Presentation on theme: "He seems to affirm that MAN IS NOT FREE. A.All present behavior is controlled by previous behavior. B.All behavior has motivational causes which are."— Presentation transcript:
He seems to affirm that MAN IS NOT FREE. A.All present behavior is controlled by previous behavior. B.All behavior has motivational causes which are necessiting causes. In short, Skinner is saying that MAN is determined by his historicity.
For Sartre: MAN IS ABSOLUTELY FREE. Man has no history. The individual has only his future project which he makes entirely of himself and he alone is responsible. In short, He is free and indeterminate.
For Maslow: MAN cannot be reduced to historicity & determinism nor be divorced from them. To be a human person means: to have potentialities… and to inserted into an environment & history…
1. All of us share in the ability to question our historicity and past. By our questioning, we have achieved a distance from and a certain control over the immediate environment.
2. I can act upon this knowledge… consider my horizons, potentialities, and what I might want to make of myself. Hence, I am able to achieve self- possession & determination