Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Kajian Regulasi Komunikasi Radio Maritim Indonesia

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Kajian Regulasi Komunikasi Radio Maritim Indonesia"— Presentation transcript:

1 Kajian Regulasi Komunikasi Radio Maritim Indonesia
Direktorat Jenderal Pos Dan Telekomunikasi Kementerian Komunikasi Dan Informatika 2010

2 Agenda Tujuan GMDSS Identifikasi Masalah Kesimpulan Frekuensi Maritim
Tata Tertib Komunikasi Pelayaran

3 Tujuan Memperkenalkan pengetahuan tentang Pengelolaan Spektrum Frekuensi Radio untuk Dinas Maritim Menginformasikan jenis komunikasi pelayaran yang diperbolehkan dengan mengacu pada area pelayaran. Menginformasikan adanya perubahan jenis perangkat beacon maritim khususnya untuk keperluan marabahaya yang "diakui" oleh internasional per 1 Februari 2009. Agenda

4 Dasar Hukum Undang-Undang No.36 Tahun 1999 Tentang Telekomunikasi
Undang-Undang No.17 Tahun 2008 Tentang Pelayaran PerMen Perhubungan No.8 Tahun 2005 Tentang Telekomunikasi Pelayaran PerDirJen Postel No.266 Tahun 2995 Tentang Persyaratan Teknis Alat Dan Perangkat Radio Maritim Agenda

5 Maritime Frequency Channel
GMDSS - Agenda GMDSS GMDSS - Area GMDSS – Perangkat Per Area GMDSS – Kelas Perangkat DSC GMDSS – Perbandingan DSC GMDSS – Kategori EPIRB GMDSS – Analog & Digital EPIRB GMDSS – MMSI GMDSS – MF Maritime Channel GMDSS – HF Maritime Channel GMDSS – VHF Maritime Channel GMDSS EPIRB DSC SART NAVTEX MF/HF Transceiver VHF Transceiver Inmarsat Receiver Sea Area MMSI Maritime Frequency Channel

6 GMDSS Global Maritime Distress Safety System (GMDSS) merupakan konvensi internasional mengenai prosedur keselamatan, ragam perangkat, dan protokol komunikasi dalam meningkatkan keselamatan navigasi dan kemudahan penyelematan (Search And Rescue) armada laut dan udara. Perangkat minimum GMDSS antara lain: EPIRB (Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon) 406 MHz atau 1.6 GHz NAVTEX (Navigational Telex) Inmarsat Receiver (jika beroperasi di cakupan Inmarsat dan penggunaan NAVTEX maupun HF NBDP tidak dimungkinkan) SART (Search And Rescue Transponder) 1 untuk <300 GRT, 2 untuk 300 < GRT<500, 3 untuk > 500 GRT DSC (Digital Selective Calling) Transceiver mampu mengakomodasi DSC channel 6,13,16,70 2 portable VHF transceiver (<500 GRT), 3 VHF transceiver (>500 GRT) di perahu darurat Agenda

7 GMDSS – Area (1) Area A1 radius nautical mile dari stasiun pantai (Coast Station) berada dalam jangkauan VHF stasiun pantai Area A2 di luar area A1, dan tidak melebihi jarak nautical mile berada dalam jangkauan MF stasiun pantai Area A3 di luar area A1 dan A2, dan berada dalam cakupan satelit GEO Inmarsat. cakupan satelit GEO Inmarsat = 70⁰ LU hingga 70 ⁰ LS Area A4 di luar area A1,A2,dan A3 daerah kutub utara/selatan dengan latitude >70 ⁰ Agenda

8 GMDSS – Area (2) GMDSS Area A3 Area A1,A2,A3 Inmarsat Area
GMDSS Area A3 Inmarsat Area Area A1,A2,A3 Agenda

9 GMDSS – Perangkat Per Area (1)
Armada yang beroperasi di daerah A1 diperbolehkan untuk mengganti 406 MHz EPIRB menjadi VHF DSC EPIRB Armada yang beroperasi di daerah A2 diharuskan untuk melengkapi diri dengan perangkat minimum dan tambahan: 1 set Radio MF yang mampu TX/RX di frekuensi KHz menggunakan DSC dan 2182 KHz menggunakan radioteleponi 1 Receiver pemantauan DSC di KHz 1 406 MHz EPIRB 1 set Radio HF yang beroperasi di pita frekuensi maritim antara KHz untuk keperluan TX/RX komunikasi radio pada umumnya atau kebutuhan telegraph Agenda

