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1 ‘Safety outweighing every other consideration?’.

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Presentation on theme: "1 ‘Safety outweighing every other consideration?’."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 ‘Safety outweighing every other consideration?’

2 Recognise this Ship? White Star’s The Olympic

3 Two sister ships… The Olympic: Commissioned 14 th June 1911 The Titanic: Commissioned 11 th April 1912

4 Olympic Class of White Star Steamers Developed by JP Morgan’s White Star shipping group Constructed by Harland & Wolff in Belfast included The Olympic, The Titanic and The Britannic Designed to compete with Cunard & German Shippers on the prestigious transatlantic crossing in the early 1900s Built for affluent travelers offering high-speed luxury Reference: ‘The Riddle of the Titanic’, Gardiner et. al. Orion, 1998

5 The Olympic – Prelude to Disaster 21 st Jun 1911 Upon commissioning crashed into & almost sunk O.L. Halenbeck in Manhattan 20 th Sep 1911 Crashed into the Naval Cruiser the HMS Hawke in Southampton 24 th Feb 1912 Knocked off one of its twenty-six tone propellers on a well-known wreck in the Grand Banks 5 Damage to the Olympic from the HMAS Hawke impact Reference: ‘The Riddle of the Titanic’, Gardiner et. al. Orion, 1998 Captained by Edward J. Smith.

6 Captain Edward J. Smith 27th Jan 1889: Ran The Republic aground in New York 1st Dec 1890: Ran The Coptic aground in Rio de Janeiro 4th Nov 1909: Ran The Adriatic aground outside New York History of running ships too fast through narrow passages and of not adequately training his officers Captain Smith was commissioned to command the Titanic Reference: ‘The Riddle of the Titanic’, Gardiner et. al. Orion, 1998

7 Titanic - Tragic Circumstances 14 th April 1912 –Smith received at least six warnings of Ice field from ships at dead stop in the area –No binoculars in the crow’s nest meant that early warning was near impossible –Titanic sped toward ice field at 22.5 knots vs a recommended 10 knots in such conditions Safety Response Capability –Lifeboats on the ship had been reduced from sixty-four boats to twenty-two in lieu of more expansive promenades –The officers on board The Titanic had not trained with the lifeboats and were unsure of their holding capacity –There was not a standing safety-response plan.. the ‘Women and Children first’ response was a reaction more than a previously-agreed plan 7 Reference: ‘The Riddle of the Titanic’, Gardiner et. al. Orion, 1998 Motivations for this speed –Desire to break the transatlantic speed record as encouraged by J. Bruce Ismay MD of White Star who was on board for the maiden voyage

8 The Results Lives Saved: 705 Total passengers: 2205 Lives Lost: 1500 Max Lifeboat Capacity: 1600 It wasn’t until 45 minutes after the collision that officers commenced preparing the lifeboats Twenty lifeboats were launched Officers feared that the ship’s winches would not hold the weight of the recommended 70 people All but the last few lifeboats floated were half-filled It is a fact that had the Officers filled the lifeboats per their specification an additional 600+ people could have been saved 8 Reference: ‘The Riddle of the Titanic’, Gardiner et. al. Orion, 1998

9 9 ‘Safety outweighing every other consideration?’ Was the framed notice in the chart room of every White Star liner in 1912

10 Could it have been prevented? 10 Design and Construction Asset Operation/ Safe Operating Limits Titanic sped toward ice field at 22.5 knots vs a recommended 10 knots Desire to break the transatlantic speed record encouraged by the White Star MD Leadership Behaviours No binoculars in crows nest Asset Operation/ Early Warning Systems Design & Construction People & Competencies Emergency Response HAZARD Ship on High Ocean Design didn’t take into account damage beyond front watertight bulkhead Ship sinks Damage to bulkhead Ship hits iceberg HAZARD REALIZATION Captain J Smith had a history of running ships too fast through narrow passages Controls Consequences Barriers Breaks in Barriers Most incidents happen as a result of several barriers failing: processes not in place or not followed, accountabilities not clear, lack of competencies and/or assurance There was no emergency response/ standing safety plan in place 1500 Fatalities People & Competencies “Construct all equipment with inherently safer design principles” “Define and stick to safe operating limits” “Do not set conflicting targets” ”Display visible commitment to Safety” “Conduct regular checks to check early warning systems are functional” “Check that employees in safety-critical roles are competent to do the job” Active Passive Procedural Examples of Executive Rules Officers had not trained with the lifeboats and were unsure of their holding capacity Max lifeboat capacity was far less than total number of passengers on board “….”“….“…..”


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