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D IREKTORAT J ENDERAL P OS D AN T ELEKOMUNIKASI K EMENTERIAN K OMUNIKASI D AN I NFORMATIKA 2010 KAJIAN REGULASI KOMUNIKASI RADIO MARITIM INDONESIA.

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Presentation on theme: "D IREKTORAT J ENDERAL P OS D AN T ELEKOMUNIKASI K EMENTERIAN K OMUNIKASI D AN I NFORMATIKA 2010 KAJIAN REGULASI KOMUNIKASI RADIO MARITIM INDONESIA."— Presentation transcript:

1 D IREKTORAT J ENDERAL P OS D AN T ELEKOMUNIKASI K EMENTERIAN K OMUNIKASI D AN I NFORMATIKA 2010 KAJIAN REGULASI KOMUNIKASI RADIO MARITIM INDONESIA

2 A GENDA T UJUAN GMDSS I DENTIFIKASI M ASALAH K ESIMPULAN F REKUENSI M ARITIM T ATA T ERTIB K OMUNIKASI P ELAYARAN 2

3 T UJUAN  Memperkenalkan pengetahuan tentang Pengelolaan Spektrum Frekuensi Radio untuk Dinas Maritim  Menginformasikan jenis komunikasi pelayaran yang diperbolehkan dengan mengacu pada area pelayaran.  Menginformasikan adanya perubahan jenis perangkat beacon maritim khususnya untuk keperluan marabahaya yang "diakui" oleh internasional per 1 Februari Agenda

4 D ASAR H UKUM  Undang-Undang No.36 Tahun 1999 Tentang Telekomunikasi  Undang-Undang No.17 Tahun 2008 Tentang Pelayaran  PerMen Perhubungan No.8 Tahun 2005 Tentang Telekomunikasi Pelayaran  PerDirJen Postel No.266 Tahun 2995 Tentang Persyaratan Teknis Alat Dan Perangkat Radio Maritim 4 Agenda

5 GMDSS - A GENDA … GMDSS - A REA GMDSS – P ERANGKAT P ER A REA GMDSS – K ELAS P ERANGKAT DSC GMDSS – P ERBANDINGAN DSC GMDSS – K ATEGORI EPIRB GMDSS – A NALOG & D IGITAL EPIRB GMDSS – MMSI GMDSS – MF M ARITIME C HANNEL GMDSS – HF M ARITIME C HANNEL GMDSS – VHF M ARITIME C HANNEL 5

6 GMDSS Global Maritime Distress Safety System (GMDSS) merupakan konvensi internasional mengenai prosedur keselamatan, ragam perangkat, dan protokol komunikasi dalam meningkatkan keselamatan navigasi dan kemudahan penyelematan (Search And Rescue) armada laut dan udara. Perangkat minimum GMDSS antara lain:  EPIRB (Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon)  406 MHz atau 1.6 GHz  NAVTEX (Navigational Telex)  Inmarsat Receiver (jika beroperasi di cakupan Inmarsat dan penggunaan NAVTEX maupun HF NBDP tidak dimungkinkan)  SART (Search And Rescue Transponder)  1 untuk 500 GRT  DSC (Digital Selective Calling) Transceiver  mampu mengakomodasi DSC channel 6,13,16,70  2 portable VHF transceiver ( 500 GRT) di perahu darurat 6 Agenda

7 GMDSS – A REA (1)  Area A1  radius nautical mile dari stasiun pantai (Coast Station)  berada dalam jangkauan VHF stasiun pantai  Area A2  di luar area A1, dan tidak melebihi jarak nautical mile  berada dalam jangkauan MF stasiun pantai  Area A3  di luar area A1 dan A2, dan berada dalam cakupan satelit GEO Inmarsat.  cakupan satelit GEO Inmarsat = 70⁰ LU hingga 70 ⁰ LS  Area A4  di luar area A1,A2,dan A3  daerah kutub utara/selatan dengan latitude >70 ⁰ 7 Agenda

8 GMDSS – A REA (2)   8 Area A1,A2,A3 GMDSS Area A3 Inmarsat Area GMDSS Area A3 Inmarsat Area Agenda

9 GMDSS – P ERANGKAT P ER A REA (1)  Armada yang beroperasi di daerah A1 diperbolehkan untuk mengganti 406 MHz EPIRB menjadi VHF DSC EPIRB  Armada yang beroperasi di daerah A2 diharuskan untuk melengkapi diri dengan perangkat minimum dan tambahan:  1 set Radio MF yang mampu TX/RX di frekuensi KHz menggunakan DSC dan 2182 KHz menggunakan radioteleponi  1 Receiver pemantauan DSC di KHz  MHz EPIRB  1 set Radio HF yang beroperasi di pita frekuensi maritim antara KHz untuk keperluan TX/RX komunikasi radio pada umumnya atau kebutuhan telegraph 9 Agenda

