Presentation on theme: "ET1O1 ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY"— Presentation transcript:
1 ET1O1 ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT POLITEKNIK KOTA BHARU KM 24 KOK LANAS KETEREH KELANTAN ET1O1 ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY
2 INTRODUCTION ET101 Electrical Technology course introduces students to the principles of Operation of DC electrical circuit. It covers the fundamental laws, theorems and circuit techniques. It also cover cell and batteries, magnetic and electromagnetic circuit.COURSE LEARNING OUTCOMES (CLO)Upon completion of this course, students should be able to:1. Explain DC circuit concepts and their analyses with different methodand approach. (C2)2. Apply the knowledge of DC circuit laws and theorems in solvingproblem related to DC electrical circuit. (C3)3. Use appropriate components and measuring equipment to performrelated DC electrical circuit laboratory exercises. (P4)4. Demonstrate team working efficiency while doing practical work. (A3)
3 UNIT ASSOCIATED WITH BASIC ELECTRICAL QUANTITIES CHAPTER 1.0UNIT ASSOCIATED WITH BASIC ELECTRICAL QUANTITIES
4 INTRODUCTIONThe system of units used in engineering and science is the International system of units usually abbreviated to SI units., and is based on the metric system.This was introduced in 1960 and is now adopted by majority of countries as the official system of measurement
5 - The prefixes power of ten are listed as in the Table. 1.2: Prefixes to Signify Powers of 10.SI units may be made larger or smaller by using prefixes which denote multiplication or division by a particular amount.- The prefixes power of ten are listed as in the Table.
8 Examples of Final Examination Questions ; 1/ 1000 in power of ten is2. Convert 5mA to microamperes (µA)Convert 10 kΩ to megaohms (MΩ)4.Give the power of ten for micro
9 Examples ; Convert 4500 microvolts (μV) to milivolts (mV). Express 2.1 V in millivolts (mV).
10 Exercise a) 356 mV to volts (V). b) 500 000 Ω to megaohms (M Ω). 1) Convert :a) 356 mV to volts (V).b) Ω to megaohms (M Ω).c) picofarads (pF) into farads (F).d) picofarads (pF) to microfarad (μF).e) 1800 kiloohms (kΩ) to megaohms (MΩ).
12 ExercisesExample 1 ;If a current of 5 A flows for 2 minutes , find the quantity of electricity transferred.Q = I x t where I = 5 amp, t = 2x60 = 120 secQ = (5)x(120) = 600 coulombsExample 2;A mass of 5000 g is accelerated at 2 m/s2 by a force. Determine the force needed.F = m x a= 5 kg x 2= 10 N
13 (b) P = W/t W = work done, t = time in second =98100/20 = 4905 watt Example 3A mass of 1000kg is raised through a height of 10 m in 20 s. What is (a) the work done and (b) the power developed.(a) W = F x d= (m x a) x d= (1000 kg x 9.81 m/s2) x 10= Nm or J(b) P = W/t W = work done, t = time in second=98100/20 = 4905 watt
14 1.3 Units and symbol of electrical potential a) Electrical potential and e.m.f The units of electrical potential is the volt (V) where one volt is one joule per coulomb. One volt is defined as the differences in potential between two points in a conductor which, when carrying a current of one ampere, dissipates a power of one watt, i.eVolts = watts = joules/second = joules = joulesampere amperes ampere seconds coulombs
15 A change in electric potential between two points in an electric circuit is called a potential difference.The electromotive force (e.m.f) provided by a source of energy such as a battery or a generator is measured in volts.
16 b) Resistance The property of a material by which it opposes the flow of current through it, iscalled resistance.R = ρ lAρ = specific resistance in ohms meter(resistivity)l = length of the conductor in mA = area of cross section of theconductor in m2
17 c) Electric Current )(I) The flow of free electrons or the charge, in a conductor is called as electric current .The unit of current is ampere (A). One ampere of current is said to flow at 6.24 x 1018electron pass in one second.Current, I = Charge (ф) = coulombTime (t) secondsI = dqd t
18 d) ConductanceConductor : A material or element that allows free movement of electrons and therefore allows easy flow of electricity. Most conductors are metals.The reciprocal (salingan) of resistance of conductor is called its conductance (G). If a conductor has resistance R, then its conductance G is given by :G = 1/R (Siemen)The SI unit of conductance is mho (i.e., ohm spelt backward). These days, it is usual practice to use Siemen as the unit of conductance. It is denoted by the symbol S.
19 Example 1Find the resistance of a 100 ft length of copper wire with a cross- sectional area of 810.1CM. The resistivity of copper is 10.37CM –Ω/ft at 20ºC.R = ρ lA= (10.37CM-Ω/ft) (100 ft)810.1 CM= Ω
20 Example 2Calculate the resistance of a 2km length of aluminium overhead power cable if the cross sectional area of the cable is 100 mm2. Take the resistivity of aluminium to be 0.03 x 10-6 Ωm. (answer = 0.6Ω)
21 Solution ; Given l = 2km = 2000m A = 100 mm2 = 100 / = 1 x 10-4 = 0.03 x 10-6 ΩmR = l / A= (0.03 x 10-6 ) x (2000) / 1 x 10-4= 0.6 Ω
24 e) Power , P One watt is one joule per second. Power is defined as the rate of doing work or transferring energy. The unit of power is the watt (W)One watt is one joule per second.Power, P = W W = work done or energy transferred in t joulest = time in seconds.or P = I x V I = a direct current of I amperes is flowing in a electric circuit (A).V = voltage across the circuits (volts)
25 Example 1An amount of energy equal to 100 J is used in 5 s. What is the power in watts?P = Energy = W = 100 J = 20WTime t s
26 f) Energy, WEnergy is work done or energy transferred in Joules. The unit of energy is JoulesEnergy, W = P x t P = Powert = time in seconds
27 Example 1;Determine the number of kilowatt-hours (kWh) for each of the following energy consumption:a) 2500 W for 2 hour.2500W = 2.5kWW = Pt = (2.5kW)(2h) = 5kWhb) 100, 000 W for 5 hour.100, 000W = 100kWW = Pt = (100kW)(5h) = 500kWh
28 Take Home ExerciseIf you use 100 W of power for 10hour, how much energy (in kilowatt-hours) have you used?