Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

6.1 Launching a New Nation A New Nation. 6.1 Launching a New Nation The Issues of the Day.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "6.1 Launching a New Nation A New Nation. 6.1 Launching a New Nation The Issues of the Day."— Presentation transcript:

1 6.1 Launching a New Nation A New Nation

2 6.1 Launching a New Nation The Issues of the Day

3 A new nation where Americans will have to work out: Who has the power in which circumstance? What does the Constitution say about who has the power? What about things no one thought of when they wrote the Constitution? There is a growing tension between the northern and southern states…..

4 6.1 Launching a New Nation Different Types Of Powers In The Constitution

5 Powers as defined by the Constitution: Reserved: as found in the 10 th Amendment. These are powers only for the states Delegated: found in Article I Section 8: exclusively for the federal govt (also called enumerated or expressed powers) Concurrent: shared powers between federal govt and state govts

6 Remained neutral in politics. Disliked political parties. Too much disagreements he thought. Washingtons Presidency

7 G Washington creates the first presidential cabinet It doesnt say anything in the Constitution about a cabinet. This is one of those implied powers

8 Political Parties begin to develop they are split over how to run the govt

9 People still debate on how the govt should be run Anti federalist Under Thomas Jefferson Federalist Under Alexander Hamilton This is the basis for future division of political parties

10 The parties views of the government Republicans Federalists Strong central govt and the educated to lead the nation States rights and the common man

11 Appeased the Anti-Federalists #1-9 stop Congress from impinging on rights #10 Powers not mentioned reserved to the state govts The Bill of Rights

12 Important Court Case

13 1 st Court System Judiciary Act of 1789 Made a Supreme Court with Chief Justice and 5 associate justices (today it is 9 members) 3 federal circuit courts 13 federal district courts state s court decisions to be appealed to federal court when constitutional issues raised. Guarantees federal laws are Supreme Law of Land.

14 Important Court Case Judicial review is established Marbury v Madison 1803

15 Important Court Case It states that the Constitution is the supreme law of the nation. This is the Supremacy Clause. – sometimes it is called the Commerce Clause McCullough v Md 1819

16 Supremacy Clause It states that the Constitution is the supreme law of the nation. This is the Supremacy Clause. – sometimes it is called the Commerce Clause

17 Important Court Case Federal govt has the right to regulate interstate (state to state) trade Gibbons v Ogden 1824

18 The new country is worried about debt and finances

19 Create a national bank Tax whiskey Makes the govt look stronger to other countries Hamiltons Financial Plan

20 VA and other large states dont like debt idea Small farmers protest taxes & National Bank Some people think this isnt right because it does not say in the constitution that we can have a national bank! Those who are against the national bank

21 The govt decides to tax whiskey to make some money

22 Whiskey Rebellion Tries the New Nation 1794 PA farmers are mad about the excise tax on whiskey They rebel

23 Whiskey Rebellion Tries the New Nation 1794 Proves federal/national power in domestic events

24 Rebellions 1676 Bacons Rebellion 1786 Shays Rebellion 1794 Whiskey Rebellion

25 Political Parties begin to develop they are split over how to run the govt

26 The parties views of the national bank Anti Federalist or Democratic- Republicans Federalists Supported Natl Bank – what the country needs for economic growth Opposed the Natl Bank – too much power in hands of govt

27 Foreign Affairs Trouble the New Nation

28 French Revolution Britain and France engaged in war American neutrality declared 1. Jays Treaty 2. Citizen Genet 3. British impressment of sailors Foreign Troubles

29 Jays Treaty Jays Treaty – b/w Great Britain and US. 1.Averted war 2.Settled issues which had been unresolved after the American Revolution and the Treaty of Paris Created what would be ten years of peaceful trade b/w US and GB This made the Jeffersonian Republicans mad. They thought this treaty would only benefit the Hamiltonian Federalists

30 Political Parties begin to develop they are split over how to run the govt

31 The parties views of Jays Treaty Anti Federalist or Democratic- Republicans Federalists Jays Treaty is important to avoid war so we can concentrate on economic growth Jays Treaty only helps northern manufacturers. It hurts Southern farmers.