10 GMDSS – P ERANGKAT P ER A REA (2)  Armada yang beroperasi di daerah A3 diharuskan untuk melengkapi diri dengan perangkat minimum dan tambahan set pilihan:  1 set perangkat stasiun kapal Inmarsat C  1 set Radio MF  1 Receiver pemantauan DSC di KHz  MHz EPIRB  1 set Radio HF yang beroperasi di pita frekuensi maritim antara KHz untuk keperluan TX/RX komunikasi radio pada umumnya atau kebutuhan telegraph Atau:  1 set radio MF/HF yang mampu TX/RX di frekuensi distress & safety pita maritim KHz menggunakan DSC, radio teleponi, NBDP (Narrowband Direct Printing)  1 Receiver MF/HF DSC yang mampu memantau terus di KHz, KHz, dan setidaknya 1 dari frekuensi distress DSC 4,207.5 kHz, 6,312 kHz, 12,577 kHz or 16,804.5 kHz kapan pun.  MHz EPIRB  1 set perangkat stasiun kapal Inmarsat C 10 Agenda

11 GMDSS – P ERANGKAT P ER A REA (3)  Armada yang beroperasi di daerah A4 diharuskan untuk melengkapi diri dengan perangkat minimum dan tambahan:  1 set radio MF/HF yang mampu TX/RX di frekuensi distress & safety pita maritim KHz menggunakan DSC, radio teleponi, NBDP (Narrowband Direct Printing)  1 Receiver MF/HF DSC yang mampu memantau terus di KHz, KHz, dan setidaknya 1 dari frekuensi distress DSC 4,207.5 kHz, 6,312 kHz, 12,577 kHz or 16,804.5 kHz kapan pun.  MHz EPIRB  1 set Radio HF yang beroperasi di pita frekuensi maritim antara KHz untuk keperluan TX/RX komunikasi radio pada umumnya atau kebutuhan telegraph 11 Agenda

12 GMDSS – K ELAS P ERANGKAT DSC  Kelas A Mencakup semua kemampuan di Annex 1, sesuai dengan standar persyaratan instalasi MF/HF dan/atau VHF IMO GMDSS. Perangkat juga disarankan mendukung fitur tambahan semi-otomatis/otomatis sesuai rekomendasi ITU-R M.689, ITU-R M.1082 dan Tables &  Kelas B (MF dan/atau VHF) Menyediakan kemampuan minimum bagi kapal yang tidak diharuskan menggunakan Kelas A, sesuai dengan standar persyaratan instalasi MF/VHF IMO GMDSS. Perangkat juga disarankan mendukung fitur tambahan semi-otomatis/otomatis sesuai rekomendasi ITU-R M.689, ITU-R M.1082 dan Tables &  Kelas D (VHF) Menyediakan kemampuan minimum untuk keperluan distress, urgency, safety via VHF DSC termasuk pula panggilan/penerimaan rutin, tidak diharuskan sesuai dengan standar instalasi VHF IMO GMDSS. Dapat mendukung layanan tambahan semi-otomatis/otomatis.  Kelas E (MF dan/atau HF) Serupa dengan Kelas D, untuk MF/HF DSC 12 Agenda

13 GMDSS – P ERBANDINGAN DSC a 13 CapabilityABDE Distress call √√√√ All-ships call √√√ Individual station call √√√√ Semi-automatic/automatic service call √√ Use of distress, urgency, safety and routine priorities √√√√ Nature of distress √√√√ Distress coordinates √√√√ Time for last (distress) position update √√√√ Type of subsequent communications √√√√ Distress relay √√X (Receive) Distress acknowledgment √√X (Receive) Test call (for MF/HF only) √√ Radio frequency or channel √√√√ Display √√√√ Receive geographical area calls √√√ Alarm √√ Optional means for canceling a distress alert √√ Polling √ Position acknowledgement √ Test call √√√ Test acknowledgement √√√ Data √ Data acknowledgement √ Agenda

14 GMDSS – K ATEGORI EPIRB  Kelas A. Analog 121.5/243 MHZ, Float-free, aktif otomatis, terdeteksi oleh pesawat, jangkauan terbatas. Tidak diperkenankan lagi untuk digunakan.  Kelas B. Analog 121.5/243 MHZ. Versi aktif manual dari Kelas A. Tidak diperkenankan lagi untuk digunakan.  Kelas C. Analog VHF ch15/16. Aktif manual, beroperasi hanya pada kanal maritim sehingga tidak terdeteksi oleh satelit maupun pesawat pada umumnya. Tidak diperkenankan lagi untuk digunakan.  Kelas S. Analog 121.5/243 MHZ. Serupa dengan Kelas B tetapi mengapung atau menjadi bagian dari perahu darurat. Tidak diperkenankan lagi untuk digunakan.  Kategori I. Digital 406/121.5 MHZ. Float-free, aktif otomatis, terdeteksi oleh satelit di dunia. Dikenal dan digunakan oleh GMDSS saat ini.  Kategori II. Serupa dengan Kategori I, kecuali aktif manual. Beberapa model water-activated.  Inmarsat-E MHz, Float-free, aktif otomatis, terdeteksi oleh satelit GEO Inmarsat. Tidak lagi digunakan terhitung sejak 1 Desember Agenda

