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1 She walks. 3-1 FORM AND BASIC MEANING OF THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE By Prof. G. Javier Burgos.

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Presentation on theme: "1 She walks. 3-1 FORM AND BASIC MEANING OF THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE By Prof. G. Javier Burgos."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 She walks. 3-1 FORM AND BASIC MEANING OF THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE By Prof. G. Javier Burgos

2 2 SINGULAR PLURAL 1 st PERSON I walk we walk 2 nd PERSON you walk she walks he walks it walks they walk 3-1 FORM AND BASIC MEANING OF THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE 3 rd PERSON

3 3 (a) I eat lunch every afternoon. (b) Max drives to work every day. (c) We get up every morning. (d) Kyle calls Mimi every weekend. Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday 3-1 FORM AND BASIC MEANING OF THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE HABITS = USUAL ACTIVITIES

4 4 We _____ television every day. watch watches watch 3-1 Let’s Practice

5 5 He _______ television every day. watchwatches 3-1 Let’s Practice

6 6 We ____ lunch at 12:00. eateats eat 3-1 Let’s Practice

7 7 Jara _____ a walk in the morning. takes taketakes 3-1 Let’s Practice

8 8 My friend ____ her horse every day. riderides 3-1 Let’s Practice

9 9 They always drink tea with lunch. 3-2 USING FREQUENCY ADVERBS: ALWAYS, USUALLY, OFTEN, SOMETIMES, SELDOM, RARELY, NEVER

10 10 (d) Tia sometimes eats lunch at school. (c) Josh often eats hamburgers. 100% (a) Mary always eats lunch at school. 90%- 99% (b) Mary usually eats lunch at school. 75%- 90% 25%- 75% 5%- 10% 1%- 10% 0% (e) Tia seldom eats lunch at school. (f) Eva rarely washes her car. (g) Jay never goes to the zoo. frequency adverbs 3-2 USING FREQUENCY ADVERBS: ALWAYS, USUALLY, OFTEN, SOMETIMES, SELDOM, RARELY, NEVER

11 11 Talia _______ feeds her dog. Sun.Mon. Tues. Wed. Thurs. Fri.Sat.  always 3-2 Let’s Practice always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never

12 12 always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never Jara ______ watches TV. Sun.Mon. Tues.Wed. Thurs. Fri.Sat.  seldom 3-2 Let’s Practice

13 13 always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never Luke _______ cooks dinner.  usually  Sun.Mon. Tues.Wed. Thurs. Fri.Sat. 3-2 Let’s Practice

14 14 always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never Moussad _________ cooks dinner.  sometimes  Sun.Mon. Tues.Wed. Thurs. Fri.Sat. 3-2 Let’s Practice

15 15 She goes to the library once a week. 3-3 OTHER FREQUENCY EXPRESSIONS

16 16 (a) She goes to the library once a week. twice a week. five times a week. Sun.Mon. Tues.Wed. Thurs. Fri.Sat.    3-3 OTHER FREQUENCY EXPRESSIONS

17 17 (b) I go to school five times a week. (c) I go to the movies twice a month. (d) I go to the beach once a year. 3-3 OTHER FREQUENCY EXPRESSIONS how many times a day a week a month a year

18 18 every weeks (e) I feed my dog every morning. I ride my horse every week. I wash my car every year. Every is singular. Correct?no 3-3 OTHER FREQUENCY EXPRESSIONS

19 19 How often do you drink coffee? 3-3 Let’s Practice Every morning.

20 20 So you drink coffee? always Yes. 3-3 Let’s Practice always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never

21 21 I know. She drinks coffee. never Mei doesn’t drink coffee. 3-3 Let’s Practice always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never

22 22 No. He walks five or six days a week. Does Dr. Aboud take a walk every day? 3-3 Let’s Practice

23 23 Yes, he takes a walk. Five or six times a week? 3-3 Let’s Practice often always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never

24 24 Jeff is always dirty. 3-4 USING FREQUENCY ADVERBS WITH BE

25 25 usuallyoften sometimes seldom rarelynever dirty. Jeff + is + SUBJECT + BE + FREQUENCY ADVERB always FREQUENCY ADVERB am is + are 3-4 USING FREQUENCY ADVERBS WITH BE

26 26 oftensometimes seldom rarelynever + rides a bike. Sergio SUBJECT + FREQUENCY + OTHER SIMPLE ADVERB PRESENT VERBS always usually + frequency adverb + all simple present verbs except be 3-4 USING FREQUENCY ADVERBS WITH BE

27 27 tired. usually 3-4 Let’s Practice He is ______________________________________

28 28 sad.neverJeff is 3-4 Let’s Practice _________________________________________

29 29 Lucy oftenreads at the library. 3-4 Let’s Practice

30 30 It rarely rains in the desert. 3-4 Let’s Practice

31 31 Gerardo teaches math. 3-5 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -ES

