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Legal Framework for e-Research July 2007 Gold Coast, Australia Chris Greer US National Science Foundation Office of Cyberinfrastructure (NSF/OCI)

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Presentation on theme: "Legal Framework for e-Research July 2007 Gold Coast, Australia Chris Greer US National Science Foundation Office of Cyberinfrastructure (NSF/OCI)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Legal Framework for e-Research July 2007 Gold Coast, Australia Chris Greer US National Science Foundation Office of Cyberinfrastructure (NSF/OCI)

2 Outline Research and Discovery in 5 Dimensions Fundamental Challenges A Shared Vision Strategies for Achieving the Vision

3 … is the organized aggregate of technologies that enable us to access and integrate today’s information technology resources—data and storage, computation, communication, visualization, networking, scientific instruments, expertise—to facilitate science and engineering goals. - Fran Berman, Director, SDSC Cyberinfrastructure …

4 New Modes of Investigation The conduct of science and engineering is changing and evolving. This is due, in large part, to the expansion of networked cyberinfrastructure … NSF Strategic Plan 2006-2011

5 x y z x y z Timet x y z t x y z x y z t t Before the Digital Age: A World Constrained to 4 Dimensions

6 x y z x y z x y z x y z t x y z t

7 x y z x y z Timet x y z t x y z x y z t t CI 5th Dimension


9 Opening a 5 th dimension through cyberinfrastructure is the defining feature of the digital age …

10 The world is flat - Thomas Friedman More room for innovationMore room for innovation New spaces for learning and discoveryNew spaces for learning and discovery Expanded opportunities for collaboration and interactionExpanded opportunities for collaboration and interaction Greater capabilities for research and educationGreater capabilities for research and education The flat world is expanding - Anonymous NSF program director

11 Information is the currency of the digital age and information integration is the means for mobilizing that currency for discovery, innovation, learning, and progress.

12 How and where did life on earth arise? Geochemistry Paleobiology Biochemistry Systematic Biology Evolutionary Chemistry Cyberinfrasructure for Information Integration

13 Behavioral Science Cognition Neuroanatomy Neurochemistry Philosophy What is the biological basis of consciousness? Cyberinfrasructure for Information Integration

14 Individuals, groups, organizations, and nations that don’t embrace the 5 th dimension will fall behind in the digital age

15 Characteristics of a 5D World: 1.Time and place are no longer barriers to participation and interaction 2.Information is the primary driver for progress 3.Access is open to specialists and non- specialists alike 4.The realm of the possible is expanded through new capabilities, resources, and mechanisms


17 “Sometime in the 2010s, if all goes well, the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) will start to bring a vision of the heavens to Earth. Suspended between its vast mirrors will be a three billion- pixel sensor array, which on a clear winter night will produce 30 terabytes of data. In less than a week this remarkable telescope will map the whole night sky …. And then the next week it will do the same again … building up a database of billions of objects and millions of billions of bytes.” Nature 440:383

18 Sources : The Expanding Digital Universe, March 2007, IDC White Paper sponsored by EMC Corporation, on/digital_universe/ How Much Information? 2003, Peter Lyman and Hal Varian, Berkeley School of Information, /research/projects/how-much- info-2003/


20 The Fragility of Memory in a Digital Age Report of the Task Force on Archiving of Digital Information Commission on Preservation and Access and the Research Libraries Group “In 1964, the first electronic mail message was sent from either MIT, the Carnegie Institute, or Cambridge University. The message does not survive, however, and so there is no documentary record to determine which group sent the pathbreaking message.”

21 NASA plans new search for missing moon tapes Aug. 15, 2006, 5:13PM Seth Borenstein, Associated Press WASHINGTON —NASA said today it was launching an official search for more than 13,000 original tapes of the historic Apollo moon missions.