15 GMDSS – A NALOG & D IGITAL EPIRB  Analog EPIRB (121.5 MHz) tidak dapat dideteksi oleh satelit GEO (GEO mencakup hingga 85% belahan bumi).  Digital EPIRB (406 MHz) dan Analog EPIRB dapat bekerja dengan satelit LEO, namun Digital EPIRB bekerja lebih baik.  Analog EPIRB hanya memancarkan sinyal di MHz. Digital EPIRB selain memancarkan sinyal MHz berdaya rendah, juga mengirimkan kode identifikasi digital di 406 MHz.  Mayoritas kesalahan alert dari EPIRB 406 MHz dapat diselesaikan dengan mudah via panggilan telepon. Lain hal dengan EPIRB MHz dimana setiap kesalahan alert harus dicek ke sumber menggunakan perangkat direction finding. Dengan demikian, EPIRB 406 MHz akan menghemat waktu SAR.  Penerimaan alert oleh satelit Cospas-Sarsat dari EPIRB MHz hanya dilakukan hingga 1 Februari Lewat tanggal tersebut, satelit hanya menerima dari EPIRB 406 MHz, seiring dengan perubahan transmisi analog menjadi digital.  Informasi lokasi yang diterima dari EPIRB 406 MHz jauh lebih akurat, dan sinyal yang dikirim pun membawa informasi registrasi. Dari informasi registrasi tersebut, jika registrasi dilakukan dengan tepat, dapat diketahui informasi kontak pemilik, informasi kontak darurat, dan karakteristik pengenal dari armada bersangkutan. 15 Agenda

16 GMDSS – MMSI Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI) merupakan 9 digit nomor yang mengidentifikasikan perangkat VHF. Bagian kiri dari MMSI menandakan negara dan jenis stasiun.  Kapal (MIDXXXXXX)  232,233,234,235 : Inggris -> contoh:  525 : Indonesia  Stasiun Pantai (00MIDXXXX)  Contoh : > Solent Coastguard, Inggris  Grup Stasiun (0MIDXXXXX)  Contoh :  Perangkat DSC Portable  Contoh Inggris : > Agenda

17 GMDSS – MF M ARITIME C HANNEL (1) 17 Agenda Kanal maritim di pita MF banyak ditujukan untuk daftar stasiun pantai dan keperluan Distress, Safety, & Calling. List lengkap dapat dilihat di Frekuensi MFKodeKeterangan KHzMSI Digunakan eksklusif untuk Tx MSI (Maritime Safety Information) yang mencakup informasi meteorology, dan informasi darurat dari stasiun penjaga pantai ke kapal menggunakan media telegraph NBDP KHzMSIDigunakan eksklusif untuk sistem NAVTEX internasional KHzNBDP-COM Digunakan untuk keperluan trafik komunikasi marabahaya menggunakan media telegraph NBDP KHzRTP-COM Digunakan untuk keperluan trafik komunikasi marabahaya menggunakan media radio telepon. Kelas emisi J3E KHzDSC

18 GMDSS – MF M ARITIME C HANNEL (2) 18 Agenda Frekuensi MF GMDSS Rentang Alokasi TASFRI Keterangan TASFRI KHz KHz Bergerak Maritim. Radionavigasi Penerbangan 5.79: Penggunaan pita frekuensi kHz dan kHz oleh maritim terbatas hanya untuk telegrafi radio. 5.79A: Pada saat mendirikan stasiun pantai dalam layanan NAVTEX pada frekuensi 490 kHz, 518 kHz dan kHz, sangat dianjurkan untuk mengkoordinasikan operasionalnya lihat Resolusi KHz KHz Beergerak Maritim. Radionavigasi Penerbangan. Bergerak Penerbangan. Bergerak darat 5.79, 5.79A (lihat KHz) 5.84: Syarat-syarat penggunaan frekuensi 518 kHz oleh dinas bergerak maritim diuraikan dalam Artikel 31 dan KHz KHz KHz KHz Bergerak (marabahaya dan panggilan) 5.108: Frekuensi pembawa gelombang 2182 kHz digunakan untuk teleponi radio secara internasional guna keperluan marabahaya dan frekuensi panggilan : Frekuensi kHz, kHz, 6312 kHz, kHz, kHz, dan kHz merupakan frekuensi marabahaya internasional bagi panggilan selektif digital : Frekuensi kHz, kHz, 6268 kHz, kHz, kHz, dan kHz adalah frekuensi marabahaya internasional bagi telegrafi cetak langsung berpita sempit : Frekuensi pembawa 2182 kHz, 3023 kHz, 5680 kHz, 8364 kHz, dan frekuensi MHz, MHz, MHz, dan 243 MHz dapat juga digunakan, berdasarkan prosedur yang berlaku bagi dinas komunikasiradio terestrial, untuk operasi SAR yang terkait dengan kendaraan angkasa berawak.

