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1 Plan an IFR flight from Cairns AAF to Monroe County, Monroeville, AL (MVC) Plan an IFR flight from Cairns AAF to Monroe County airport, Monroeville,

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Presentation on theme: "1 Plan an IFR flight from Cairns AAF to Monroe County, Monroeville, AL (MVC) Plan an IFR flight from Cairns AAF to Monroe County airport, Monroeville,"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Plan an IFR flight from Cairns AAF to Monroe County, Monroeville, AL (MVC) Plan an IFR flight from Cairns AAF to Monroe County airport, Monroeville, AL (MVC) Required pubs and equipment: ELA 21/22 TLA Vol 14 or SE 4 TPP IFR-S Gen Planning DD Flight log E6B Plan an IFR flight from Cairns AAF to Monroe County, Monroeville, AL (MVC) Plan an IFR flight from Cairns AAF to Monroe County airport, Monroeville, AL (MVC) Required pubs and equipment: ELA 21/22 TLA Vol 14 or SE 4 TPP IFR-S Gen Planning DD Flight log E6B

2 2 SME note. 9 AUG 2012: Changed the JUY-MVC COP to where V115 crosses The direct route from JUY-MVC, which Runs North out of CEW VOR. 30 JUL 2012: U1A has been deleted from the ELA. JUDD NDB has been substituted for U1A VOR. The change over Point is located 25 nm from JUDD, which is also the maximum SSV for the JUDD NDB. REMINDER; Weather Flight Planning PE is now a separate Handout apart from the Student Handout. The answers will Remain on the slide show for those desiring to go over the PE in Class orally.

3 3 TD 68 Weather Flight Planning PE Critique. 1.Wx brief source? 26 th OWS, (FIH) 2.Wx void time? Add 1+30 to brief time. 26 th can update. 3.T/O 79J? 100- ¼ 4. When to turn on departure? 710 ft MSL (airport elevation + 400ft) 5.Min climb rate? 300 fpm. (use E6B. 90kts g/s, 200ft/nm = 300 fpm) 6.Min cig to file to EDN? 500 – ½ (VOR) If planning to the VOR 300-1/2 (GPS) If planning to the GPS Approach 7. Do you need an alternate at EDN? YES for VOR (VOR is umto) NO for GPS NO for GPS 8. What min wx at EDN would not require an alternate using the VOR IAP? 2200 – 3 MEA 2000, minus field elev (361), plus cloud clearance (500), then round up) 2000 – 361 = = 2139 (2200) 9. Min cig and vis to initiate the approach at EDN? 0 – 0 ch 5, AR Min forecast wx at Cairns that would allow you to use Cairns as an atlternate? 600 – 1 ¼ If planning for the ILS approach

4 4

5 5 Plan an IFR flight from Cairns AAF to Monroe County, Monroeville, AL (MVC) Plan an IFR flight from Cairns AAF to Monroe County airport, Monroeville, AL (MVC) Required pubs and equipment: ELA 21/22 TLA Vol 14 or SE 4 TPP IFR-S Gen Planning DD Flight log E6B Plan an IFR flight from Cairns AAF to Monroe County, Monroeville, AL (MVC) Plan an IFR flight from Cairns AAF to Monroe County airport, Monroeville, AL (MVC) Required pubs and equipment: ELA 21/22 TLA Vol 14 or SE 4 TPP IFR-S Gen Planning DD Flight log E6B

6 6 Terminal Learning Objective: DD Complete DD Form 175 In Accordance With (IAW) DoD Flight Information Publications, Aircraft Operators Manual / Supplement and FM Terminal Learning Objective: DD Complete DD Form 175 In Accordance With (IAW) DoD Flight Information Publications, Aircraft Operators Manual / Supplement and FM

7 7 Enabling Learning Objective A Complete essential times required. IAW DoD FLIP, Aircraft Operators Supplement, and FM Enabling Learning Objective A Complete essential times required. IAW DoD FLIP, Aircraft Operators Supplement, and FM

8 8 8-Jan-14 IMC/VMC Service Support Smith, U.R. Jones, IM N/A 09:00 / 2+15 URS JAJ Deliver 5 lbs a/c parts to MVC

9 9 Property of URS Corp. Solution: FM Appendix A, Table A-1 Go there at this time THE NEED? Mission Checklist

10 10 FM Appendix A Table A-1 AIRCRAFT CAPABILITIES. a.Installed navigational equipment. (ADF,VOR,GPS, etc.) b.PPC data. c.Weight and Balance requirements. d.Maintenance requirements. (Inspections due, MOC, etc.) e.Anti-ice and deice equipment.