10 GMDSS – Perangkat Per Area (2)
Armada yang beroperasi di daerah A3 diharuskan untuk melengkapi diri dengan perangkat minimum dan tambahan set pilihan: 1 set perangkat stasiun kapal Inmarsat C 1 set Radio MF 1 Receiver pemantauan DSC di KHz 1 406 MHz EPIRB 1 set Radio HF yang beroperasi di pita frekuensi maritim antara KHz untuk keperluan TX/RX komunikasi radio pada umumnya atau kebutuhan telegraph Atau: 1 set radio MF/HF yang mampu TX/RX di frekuensi distress & safety pita maritim KHz menggunakan DSC, radio teleponi, NBDP (Narrowband Direct Printing) 1 Receiver MF/HF DSC yang mampu memantau terus di KHz, KHz, dan setidaknya 1 dari frekuensi distress DSC 4,207.5 kHz, 6,312 kHz, 12,577 kHz or 16,804.5 kHz kapan pun. Agenda

11 GMDSS – Perangkat Per Area (3)
Armada yang beroperasi di daerah A4 diharuskan untuk melengkapi diri dengan perangkat minimum dan tambahan: 1 set radio MF/HF yang mampu TX/RX di frekuensi distress & safety pita maritim KHz menggunakan DSC, radio teleponi, NBDP (Narrowband Direct Printing) 1 Receiver MF/HF DSC yang mampu memantau terus di KHz, KHz, dan setidaknya 1 dari frekuensi distress DSC 4,207.5 kHz, 6,312 kHz, 12,577 kHz or 16,804.5 kHz kapan pun. 1 406 MHz EPIRB 1 set Radio HF yang beroperasi di pita frekuensi maritim antara KHz untuk keperluan TX/RX komunikasi radio pada umumnya atau kebutuhan telegraph Agenda

12 GMDSS – Kelas Perangkat DSC
Kelas A Mencakup semua kemampuan di Annex 1, sesuai dengan standar persyaratan instalasi MF/HF dan/atau VHF IMO GMDSS. Perangkat juga disarankan mendukung fitur tambahan semi-otomatis/otomatis sesuai rekomendasi ITU-R M.689, ITU-R M.1082 dan Tables & Kelas B (MF dan/atau VHF) Menyediakan kemampuan minimum bagi kapal yang tidak diharuskan menggunakan Kelas A, sesuai dengan standar persyaratan instalasi MF/VHF IMO GMDSS. Perangkat juga disarankan mendukung fitur tambahan semi-otomatis/otomatis sesuai rekomendasi ITU-R M.689, ITU-R M.1082 dan Tables & Kelas D (VHF) Menyediakan kemampuan minimum untuk keperluan distress, urgency, safety via VHF DSC termasuk pula panggilan/penerimaan rutin, tidak diharuskan sesuai dengan standar instalasi VHF IMO GMDSS. Dapat mendukung layanan tambahan semi-otomatis/otomatis. Kelas E (MF dan/atau HF) Serupa dengan Kelas D, untuk MF/HF DSC Agenda

13 GMDSS – Perbandingan DSC
Capability A B D E Distress call All-ships call Individual station call Semi-automatic/automatic service call Use of distress, urgency, safety and routine priorities Nature of distress Distress coordinates Time for last (distress) position update Type of subsequent communications Distress relay X (Receive) Distress acknowledgment Test call (for MF/HF only) Radio frequency or channel Display Receive geographical area calls Alarm Optional means for canceling a distress alert Polling Position acknowledgement Test call Test acknowledgement Data Data acknowledgement Agenda

14 GMDSS – Kategori EPIRB Kelas A. Analog 121.5/243 MHZ, Float-free, aktif otomatis, terdeteksi oleh pesawat, jangkauan terbatas. Tidak diperkenankan lagi untuk digunakan. Kelas B. Analog 121.5/243 MHZ. Versi aktif manual dari Kelas A. Tidak diperkenankan lagi untuk digunakan. Kelas C. Analog VHF ch15/16. Aktif manual, beroperasi hanya pada kanal maritim sehingga tidak terdeteksi oleh satelit maupun pesawat pada umumnya. Tidak diperkenankan lagi untuk digunakan. Kelas S. Analog 121.5/243 MHZ. Serupa dengan Kelas B tetapi mengapung atau menjadi bagian dari perahu darurat. Tidak diperkenankan lagi untuk digunakan. Kategori I. Digital 406/121.5 MHZ. Float-free, aktif otomatis, terdeteksi oleh satelit di dunia. Dikenal dan digunakan oleh GMDSS saat ini. Kategori II. Serupa dengan Kategori I, kecuali aktif manual. Beberapa model water-activated. Inmarsat-E MHz, Float-free, aktif otomatis, terdeteksi oleh satelit GEO Inmarsat. Tidak lagi digunakan terhitung sejak 1 Desember 2006. Agenda