19 GMDSS – HF M ARITIME C HANNEL (1) 19 Agenda Channel No F (KHz) Ship F (KHz) Coast Remarks Channels, 3 KHz spacing # Sub-Section C-1 # Simplex ship to ship HF frequencies, shared with fixed services C-1. for supplementing ship-to-shore channels for duplex operation in Sub-Section A; for intership simplex (single-frequency) and cross-band operation; for cross-band working with coast stations Sub-Section C-2 for duplex operation with coast stations working in the band kHz; for duplex operation with Channel Nos. 428 and ( ) 6 Channles, 0.3 KHz spacing Frequencies assignable to ship stations for oceanographic data transmission ( ) ( ) Duplex. Frequencies assignable to stations for telephony Channel 421: 4125/4417 is for Calling, Distress, and Safety 27 Channel, 3 KHz spacing (4146 & 4149)Simplex. Frequencies assignable to ship stations and coast stations for telephony, simplex operation 4146, 4149 # Sub-Section B # 4351, 4354Coast station frequencies may be paired with a ship station frequency from the Table of simplex frequencies for ship and coast stations (see Sub-Section B) or with a frequency from the band kHz (see Sub-Section C-1) to be selected by the administration concerned ( ) 5 Channel, 4 KHz spacing. Frequencies assignable to ship stations for wide-band telegraphy, facsimile and special transmission systems ( ) 18 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing ( ) 18 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies (paired) assignable to stations for NBDP and data transmission systems, at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK exclusive NAVTEX type information transmission ( ) 5 Group, 10 Channels, 0.5 KHz spacing Calling frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy Common Channel : 4184 & KHz ( ) 31 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Working frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy ( ) 10 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies (non paired) assignable to ship stations for NBDP telegraphy and data transmission systems at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK and for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy (working) ( ) 4 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing ( ) 3 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies assignable to stations for digital selective calling Frequencies assignable to coast stations for wide-band and A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy, facsimile, special and data transmission systems and direct-printing telegraphy systems

20 GMDSS – HF M ARITIME C HANNEL (2) 20 Agenda Channel number F (KHz) Ship F (KHz) Coast Remarks ( ) ( ) Duplex. Frequencies assignable to stations for telephony Channel 606: 6215/6516 is for Calling, Distress, and Safety 8 Channel, 3 KHz spacing (6225.4, , ) 3 Channel, 3 KHz spacing Simplex. Frequencies assignable to ship stations and coast stations for telephony ( ) 7 Channel, 4 KHz spacing. Frequencies assignable to ship stations for wide-band telegraphy, facsimile and special transmission systems ( ) 5 Channels, 0.3 KHz spacing Frequencies assignable to ship stations for oceanographic data transmission ( ) ( ) 34 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing ( ) 34 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies (paired) assignable to stations for NBDP and data transmission systems, at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK ( ) 5 Group, 10 Channels, 0.5 KHz spacing Calling frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy Common Channel : 6276 & KHz ( ) 31 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Working frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy ( ) 23 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies (non paired) assignable to ship stations for NBDP telegraphy and data transmission systems at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK and for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy (working) ( ) 4 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing ( ) 3 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies assignable to stations for digital selective calling Frequencies assignable to coast stations for wide-band and A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy, facsimile, special and data transmission systems and direct-printing telegraphy systems