11 11 Property of URS Corp. a.Pilot Takeoff Minimums. (AR 95-1) b.Required publications. (AR 95-1, DA Pam ) c.Physical limitations. (Crew endurance requirements, illnesses, medications.) AIRCREW CAPABILITIES

12 12 Property of URS Corp. a.Departure weather requirements. (AR 95-1) b.En route weather requirements. c.Arrival weather requirements. (AR 95-1) d.Weather Hazards. (Icing, TSMS, Turb) WEATHER PLANNING

13 13 a.IFR Supplement. (Airfield data, fuel, PPR, Navaid data) b.ELA. (Routing, altitudes, courses) c.TLA. (Approach selection, planning minima, [destination and alternate]) d.FIH. (Position and additional reporting, Lost commo.) e.AP. (Preferred routes, airfield remarks) f.GP. (Flight Plan preparation, Aviator responsibilities) g.NOTAMS. (In person, internet, telephonically) FLIP and NOTAM RESEARCH

14 14 How to check NOTAMS if not at a Military airfield https://www.notams.jcs.mil/dinsQueryWeb/

15 15 DEPARTURE a.Standard/nonstandard. (SID,ODP, Diverse departure, VFR climb, Radar departure) b.Departure weather requirements. (AR 95-1) c.Departure field Instrument Approach Procedure in the event of emergency during departure.

16 16 EN ROUTE a.Route Selection. (Airways, direct, feeder). b.Altitudes. (Airway, semicircular rule, direct routes, feeder routes). c.En Route weather hazards. (DD Form 175-1) d.Course changes and change over points. e.MEA, MOCA, MRA, MCA.

17 17 ARRIVAL a.Note availability of multiple instrument approaches. b.Weather requirements. c.Transitions or feeder routes. d.Alternate airfield requirements. e.Inoperative components table.

18 18 ESTIMATED TIME EN ROUTE PLANNING a.Times based on ground speed. (For each leg.) b.Adjust ETE for climb out. (On extended climbs) c.Missed approach/alternate planning. (GP) d.Calculate total time.

19 19 FUEL REQUIREMENTS a.ETE based. b.Alternate/missed approach planning. (GP) c.Reserve requirement. (AR 95-1)

20 20 FLIGHT PLAN PREPARATION In accordance with GP. (Chapter 4)

21 QUESTIONS? 21

22 Plan an IFR Flight From: Cairns AAF To: Monroeville, Monroe Co Located approximately 75 miles west of Cairns on ELA L-22H, top panel 22

23 23 Start at the destination. Determine IAP to be flown and minimum weather requirements. What IAPs are available at MVC that we have the capability to execute and the planning weather for those IAPs? 1.VOR RWY 3 (500 – 1) 2.VOR RWY 21 (500 – 1 ) if GPS equipped 3.RNAV (GPS) RWY 3 (600 – 1) 4.RNAV (GPS) RWY 21 (500 – 1) DESTINATION AIRFIELD PLANNING

24 24

25 25

26 26 NAVAIDS and Routes For this flight weve chosen the VOR RWY 3 IAP Determine IAF for the approach procedure to be flown. The IAF for this approach is MVC Back to Alt Planning

27 27 Determine minimum weather needed to file using this IAP (500 – ETA + 1 hr Back to Alt Planning

28 28 DD Form175-1 Weather Briefing 8-Jan-14 B06 / 145 OZR NONE O } } } } X X X 002 ENRT 002 ENRT 120 ENRT 090 ENRT X VCTY TOI X X ENRT ENRT X ENRT X X X ENRT MGM RA BKN 008 OVC LSF RA OVC LSF RA OVC ABY RA OVC TOI RA BKN 007 OVC DHN RA BKN 004 OVC MVC VRB 1 HZ BKN OZR VRB 2HZ BKN ST Pilot, Peter Back toAlt Planning Forecast for MVC? (600 – 1) We do have wx to file?