15 GMDSS – Analog & Digital EPIRB
Analog EPIRB (121.5 MHz) tidak dapat dideteksi oleh satelit GEO (GEO mencakup hingga 85% belahan bumi). Digital EPIRB (406 MHz) dan Analog EPIRB dapat bekerja dengan satelit LEO, namun Digital EPIRB bekerja lebih baik. Analog EPIRB hanya memancarkan sinyal di MHz. Digital EPIRB selain memancarkan sinyal MHz berdaya rendah, juga mengirimkan kode identifikasi digital di 406 MHz. Mayoritas kesalahan alert dari EPIRB 406 MHz dapat diselesaikan dengan mudah via panggilan telepon. Lain hal dengan EPIRB MHz dimana setiap kesalahan alert harus dicek ke sumber menggunakan perangkat direction finding. Dengan demikian, EPIRB 406 MHz akan menghemat waktu SAR. Penerimaan alert oleh satelit Cospas-Sarsat dari EPIRB MHz hanya dilakukan hingga 1 Februari Lewat tanggal tersebut, satelit hanya menerima dari EPIRB 406 MHz, seiring dengan perubahan transmisi analog menjadi digital. Informasi lokasi yang diterima dari EPIRB 406 MHz jauh lebih akurat, dan sinyal yang dikirim pun membawa informasi registrasi. Dari informasi registrasi tersebut, jika registrasi dilakukan dengan tepat, dapat diketahui informasi kontak pemilik, informasi kontak darurat, dan karakteristik pengenal dari armada bersangkutan. Agenda

16 GMDSS – MMSI Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI) merupakan 9 digit nomor yang mengidentifikasikan perangkat VHF. Bagian kiri dari MMSI menandakan negara dan jenis stasiun. Kapal (MIDXXXXXX) 232,233,234,235 : Inggris -> contoh: 525 : Indonesia Stasiun Pantai (00MIDXXXX) Contoh : > Solent Coastguard, Inggris Grup Stasiun (0MIDXXXXX) Contoh : Perangkat DSC Portable Contoh Inggris : > Agenda

17 GMDSS – MF Maritime Channel (1)
Kanal maritim di pita MF banyak ditujukan untuk daftar stasiun pantai dan keperluan Distress, Safety, & Calling. List lengkap dapat dilihat di Frekuensi MF Kode Keterangan 490.0 KHz MSI Digunakan eksklusif untuk Tx MSI (Maritime Safety Information) yang mencakup informasi meteorology, dan informasi darurat dari stasiun penjaga pantai ke kapal menggunakan media telegraph NBDP. 518.0 KHz Digunakan eksklusif untuk sistem NAVTEX internasional KHz NBDP-COM Digunakan untuk keperluan trafik komunikasi marabahaya menggunakan media telegraph NBDP KHz RTP-COM Digunakan untuk keperluan trafik komunikasi marabahaya menggunakan media radio telepon. Kelas emisi J3E. KHz DSC Agenda