22 2006 US National Library of Medicine Survey 6,054 articles in 214 journal issues in calendar year 2006 10% of articles have linked, supplemental information (SI) Among articles with SI links, average 2.2 links per article

23 Source: Sellitto, C (2004) J Info Sci 30:484 N = 1,041 web references in 123 articles

24 StudyResource type Resource half-life Koehler (1999 and 2002) Random Web pages 2.0 years Nelson and Allen (2002) Digital Library Object 24.5 years Harter and Kim (1996) Scholarly Article Citations 1.5 years Rumsey (2002) Legal Citations 1.4 years Markwell and Brooks (2002) Biological Science Education Resources 4.6 years Spinellis (2003) Computer Science Citations 4.0 years Source: Koehler W. (2004) Information Research, 9 (2), 174

25 “If we are effectively to preserve for future generations the …. corpus of information in digital form that represents our cultural record, we need … to commit ourselves [as a society] technically, legally, economically, and organizationally to the full dimensions of the task.” Report of the Task Force on Archiving of Digital Information, 1996 Commission on Preservation and Access and the Research Libraries Group A Challenge for Society

26 A Global Response “ Ensuring research data are easily accessible, so that they can be used as often and as widely as possible, is a matter of sound stewardship of public resources.” Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD); “Promoting Access to Public Research Data for Scientific, Economic, and Social Development”

27 Europe “DRIVER responds to the vision that any form of scientific-content resource, including reports, research articles, experimental or observational data, rich media … should be freely accessible through simple Internet-based infrastructures.” Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

28 Canada “[W]e propose the establishment of a dedicated national infrastructure, tentatively called Data Canada, to assume overall leadership in the development and execution of a strategic plan [for digital data]. ” National Consultation on Access to Scientific research Data (NCASRD)

29 New Zealand “Ensuring that New Zealand’s digital memory is preserved so it is accessible for present and future generations … Providing the mechanisms to make it quick and easy for New Zealanders to find, share, access, use and re-purpose content.” Creating Digital New Zealand: The Draft New Zealand Digital Content Strategy

30 Australia “The National Library of Australia's Preserving Access to Digital Information (PADI) initiative aims to … ensure that information in digital form is managed with appropriate consideration for preservation and future access.” National Library of Australia's Preserving Access to Digital Information (PADI) initiative

31 National Science Foundation

32 Vision: “… a vision in which science and engineering digital data are routinely deposited in well- documented form, are regularly and easily consulted and analyzed by specialists and non- specialists alike, are openly accessible while suitably protected, and are reliably preserved.”

33 Goals: To catalyze the development of a system of science and engineering data collections that is open, extensible and evolvable. To support development of a new generation of tools and services facilitating data acquisition, mining, integration, analysis, and visualization.

34 Digital Data Preservation and Access Framework Federal State Local International Non-profit College University USER Commercial Multisector Nimble Sustainable Reliable User-centric

35 Summary Strategic plan seeks to: Promote a change in culture Catalyze development of a digital data preservation and access framework Support new generations of tools, services, and capabilities

36 NSFNet Traffic– September 1991

37 The World Wide DataNet @ T=T 0 = Data point-of-presence

38 The World Wide DataNet @ T=T N

39 The Universities “Ever since their inception, universities have been occupied with the fundamental elements of what we now call 'knowledge management', i.e. the creation, collection, preservation and dissemination of knowledge.” Andre Oesterlinck, Knowledge Management in Post-Secondary Education: Universities

40 The distinctive mission of the University is to serve society as a center of higher learning, providing long-term societal benefits through transmitting advanced knowledge, discovering new knowledge, and functioning as an active working repository of organized knowledge. Mission Statement of the University of California

41 The Academic Libraries “It is to the research library community that others will look for the preservation of … digital assets, as they have looked to us in the past for reliable, long-term access to the ‘traditional’ resources and products of research and scholarship.” Association of Research Libraries (ARL) Strategic Plan 2005-2009

42 Keith Webster University Librarian and Director of Learning Services The University of Queensland Library's mission is to link people with information, enabling the University of Queensland to achieve excellence in teaching, learning, research, and community service.

43 Domain Science Archival Sciences Lib/Info Sciences Computer Science Cyber infra- structure Computational & Information Sciences I-Center

44 CI Principles for a Successful Legal Framework in 5 Dimensions Enabling information integration is the raison d’etre Reliable digital preservation and access are the foundations Data are plural A world of five dimensions is inherently international The 5 th dimension is built by individuals and institutions Absence of continuous change is a threat

45 NSF’s Cyberinfrastructure Vision for 21 st Century Discovery:

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