29 QUESTIONS? 29

30 30 1. Radar required 2. NAVAIDS unmonitored (unmto) (IFR Supp) 3. Predominant weather less than: a. Ceiling 400 feet above…… b. Visibility 1 mile greater…… VFR Exception: - alternate NOT required if VFR conditions exists at MIA and during descent. 1. Radar required 2. NAVAIDS unmonitored (unmto) (IFR Supp) 3. Predominant weather less than: a. Ceiling 400 feet above…… b. Visibility 1 mile greater…… VFR Exception: - alternate NOT required if VFR conditions exists at MIA and during descent. ALTERNATE AIRFIELD PLANNING We need an alternate if: ALTERNATE AIRFIELD PLANNING We need an alternate if: WX BRIEFING Approach Chart AR e Approach Chart

31 31 An alternate is required at our destination due to: Forecast Wx is not at least (900 – 2) forecast wx is

32 QUESTIONS? 32

33 33 ALTERNATE AIRFIELD SELECTIONALTERNATE AIRFIELD SELECTION Worst weather Worst weather 1. Ceiling 400 above…… 1. Ceiling 400 above…… 2. Visibility 1 mile greater…… 2. Visibility 1 mile greater…… 3. Not authorized A NA 3. Not authorized A NA 4. Radar required 4. Radar required 5. NAVAIDS unmonitored 5. NAVAIDS unmonitored 6. Class B, C, D, or E airspace to surface 6. Class B, C, D, or E airspace to surface 7. GPS required 7. GPS required VFR Exception - VFR descent………… VFR Exception - VFR descent………… AR f

34 34 8-Jan-14 B06 / 145 OZR NONE O } } } } X X X 002 ENRT 002 ENRT 120 ENRT 090 ENRT X VCTY TOI X X ENRT ENRT X ENRT X X X ENRT MGM RA BKN 008 OVC LSF RA OVC LSF RA OVC ABY RA OVC TOI RA BKN 007 OVC DHN RA BKN 004 OVC MVC VRB 1 HZ BKN OZR VRB 2HZ BKN ST Select an alternate from The list on the DD 175 OZR is the only Airfield that meets Wx requirements.

35 QUESTIONS? 35

36 ROUTE SELECTION 36

37 37 SELECT APPROPRIATE INSTRUMENT DEPARTURE PROCEDURE, if one exists Where does the SID route end? OPPTO intersection

38 38 Now we must determine the route from OPPTO to the IAF, which is MVC VOR, using the ELA, panel 22 H. Since there are no practical Victor routes from OPPTO to MVC we will use Direct routing as follows: OPPTO direct JUY NDB direct MVC VOR

39 39

40 QUESTIONS? 40

41 41 ALTITUDE SELECTION 1. Determine minimum altitude for each route segment 2. Consider aloft winds then choose an appropriate altitude, preferably a semicircular rule altitude.

42 42 In determining the altitude for direct legs you may choose a safe altitude based on any of the following: 1.MEF ( you must add 1000 or 2000 ft to MEF) 2.OROCA from the ELA 3.MSA, ESA, or TAA from IAP charts 4.Pilot experience in the area on previous flights. Note: The above altitudes are safe altitudes but may not be the minimum Altitude for IFR operations, nor, do they necessarily guarantee navaid Reception.

43 43 The MIA (minimum IFR altitude) for direct legs will be determined in accordance with FAR This procedure states that you will use the VFR sectional. Plot your course, mark lines parallel 4 nm on each side of your course. Then do a search for the highest obstacle within the 8 nm wide area and add 1000 feet in non-mountainous terrain and 2000 feet in mountainous terrain to determine your MIA. Keep in mind this altitude will guarantee obstacle clearance but not navaid reception.

44 44 MVC OPPTO 4nm New Orleans Sectional Chart A search on the Sectional reveals the highest obstacle to be 848 feet and Is located in this area of the 8 nm zone = 1848 MIA 848 JUY

45 QUESTIONS? 45

46 46 Pilots Flight Log

47 47 NOTE The pilots log is designed to assist in cockpit organization. You need to list only the check points needed for required actions, such as course turns, ground speed checks,VOR change overpoints, etc.

48 48 R20145 ALT 4000 TAS 95 WIND OPPTO JUY MVC VOR RWY 3 OZR JUY 264 MVC CEW R MVC Est App time DEST / MVC OPPTO 2 OPPTO JUY MVC COP JUY COP is crossing V 115

49 49 R20145 ALT 4000 TAS 95 WIND OPPTO JUY MVC VOR RWY 3 OZR JUY 264 MVC CEW R MVC Est App time DEST / MVC OPPTO 2 OPPTO JUY MVC COP ETE 0+18 from JUY An Alternate method of depicting Change Over Point Time to the half way point from JUY to MVC

50 50 R20145 ALT 4000 TAS 95 WIND OPPTO JUY MVC VOR RWY 3 OZR JUY 264 MVC CEW R MVC Est App time DEST / MVC OPPTO 2 OPPTO JUY MVC COP CEW R An Alternate method of depicting Change Over Point Use Off route Navaid and plot a COP radial