18 GMDSS – MF Maritime Channel (2)
Frekuensi MF GMDSS Rentang Alokasi TASFRI Keterangan TASFRI 490.0 KHz KHz Bergerak Maritim. Radionavigasi Penerbangan 5.79: Penggunaan pita frekuensi kHz dan kHz oleh maritim terbatas hanya untuk telegrafi radio. 5.79A: Pada saat mendirikan stasiun pantai dalam layanan NAVTEX pada frekuensi 490 kHz, 518 kHz dan kHz, sangat dianjurkan untuk mengkoordinasikan operasionalnya lihat Resolusi 339. 518.0 KHz KHz Beergerak Maritim. Radionavigasi Penerbangan. Bergerak Penerbangan. Bergerak darat 5.79, 5.79A (lihat KHz) 5.84: Syarat-syarat penggunaan frekuensi 518 kHz oleh dinas bergerak maritim diuraikan dalam Artikel 31 dan 52. KHz KHz KHz KHz Bergerak (marabahaya dan panggilan) 5.108: Frekuensi pembawa gelombang 2182 kHz digunakan untuk teleponi radio secara internasional guna keperluan marabahaya dan frekuensi panggilan. 5.109: Frekuensi kHz, kHz, 6312 kHz, kHz, kHz, dan kHz merupakan frekuensi marabahaya internasional bagi panggilan selektif digital. 5.110: Frekuensi kHz, kHz, 6268 kHz, kHz, kHz, dan kHz adalah frekuensi marabahaya internasional bagi telegrafi cetak langsung berpita sempit. 5.111: Frekuensi pembawa 2182 kHz, 3023 kHz, 5680 kHz, 8364 kHz, dan frekuensi MHz, MHz, MHz, dan 243 MHz dapat juga digunakan, berdasarkan prosedur yang berlaku bagi dinas komunikasiradio terestrial, untuk operasi SAR yang terkait dengan kendaraan angkasa berawak. Agenda

19 GMDSS – HF Maritime Channel (1)
No F (KHz) Ship F (KHz) Coast Remarks 1-21 21 Channels, 3 KHz spacing # Sub-Section C-1 # Simplex ship to ship HF frequencies, shared with fixed services C-1. for supplementing ship-to-shore channels for duplex operation in Sub-Section A; for intership simplex (single-frequency) and cross-band operation; for cross-band working with coast stations Sub-Section C-2 for duplex operation with coast stations working in the band kHz; for duplex operation with Channel Nos. 428 and 429 ( ) 6 Channles, 0.3 KHz spacing Frequencies assignable to ship stations for oceanographic data transmission ( ) ( ) Duplex. Frequencies assignable to stations for telephony Channel 421: 4125/4417 is for Calling, Distress, and Safety 27 Channel, 3 KHz spacing 428 429 (4146 & 4149) Simplex. Frequencies assignable to ship stations and coast stations for telephony, simplex operation 4146, 4149 # Sub-Section B # 4351, 4354 Coast station frequencies may be paired with a ship station frequency from the Table of simplex frequencies for ship and coast stations (see Sub-Section B) or with a frequency from the band kHz (see Sub-Section C-1) to be selected by the administration concerned. ( ) 5 Channel, 4 KHz spacing. Frequencies assignable to ship stations for wide-band telegraphy, facsimile and special transmission systems ( ) 18 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing ( ) Frequencies (paired) assignable to stations for NBDP and data transmission systems, at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK exclusive NAVTEX type information transmission ( ) 5 Group, 10 Channels, 0.5 KHz spacing Calling frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy Common Channel : 4184 & KHz ( ) 31 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Working frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy ( ) 10 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies (non paired) assignable to ship stations for NBDP telegraphy and data transmission systems at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK and for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy (working) ( ) 4 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing ( ) 3 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies assignable to stations for digital selective calling Frequencies assignable to coast stations for wide-band and A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy, facsimile, special and data transmission systems and direct-printing telegraphy systems Agenda

20 GMDSS – HF Maritime Channel (2)
Channel number F (KHz) Ship F (KHz) Coast Remarks ( ) ( ) Duplex. Frequencies assignable to stations for telephony Channel 606: 6215/6516 is for Calling, Distress, and Safety 8 Channel, 3 KHz spacing (6225.4, , ) 3 Channel, 3 KHz spacing Simplex. Frequencies assignable to ship stations and coast stations for telephony ( ) 7 Channel, 4 KHz spacing. Frequencies assignable to ship stations for wide-band telegraphy, facsimile and special transmission systems ( ) 5 Channels, 0.3 KHz spacing Frequencies assignable to ship stations for oceanographic data transmission ( ) ( ) 34 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing ( ) Frequencies (paired) assignable to stations for NBDP and data transmission systems, at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK ( ) 5 Group, 10 Channels, 0.5 KHz spacing Calling frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy Common Channel : 6276 & KHz ( ) 31 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Working frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy ( ) 23 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies (non paired) assignable to ship stations for NBDP telegraphy and data transmission systems at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK and for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy (working) ( ) 4 Channel ( ) 3 Channel Frequencies assignable to stations for digital selective calling Frequencies assignable to coast stations for wide-band and A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy, facsimile, special and data transmission systems and direct-printing telegraphy systems Agenda