32 32 -sh SPELLING (a) push PRONUNCIATION pushes push /əz/ -ch (b) teach teaches teach /əz/ -ss (c) kiss kisses kiss / z/ -x (d) fix fixes fix / z/ ə ə endings add -es say/əz/ 3-5 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -ES

33 33 Seung never ______ his TV program. misses 3-5 Let’s Practice miss

34 34 Gerardo _______ math.teaches 3-5 Let’s Practice teach

35 35 Viktor always _______ his car. washes 3-5 Let’s Practice wash

36 36 Ade usually ______ sugar in his coffee. mixes 3-5 Let’s Practice mix

37 37 The baby cries a lot. 3-6 ADDING FINAL -S / -ES TO WORDS THAT END IN -Y

38 38 (a) crycries flyflies (b) paypays enjoy enjoys consonant + -y change y to i, add -es vowel + -y add -s 3-6 ADDING FINAL -S / -ES TO WORDS THAT END IN -Y

39 39 Gazi _________ too many things.often buys 3-6 Let’s Practice buy often

40 40 She __________ nice things. always says 3-6 Let’s Practice say always

41 41 Her father __________ about her.often worries 3-6 Let’s Practice worry often

42 42 The man has a brown coat. 3-7 IRREGULAR SINGULAR VERBS: HAS, DOES, GOES

43 43 does (c) I do exercises. (d) He does exercises. (a) I have a hat. (b) She has a hat. Irregular forms: havehas dodoes (e) We go to the gym. (f) He goes to the gym. gogoes she he it has goes she he it she he it IRREGULAR SINGULAR VERBS: HAS, DOES, GOES

44 44 George ____ yoga every day. does 3-7 Let’s Practice do does

45 45 Zhou-li ______ for a walk on Sunday. goes 3-7 Let’s Practice go goes

46 46 She always ____ homework.has 3-7 Let’s Practice have has

47 47 She runs six miles every day. 3-8 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S / -ES

48 48 3 rd person singular add -s rains SPELLING (a) run PRONUNCIATION runs rain -s as /z/ voiced scrub scrubs love loves 3-8 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S / -ES

49 49 -s as /s/ voiceless SPELLING (b) sink PRONUNCIATION sinks meet meets fight fights cough coughs 3-8 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ES 3 rd person singular add -s

50 50 -es as /əz/ SPELLING (c) push PRONUNCIATION pushes watch watches miss misses tax taxes -sh, -ch, -ss, -x 3-8 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ES 3 rd person singular add -es

51 51 3 rd person singular change y to i, add -es SPELLING (d) dry PRONUNCIATION dries study studies -es as /əz/ consonant + -y 3-8 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ES

52 52 SPELLING (e) pay PRONUNCIATION pays buy buys 3-8 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ES 3 rd person singular add -s -s as /z/ vowel + -y

53 53 SPELLING (f) have PRONUNCIATION has go goes /ha z/ do does e /gowz/ /d z/ e 3-8 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ES 3 rd person singular forms irregular

54 54 Mark ______ his bike up the hill every afternoon. pushes 3-8 Let’s Practice push

55 55 The child _______ his teeth every morning. brushes 3-8 Let’s Practice brush

56 56 Brenda often ______ about her old home. dreams 3-8 Let’s Practice dream

57 57 They do not wash their car. 3-9 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: NEGATIVE

58 58 (a) do not drink milk. IYouThey NEGATIVE: I We You They + do not + main verb She He It + does not + main verb We (b) does not drink milk. He ItShe 3-9 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: NEGATIVE

59 59 She does not drinks milk. 3 rd person singular no -s on main verb 3-9 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: NEGATIVE (a) I do not drink milk. (b) She does not drink milk. do and does = helping verbs ?

60 60 (d) He doesn’t drink milk. Jack doesn’t like dogs. (c) I don’t drink milk. They don’t go to the lake. do not = don’t CONTRACTIONS: does not = doesn’t 3-9 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: NEGATIVE

61 61 doesn’t smile (use the contraction) 3-9 Let’s Practice This child ___________. smile not

62 62 We ________ snakes.don’t like (use the contraction) 3-9 Let’s Practice like not

63 63 doesn’t speak (use the contraction) 3-9 Let’s Practice speak not Magda ___________ Dutch.

64 64 feed don’t feeds 3-9 Let’s Practice don’t doesn’t feed jump run speak Sometimes I ____ ____ my cat. My husband _____ her.

65 Let’s Practice don’t doesn’t sit need like run doesn’t She ______ ____ fast at the gym. She gets tired.

66 66 need 3-9 Let’s Practice don’t doesn’t feed jump need eat They are good cooks. don’t They ____ ____ help.

