be delivered to key users: emergency management, security, land management.Allows place information to be delivered to key users: emergency management, security, land management. “Spatially enables the business of government by linking spatial identifiers to business transactions”“Spatially enables the business of government by linking spatial identifiers to business transactions” An essential component (among others) for iLandAn essential component (among others) for iLand iLand Spatial identification and location enablement give place information for human activities and government decisions and policiesSpatial identification and location enablement give place information for human activities and government decisions and policies Administration of government, businesses and communities is reorganised to use place for policy making and service deliveryAdministration of government, businesses and communities is reorganised to use place for policy making and service delivery Place becomes the core for organising “relative” information about people, times, activities and morePlace becomes the core for organising “relative” information about people, times, activities and more Land information is a commodity for government, business and communitiesLand information is a commodity for government, business and communities iLand and SDI

25 Sustainable Development & eGovernment Sustainable Development & eGovernment Data Networks Applications & Functions Applications & Functions Health General Public Users General Public Users Private Sector Users Private Sector Users Government Users Government Users Social Datasets Social Datasets Environmental Datasets Environmental Datasets Economic Datasets Economic Datasets Crime Centralised or Distributed Operating System (Coordinated by SII) e.g. SLIP Emergency Planning Natural Resource Environment Infrastructure User Decisions & Transactions iLand SDI

26 Government operations already have elements of spatial enablement Location enabling the ATO Modern governments create new kinds of information about land Relative land information Socio/legal constructs, aspatial, abstract, dispersed, volatile, invisible, but visualisable Traditional land information activities Stable, objective, scientifically provable, observable

27 LAS vision for tomorrow…

28 What’s left to do? Research and development! Everyone is welcome to join in… Thanks for your time… Questions? Research and development! Everyone is welcome to join in… Thanks for your time… Questions?


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