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Globalisation and UK Business

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Presentation on theme: "Globalisation and UK Business"— Presentation transcript:

1 Globalisation and UK Business

2 So you live in 2011 and consider yourself to be a switched on connected individual – phone Internet and so on, so.... What do you think globalisation is? By the way only the Americans spell it with a Z “globalization”

3 What is globalisation? Generally defined as the network of connections of organisations and peoples are across national, geographic and cultural borders and boundaries. These global networks are creating a shrinking world where local differences and national boundaries are reducing. Image from : How Globalised is the UK compared to other countries, wiki table of globalisation

4 What is globalisation? cont..
This is the trend where people are becoming more interconnected and interdependent. Information technology is driving this trend by enabling companies to move money and ideas instantly at the click of a mouse. The ways in which goods and information are moved between countries are becoming easier. BBC learning clip Globalisation 4 mins

5 What does globalisation mean for everyone then?
What is this? People around the globe are more connected to each other than ever before. Information and money flow more quickly than ever. Goods and services produced in one part of the world are increasingly available in all parts of the world. International travel is more frequent. Picture is containers of foreign imports at a dock in the Uk The golden rules really boil down to forming long-term partnerships with a few key suppliers, based on mutual trust. We share ideas, designs, best practices, and the rewards that are derived from eliminating waste from our combined processes. This includes the savings as well as the practical knowledge that we gain from our efforts. We get stronger, leaner, smarter, more profitable, and more interdependent, which further cements that relationship. It’s certainly easier to develop the necessary trust when you can see the tangible results.

6 Small business globalisation
Ebay and Amazon make it easy for companies outside of UK to trade Customers can pay with paypal Good can be dispatched air mail

7 Globalisation sample paper question
Answer is: Ethical Globalisation Sustainable This is what examiners call a F grade question so those at the bottom can actually achieve a grade

8 Uk international trade
International trade is the exchange of goods and services between different countries. UK business can compete against foreign rivals by offering better designed, higher quality products at lower prices. Uk premier Exports

9 We EXPORT good to other countries
Top 50 Brands of British origin Scroll down for Vodaphone case study

10 Where do we export all this stuff to then?
Which is the thickest line? USA According to the latest figures, the UK's biggest export in 2009 was medicaments (including those for vetinerary use), followed by petroleum products. The biggest import was motor cars. The United States received the most British export goods last year, followed by Germany and France. The top trade partner for imports was Germany, followed by the United States and China. This info in a datatable at that link

11 What are we buying and selling (mostly)
We buy - import We Sell - Export

12 Carbon footprint of all these imports??

13 What goods do you think we import
Which country do you think we import the most from?

14 What do we import? Cocoa from Africa Electrics from China
Cars from USA and Germany Wine from France (UK is largest importer in the world of wine) Oil Wood United Kingdom imported $636 billion worth of foreign goods last year led by foodstuffs, fuels, machinery and manufactured goods. Leading suppliers to the UK market were Germany (13.1%), US (8.7%), China (7.5%), Netherlands (7.4%), France (6.8%), Norway (6%), Belgium (4.7%) and Italy (4.1%). Wine article article that says we are the worlds largest importer of wine Top UK Imports & Exports 2008: British Imports of American Military Aircraft Up 218%

15 UK trade with EU Trading with other European Union (EU) countries offers a number of key benefits to businesses in the UK. The EU's 27 member states include some of the world's wealthiest and most productive countries. The EU is a huge market in which to sell your goods and services - it also gives you access to a huge source of suppliers.

16 Globalisation generally has put pressure on many traditional job sectors in the developed world. Many of the newer members of the EU have economies with much lower costs, making them attractive sources of production for businesses in this country. And many workers from the new Member States have come to work to the UK, and some other Member States. This has benefited our economy overall. But this is only one facet of globalisation. EU enlargement should help increase the prosperity of new member states in Eastern Europe, opening new opportunities for UK businesses.

17 Can you name all 27 member states
You have 5 mins, one with the most wins!!!

18 Austria Belgium Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands Poland Portugal Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden United Kingdom Romania Bulgaria

19 Single market At the core of the EU is the single market - the programme of freeing up the trade of goods and services and the movement of people between EU countries. The aim is that doing business with other EU countries should become increasingly like doing business within your own country.

20 What do businesses need to consider when trading with the good ol’ EU?
Cultural differences - what is a staple item to us may not be to another country (consider pot noodle to china) Language barriers – do you need a translation service? Legislation – EU banned export of British beef Transport – freight EU trade video For more complex analysis 5 mins commodity EU relaxes ban on exports of beef from Scotland

21 Exchange rate effect on business
Money is demanded in order for it to be used to buy and sell goods and services. The same applies to international currency. Foreigners buy pounds in order to buy British and other goods and services. The exchange rate is the rate at which the £1 will exchange with other currencies Read more:

22 Exchange rate calculation examples
We will assume that £1 initially exchanges for 2 euros. If Nestle sells one Kitkat for 50p in this country, it will cost 1euro in France! However if the £ falls in value to £1.50 euros the same Kitkat will only cost 0.75 euros in France. We would therefore expect Nestle to sell more chocolate bars and other goods in the European Union at the lower exchange rate. So is a weak £ good or bad for UK exports??? Read more:

23 Sample paper question on exchange rates

24 Answer to past paper question

25 Another sample paper exchange rate question (bit harder this time)
First they have to identify that it is a RISE Then they have to explain that that will be bad for the company’s exports Note: exchange rate in 2008 was £1- $2.00

26 Answer

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