21 GMDSS – HF Maritime Channel (3)
Channel number F (KHz) Ship F (KHz) Coast Remarks 1-31 31 Channels, 3 KHz spacing # Sub-Section C-2 # Simplex ship to ship HF frequencies, shared with fixed services C-1. for supplementing ship-to-shore channels for duplex operation in Sub-Section A; for intership simplex (single-frequency) and cross-band operation; for cross-band working with coast stations Sub-Section C-2 For ship-to-shore or shore-to-ship simplex operations. for duplex operation with Channel Nos. 834,835, 836 and 837 ( ) ( ) Duplex. Frequencies assignable to stations for telephony Channel 821: 8255/8779 is for Calling 32 Channel, 3 KHz spacing 833 8291 Simplex. Channel 833: 8255/8779 is for Calling 8294, 8297 # Sub-Section B # 8707, 8710, 8713, 8716 4 Channels Coast station frequencies may be paired with a ship station frequency from the Table of simplex frequencies for ship and coast stations (see Sub-Section B) or with a frequency from the band kHz (see Sub-Section C-2) to be selected by the administration concerned. , (8295.4, ) 2 Channel, 3 KHz spacing Simplex. Frequencies assignable to ship stations and coast stations for telephony , ( ) 10 Channel, 4 KHz spacing. Frequencies assignable to ship stations for wide-band telegraphy, facsimile and special transmission systems , ( ) 5 Channels, 0.3 KHz spacing Frequencies assignable to ship stations for oceanographic data transmission , ( ) , ( ) 59 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Working frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy , ( ) 5 Group, 10 Channels, 0.5 KHz spacing Calling frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy Common Channel : 8368 & 8369 KHz ( ) 40 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing 8376.5, ( ) Frequencies (paired) assignable to stations for NBDP and data transmission systems, at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK , ( ) 36 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies (non paired) assignable to ship stations for NBDP telegraphy and data transmission systems at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK and for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy (working) , ( ) 4 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing , ( ) 3 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies assignable to stations for digital selective calling Frequencies assignable to coast stations for wide-band and A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy, facsimile, special and data transmission systems and direct-printing telegraphy systems Agenda

22 GMDSS – HF Maritime Channel (4)
Channel number F (KHz) Ship F (KHz) Coast Remarks ( ) ( ) Duplex. Frequencies assignable to stations for telephony Channel 1221: 12290/13137 is for Calling, Distress, and Safety 41 Channel, 3 KHz spacing ( ) 5 Channel, 3 KHz spacing Simplex. Frequencies assignable to ship stations and coast stations for telephony ( ) 13 Channel, 4 KHz spacing. Frequencies assignable to ship stations for wide-band telegraphy, facsimile and special transmission systems ( ) 5 Channels, 0.3 KHz spacing Frequencies assignable to ship stations for oceanographic data transmission ( ) 110 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Working frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy ( ) ( ) 156 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing ,75 ( ) Frequencies (paired) assignable to stations for NBDP and data transmission systems, at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK ( ) 5 Group, 10 Channels, 0.5 KHz spacing Calling frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy Common Channel : & KHz ( ) 34 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies (non paired) assignable to ship stations for NBDP telegraphy and data transmission systems at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK and for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy (working) ( ) 4 Channel ( ) 3 Channel Frequencies assignable to stations for digital selective calling Frequencies assignable to coast stations for wide-band and A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy, facsimile, special and data transmission systems and direct-printing telegraphy systems Agenda

23 GMDSS – HF Maritime Channel (5)
Channel number F (KHz) Ship F (KHz) Coast Remarks ( ) ( ) Duplex. Frequencies assignable to stations for telephony Channel 1621: 16420/17302 is for Calling, Distress, and Safety 56 Channel, 3 KHz spacing ( – ) 7 Channel, 3 KHz spacing Simplex. Frequencies assignable to ship stations and coast stations for telephony ( ) 17 Channel, 4 KHz spacing. Frequencies assignable to ship stations for wide-band telegraphy, facsimile and special transmission systems ( ) 5 Channels, 0.3 KHz spacing Frequencies assignable to ship stations for oceanographic data transmission ( ) 129 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Working frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy ( ) ( ) 193 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing ,75 ( ) Frequencies (paired) assignable to stations for NBDP and data transmission systems, at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK ( ) 5 Group, 10 Channels, 0.5 KHz spacing Calling frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy Common Channel : & KHz ( ) 39 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies (non paired) assignable to ship stations for NBDP telegraphy and data transmission systems at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK and for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy (working) ( ) 4 Channel ( ) 3 Channel Frequencies assignable to stations for digital selective calling Frequencies assignable to coast stations for wide-band and A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy, facsimile, special and data transmission systems and direct-printing telegraphy systems Agenda

