Presentation on theme: "Essay Questions A guide. Essay Questions Essay questions are looking for an answer in greater depth on a topic. The material for the answers to the."— Presentation transcript:
Essay Questions Essay questions are looking for an answer in greater depth on a topic. The material for the answers to the question can all be found in the course texts. You can supplement this with material from outside sources, but will not necessarily gain extra marks. It depends on the relevance and use you make of material
Guidelines for writing Read the given title or tasks carefully Be sure you are clear what is being asked Gather your information Keep notes of sources and information Produce an outline plan Write a draft - this need not be too neat Read through your draft and make changes as needed Submit when you are satisfied
Look at the question The words used in the title give a clue to what is needed A factual account will contain words like describe, explain, Illustrate in the title. An essay want a case making will contain words like discuss, evaluate, analyse. Sometimes comparisons are wanted; e.g. compare, contrast, distinguish.
Format and content Write in continuous prose Begin with a title Start with an introduction to set the scene Finish with a conclusion to sum up Reference your sources – even if it's just the course texts Make use of quantitative data in your discussion Stick to the word limit (see next slide)
Word limits Word limits for TMAs 1 – 5 are typically 1000 – 1200 words You are allowed 10% leeway either side, say 900 – 1300 words Answers outside this length will be penalised Though very short answers often penalise themselves Include a word count in your answer
Other general points Read the question carefully Stick to the question asked. Straying off the point will cost you marks Do plan your answer. Make sure you have included all the points you wanted to make Do read through your answer before submitting. Check for: Unnecessary repetition Consistency and coherence That your answer makes sense
References References indicate your sources and provide authority for your evidence. References may be used to justify and support your arguments enable comparisons with other research express things better than you can demonstrate familiarity with the field of research You should avoid using references to impress readers with the scope of your reading name drop as a replacement for expressing your own thoughts misrepresent other authors.
Using references References comprise two parts The citation in the text The list of references or bibliography at the end The citation alerts the reader to the source you have consulted for this particular piece of evidence. The list of references enables the reader to go and read the original source, should they so wish. So; both are essential.
Citing References By name (The Harvard System) Smith (2000) showed that... It has be argued that … (Jones 1999) With multiple authors list both authors if there are two or use et al after the first author’s name for more than two The Number system Smith (6) showed that … It has been argued that 7 … Only use superscripts if they are not to be used for other purposes.
Listing References (Bibliography) Citing by name List in alphabetical order of first author’s name Single authors before joint authors, date order (a, b, c etc for more than one in a year). Either Numbered in order of first appearance in text Or Numbered in alphabetical order
Advantages/Disadvantages Harvard system Authors name serves as a reminder Easy to Add/removing citations Can make text look cluttered & interrupt flow Number system Takes little space less distracting for reader Adding/removing citations involves renumbering. Use the endnote feature in your WP Use whichever you feel comfortable with, but be consistent