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CHAPTER 3: BIODIVERSITY  BIODIVERSITY – the differences that exist between the same species of living things.  CLASSIFICATION – the method of classification.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 3: BIODIVERSITY  BIODIVERSITY – the differences that exist between the same species of living things.  CLASSIFICATION – the method of classification."— Presentation transcript:

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2 CHAPTER 3: BIODIVERSITY  BIODIVERSITY – the differences that exist between the same species of living things.  CLASSIFICATION – the method of classification organisms based on their physical similarities and differences.  HABITAT – a natural place where plants and animals live.

3 ANIMALS VERTEBRATES WARM-BLOODED EX: BIRDS AND MAMMALS COLD-BLOODED EX: FISH, AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES INVERTEBRATES (tulang dalam badan)(tulang luar tiada tulang)

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5 Vertebrates – can to divide into five main groups; 1.mammal 2. bird 3. fish 4. reptile 5. amphibian

6 Sal am ander

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8 FISHESBIRDSAMPHIBIANSREPTILESMAMMALS 1. Cool- blooded 2. body covered with slimy scales 3. Breathe using their gills 4. Live in water 5. The young are hatched out of egg 6. Fertilisation is external 7. Examples Shark, mudskipper, eel 1. Warm- blooded 2. Body covered with feathers 3. Breathe using their lungs 4. The young are hatched out of egg 5. Fertilisation is internal 6. Examples Eagle, swan, pigeon 1. cool- blooded. 2. Live in water and land. 3. The young breathe using their gills. 4. The adult breathe using their lungs and slimy, moist skin. 5. Fertilisation is external. 6. Examples Toad, frog, newt, salamander 1. cool- blooded. 2. Body covered with dry, scaly skin. 3. Breathe using their lungs 4. lay eggs. 5. Fertilisation is internal. 6. Examples Snake, tortoise, crocodile 1. Warm- blooded 2. Body covered with fur and hair. 3. Breathe using their lungs 4. The young are born alive. 5. Fertilisation is internal. 6. Examples Human being, dolphin, whale, cat..playtipus

9 Based on your observation.

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14 Mammals or fish

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16 Body temperature Body temperature Surrounding temperature Cooled Blooded Warmed Blooded Mammals and Birds Fish, Reptiles & Amphibians poikilothermic homoikilothermic

17 PLANTS FLOWERING PLANTS NON FLOWERING PLANTS 1.ALGAE 2.MOSS 3.FERN 4.FUNGUS

18 FLOWERING PLANTS DICOTYLEDONS Leaves with network veins Have taproot Stem woody Seeds have two cotyledons DURIANS, RAMBUTANS MONOCOTYLEDONS Leave with parallel veins Have fibrous root Soft stem Seeds with one cotyledons MAIZE, PADDY

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20 Leaves with network veins Have taproot Stem woody Seeds have two cotyledons DURIANS, RAMBUTANS

21 Leave with parallel veins Have fibrous root Soft stem Seeds with one cotyledons MAIZE, PADDY

22 COMPARISON BETWEEN DICOTYLEDONS & MONOCOTYLEDONS DICOTYLEDONSCHARACTERISTICMONOCOTYLEDONS Leaves with network veins Type of leavesLeaves with parallel veins Tap root systemType of rootsFibrous root system Seeds with two cotyledons Number of cotyledons in seeds Seeds with one cotyledons Woody stemType of stemSoft stem Rubber tree Hibiscus plant Mango tree Durian tree Example of plants Maize plant Coconut tree Grass Paddy

23 Based on your observation

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27 Cotyledon

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29 PMR 2011

30 INGAT KLUUUUU B(i) B

31 PMR 2011

32 Sun flower What is the source of energy in food chains? Sun is the main source. Plants then make glucose out of the sunlight which are eaten by animals. What is a primary...

33 PMR 2005

34 NON FLOWERING PLANTS ALGAEFUNGUSFERNMOSS

35 CHARATERISTIC OF FLOWERING PLANTS HAVE ROOTS, STEMS, LEAVES PRODUCE FLOWERS REPRODUCE BY SEEDS, PRODUCED IN FRUITS Characteristic of flowering plant

36 CHARATERISTIC OF NON FLOWERING PLANTS SOME HAVE ROOTS, STEMS AND LEAVES OTHERS HAVE SIMPLE STEMS, TINY, LEAVE BUT NO ROOTS DO NOT PRODUCE FLOWERS REPRODUCE BY SEEDS AND SPORES Characteristic of non flowering plant

37 Living Things Plants Flowering Plants Monocotyledon Maize Paddy Dicotyledon Durian Rambutan Non-Flowering Plants Algae Sea Algae Spirogyra Fungi Yeast Mushroom MossFern Animals Invertebrates Crab Bee Ant Vertebrates Fish Shark Reptiles Crocodile M. Lizard Amphibians Frog Toad Birds Eagle Sparrow Mammals Rabbit Rat

38 Penutup 2. Tasbih Kifarah. 1. Baca Surah Al-`Ashr


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