2WATCH THE FOLLOWINGPRESENTATIONCREATE ASPRAY DIAGRAM
3What is the UN?The United Nations is made up of 191 countries from around the world. It is often called the UN.It was set up in after the Second World War - as a way of bringing people together and to avoid war.The United Nations logo shows the world held in the 'olive branches of peace'.
4What does it do?The UN works for world peace and development in many different ways.It organises peace-keeping forces in troublespots around the world, such as Kosovo or in Africa.It is also linked with organisations which help. These include:UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees)UNICEF (United Nations Children's Fund)UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation)FAO (Food and Agriculture Organisation)WHO (World Health Organisation)
5What is a resolution?Representatives of each member country meet in the General Assembly, this is the closest thing to a world parliament.ResolutionsEach country has a single vote. Decisions that are voted for become resolutions.Major decisions about things like who can join the UN need the support of two-thirds of the Assembly.Less important decisions need the support of over half the Assembly.The Assembly's decisions are not laws. Governments follow resolutions because they represent the world's opinion on major international issues.
6Who are the Security Council? The 15 members of the UN Security Council try to keep the world a peaceful and secure place.They vote on the best ways to prevent countries fighting. There are two groups of members.
7Five permanent members These countries are always on the council Five permanent members These countries are always on the council. They got their membership because they were important in 1945, when the UN was set up.FranceUKRussiaChinaUnited States
8Ten temporary members These members are voted for every two years by the rest of the UN. The members voted on to the security council as of January 2003 were:GermanyGuineaMexicoPakistanSpainSyriaAngolaBulgariaCameroonChile
9The rules for voting1. One member, one vote.2. Each of the five permanent members can stop the UN from making decisions they may not agree with. This is called the power of veto.3. Nine votes in favour are needed to make a decision.4. Five of the nine votes must come from permanent members.
10What is a veto? The veto is a special power that allows a country to block any decision that the security council is voting on.All they have to do is vote against it.
11Who can do this?These are the countries who can veto, in order of how often they have done it.Russia 120United States 76UK 32France 18China 5
12Why can they do this?These countries are permanent members of the UN Security Council. They got their power of veto because they were important in This is when the UN was set up.
13Is it fair?Lots of countries say it is not fair but there are two big reasons why it stays like this.1. Money The five permanent members pay for nearly half the cost of running the UN - even though there are 191 members.2. Rules If you had a vote on getting rid of the veto - the countries with a veto could veto it!
14Who's in charge?The head of the UN is called the Secretary-General.At the moment the head is Kofi Annan, from Ghana. He is the seventh UN Secretary-General.He took charge on 1 January 1997 and has helped the UN to win an important award for good work, the Nobel Peace Prize.
15Where is it based?The United Nations headquarters are in one of the busiest parts of New York City in America.But the land and buildings do not belong to the USA.The UN buildings are international territory. This means that they belong to every country that is part of the UN.
16What is Unicef?Unicef stands for the United Nations Children's Fund.It looks after the needs of children and mothers in developing countries around the world.It works with local communities and governments in more than 160 countries to help every child reach their full potential.UNICEF was created in December 1946 by the United Nations.Since 1995, the Executive Director has been Carol Bellamy.
17Some of Unicef's celebrity supporters are: Manchester United FCRobbie Williams (singer)Helena Christensen (model)Roger Moore (actor)
18What is the UNHCR?UNHCR stands for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.Its High Commissioner is Ruud Lubbers, the former Dutch prime minister.It takes action to protect refugees and sort out refugee problems all over the world.It looks after the rights and well-being of refugeesIt was established on December 14, 1950 by the United Nations General Assembly.
19The UNHCR has helped an estimated 50 million people restart their lives.