67 67 Does he exercise? 3-10 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: YES/NO QUESTIONS

68 68 Do I + main verb (simple form) Do you + main verb (simple form) Do we + main verb (simple form) Do they + main verb (simple form) ( b) Do you like salad? ( c) Do we like salad? ( d) Do they like salad? ( a) Do I like salad? QUESTION FORMS, SIMPLE PRESENT DO/ + SUBJECT + MAIN DOES VERB 3-10 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: YES/NO QUESTIONS

69 69 Does he + main verb (simple form) Does it + main verb (simple form) ( f) Does he like salad? ( g) Does it look good? ( e) Does she like salad? Does she + main verb (simple form) QUESTION FORMS, SIMPLE PRESENT DO/ + SUBJECT + MAIN DOES VERB 3-10 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: YES/NO QUESTIONS

70 70 do (h) Are you a student? NOT: Do you be a student? main verb = a form of be 3-10 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: YES/NO QUESTIONS

71 71 QUESTION SHORT ANSWER (i) Do you like ice cream? Yes, I do. No, I don’t. (j) Does Max like ice cream? Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t THE SIMPLE PRESENT: YES/NO QUESTIONS

72 72 I like to ride horses. Do you like to ride horses? Yes, I do Let’s Practice Question Short Answer Long Answer

73 73 They have a baby. Do they have a baby? Yes, they do Let’s Practice Question Short Answer Long Answer

74 74 Gerardo teaches math. Does Gerardo teach math? Yes, he does Let’s Practice Question Short Answer Long Answer

75 75 Cows don’t bark. Do cows bark? No, they don’t Let’s Practice Question Short Answer Long Answer

76 76 Do they live in Baltimore? 3-11 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: ASKING INFORMATION QUESTIONS WITH WHERE * Where do they live?

77 77 Yes, they do. No, they don’t. QUESTION SHORT ANSWER (a) Do they live in Baltimore? (b) Where do they live? In Baltimore THE SIMPLE PRESENT: ASKING INFORMATION QUESTIONS WITH WHERE

78 78 Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t. QUESTION SHORT ANSWER (c) Does Alexi live in Moscow? (d) Where does he live? In Cape Town THE SIMPLE PRESENT: ASKING INFORMATION QUESTIONS WITH WHERE

79 79 (a) in Baltimore (b) Where (c) in Moscow (d) Where Do do does Does DO/DOESSUBJECT they Alexi he MAIN VERB ++ live ? ? ? ? (WHERE) THE SIMPLE PRESENT: ASKING INFORMATION QUESTIONS WITH WHERE

80 80 Question: Answer: Yes, he does. (The child has a toothbrush.) Does the child have a toothbrush? 3-11 Let’s Practice

81 81 Question: Answer: In the bathroom. Where does he brush his teeth? 3-11 Let’s Practice (He brushes his teeth in the bathroom.)

82 82 Question: Answer: Yes, she does. Does Lucy like to read at the library? 3-11 Let’s Practice (Lucy likes to read at the library.)

83 83 When do you go shopping? What time do you go shopping? 3-12 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: ASKING INFORMATION QUESTIONS WITH WHEN AND WHAT TIME

84 84 (a) When do you go to work? (b) What time do you go to work? At eight o’clock THE SIMPLE PRESENT: ASKING INFORMATION QUESTIONS WITH WHEN AND WHAT TIME Q-WORD + DO/ + SUBJECT + MAIN DOES VERB

85 85 At ten o’clock. (c) When does he exercise? (d) What time does he exercise? 3-12 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: ASKING INFORMATION QUESTIONS WITH WHEN AND WHAT TIME Q-WORD + DO/ + SUBJECT + MAIN DOES VERB

86 86 (e) What time do you usually go to class? Q-WORD + DO/ + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB DOES frequency adverb subject 3-12 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: ASKING INFORMATION QUESTIONS WITH WHEN AND WHAT TIME ++ main verb

87 87 does the pool close? The pool closes at 6:00 P.M. When (What time) 3-12 Let’s Practice

88 88 do you eat lunch? I eat lunch at 12:00. When (What time) 3-12 Let’s Practice

89 89 When (What time) do you usually go to bed 3-12 Let’s Practice I usually go to bed at 11:00. ______________ ______________ _____________?

90 90 (a) Where is Botswana? Q-WORD + BE + SUBJECT LONG ANSWER Botswana is in Africa SUMMARY: INFORMATION QUESTIONS WITH BE AND DO

91 91 (e) What time is the movie? (d) What is your name? (c) When is lunch? (b) Where are your gloves? Q-WORD + BE + SUBJECT LONG ANSWER They are at home. My name is Uma. Lunch is at noon. The movie is at 5: SUMMARY: INFORMATION QUESTIONS WITH BE AND DO

92 92 (h) What does she play? (g) What time does school start? Q-WORD + DO + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB (f) Where does she live? She lives in Belgium. (i) When do you study? It starts at 9:00 A.M. She plays tennis. I study at night SUMMARY: INFORMATION QUESTIONS WITH BE AND DO

93 93 Where ____ they buy food? do 3-13 Let’s Practice is are does do

94 94 What time _____ the train leave? does 3-13 Let’s Practice is are does do

95 95 When ____ your test? is 3-13 Let’s Practice is are does do

96 96 What ____ their names? are 3-13 Let’s Practice is are does do

97 Thank you For further information


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