32 Edmund Genet The Genet Affair Edmund Genet – a French diplomat who comes to the U.S. He doesnt obey diplomatic procedure but instead starts recruiting Americans in the pubs to join in Frances Revolution Washington demands he be sent home Genet stays in the U.S. and becomes citizen John Adams Pt 5 31:40-36:51 Genet and Jefferson resigns

33 Quasi War with France

34 Relations with Britain, still smarting from the loss of her colonies, worsened in the early 1790s 1)impressment of American seamen. They kidnap them off the boats & make them work on British shipsimpressment 2)continuing British occupation of western posts within U.S. borders. British Impressment

35 Impressment

36 Washington declares official American Neutrality

37 Political Parties begin to develop they are split over how to run the govt

38 The parties views of Quasi War with France Anti Federalist or Democratic- Republicans Federalists Support Quasi War with France. Britain is our trading partner and that is most important Quasi War with France is wrong. We should be against Britain and we should support French Revolution.

39 Westward Expansion

40 Domestic Disturbances 1783 Treaty of Paris never mentioned the Native Americans The Native Americans want their tribal lands British still in forts along the rich Ohio Valley Americans want to move west into those rich farmlands past the Appalachian Mountains

41 Battle of Fallen Timbers 1792 Ohio area Battle of Fallen Timbers Gen. Wayne destroys the Indians and destroys the forest

42 2 nd President

43 The Election of 1796 Federalist nominate John Adams Democratic- Republicans nominate Thomas Jefferson

44

45 XYZ Affair

46 Meanwhile, in France XYZ Affair – French insult us by trying to bribe our diplomats

47 Are we at war with France? It is a quasi –war…..

48 Americans are mad! Federalist take advantage of the anger to pass the Alien and Sedition Acts These acts threaten the First Amendment rights….freedom of Speech, press, assembly, religion, etc.

49 Alien and Sedition Acts Alien Act – Residence requirement now 14 years! – President can jail or deport any undesirable immigrant Sedition Act – Jail for anyone interfering or uttering falsehoods about the gov t

50 What about our 1 st Amendment rights? Thomas Jefferson James Madison (the Democratic-Republicans) Saw this as THE PROOF of federal govt abusing individual rights Of course, they go to the States!

51 Jefferson and young Henry Clay from KY create a document The Virginia Kentucky Resolution which says the states DO NOT have to obey the federal govt and Alien and Sedition Acts its states v federal, again

52 The Virginia Kentucky Resolution States have the right to null and void any act of Congress they think is unconstitutional this is the principal of Nullification

53 Political Parties begin to develop they are split over how to run the govt

54 The parties views of Alien and Sedition Act Anti Federalist or Democratic- Republicans Federalists Alien and Sedition Acts protect the govt in time of war Alien and Sedition Acts prove the national govt is too strong and will trample the rights of the states! RIP

55 3rd President

56

57 THE MIDNIGHT JUDGES As Adams is about to leave office, he pushes through Congress the Judiciary Act of 1801 He adds 16 new federal judges!

58 JEFFERSON S REACTION TO ADAMS PACKING THE COURT Furious! – Jeff argues that some of the documents authorizing the appointments had not been delivered by the time Adams left office, they were invalid THIS LED TO ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT COURT CASES OF ALL TIME: – MARBURY v. MADISON

59 This creates the case of Marbury v Madison which is one of THE MOST IMPORTANT COURT DECISIONS in U.S. history The Supreme Court has the power to judge a law to be constitutional or not constitutional

60 Eli Whitney invents the Cotton Gin

61 Louisiana Purchase 1803 New territory investigated by Lewis and Clark Led by Native woman Sacajaweah

62 Embargo Act of 1807

63 War Is Approaching The War of 1812

64 We go to war with Britain – again!

65 War Hawks They are mad. They think Britain is hurting us in 1. trade 2. Impressment 3. Still own some of land in northern Ohio areas. They want war.

66 War of War in Canada and at sea. 2.British in DC 3. Andrew Jackson in battle of New Orleans 4. Treaty of Ghent

67 Life After the War of 1812 Life is good…


Download ppt "6.1 Launching a New Nation A New Nation. 6.1 Launching a New Nation The Issues of the Day."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google