Presentation on theme: "‘Safety outweighing every other consideration?’"— Presentation transcript:
1 ‘Safety outweighing every other consideration?’ Read statement – quite powerful no?Would you agree?A good part of today will be spent talking about how to improve safety and operating standards – so I just want to take you through a few slides to illustrate some of the challenges.
2 Recognise this Ship? White Star’s The Olympic Recognise this ship? No not titanic…
3 Two sister ships… The Olympic: Commissioned 14th June 1911 The Titanic: Commissioned 11th April 1912
4 Olympic Class of White Star Steamers Developed by JP Morgan’s White Star shipping groupConstructed by Harland & Wolff in Belfast included The Olympic, The Titanic and The BritannicDesigned to compete with Cunard & German Shippers on the prestigious transatlantic crossing in the early 1900sBuilt for affluent travelers offering high-speed luxuryHarland & WolffCunard & German –best at the time3) Grand ships – first class virgin for their timeReference: ‘The Riddle of the Titanic’, Gardiner et. al. Orion, 1998
5 The Olympic – Prelude to Disaster Damage to the Olympic from the HMAS Hawke impact21st Jun 1911Upon commissioning crashed into & almost sunk O.L. Halenbeck in Manhattan20th Sep 1911Crashed into the Naval Cruiser the HMS Hawke in Southampton24th Feb 1912Knocked off one of its twenty-six tone propellers on a well-known wreck in the Grand BanksSome interesting facts…Picture: damage done after Olympic went into HMS Hawke – quite significant damage!Reference: ‘The Riddle of the Titanic’, Gardiner et. al. Orion, 1998Captained by Edward J. Smith.
6 Reference: ‘The Riddle of the Titanic’, Gardiner et. al. Orion, 1998 Captain Edward J. Smith27th Jan 1889: Ran The Republic aground in New York1st Dec 1890: Ran The Coptic aground in Rio de Janeiro4th Nov 1909: Ran The Adriatic aground outside New YorkHistory of running ships too fast through narrow passages and of not adequately training his officersCaptain Smith was commissioned to command the TitanicReference: ‘The Riddle of the Titanic’, Gardiner et. al. Orion, 1998
7 Titanic - Tragic Circumstances 14th April 1912Smith received at least six warnings of Ice field from ships at dead stop in the areaNo binoculars in the crow’s nest meant that early warning was near impossibleTitanic sped toward ice field at 22.5 knots vs a recommended 10 knots in such conditionsSafety Response CapabilityLifeboats on the ship had been reduced from sixty-four boats to twenty-two in lieu of more expansive promenadesThe officers on board The Titanic had not trained with the lifeboats and were unsure of their holding capacityThere was not a standing safety-response plan.. the ‘Women and Children first’ response was a reaction more than a previously-agreed planEveryone knows what happened….lets just recap on what happened on the day.Dead stop: means that the ships were in the area, had stopped and were warning other shipsStandard practice was to have binoculars….it was a clear night and you would have seen itIsmay was encouraging the captain to break the record.Motivations for this speedDesire to break the transatlantic speed record as encouraged by J. Bruce Ismay MD of White Star who was on board for the maiden voyageReference: ‘The Riddle of the Titanic’, Gardiner et. al. Orion, 1998
8 Reference: ‘The Riddle of the Titanic’, Gardiner et. al. Orion, 1998 The ResultsLives Saved: Total passengers: 2205Lives Lost: Max Lifeboat Capacity: 1600It wasn’t until 45 minutes after the collision that officers commenced preparing the lifeboatsTwenty lifeboats were launchedOfficers feared that the ship’s winches would not hold the weight of the recommended 70 peopleAll but the last few lifeboats floated were half-filledIt is a fact that had the Officers filled the lifeboats per their specification an additional 600+ people could have been savedWould have lost at least 600 people anyway20 out of 22 were launchedLifeboats were not filled because concerns about weight – an addReference: ‘The Riddle of the Titanic’, Gardiner et. al. Orion, 1998
9 ‘Safety outweighing every other consideration?’ Read statement – quite powerful no?Would you agree?DWas the framed notice in thechart room of every White Star liner in 1912
10 Could it have been prevented? ConsequencesControlsActivePassiveProceduralDesign and ConstructionAsset Operation/ Early Warning SystemsAsset Operation/ Safe Operating LimitsLeadership BehavioursPeople & CompetenciesDesign & ConstructionPeople & CompetenciesEmergency ResponseBarriers“….”“….“…..”“Check that employees in safety-critical roles are competent to do the job”“Do not set conflicting targets””Display visible commitment to Safety”“Construct all equipment with inherently safer design principles”“Conduct regular checks to check early warning systems are functional”“Define and stick to safe operating limits”Examples of Executive RulesHAZARDREALIZATIONShip hits iceberg1500 FatalitiesHAZARD Ship on High OceanDamage to bulkheadShip sinksThere was no emergency response/ standing safety plan in placeDesign didn’t take into account damage beyond front watertight bulkheadNo binoculars in crows nestDesire to break the transatlantic speed record encouraged by the White Star MDMax lifeboat capacity was far less than total number of passengers on boardCaptain J Smith had a history of running ships too fast through narrow passagesBreaks in BarriersTitanic sped toward ice field at 22.5 knots vs a recommended 10 knotsOfficers had not trained with the lifeboats and were unsure of their holding capacityMost incidents happen as a result of several barriers failing: processes not in place or not followed, accountabilities not clear, lack of competencies and/or assurance