21 GMDSS – HF M ARITIME C HANNEL (3) 21 Agenda Channel number F (KHz) Ship F (KHz) Coast Remarks Channels, 3 KHz spacing # Sub-Section C-2 # Simplex ship to ship HF frequencies, shared with fixed services C-1. for supplementing ship-to-shore channels for duplex operation in Sub-Section A; for intership simplex (single-frequency) and cross-band operation; for cross-band working with coast stations Sub-Section C-2 For ship-to-shore or shore-to-ship simplex operations. for duplex operation with Channel Nos. 834,835, 836 and ( ) ( ) Duplex. Frequencies assignable to stations for telephony Channel 821: 8255/8779 is for Calling 32 Channel, 3 KHz spacing Simplex. Channel 833: 8255/8779 is for Calling , 8297 # Sub-Section B # 8707, 8710, 8713, Channels Coast station frequencies may be paired with a ship station frequency from the Table of simplex frequencies for ship and coast stations (see Sub-Section B) or with a frequency from the band kHz (see Sub-Section C-2) to be selected by the administration concerned , (8295.4, ) 2 Channel, 3 KHz spacing Simplex. Frequencies assignable to ship stations and coast stations for telephony , ( ) 10 Channel, 4 KHz spacing. Frequencies assignable to ship stations for wide-band telegraphy, facsimile and special transmission systems , ( ) 5 Channels, 0.3 KHz spacing Frequencies assignable to ship stations for oceanographic data transmission , ( ) , ( ) 59 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Working frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy , ( ) 5 Group, 10 Channels, 0.5 KHz spacing Calling frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy Common Channel : 8368 & 8369 KHz ( ) 40 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing , ( ) 40 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies (paired) assignable to stations for NBDP and data transmission systems, at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK , ( ) 36 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies (non paired) assignable to ship stations for NBDP telegraphy and data transmission systems at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK and for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy (working) , ( ) 4 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing , ( ) 3 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies assignable to stations for digital selective calling Frequencies assignable to coast stations for wide-band and A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy, facsimile, special and data transmission systems and direct-printing telegraphy systems

22 GMDSS – HF M ARITIME C HANNEL (4) 22 Agenda Channel number F (KHz) Ship F (KHz) Coast Remarks ( ) ( ) Duplex. Frequencies assignable to stations for telephony Channel 1221: 12290/13137 is for Calling, Distress, and Safety 41 Channel, 3 KHz spacing ( ) 5 Channel, 3 KHz spacing Simplex. Frequencies assignable to ship stations and coast stations for telephony ( ) 13 Channel, 4 KHz spacing. Frequencies assignable to ship stations for wide-band telegraphy, facsimile and special transmission systems ( ) 5 Channels, 0.3 KHz spacing Frequencies assignable to ship stations for oceanographic data transmission ( ) 110 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Working frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy ( ) ( ) 156 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing ,75 ( ) 156 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies (paired) assignable to stations for NBDP and data transmission systems, at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK ( ) 5 Group, 10 Channels, 0.5 KHz spacing Calling frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy Common Channel : & KHz ( ) 34 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies (non paired) assignable to ship stations for NBDP telegraphy and data transmission systems at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK and for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy (working) ( ) 4 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing ( ) 3 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies assignable to stations for digital selective calling Frequencies assignable to coast stations for wide-band and A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy, facsimile, special and data transmission systems and direct-printing telegraphy systems

23 GMDSS – HF M ARITIME C HANNEL (5) 23 Agenda Channel number F (KHz) Ship F (KHz) Coast Remarks ( ) ( ) Duplex. Frequencies assignable to stations for telephony Channel 1621: 16420/17302 is for Calling, Distress, and Safety 56 Channel, 3 KHz spacing ( – ) 7 Channel, 3 KHz spacing Simplex. Frequencies assignable to ship stations and coast stations for telephony ( ) 17 Channel, 4 KHz spacing. Frequencies assignable to ship stations for wide-band telegraphy, facsimile and special transmission systems ( ) 5 Channels, 0.3 KHz spacing Frequencies assignable to ship stations for oceanographic data transmission ( ) 129 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Working frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy ( ) ( ) 193 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing ,75 ( ) 193 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies (paired) assignable to stations for NBDP and data transmission systems, at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK ( ) 5 Group, 10 Channels, 0.5 KHz spacing Calling frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy Common Channel : & KHz ( ) 39 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies (non paired) assignable to ship stations for NBDP telegraphy and data transmission systems at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK and for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy (working) ( ) 4 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing ( ) 3 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies assignable to stations for digital selective calling Frequencies assignable to coast stations for wide-band and A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy, facsimile, special and data transmission systems and direct-printing telegraphy systems

24 GMDSS – HF M ARITIME C HANNEL (6) 24 Agenda Channel number F (KHz) Ship F (KHz) Coast Remarks ( ) ( ) Duplex. Frequencies assignable to stations for telephony Channel 1806: 18795/19770 is for Calling 15 Channel, 3 KHz spacing ( – ) 7 Channel, 3 KHz spacing Simplex. Frequencies assignable to ship stations and coast stations for telephony ( ) 6 Channel, 4 KHz spacing. Frequencies assignable to ship stations for wide-band telegraphy, facsimile and special transmission systems ( ) 45 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing ,25 ( ) 45 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies (paired) assignable to stations for NBDP and data transmission systems, at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK ( ) 11 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies (non paired) assignable to ship stations for NBDP telegraphy and data transmission systems at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK and for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy (working) ( ) 3 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing ( ) 3 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies assignable to stations for digital selective calling Frequencies assignable to coast stations for wide-band and A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy, facsimile, special and data transmission systems and direct-printing telegraphy systems

