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Copyright 2004 – Biz/ed Historical Development BTEC National Travel and Tourism.

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright 2004 – Biz/ed Historical Development BTEC National Travel and Tourism."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright 2004 – Biz/ed Historical Development BTEC National Travel and Tourism

2 Copyright 2004 – Biz/ed Background The development of the travel and tourism industry: origins in the growth of the middle classes in Britain here that the industrial revolution began the introduction of holiday time as a working right

3 Copyright 2004 – Biz/ed Focus For your studies it’s sufficient to know about how the industry has grown since the end of World War 2. Three Pre-Requisites for T & T: 1.Improvements to communications 2.Transport for the masses 3.Increased leisure time

4 Copyright 2004 – Biz/ed Communications: Rail Growth of the train network that preceded the second world war hit the buffers during the 1950s and 60s Government cut large number of train lines and stations. Closure programme recommended by BR chief Dr Beeching Loss of about 50% of Britain’s network over a number of years

5 Copyright 2004 – Biz/ed Communications: Rail The cuts have since been portrayed as a mistake: Cut off communities from each other Lost modern parts of the network Focused the train network on London to detriment of regions Failed to save much money

6 Copyright 2004 – Biz/ed Communications: Rail British railway network at its peak covered more than 20,000 miles It now covers approximately 10,000 miles Analysts believe that this will be reduced further Many country lines loss-making serve few passengers

7 Copyright 2004 – Biz/ed Mass Transport Transport Minister who gave job to Dr Beeching was former director of road-building firm Roads have offered successive governments a number of advantages over railways This has affected UK transport policy

8 Copyright 2004 – Biz/ed UK Roads Policy Government builds a road network in collaboration with the large construction firms Consumers or business must buy vehicles to use the network Government raises tax revenue through vehicle excise duty (road fund tax) and fuel duty (petrol tax)

9 Copyright 2004 – Biz/ed Air Transport Infrastructure 1980 approximately 50 million people used UK airports 2000 there were 180 million flyers Expected to rise to 500 million by 2030 Airports privatised and expanded

10 Copyright 2004 – Biz/ed Impact of Rail Disasters Southall, Ladbroke Grove, Hatfield and Potters Bar train crashes in 2000 to 2002 Chaos affected the rail industry at that time Significant numbers of people began to travel by plane within the UK

11 Copyright 2004 – Biz/ed Increased Leisure Time Governments have enacted legislation to ensure that workers are able to take holidays Changes in people’s lives both at work and at home Consumer products such as washing machines, driers and dishwashers have become more affordable

12 Copyright 2004 – Biz/ed Increased Leisure Time Technological impact Increased affluence People have greater leisure time on their hands All of the above have underpinned the growth of the UK travel and tourism industry


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