51 QUESTIONS? 51

52 Determine route to the alternate airfield. Complete Flight log to alternate. Our route will be: MVC direct JUY direct RUCKR 52

53 53

54 54 Routing to the Alternate: 1. Start at the MAP 2. then to the Missed approach holding fix 3. one circuit in the pattern 4. then to the alternate airfield IAP IAF. Alternate Airfield Flight Log FM appendix A, para A-15

55 55 R20145 ALT 4000 TAS 95 WIND MVC Miss App HOLD 1 circuit JUY RUCKR MVC JUY 264 OZ ALTERNATE / OZR ILS RWY 06 I-OZR MVC JUY RUCKR COP CEW R 342

56 QUESTIONS? 56

57 57 FUEL REQUIRED is the amount of fuel needed to complete all portions of the mission. For planning, fuel required includes: 1. Fuel required for run-up and taxi. (Avg 20 minutes) 2.Fuel to reach destination airport (to touchdown) 3.Fuel required to reach the alternate (from MAP to touchdown) 4.Fuel reserve 5. Fuel for planned additional approaches or holding We will use the acronym E A R A to determine fuel required

58 58 E A R A E 1+05 (ETE from flight log) A 1+00 (ETE from destination to alternate R 0+30 (required fuel reserve) A 0 (additional fuel required for practice approaches and holding) Total 2+35 This time must be converted to gallons based on the PPC estimated burn rate at a burn rate of 23.8 gph equals 62 gallons. This is the total fuel needed for this mission at TAKE OFF. 62 gallons Required fuel at Take off. Enter this figure on the Flight Log in the REQUIRED FUEL block.

59 59 Required Fuel at Takeoff 62 gal

60 60 In some situations it may be necessary to determine how much fuel is required before engine start. Example: With the cargo load you may not be able to fill the fuel tank due to GWT limits, therefore you would need to know fuel expected to be used during run up and taxi to know fuel required before engine start. Use the acronym REARA

61 61 A general estimate for run up and taxi at OZR is 20 minutes. 20 minutes at 23.8 gal/h is about 8 gal Plan on 8 gal required for run up and taxi Add this to the required fuel: = 70 gal 70 gal would be required in the tank before engine start

62 62 Required Fuel at Takeoff 62 gal REARA = 70 gal required at preflight /70 gal

63 63 is the total usable fuel contained in the aircraft fuel tank at takeoff and is entered as hours and minutes on the DD Form 175 in the Fuel on Board block. Determined by subtracting the estimated fuel used during run-up and taxi from usable fuel in the tank prior to preflight. Average time for run-up and taxi is normally about 20 minutes (about 8 gal) Fuel Available represents the total time the aircraft can remain aloft (from T/O to burn out) at cruise profile.

64 64 Fuel available at Take Off 74.6 Usable fuel at preflight (if topped off)……… gal Minus fuel used for run up/taxi………… _ -8.0 gal Fuel available at take off……………………… gal While we are here go ahead and convert 74.6 gal to TIME based on the fuel burn rate for the Fuel on Board flight plan entry gal / 23.8 gph = (3+08) 62 gal

65 65 Enabling Learning Objective B Complete DD Form 175 IAW DoD FLIP, Aircraft Operators Supplement, and FM IAW DoD FLIP, Aircraft Operators Supplement, and FM Enabling Learning Objective B Complete DD Form 175 IAW DoD FLIP, Aircraft Operators Supplement, and FM IAW DoD FLIP, Aircraft Operators Supplement, and FM

66 66 8-Jan-14 R20145 B06/G 95 OZR OPPTO 2 JUY MVC Enter I for instrument flight or V for VFR Enter TRUE A/S from cruise chart Enter 3 letter identifier for departure airport Enter proposed departure time in UTC. I Enter requested altitude (2 digits) Enter route of flight. Last entry is the IAF for the planned approach procedure Enter identifier for destination airport. Enter time enroute from takeoff to destination exclusive of planned enroute delays. 1+05

67 67 NOTE There is a discrepancy in computing ETE between the AIM and GP Ch 4. Use GP, Ch 4, Item 11 b. and the second NOTE to determine ETE Compute ETE to the destination airport from take-off to over the destination airport (landing) exclusive of planned en-route delays.