25 GMDSS – HF M ARITIME C HANNEL (7) 25 Agenda Channel number F (KHz) Ship F (KHz) Coast Remarks ( ) ( ) Duplex. Frequencies assignable to stations for telephony Channel 2221: 22060/22756 is for Calling 53 Channel, 3 KHz spacing ( – ) 7 Channel, 3 KHz spacing Simplex. Frequencies assignable to ship stations and coast stations for telephony ( ) 15 Channel, 4 KHz spacing. Frequencies assignable to ship stations for wide-band telegraphy, facsimile and special transmission systems ( ) 5 Channels, 0.3 KHz spacing Frequencies assignable to ship stations for oceanographic data transmission ( ) 75 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Working frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy ( ) 5 Group, 10 Channels, 0.5 KHz spacing Calling frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy Common Channel : & KHz ( ) 135 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing ,75 ( ) 135 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies (paired) assignable to stations for NBDP and data transmission systems, at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK ( ) 45 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies (non paired) assignable to ship stations for NBDP telegraphy and data transmission systems at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK and for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy (working) ( ) 3 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing ( ) 3 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies assignable to stations for digital selective calling Frequencies assignable to coast stations for wide-band and A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy, facsimile, special and data transmission systems and direct-printing telegraphy systems

26 GMDSS – HF M ARITIME C HANNEL (8) 26 Agenda Channel number F (KHz) Ship F (KHz) Coast Remarks ( ) ( ) Duplex. Frequencies assignable to stations for telephony Channel 2510: 25097/26172 is for Calling 10 Channel, 3 KHz spacing ( – ) 7 Channel, 3 KHz spacing Simplex. Frequencies assignable to ship stations and coast stations for telephony ( ) 10 Channel, 4 KHz spacing. Frequencies assignable to ship stations for wide-band telegraphy, facsimile and special transmission systems ( ) 20 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Working frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy Section IV – Morse telegraphy (calling) 0.5 KHz spacing Calling frequencies assignable to ship stations for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy ( ) 40 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing ,75 ( ) 40 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies (paired) assignable to stations for NBDP and data transmission systems, at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK ( ) 31 Channel, 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies (non paired) assignable to ship stations for NBDP telegraphy and data transmission systems at speeds not exceeding 100 Bd for FSK and 200 Bd for PSK and for A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy (working) ( ) 3 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing ( ) 3 Channel 0.5 KHz spacing Frequencies assignable to stations for digital selective calling Frequencies assignable to coast stations for wide-band and A1A or A1B Morse telegraphy, facsimile, special and data transmission systems and direct-printing telegraphy systems

27 GMDSS – HF M ARITIME C HANNEL (9) 27 Agenda Pita HF ITU-RRTASFRI Lower OffsetUpper OffsetLower OffsetUpper Offset 4 MHz KHz KHz KHz KHz 6 MHz KHz KHz KHz KHz 8 MHz KHz KHz KHz KHz 12 MHz KHz KHz KHz KHz 16 MHz KHz KHz KHz KHz 18/19 MHz KHz KHz KHz KHz 22 MHz KHz KHz KHz KHz 25/26 MHz KHz KHz KHz KHz KHz KHz KHz KHz

28 GMDSS – VHF M ARITIME C HANNEL (1) 28 Channel number F (MHz) ShipF (MHz) Coast United Kingdom United States Australia 0UK, Private, coast guard Ⓐ 1US, Port Operations and Commercial, VTS. Available only in New Orleans/Lower Mississippi area. 1UK,AU,ITU DuplexSeaphone-based 2UK,AU,ITU DuplexSeaphone-based 3UK,AU,ITU DuplexSeaphone-based 4UK,AU,ITU DuplexSeaphone-based 5US Port Operations or VTS in the Houston, New Orleans and Seattle areas. 5UK,AU,ITU DuplexSeaphone-based 6US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex, Ship-to-ship + Ship-to-AirIntership Safety Messages, SAR messages to Coast Guard ship/aircraft. Simplex, Rescue. International Co-Ordinated Air to Sea Rescue Frequency. Ship & Aircraft SAR 7US,AU CommercialSeaphone-based 7UK,ITU Duplex 8US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex, Ship-to-ship Ⓐ Commercial (Intership only)Port Ops. Tug & Pilot Boat Services, Commerical Ship To Ship 9US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex, Ship-to-ship Ⓐ Boater Calling. Commercial and Non- Commercial. Port Ops. First Preffered Aircraft To Ship Or Coast Station Channel 10US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex, Ship-to-ship Ⓐ CommercialPort Ops between Ship & Shore 11US,UK,AU,ITU SimplexCommercial. VTS in selected areas.Port Ops between Ship & Shore 12US,UK,AU,ITU SimplexPort Operations. VTS in selected areas.Harbor Control. Port Ops between Ship & Shore 13US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex, Ship-to-ship Ⓐ Intership Navigation Safety (Bridge-to-bridge). Ships >20m length maintain a listening watch on this channel in US waters. International Shipping Navigation Channel 14US,UK,AU,ITU SimplexPort Operations. VTS in selected areas.Ship To Shore/Shore To Ship 15US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex, Ship-to-ship Ⓐ Environmental (Receive only). Used by Class C EPIRBs. Spills, Shipping Accidents-Ocean Environment Protection. Onboard communication power no more than 1W Agenda