24 GMDSS – HF Maritime Channel (6)
Channel number F (KHz) Ship F (KHz) Coast Remarks ( ) ( ) Duplex. Frequencies assignable to stations for telephony Channel 1806: 18795/19770 is for Calling 15 Channel, 3 KHz spacing ( – ) 7 Channel, 3 KHz spacing Simplex. Frequencies assignable to ship stations and coast stations for telephony ( ) 6 Channel, 4 KHz spacing. Frequencies assignable to ship stations for wide-band telegraphy, facsimile and special transmission systems ( ) 45 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing ,25 ( ) Frequencies (paired) assignable to stations for NBDP and data transmission systems, at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK ( ) 11 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies (non paired) assignable to ship stations for NBDP telegraphy and data transmission systems at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK and for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy (working) ( ) 3 Channel ( ) Frequencies assignable to stations for digital selective calling Frequencies assignable to coast stations for wide-band and A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy, facsimile, special and data transmission systems and direct-printing telegraphy systems Agenda

25 GMDSS – HF Maritime Channel (7)
Channel number F (KHz) Ship F (KHz) Coast Remarks ( ) ( ) Duplex. Frequencies assignable to stations for telephony Channel 2221: 22060/22756 is for Calling 53 Channel, 3 KHz spacing ( – ) 7 Channel, 3 KHz spacing Simplex. Frequencies assignable to ship stations and coast stations for telephony ( ) 15 Channel, 4 KHz spacing. Frequencies assignable to ship stations for wide-band telegraphy, facsimile and special transmission systems ( ) 5 Channels, 0.3 KHz spacing Frequencies assignable to ship stations for oceanographic data transmission ( ) 75 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Working frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy ( ) 5 Group, 10 Channels, 0.5 KHz spacing Calling frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy Common Channel : & KHz ( ) 135 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing ,75 ( ) Frequencies (paired) assignable to stations for NBDP and data transmission systems, at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK ( ) 45 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies (non paired) assignable to ship stations for NBDP telegraphy and data transmission systems at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK and for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy (working) ( ) 3 Channel ( ) Frequencies assignable to stations for digital selective calling Frequencies assignable to coast stations for wide-band and A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy, facsimile, special and data transmission systems and direct-printing telegraphy systems Agenda

26 GMDSS – HF Maritime Channel (8)
Channel number F (KHz) Ship F (KHz) Coast Remarks ( ) ( ) Duplex. Frequencies assignable to stations for telephony Channel 2510: 25097/26172 is for Calling 10 Channel, 3 KHz spacing ( – ) 7 Channel, 3 KHz spacing Simplex. Frequencies assignable to ship stations and coast stations for telephony ( ) 10 Channel, 4 KHz spacing. Frequencies assignable to ship stations for wide-band telegraphy, facsimile and special transmission systems ( ) 20 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Working frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy Section IV – Morse telegraphy (calling) 0.5 KHz spacing Calling frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy ( ) 40 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing ,75 ( ) Frequencies (paired) assignable to stations for NBDP and data transmission systems, at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK ( ) 31 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies (non paired) assignable to ship stations for NBDP telegraphy and data transmission systems at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK and for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy (working) ( ) 3 Channel ( ) Frequencies assignable to stations for digital selective calling Frequencies assignable to coast stations for wide-band and A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy, facsimile, special and data transmission systems and direct-printing telegraphy systems Agenda

27 GMDSS – HF Maritime Channel (9)
Pita HF ITU-RR TASFRI Lower Offset Upper Offset 4 MHz KHz KHz 6 MHz KHz KHz 8 MHz KHz KHz KHz 12 MHz KHz KHz 16 MHz KHz KHz 18/19 MHz KHz KHz 22 MHz KHz KHz 25/26 MHz KHz KHz KHz KHz KHz Agenda