68 68 8-Jan-14R20145B06/G 95 OZR OPPTO 2 OPPTO JUY MVC MVC I 1+05 MVC - S Remarks - Request services (fuel) at Monroe County Rank/Honor Code - if required Fuel endurance in Hours and Minutes, based on number of gallons available at TAKEOFF and the consumption rate at the planned cruise profile. ( GPH = 3+08)

69 69 Date and location of Alternate and ETE to alternate (if required) Verify NOTAMS checked SO 1415 Verify weather briefing and or weather briefer initials / USAACE/ OZR SMITH, I. M. CW4 HQ, DES/Ft Rucker, AL JONES, U. R. 2LT B Co / 1/ 145 BN / Ft Rucker, AL PI Ivan M. Smith 8-Jan-14R20145B06/G 95 OZR OPPTO 2 OPPTO JUY MVC MVC I OZR1+00 OZR 8-Jan

70 QUESTIONS? 70

71 71 Enabling Learning Objective C Complete a Stop over Flight Plan Enabling Learning Objective C Complete a Stop over Flight Plan

72 72 I 94 OZR CLIOS 2 CLIOS V7 BANBI BLOOD 8-Jan-14 B06 /G R20145 TOI TOI BLOOD MGM MARRA (2+58) MGM 0+45 WG OZR 8-Jan / USAACE/ OZR SMITH, I. M. CW4 HQ, DES /Ft Rucker, AL JONES, U. R. 2LT PI TOI - S I B Co / 1 /145 BN / Ft Rucker, AL Ivan M. Smith

73 73 I 94 OZR CLIOS 2 CLIOS V7 MGM MARRA B06 /G R20145 MGM MGM MGM V20 TGE V159 EUF (2+58 OZR 0+30) EUF 1+15 WG / USAACE/ OZR CW4 HQ, DES /Ft Rucker, AL 2LT PI MGM - S I 8-Jan-14 OZR 8-Jan-14 SMITH, I. M. JONES, U. R. B Co 1 /1/ 145 BN / Ft Rucker, AL Ivan M. Smith

74 QUESTIONS? 74

75 75 Enabling Learning Objective D Complete a DD Form 175 with a Planned Enroute Delay. Enabling Learning Objective D Complete a DD Form 175 with a Planned Enroute Delay.

76 76 I 95 OZR CLIOS 2 CLIOS V7 BANBI V70 EUF B06 /G R EUF EUF V323 MGM MARRA MGM 1+05 WG / USAACE/ OZR CW4 HQ, DES / Ft Rucker, AL 2LT PI I ® D 0+15 EUF MGM 8-Jan-14 OZR 13-Jan-11 Ivan M. Smith SMITH, I. M. JONES, U. R. B Co / 1/145 BN / Ft Rucker, AL

77 QUESTIONS? 77

78 78 95 OZR CLIOS 2 CLIOS V7 BANBI / D0+15 V7 B06 /G R20145 MGM 1+16 WG / USAACE/ OZR CW4 HQ, DES / Ft Rucker, AL 2LT PI I 8-Jan-14 OZR 8-Jan-14 MGM MARRA SMITH, I. M. JONES, U. R. B Co / 1/ 145 BN / Ft Rucker, AL Ivan M. Smith

79 QUESTIONS? 79

80 80 Be back prior to arrival at OZR. (ETA 00+10)

81 81 R20145 ALT 4000 TAS 95 WIND OPPTO UIA MVC VOR RWY 3 OZR UIA MVC CEW R MVC Est App time DEST / MVC OPPTO 2 OPPTO JUY MVC

82 82 TD 68 Weather Flight Planning PE Critique. 1.Wx brief source? 26 th OWS, (FIH) 2.Wx void time? Add 1+30 to brief time. 26 th can update. 3.T/O 79J? 100- ¼ 4. When to turn on departure? 709 ft MSL (airport elevation + 400ft) 5.Min climb rate? 300 fpm. (use E6B. 90kg/s, 200ft/nm = 300 fpm) 6.Min cig to file to EDN? 500 – ½ (VOR) If planning to the VOR 300-1/2 (GPS) If planning to the GPS Approach 7. Do you need an alternate at EDN? YES for VOR NO for GPS NO for GPS 8. What min wx at EDN would not require an alternate? 2200 – 3 (Arrival MEA (2000), minus field elevation (361), plus cloud clearance (500), then round up) 2000 – 361 = = 2139 (2200) 9. Min cig and vis to initiate the approach at EDN? 0 – 0 ch 5, AR Min forecast wx at Cairns that would allow you to use Cairns as an atlternate? 600 – 1 ¼ If planning for the ILS approach


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