29 GMDSS – VHF M ARITIME C HANNEL (2) 29 Channel number F (MHz) ShipF (MHz) Coast United Kingdom United States Australia 16US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex. International distress, safety and calling. Used for initial contact - then select a Working Channel. International Distress, Safety and Calling. Ships required to carry radio, USCG, and most coast stations maintain a listening watch on this channel. International Marine VHF Calling Channel 17US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex, Ship-to-ship Ⓐ State ControlInland Waterways Control-State Govt Based. Onboard communication power no more than 1W 18US,AU CommercialCommunication being navigation related and the output transmission power limited to 1 watt or less to avoid harmful interference to Channel UK,AU,ITU DuplexPublic Use. Non-Commercial Boaters 19US Commercial 19UK,AU,ITU DuplexPublic Use. Non-Commercial Boaters 20US Port Operations 20UK, AU,ITU DuplexPort Operations (duplex)Port Ops 21US U.S. Coast Guard only 21UK,AU,ITU DuplexAustralian Volunteer Coast Guard [AVCG] 22US Coast Guard Liaison and Maritime Safety Information Broadcasts. Broadcasts announced on channel UK,AU,ITU DuplexAustralian Volunteer Coast Guard [AVCG] 23US U.S. Coast Guard only 23UK,AU,ITU DuplexSeaphone-based 24US,UK,AU,ITU DuplexPublic Correspondence (Marine Operator)Seaphone-based 25US,UK,AU,ITU DuplexPublic Correspondence (Marine Operator)Seaphone-based 26US,UK,AU,ITU DuplexPublic Correspondence (Marine Operator)Seaphone-based 27US,UK,AU,ITU DuplexPublic Correspondence (Marine Operator)Seaphone-based 28US,UK,AU,ITU DuplexPublic Correspondence (Marine Operator)Seaphone-based Agenda

30 GMDSS – VHF M ARITIME C HANNEL (3) 30 Channel number F (MHz) ShipF (MHz) Coast United Kingdom United States Australia 29-36Private 37UK ,850Private. Used By UK Marinas & Yacht Clubs 38-59Private 60UK,AU,ITU DuplexSeaphone-based 61UK,AU,ITU DuplexSeaphone-based 62UK,AU,ITU DuplexSeaphone-based 63US Port Operations and Commercial, VTS. Available only in New Orleans/Lower Mississippi area. 63UK,AU,ITU DuplexSeaphone-based 64UK,AU,ITU DuplexSeaphone-based 65US Port Operations 65UK,AU,ITU DuplexPort Ops 66US Port Operations 66UK,AU,ITU DuplexSeaphone 67US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex, Intership. HM Coastguard Search & Rescue Commercial. Used for Bridge-to-bridge communications in lower Mississippi River. Intership only. Marine Weather Broadcast 4 times daily from VMF555. Distress (supplementary) 68US,UK,AU,ITU SimplexNon-CommercialSimplex, Port Ops 69US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex, Ship-to-ShipNon-CommercialAustralian Navy Operations 70US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex. Digital Selective Calling (voice communications not allowed) 71US,UK,AU,ITU SimplexNon-CommercialProfessional Fishing Trawlers etc & Regd Boat Clubs 72US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex. Ship-to-ship Ⓐ Non-Commercial (Intership only)Simplex, Port Ops. Second Preffered Aircraft To Ship Or Coast Station Channel 73US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex. Ship-to-ship Ⓐ Port OperationsSimplex, Intership. Third Preffered Aircraft To Ship Or Coast Station Channel 74US,UK,AU,ITU SimplexPort OperationsSimplex, Port Ops 75US,UK,AU,ITU SimplexSimplex, Intership. Ship To Ship Communcations Only (1 watt) 76UK,AU,ITU SimplexSimplex, Intership. Ship To Ship Communcations Only (1 watt) Agenda