28 GMDSS – VHF Maritime Channel (1)
Channel number F (MHz) Ship F (MHz) Coast  United Kingdom  United States Australia 0UK, Private, coast guard Ⓐ 1US, Port Operations and Commercial, VTS. Available only in New Orleans/Lower Mississippi area. 1UK,AU,ITU Duplex Seaphone-based 2UK,AU,ITU 3UK,AU,ITU 4UK,AU,ITU 5US Port Operations or VTS in the Houston, New Orleans and Seattle areas. 5UK,AU,ITU 6US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex, Ship-to-ship + Ship-to-Air Intership Safety Messages, SAR messages to Coast Guard ship/aircraft. Simplex, Rescue. International Co-Ordinated Air to Sea Rescue Frequency. Ship & Aircraft SAR 7US,AU Commercial 7UK,ITU 8US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex, Ship-to-ship Ⓐ Commercial (Intership only) Port Ops. Tug & Pilot Boat Services, Commerical Ship To Ship 9US,UK,AU,ITU Boater Calling. Commercial and Non-Commercial. Port Ops. First Preffered Aircraft To Ship Or Coast Station Channel 10US,UK,AU,ITU Port Ops between Ship & Shore 11US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex Commercial. VTS in selected areas. 12US,UK,AU,ITU Port Operations. VTS in selected areas. Harbor Control. Port Ops between Ship & Shore 13US,UK,AU,ITU Intership Navigation Safety (Bridge-to-bridge). Ships >20m length maintain a listening watch on this channel in US waters. International Shipping Navigation Channel 14US,UK,AU,ITU Ship To Shore/Shore To Ship 15US,UK,AU,ITU Environmental (Receive only). Used by Class C EPIRBs. Spills, Shipping Accidents-Ocean Environment Protection. Onboard communication power no more than 1W Agenda

29 GMDSS – VHF Maritime Channel (2)
Channel number F (MHz) Ship F (MHz) Coast  United Kingdom  United States Australia 16US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex. International distress, safety and calling. Used for initial contact - then select a Working Channel. International Distress, Safety and Calling. Ships required to carry radio, USCG, and most coast stations maintain a listening watch on this channel. International Marine VHF Calling Channel 17US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex, Ship-to-ship Ⓐ State Control Inland Waterways Control-State Govt Based. Onboard communication power no more than 1W 18US,AU Commercial Communication being navigation related and the output transmission power limited to 1 watt or less to avoid harmful interference to Channel 16. 18UK,AU,ITU Duplex Public Use. Non-Commercial Boaters 19US 19UK,AU,ITU 20US Port Operations 20UK, AU,ITU Port Operations (duplex) Port Ops 21US U.S. Coast Guard only 21UK,AU,ITU Australian Volunteer Coast Guard [AVCG] 22US Coast Guard Liaison and Maritime Safety Information Broadcasts. Broadcasts announced on channel 16. 22UK,AU,ITU 23US 23UK,AU,ITU Seaphone-based 24US,UK,AU,ITU Public Correspondence (Marine Operator) 25US,UK,AU,ITU 26US,UK,AU,ITU 27US,UK,AU,ITU 28US,UK,AU,ITU Agenda

30 GMDSS – VHF Maritime Channel (3)
Channel number F (MHz) Ship F (MHz) Coast  United Kingdom  United States Australia 29-36 Private 37UK 157,850 Private. Used By UK Marinas & Yacht Clubs 38-59 60UK,AU,ITU Duplex Seaphone-based 61UK,AU,ITU 62UK,AU,ITU 63US Port Operations and Commercial, VTS. Available only in New Orleans/Lower Mississippi area. 63UK,AU,ITU 64UK,AU,ITU 65US Port Operations 65UK,AU,ITU Port Ops 66US 66UK,AU,ITU Seaphone 67US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex, Intership. HM Coastguard Search & Rescue Commercial. Used for Bridge-to-bridge communications in lower Mississippi River. Intership only. Marine Weather Broadcast 4 times daily from VMF555. Distress (supplementary) 68US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex Non-Commercial Simplex, Port Ops 69US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex, Ship-to-Ship Australian Navy Operations 70US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex. Digital Selective Calling (voice communications not allowed) 71US,UK,AU,ITU Professional Fishing Trawlers etc & Regd Boat Clubs 72US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex. Ship-to-ship Ⓐ Non-Commercial (Intership only) Simplex, Port Ops. Second Preffered Aircraft To Ship Or Coast Station Channel 73US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex, Intership. Third Preffered Aircraft To Ship Or Coast Station Channel 74US,UK,AU,ITU 75US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex, Intership. Ship To Ship Communcations Only (1 watt) 76UK,AU,ITU Agenda