31 GMDSS – VHF M ARITIME C HANNEL (4) 31 Channel number F (MHz) ShipF (MHz) Coast United Kingdom United States Australia 77US,UK,AU,ITU Simplex. Ship-to-ship Ⓐ Port Operations (Intership only)Australian Volunteer Coast Guard [AVCG] 78US Non-Commercial 78UK,AU,ITU Duplex Non-commercial Ⓐ Non-commercial Calling & Working 79US Commercial. Non-Commercial in Great Lakes only 79UK,AU,ITU DuplexPort Ops 80US Commercial. Non-Commercial in Great Lakes only 80UK,AU,ITU Duplex. UK Marinas OnlySafety & Shipping Movements 81US U.S. Government only - Environmental protection operations. 81UK,AU,ITU DuplexSafety & Shipping Movements 82US,AU U.S. Government onlyCommunication being navigation related and the output transmission power limited to 1 watt or less to avoid harmful interference to Channel UK,AU,ITU DuplexGovt Safety Bodys Only-Police, Fire, Marine Auth etc. 83US U.S. Coast Guard only 83UK,AU,ITU Duplex Seaphone-based 84US,UK,AU,ITU DuplexPublic Correspondence (Marine Operator)Seaphone-based 85US,UK,AU,ITU DuplexPublic Correspondence (Marine Operator)Seaphone-based 86AU Communication being navigation related and the output transmission power limited to 1 watt or less to avoid harmful interference to Channel US,UK,AU,ITU DuplexPublic Correspondence (Marine Operator)Seaphone-based 87US,UK,AU,ITU SimplexPublic Correspondence (Marine Operator)Automatic Ship Identification & Surviellance System 87AU Automatic Ship Identification & Surviellance System 88US,UK,ITU SimplexCommercial, Intership only. 88AU Seaphone-based Agenda

32 C ONTOH K ASUS Dari informasi di lapangan diperoleh:  Adanya laporan gangguan pada frekuensi VHF amatir ( MHz) yang diidentifikasikan berasal dari pengguna maritime.  Adanya laporan gangguan pada frekuensi HF penerbangan (6641 KHz) yang diidentifikasikan berasal dari pengguna maritime.  Adanya informasi tentang kapal yang selain membawa perangkat komunikasi untuk pita frekuensi maritim, juga membawa perangkat amatir, dan perangkat KRAP  Temuan di lapangan penggunaan perangkat komunikasi radio VHF amatir untuk komunikasi pelayaran rakyat (nelayan) karena harga perangkatnya lebih murah dibanding perangkat radio maritim.  Teridentifikasinya penggunaan perangkat beacon yang ternyata telah obsolete penggunaannya di internasional 32 Agenda

33 K ESIMPULAN F REKUENSI M ARITIM Pita frekuensi untuk keperluan Dinas Maritime antara lain: 33 Agenda P ITA F REKUENSI F REKUENSI A PLIKASI MF490 kHz, 518 kHzMSI (Maritime Safety Information) MF kHzNBDP Marabahaya MF2182 kHzTeleponi radio J3E marabahaya MF kHzDSC (Digital Selective Calling) HF kHzDSC HF = kHz. Calling, Distress, Safety = 4125/4417 kHz HF6200 – 6525 kHzDSC HF = kHz. Calling, Distress, Safety = 6215/6516 kHz HF8101 – 8815 kHzDSC HF = kHz. Calling, Distress, Safety = 8255/8779 kHz HF12230 – kHzDSC HF = kHz. Calling, Distress, Safety = 12290/13137 kHz HF16360 – kHzDSC HF = kHz. Calling, Distress, Safety = 16420/17302 kHz HF18780 – kHzCalling, Distress, Safety = 18795/19770 kHz HF22000 – kHzCalling, Distress, Safety = 22060/22756 kHz HF25070 – kHzCalling, Distress, Safety = 25097/26172 kHz VHF156 – MHzDSC VHF Channel 70 ( MHz) Calling, Distress, Safety VHF Channel 16 ( MHz) Intership Navigation VHF Channel 13 ( MHz)

34 T ATA T ERTIB K OMUNIKASI P ELAYARAN Armada laut wajib mematuhi kondisi: Membawa perangkat komunikasi pelayaran sesuai dengan area cakupan pelayarannya (A1, A2, A3, atau A4) Membawa perangkat komunikasi maritim dan hanya menggunakannya pada pita frekuensi maritim. Tidak membawa alat komunikasi amatir dan/atau alat komunikasi KRAP Menggunakan kanal frekuensi sesuai peruntukan, tidak semua kanal frekuensi diperbolehkan digunakan untuk public correspondance (teleponi) Tidak menggunakan kanal frekuensi komunikasi pelayaran untuk tujuan iklan 34 Agenda


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