31 GMDSS – VHF Maritime Channel (4)
Channel number F (MHz) Ship F (MHz) Coast  United Kingdom  United States Australia 77US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex. Ship-to-ship Ⓐ Port Operations (Intership only) Australian Volunteer Coast Guard [AVCG] 78US Non-Commercial 78UK,AU,ITU Duplex Non-commercial Ⓐ Non-commercial Calling & Working 79US Commercial. Non-Commercial in Great Lakes only 79UK,AU,ITU Port Ops 80US 80UK,AU,ITU Duplex. UK Marinas Only Safety & Shipping Movements 81US U.S. Government only - Environmental protection operations. 81UK,AU,ITU 82US,AU U.S. Government only Communication being navigation related and the output transmission power limited to 1 watt or less to avoid harmful interference to Channel 16. 82UK,AU,ITU Govt Safety Bodys Only-Police, Fire, Marine Auth etc. 83US U.S. Coast Guard only 83UK,AU,ITU Seaphone-based 84US,UK,AU,ITU Public Correspondence (Marine Operator) 85US,UK,AU,ITU 86AU 86US,UK,AU,ITU 87US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex Automatic Ship Identification & Surviellance System 87AU 88US,UK,ITU Commercial, Intership only. 88AU Agenda

32 Contoh Kasus Dari informasi di lapangan diperoleh:
Adanya laporan gangguan pada frekuensi VHF amatir ( MHz) yang diidentifikasikan berasal dari pengguna maritime. Adanya laporan gangguan pada frekuensi HF penerbangan (6641 KHz) yang diidentifikasikan berasal dari pengguna maritime. Adanya informasi tentang kapal yang selain membawa perangkat komunikasi untuk pita frekuensi maritim, juga membawa perangkat amatir, dan perangkat KRAP Temuan di lapangan penggunaan perangkat komunikasi radio VHF amatir untuk komunikasi pelayaran rakyat (nelayan) karena harga perangkatnya lebih murah dibanding perangkat radio maritim. Teridentifikasinya penggunaan perangkat beacon yang ternyata telah obsolete penggunaannya di internasional Agenda

33 Kesimpulan Frekuensi Maritim
Pita frekuensi untuk keperluan Dinas Maritime antara lain: Pita Frekuensi Frekuensi Aplikasi MF 490 kHz, 518 kHz MSI (Maritime Safety Information) kHz NBDP Marabahaya 2182 kHz Teleponi radio J3E marabahaya kHz DSC (Digital Selective Calling) HF kHz DSC HF = kHz. Calling, Distress, Safety = 4125/4417 kHz 6200 – 6525 kHz DSC HF = kHz. Calling, Distress, Safety = 6215/6516 kHz 8101 – 8815 kHz DSC HF = kHz. Calling, Distress, Safety = 8255/8779 kHz 12230 – kHz DSC HF = kHz. Calling, Distress, Safety = 12290/13137 kHz 16360 – kHz DSC HF = kHz. Calling, Distress, Safety = 16420/17302 kHz 18780 – kHz Calling, Distress, Safety = 18795/19770 kHz 22000 – kHz Calling, Distress, Safety = 22060/22756 kHz 25070 – kHz Calling, Distress, Safety = 25097/26172 kHz VHF 156 – MHz DSC VHF Channel 70 ( MHz) Calling, Distress, Safety VHF Channel 16 ( MHz) Intership Navigation VHF Channel 13 ( MHz) Agenda

34 Tata Tertib Komunikasi Pelayaran
Armada laut wajib mematuhi kondisi: Membawa perangkat komunikasi pelayaran sesuai dengan area cakupan pelayarannya (A1, A2, A3, atau A4) Membawa perangkat komunikasi maritim dan hanya menggunakannya pada pita frekuensi maritim. Tidak membawa alat komunikasi amatir dan/atau alat komunikasi KRAP Menggunakan kanal frekuensi sesuai peruntukan, tidak semua kanal frekuensi diperbolehkan digunakan untuk public correspondance (teleponi) Tidak menggunakan kanal frekuensi komunikasi pelayaran untuk tujuan iklan Agenda


Download ppt "Kajian Regulasi Komunikasi Radio Maritim Indonesia"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google